Creating and Restoring Wetlands

From Theory to Practice

Author: Christopher Craft

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124076599

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 6152

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Creating and Restoring Wetlands: From Theory to Practice describes the challenges and opportunities relating to the restoration of freshwater and estuarine wetlands in natural, agricultural, and urban environments in the coming century. The underpinnings of restoration, driven by ecological (disturbance, dispersal, succession) theory, are described and applied to various activities (restoring hydrology, soils, and biota) that are used to improve the short- and long-term success of wetland restoration projects. Unforeseen problems that hinder restoration efforts and solutions to these problems are discussed in this comprehensive book that contains five sections and 13 chapters that include an introduction describing the defining characteristics of wetland – hydrology, soils, biota, the role of theory in guiding wetland succession, ecosystem development following restoration, and differentiating wetland reclamation, restoration, and creation, restoration of various estuarine and freshwater wetlands, case studies of estuarine and freshwater restoration and large-scale restoration, and finally, the future of wetland restoration. Explicitly links ecological theory to restoration efforts in a variety of freshwater and estuarine, natural, agricultural, urban landscapes, and wetland ecosystems Contains case studies of small- and large-scale restoration activities ensuring relevance to individuals and organizations Illustrates successes as well as failures of freshwater and estuarine wetland restorations in order to learn from them Presents specific information on hydrology, biota, wetland succession, ecosystem development following restoration, and more

Wetland Creation and Restoration

The Status Of The Science

Author: Jon A Kusler

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1597268755

Category: Nature

Page: 616

View: 3665

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With more than thirty papers from leading scientists and technicians, Wetland Creation and Restoration draws upon important new information and provides the first major national assessmby region of the capacity to implema goal of no-net-loss of wetlands. It is a one-of-a-kind compendium of hands-on information about methods of creating, restoring, and enhancing wetlands.

Wetland Creation, Restoration and Conservation

The State of the Science

Author: William J. Mitsch

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780444521347

Category: Nature

Page: 418

View: 7359

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This book covers selected papers that were presented by participants at a "Wetland Invitational" held in Columbus Ohio, USA in May 2003. They are divided, by subject matter into four general categories: 1. Restoration of a large river basin and delta; 2. Long-term wetland restoration; 3. Creation of wetlands for mitigation of wetland loss; 4. Conservation and restoration of the world's wetlands. * Provides key integrated, long-term assessments * Covers a selection of the world's most significant wetlands * Addresses management approaches for wetland conservation, creation and restoration

Wetlands

Author: William J. Mitsch,James G. Gosselink

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119019788

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 456

View: 2650

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The single most important book on wetlands, newly expanded and updated Wetlands is the definitive guide to this fragile ecosystem, providing the most comprehensive coverage and in-depth information available in print. Recently updated and expanded, this latest edition contains brand new information on Wetland Ecosystem Services and an updated discussion on Wetland, Carbon, and Climate Change and Wetland Creation and Restoration. Due to popular demand, the authors have brought back five streamlined chapters on wetland ecosystems that had been removed from previous editions, and provided more robust ancillary materials including an online color photo gallery, PowerPoint slides, and several video case studies. As nature's kidneys, wetland ecosystems help the environment process toxins and excess fertilizers and maintain the relative health of our aquatic ecosystems. As the understanding of their importance grows, their management and ecology have gained increased attention and have become an area of professional specialization over the past two decades. This book gives readers a solid understanding of wetlands, how they work, what they do, and why the Earth can't live without them. Understand wetlands' role in the ecosystem, from local to global scales Appreciate the fact that wetlands may be the most logical and economical way to sequester carbon from the atmosphere Discover the unique characteristics that make wetlands critically important for improving water quality, reducing storm and flood damage, and providing habitat to support biodiversity Learn how wetlands are being managed or destroyed around the globe but also how we can create and restore them Examine the ways in which climate change is affecting wetland ecosystems and wetland ecosystems affect climate change Wetlands are crucial to the health of the planet, and we've only begun to realize the magnitude of the damage that has already been done as we scramble to save them. A generation of ecologists, ecological engineers, land use planners, and water resource managers worldwide owe their knowledge of the wetlands to this book – for the next generation to follow in their footsteps, Wetlands 5th edition is the quintessential guide to these critical systems.

