Cosmopolis

The Hidden Agenda of Modernity

Author: Stephen Edelston Toulmin,Stephen Toulmin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226808383

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 9898

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In the seventeenth century, a vision arose which was to captivate the Western imagination for the next three hundred years: the vision of Cosmopolis, a society as rationally ordered as the Newtonian view of nature. While fueling extraordinary advances in all fields of human endeavor, this vision perpetuated a hidden yet persistent agenda: the delusion that human nature and society could be fitted into precise and manageable rational categories. Stephen Toulmin confronts that agenda—its illusions and its consequences for our present and future world. "By showing how different the last three centuries would have been if Montaigne, rather than Descartes, had been taken as a starting point, Toulmin helps destroy the illusion that the Cartesian quest for certainty is intrinsic to the nature of science or philosophy."—Richard M. Rorty, University of Virginia "[Toulmin] has now tackled perhaps his most ambitious theme of all. . . . His aim is nothing less than to lay before us an account of both the origins and the prospects of our distinctively modern world. By charting the evolution of modernity, he hopes to show us what intellectual posture we ought to adopt as we confront the coming millennium."—Quentin Skinner, New York Review of Books

Cosmopolis

The Hidden Agenda of Modernity

Author: Stephen Toulmin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 228

View: 2624

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Discusses the seventeenth century obsession with manageable rational categories, and argues that the failure of modernity is making that attitude popular again

An Introduction to Reasoning

Author: Stephen Edelston Toulmin,Richard D. Rieke,Allan Janik

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 435

View: 4623

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First level of analysis : the soundness of arguments - Second level of analysis : the strength of arguments - Fallacies : how arguments go wrong - Critical practice - Special fields of reasoning.

Return to Reason

Author: Stephen Edelston Toulmin

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674044428

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 860

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Stephen Toulmin argues that the potential for reason to improve our lives has been hampered by a serious imbalance in our pursuit of knowledge. The centuries-old dominance of rationality has diminished the value of reasonableness. Toulmin issues a powerful call to redress the balance between rationality and reasonableness.

Meaning in History

The Theological Implications of the Philosophy of History

Author: Karl Löwith

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226495552

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 3785

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Modern man sees with one eye of faith and one eye of reason. Consequently, his view of history is confused. For centuries, the history of the Western world has been viewed from the Christian or classical standpoint—from a deep faith in the Kingdom of God or a belief in recurrent and eternal life-cycles. The modern mind, however, is neither Christian nor pagan—and its interpretations of history are Christian in derivation and anti-Christian in result. To develop this theory, Karl Löwith—beginning with the more accessible philosophies of history in the nineteenth and eighteenth centuries and working back to the Bible—analyzes the writings of outstanding historians both in antiquity and in Christian times. "A book of distinction and great importance. . . . The author is a master of philosophical interpretation, and each of his terse and substantial chapters has the balance of a work of art."—Helmut Kuhn, Journal of Philosophy

The Architecture of Matter

Author: Stephen Toulmin,June Goodfield

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226808406

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 9225

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Studies the evolution of scientific knowledge concerning the theory and principles of matter

Vygotsky's Psychology

A Biography of Ideas

Author: Alex Kozulin

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674943667

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 286

View: 7578

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Alex Kozulin, translator of Vygotsky's work and distinguished Russian-American psychologist, has written the first major intellectual biography about Vygotsky's theories and their relationship to twentieth-century Russian and Western intellectual culture. In the last two decades, Vygotsky's theories have become highly influential while those of other theoretical giants have faded. Kozulin's biography of Vygotsky reflects many of the conflicts of twentieth-century psychology--from the early battles between introspectionists and reflexologists to the current argument concerning the cultural and social, rather than natural, construction of the human mind.

The Discovery of Time

Author: Stephen Edelston Toulmin,Stephen Toulmin,June Goodfield

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226808420

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 2820

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Examines the development of the concept of history and analyzes its impact on science and attitudes toward the natural world

Theory and Educational Research

Toward Critical Social Explanation

Author: Jean Anyon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135854432

Category: Education

Page: 220

View: 2787

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Most empirical researchers avoid the use of theory in their studies, providing data but little or no social explanation. Theoreticians, on the other hand, rarely test their ideas with empirical projects. As this groundbreaking volume makes clear, however, neither data nor theory alone is adequate to the task of social explanation—rather they form and inform each other as the inquiry process unfolds. Theory and Educational Research bridges the age-old theory/research divide by demonstrating how researchers can use critical social theory to determine appropriate empirical research strategies, and extend the analytical, critical – and sometimes emancipatory – power of data gathering and interpretation. Each chapter models a theoretically informed empiricism that places the data research yields in constant conversation with theoretical arsenals of powerful concepts. Personal reflections following each chapter chronicle the contributors’ trajectories of struggle and triumph utilizing theory and its powers in research. In the end this rich collection teaches education scholars how to deliberately engage with critical social theory in research to produce work that is simultaneously theoretically inspired, politically engaged, and empirically evocative.

