Creating and Restoring Wetlands

From Theory to Practice

Author: Christopher Craft

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124076599

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 2201

Creating and Restoring Wetlands: From Theory to Practice describes the challenges and opportunities relating to the restoration of freshwater and estuarine wetlands in natural, agricultural, and urban environments in the coming century. The underpinnings of restoration, driven by ecological (disturbance, dispersal, succession) theory, are described and applied to various activities (restoring hydrology, soils, and biota) that are used to improve the short- and long-term success of wetland restoration projects. Unforeseen problems that hinder restoration efforts and solutions to these problems are discussed in this comprehensive book that contains five sections and 13 chapters that include an introduction describing the defining characteristics of wetland – hydrology, soils, biota, the role of theory in guiding wetland succession, ecosystem development following restoration, and differentiating wetland reclamation, restoration, and creation, restoration of various estuarine and freshwater wetlands, case studies of estuarine and freshwater restoration and large-scale restoration, and finally, the future of wetland restoration. Explicitly links ecological theory to restoration efforts in a variety of freshwater and estuarine, natural, agricultural, urban landscapes, and wetland ecosystems Contains case studies of small- and large-scale restoration activities ensuring relevance to individuals and organizations Illustrates successes as well as failures of freshwater and estuarine wetland restorations in order to learn from them Presents specific information on hydrology, biota, wetland succession, ecosystem development following restoration, and more

Wetland Creation and Restoration

The Status Of The Science

Author: Jon A Kusler

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1597268755

Category: Nature

Page: 616

View: 9799

With more than thirty papers from leading scientists and technicians, Wetland Creation and Restoration draws upon important new information and provides the first major national assessmby region of the capacity to implema goal of no-net-loss of wetlands. It is a one-of-a-kind compendium of hands-on information about methods of creating, restoring, and enhancing wetlands.

Wetland Habitats

A Practical Guide to Restoration and Management

Author: Nick Romanowski


ISBN: 0643096469

Category: Architecture

Page: 178

View: 4644

Wetland Habitats is a practical manual that puts developments in the field of wetland restoration and conservation of diverse animal species into plain English, placing much of the more recent work in this field into a single, coherent and user-friendly framework. As with Planting Wetlands and Dams, the text explains the various approaches to and aspects of each problem, so that readers will be able to make informed decisions about managing wetlands on their own properties. Although the examples are drawn from a wide range of wetland animals, including some which aren't necessarily found in wetlands on private properties, the primary emphasis will be on species and aspects of management that are likely to be of most use to landholders with wetlands to be restored, or species in need of conservation. The plants and planting aspects of created wetlands and dams are dealt with in detail in the second edition of Planting Wetlands and Dams. Key features: * Reversing the effects of drainage, grazing, weirs, deteriorating water quality and associated algal problems, and allowing for global warming and sea level rises * Setting realistic targets for wetland restoration and longer-term goals for management * Understanding natural change in wetlands - seasonal, ecological and chemical

An Approach to Improving Decision-Making in Wetland Restoration and Creation

Author: Mary E. Kentula

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351086529

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 181

View: 5215

An Approach to Improving Decision-Making in Wetland Restoration and Creation succinctly compares populations of natural and created wetlands to determine whether restored wetlands successfully replace wetlands lost to development or other pressures. The book also presents strategies for mitigation of wetland losses, site selection for wetland restoration projects, and assessment of the level of attainable function for restored wetlands. The book is a significant resource for helping wetland professionals, planners, and ecologists formulate decisions affecting the creation and restoration of wetlands.

Wetland Science

Perspectives From South Asia

Author: B. Anjan Kumar Prusty,Rachna Chandra,P. A. Azeez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132237153

Category: Law

Page: 587

View: 4726

This book is an attempt to acknowledge the discipline ‘wetland science’ and to consolidate research findings, reviews and synthesis articles on different aspects of the wetlands in South Asia. The book presents 30 chapters by an international mix of experts in the field, who highlight and discuss diverse issues concerning wetlands in South Asia as case studies. The chapters are divided into different themes that represent broad issues of concern in a systematic manner keeping in mind students, researchers and general readers at large. The book introduces readers to the basics and theory of wetland science, supplemented by case studies and examples from the region. It also offers a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in allied fields such as environmental studies, limnology, wildlife biology, aquatic biology, marine biology, and landscape ecology. To date the interdisciplinary field ‘wetland science’ is still rarely treated as a distinct discipline in its own right. Further, courses on wetland science aren’t taught at any of the world’s most prestigious universities; instead, the topics falling under this discipline are generally handled under the disciplines ‘ecology’ or under the extremely broad heading of ‘environmental studies’. It is high time that ‘Wetland Science’ be acknowledged as an interdisciplinary sub-discipline, which calls for an attempt to consolidate its various subtopics and present them comprehensively. Thus, this book also serves as a reference base on wetlands and facilitates further discussions on specific issues involved in safeguarding a sustainable future for the wetland habitats of this region.