Creating Freshwater Wetlands, Second Edition

Author: Donald A. Hammer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498710808

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 7645

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Creating Freshwater Wetlands, Second Edition clearly demonstrates the step-by-step processes required to restore or create freshwater wetlands. It presents practical advice on choosing sites, getting help, attracting and stocking wildlife, selecting plants, and wetland operation and maintenance. This is an excellent book on one of the most fascinating ecosystems on the planet.

Wetland Drainage, Restoration, and Repair

Author: Thomas R. Biebighauser

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813160480

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 6708

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Wetlands are a vital part of the landscape and ecology of the United States, providing food and shelter for species ranging from the beautiful wood duck to the tiny fairy shrimp. These areas provide critical habitat for fish and wildlife, protect communities from flooding, and recharge groundwater supplies -- yet they continue to be destroyed at an alarming rate. A detailed analysis of wetlands management, Wetland Drainage, Restoration, and Repair is a comprehensive guide to the past, present, and future of wetland recovery in the United States. The book includes a historical overview of wetland destruction and repair over the past two hundred years and also serves as a unique resource for anyone, from novice to engineer, interested in the process of wetland restoration. Author Thomas R. Biebighauser draws from his own vast experience in building and repairing more than 950 wetlands across North America. Included are numerous photographs and case studies that highlight successes of past projects. Detailed, step-by-step instructions guide the reader through the planning and implementation of each restoration action. Biebighauser also provides a number of effective strategies for initiating and improving funding for wetlands programs. Wetland Drainage, Restoration, and Repair is essential reading for all who care about and for these important ecosystems.

An Introduction and User's Guide to Wetland Restoration, Creation, and Enhancement

Author: U. S. Environmental Agency,National Oceanic Administration

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781514253670

Category:

Page: 92

View: 7735

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The public's interest in the renewal of natural ecosystems has grown steadily during the past few decades. While preservation of habitat is a key to environmental health, there is a growing awareness that restoration, creation, and enhancement are essential to recover ecosystems that have been degraded or destroyed. Wetland habitats are the focus of many recovery efforts because over the past 200 years the area and health of wetlands have declined significantly. Less than 46 percent of the 215 million acres of wetlands estimated to exist in the contiguous U.S. when Europeans arrived remain. Prior to the mid-1970s, the draining and destruction of wetlands were accepted practices. Many wetlands altered by humans were drained to support agricultural uses, while others were filled for urban development, diked for water impoundments or to diminish flooding, or dredged for marinas and ports. Indirect impacts from pollutants, urban runoff, and invasion by non-native species continue to degrade and destroy wetlands. Scientists and policy makers also recognize the value of wetland restoration. In 1992, scientists completed a study for the National Research Council that called for the development of a national wetlands restoration strategy. Since then, federal agencies have been working with partners to achieve a net increase of 100,000 acres of wetlands per year by 2005. This goal will be reached only through carefully planned and implemented restoration and creation projects that add ecologically valuable wetlands to the landscape. States and the federal government are funding and conducting large-scale ecosystem restorations, such as the South Florida/Everglades Ecosystem Restoration, which are contributing to the national wetland goal. However, without the support of citizens and local groups around the country the 100,000 acre per year goal cannot be reached. For many decades, citizens have been restoring, creating, and enhancing wetland habitats through local non-profit organizations. In addition, citizens have become involved in wetland projects through government programs. Despite these efforts, the nation is still losing more wetlands than it gains each year. This document is designed to support and further encourage landowner and community-based wetland projects.