Anglo-american Postmodernity

Philosophical Perspectives On Science, Religion, And Ethics

Author: Nancey Murphy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429981899

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 8844

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The term postmodern is generally used to refer to current work in philosophy, literary criticism, and feminist thought inspired by Continental thinkers such as Friedrich Nietzsche and Jacques Derrida. In this book, Nancey Murphy appropriates the term to describe emerging patterns in Anglo-American thought and to indicate their radical break from the thought patterns of Enlightened modernity.The book examines the shift from modern to postmodern in three areas: epistemology, philosophy of language, and metaphysics. Murphy contends that whole clusters of terms in each of these disciplines have taken on new uses in the past fifty years and that these changes have radical consequences for all areas of academia, especially in philosophy of science, philosophy of religion, and ethics. }The term postmodern is generally used to refer to current work in philosophy, literary criticism, and feminist thought inspired by Continental thinkers such as Friedrich Nietzsche and Jacques Derrida. In this book, Nancey Murphy appropriates the term to describe emerging patterns in Anglo-American thought and to indicate their radical break from the thought patterns of Enlightened modernity.The book examines the shift from modern to postmodern in three areas: epistemology, philosophy of language, and metaphysics. Murphy contends that whole clusters of terms in each of these disciplines have taken on new uses in the past fifty years and that these changes have radical consequences for all areas of academia, especially in philosophy of science, philosophy of religion, and ethics. }

The Theological Origins of Modernity (Large Print 16pt)

Author: Michael Allen Gillespie

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 1459606124

Category:

Page: 866

View: 9416

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Exposing the religious roots of our ostensibly godless age, Michael Allen Gillespie reveals in this landmark study that modernity is much less secular than conventional wisdom suggests. Taking as his starting point the collapse of the medieval world, Gillespie argues that from the very beginning moderns sought not to eliminate religion but to support a new view of religion and its place in human life. He goes on to explore the ideas of such figures as William of Ockham, Petrarch, Erasmus, Luther, Descartes, and Hobbes, showing that modernity is best understood as a series of attempts to formulate a new and coherent metaphysics or theology. ''Bringing the history of political thought up to date and situating it against the backdrop of contemporary events, Gillespie's analyses provide us a way to begin to have conversations with the Islamic world about what is perhaps the central question within each of the three monotheistic religions: if God is omnipotent, then what is the place of human freedom?''

The Uses of Argument

Author: Stephen E. Toulmin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139442309

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 5687

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A central theme throughout the impressive series of philosophical books and articles Stephen Toulmin has published since 1948 is the way in which assertions and opinions concerning all sorts of topics, brought up in everyday life or in academic research, can be rationally justified. Is there one universal system of norms, by which all sorts of arguments in all sorts of fields must be judged, or must each sort of argument be judged according to its own norms? In The Uses of Argument (1958) Toulmin sets out his views on these questions for the first time. In spite of initial criticisms from logicians and fellow philosophers, The Uses of Argument has been an enduring source of inspiration and discussion to students of argumentation from all kinds of disciplinary background for more than forty years.

The Abuse of Evil

The Corruption of Politics and Religion since 9/11

Author: Richard J. Bernstein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745650481

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 6269

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Since 9/11 politicians, preachers, conservatives and the media are all speaking about evil. In the past the dicourse about evil in our religious, philosophic and literary traditions has provoked thinking, questioning and inquiry. But today the appeal to evil is being used as a political tool to obscure compex issues, block serious thinking and stifle public discussion and debate. We are now confronting a clash of mentalities, not a clash of civilisations. One mentality is drawn to absolutes, moral certainties, and simplistic dichotomies of good and evil. The other seriously questions an appeal to absolutes in politics and criticizes the simplistic division of the world into the forces of evil and the forces of good. In The Abuse of Evil Bernstein challenges the claim that without an appeal to absolutes, we lack the grounds for acting decisively in fighting our enemies. The post 9/11 abuse of evil corrupts both democratic politics and religion. The stakes are high in this clash of mentalities in shaping how we think and act in the world today - and in the future.

Cosmopolis

A Novel

Author: Don DeLillo

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743244257

Category: Fiction

Page: 209

View: 5992

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A brilliant billionaire asset manager, en route via white stretch limo to the local haircutter, finds his trip interrupted by a presidential motorcade, music idol's funeral, movie set, and violent political demonstration, and receives a number of important visitors in the fields of security, technology, currency, finance, and theory. Reprint. 75,000 first printing.

Being in the World

Dialogue and Cosmopolis

Author: Fred Dallmayr

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813141923

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 2868

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It is commonly agreed that we live in an age of globalization, but the profound consequences of this development are rarely understood. Usually, globalization is equated with the expansion of economic and financial markets and the proliferation of global networks of communication. In truth, much more is at stake: Traditional concepts of individual and national identity as well as perceived relationships between the self and others are undergoing profound change. Every town has become a potential cosmopolis -- an international city -- affecting the way that people conceptualize the relationship between public order and political practice. In Being in the World, noted political theorist Fred Dallmayr explores the globe's transition from the traditional Westphalian system of states to today's interlocking cosmopolitan network. Drawing upon sacred scriptures as well as the work of ancient philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle and more recent scholars such as Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, and Raimon Panikkar, this book delves into what Dallmayr calls "being in the world," seen as an aspect of ethical-political engagement. Rather than lamenting current problems, he suggests addressing them through civic education and cosmopolitan citizenship. Dallmayr advocates a politics of the common good, which requires the cultivation of public ethics, open dialogue, and civic responsibility.

Sources of the Self

The Making of the Modern Identity

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429498

Category: Philosophy

Page: 613

View: 6277

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Charles Taylor's latest book sets out to define the modern identity by tracing its genesis.

Creativity

Theory, History, Practice

Author: Rob Pope

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415349154

Category: Psychology

Page: 302

View: 4848

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Tackling the theory, history and practice of creativity, this text explores the need to rethink the whole definition of creative examples, including fields that have not always traditionally been classified as 'creative'.