Wetland creation and restoration

description and summary of the literature

Author: Karen Schneller-McDonald,Lee S. Ischinger,Gregor T. Auble,U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Restoration ecology

Page: 198

View: 4035

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"This report provides a hard copy of the bibliographic information contained in the digital Wetland Creation/Restoration Data Base. One thousand one hundred data base records are included; each of these represents one article, report, or other publication dealing with the creation or restoration of wetlands. Information in the records is ... accessible via a cross-referenced index divided into four sections (Location Index, Plant Genus Index, Wetland Type Index, and Subject Index."--P. 1 Abstract.

An Approach to Improving Decision-Making in Wetland Restoration and Creation

Author: Mary E. Kentula

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351086529

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 181

View: 8558

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An Approach to Improving Decision-Making in Wetland Restoration and Creation succinctly compares populations of natural and created wetlands to determine whether restored wetlands successfully replace wetlands lost to development or other pressures. The book also presents strategies for mitigation of wetland losses, site selection for wetland restoration projects, and assessment of the level of attainable function for restored wetlands. The book is a significant resource for helping wetland professionals, planners, and ecologists formulate decisions affecting the creation and restoration of wetlands.

Illinois wetland restoration and creation guide

Author: Alicia Nugteren Admiraal,Illinois. Natural History Survey Division

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Restoration ecology

Page: 188

View: 8510

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Planning for wetland restoration and creation-summary; Planning for wetland restoration and creation; Setting goals; Defining objectives; Establishing performance standards; Site assessment-summary; Introduction; Assessment tasks; Soils; Hydrogeology; Water quality; Vegetation; Wildlife; Designing restored and created wetlands-summary; Designing restored and created wetlands; Introduction; Guidelines; Design for wetland function; Site and topographic surveys; Design elements; Components of a landscape plan; Constructing restored and created wetlands-summary; Introduction; Preparatory tasks; Monitoring tasks during construction; Earth-moving equipment; Additional construction tasks; Establishing vegetation; Post-construction site evaluation; Monitoring restored and created wetlands-summary; Introduction; Developing a monitoring plan; Preconstruction monitoring tasks; Monitoring tasks during construrction; Post-construction monitoring tasks; Water quality; Vegetation; Invertebrate wildlife; Additional monitoring tasks; Post-monitoring site evaluation; Managing wetlands; management objectives; Management methods; Water level manipulation; Mechanical techniques for vegetation control; Biological controls; Mechanical techniques for widlife control; Habitat enchancement; Managing human use of wetlands; management schedules; Potential participants in management programs.

Wetlands

An Approach to Improving Decision Making in Wetland Restoration and Creation

Author: Mary E. Kentula

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559632218

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 151

View: 554

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The research for this publication was funded by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Below is a list of contributors to Wetlands: An Approach to Improving Decision Making in Wetland Restoration and Creation.Mary E. Kentula, Project Officer, Wetlands Research Program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agenc.Robert P. Brooks, The Pennsylvania State University, Forest Resources Laborator.Stephanie Gwinn, Cindy Holland, Authur Sherman, Jean Sifneos, Ann Hairston, ManTech Environmental Technology, INC., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

The Earth Around Us

Maintaining A Livable Planet

Author: Jill Schneiderman

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 1466814438

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 8538

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Soil contamination...public lands...surface and groundwater pollution...coastal erosion...global warming. Have we reached the limits of this planet's ability to provide for us? If so, what can we do about it? These vital questions are addressed by Jill Schneiderman in The Earth Around Us, a unique collection of thirty-one essays by a diverse array of today's foremost scientist-writers. Sharing an ability to communicate science in a clear and engaging fashion, the contributors explore Earth's history and processes--especially in relation to today's environmental issues--and show how we, as members of a global community, can help maintain a livable planet. The narratives in this collection are organized into seven parts that describe: - Earth's time and history and the place of people in it - Views of nature and the ethics behind our conduct on Earth - Resources for the twenty-first century, such as public lands, healthy forests and soils, clean ground and surface waters, and fluctuating coastlines - Ill-informed local manipulations of landscapes across the United States - Innovative solutions to environmental problems that arise from knowledge of the interactions between living things and the Earth's air, water, and soil - Natural and human-induced global scale perturbations to the earth system - Our responsibility to people and all other organisms that live on Earth Never before has such a widely experienced group of prominent earth scientists been brought together to help readers understand how earth systems function to produce our physical and biological environment. Driven by the belief that earth science is, and should be, an integral part of everyday life, The Earth Around Us empowers all of us to play a more educated and active part in the search for a sustainable future for people and other living things on our planet.

Ecological Engineering and Ecosystem Restoration

Author: William J. Mitsch,Sven Erik Jørgensen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471332640

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 411

View: 6072

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Completely updated to keep pace with current technology. * Provides a firm grounding the fundamentals, theory, and latest techniques. * Includes completely updated case studies.

Wetland Restoration and Creation

A Planning and Design Framework : a Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment ... for the Degree of Master of Landscape Architecture (Landscape Architecture) ...

Author: Lee R. Skabelund

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Wetland conservation

Page: 206

View: 5012

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A national program for wetlands restoration and creation

report of the Interagency Committee on Wetlands Restoration and Creation to the Policy Coordinating Group, Interagency Task Force on Wetlands

Author: Interagency Committee on Wetlands Restoration and Creation (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 47

View: 3731

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Wetland Habitats

A Practical Guide to Restoration and Management

Author: Nick Romanowski

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643101969

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 726

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Wetland Habitats is a practical and easy to use manual for wetland restoration and conservation of diverse animal species. Covering all the recent work in this field, among other significant issues it discusses making the most of dams and created wetlands; reversing the effects of drainage, grazing, weirs, deteriorating water quality, and associated algal problems; captive breeding and reintroduction; and controlling weeds and vermin. The book describes a range of potential problems encountered during restoration efforts and approaches to dealing with them, so that readers will be able to make informed decisions about wetlands on their own properties. It also explains how to set realistic targets for wetland restoration as well as longer-term goals for management, and includes colour photographs of diverse wetland habitats and the animals that rely on them. The examples draw on a wide range of wetland animals including some which aren’t often found in wetlands on private properties, but the primary emphasis is on the ecology, interactions and management of species and other aspects of management that will be of most use to landholders with wetlands in need of rejuvenation.

Principles of Soil Conservation and Management

Author: Humberto Blanco-Canqui,Rattan Lal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402087098

Category: Nature

Page: 617

View: 7810

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“Principles of Soil Management and Conservation” comprehensively reviews the state-of-knowledge on soil erosion and management. It discusses in detail soil conservation topics in relation to soil productivity, environment quality, and agronomic production. It addresses the implications of soil erosion with emphasis on global hotspots and synthesizes available from developed and developing countries. It also critically reviews information on no-till management, organic farming, crop residue management for industrial uses, conservation buffers (e.g., grass buffers, agroforestry systems), and the problem of hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico and in other regions. This book uniquely addresses the global issues including carbon sequestration, net emissions of CO2, and erosion as a sink or source of C under different scenarios of soil management. It also deliberates the implications of the projected global warming on soil erosion and vice versa. The concern about global food security in relation to soil erosion and strategies for confronting the remaining problems in soil management and conservation are specifically addressed. This volume is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students interested in understanding the principles of soil conservation and management. The book is also useful for practitioners, extension agents, soil conservationists, and policymakers as an important reference material.

State of the World 2008

Innovations for a Sustainable Economy

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 161091631X

Category: Nature

Page: 292

View: 3741

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Environmental issues were once regarded as irrelevant to economic activity, but today they are dramatically rewriting the rules for business, investors, and consumers. Around the world, innovative responses to climate change and other environmental problems are affecting more than $100 billion in annual capital flows as pioneering entrepreneurs, organizations, and governments take steps to create the Earth’s first “sustainable” global economy.