Wetland Drainage, Restoration, and Repair

Author: Thomas R. Biebighauser

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813160480

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 8517

Wetlands are a vital part of the landscape and ecology of the United States, providing food and shelter for species ranging from the beautiful wood duck to the tiny fairy shrimp. These areas provide critical habitat for fish and wildlife, protect communities from flooding, and recharge groundwater supplies -- yet they continue to be destroyed at an alarming rate. A detailed analysis of wetlands management, Wetland Drainage, Restoration, and Repair is a comprehensive guide to the past, present, and future of wetland recovery in the United States. The book includes a historical overview of wetland destruction and repair over the past two hundred years and also serves as a unique resource for anyone, from novice to engineer, interested in the process of wetland restoration. Author Thomas R. Biebighauser draws from his own vast experience in building and repairing more than 950 wetlands across North America. Included are numerous photographs and case studies that highlight successes of past projects. Detailed, step-by-step instructions guide the reader through the planning and implementation of each restoration action. Biebighauser also provides a number of effective strategies for initiating and improving funding for wetlands programs. Wetland Drainage, Restoration, and Repair is essential reading for all who care about and for these important ecosystems.

Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems

Science, Technology, and Public Policy

Author: Committee on Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems: Science, Technology, and Public Policy,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309596149

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 540

View: 9152

Aldo Leopold, father of the "land ethic," once said, "The time has come for science to busy itself with the earth itself. The first step is to reconstruct a sample of what we had to begin with." The concept he expressed--restoration--is defined in this comprehensive new volume that examines the prospects for repairing the damage society has done to the nation's aquatic resources: lakes, rivers and streams, and wetlands. Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems outlines a national strategy for aquatic restoration, with practical recommendations, and features case studies of aquatic restoration activities around the country. The committee examines Key concepts and techniques used in restoration. Common factors in successful restoration efforts. Threats to the health of the nation's aquatic ecosystems. Approaches to evaluation before, during, and after a restoration project. The emerging specialties of restoration and landscape ecology.

Wetland Restoration and Creation

A Technical Guide

Author: Thomas R. Biebighauser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780983455813


Page: 186

View: 5905

The author reveals practices used to restore over 1,700 wetlands in 21 States, 2 Canadian Provinces, New Zealand and Taiwan, answering questions asked by the thousands of professionals and landowners who have taken the hands-on wetland restoration workshops he has instructed across North America. Discover how to build a wetland that looks and functions like a natural ecosystem, and for a fraction of the cost of required mitigation projects. See how to fix wetlands that have failed, and how unattractive eroding farm ponds can be transformed into beautiful, self sustaining wetland habitats.Clearly logical step by step instructions explain how to design and establish natural appearing wetlands for wildlife and fish habitat, cleaning run-off, recharging groundwater, and preventing flooding. Over 450 detailed drawings and photographs illustrate highly effective techniques for restoring surface and groundwater wetlands.


Author: William J. Mitsch,James G. Gosselink

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118174488

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 600

View: 3621


Wetland Restoration

A Handbook for New Zealand Freshwater Systems

Author: Monica Peters

Publisher: Gousha

ISBN: 9780478347067

Category: Wetland ecology

Page: 273

View: 5754

Practical handbook to help achieve the goal of restoring wetlands in New Zealand. Aimed at individuals, community groups, schools, agency land managers, NGOs' and ecologists. Includes CD with references and websites.

Planting Wetlands and Dams

A Practical Guide to Wetland Design, Construction and Propagation

Author: Nick Romanowski

Publisher: Landlinks Press

ISBN: 0643099956

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 168

View: 6871

Wetland planting can bring back biodiversity, reduce the impact of drought and flood, improve water quality and conserve beauty in a mismanaged landscape. Planting Wetlands and Dams is a step-by-step, plain language guide to the creation of conditions in which wetland plants will thrive, from design and construction to collecting plants, seeds and propagation. Completely revised and expanded, this new edition includes comprehensive information for around 200 genera of wetland plants from Tasmania to the tropics, complemented by more than 60 new colour photographs. It discusses the modification and improvement of existing dams, new lining materials available, and planning for plant and animal habitat needs. It provides updated information on legal requirements as well as significant exotic weeds, and examines the pros and cons of establishing new wetlands in dry climates.

Ecological Engineering and Ecosystem Restoration

Author: William J. Mitsch,Sven Erik Jørgensen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471332640

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 411

View: 9356

Completely updated to keep pace with current technology. * Provides a firm grounding the fundamentals, theory, and latest techniques. * Includes completely updated case studies.

Compensating for Wetland Losses Under the Clean Water Act

Author: Water Science and Technology Board,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Mitigating Wetland Losses,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309074320

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 5185

Recognizing the importance of wetland protection, the Bush administration in 1988 endorsed the goal of "no net loss" of wetlands. Specifically, it directed that filling of wetlands should be avoided, and minimized when it cannot be avoided. When filling is permitted, compensatory mitigation must be undertaken; that is, wetlands must be restored, created, enhanced, and, in exceptional cases, preserved, to replace the permitted loss of wetland area and function, such as water quality improvement within the watershed. After more than a dozen years, the national commitment to "no net loss" of wetlands has been evaluated. This new book explores the adequacy of science and technology for replacing wetland function and the effectiveness of the federal program of compensatory mitigation in accomplishing the nation's goal of clean water. It examines the regulatory framework for permitting wetland filling and requiring mitigation, compares the mitigation institutions that are in use, and addresses the problems that agencies face in ensuring sustainability of mitigated wetlands over the long term. Gleaning lessons from the mixed results of mitigation efforts to date, the book offers 10 practical guidelines for establishing and monitoring mitigated wetlands. It also recommends that federal, state, and local agencies undertake specific institutional reforms. This book will be important to anyone seeking a comprehensive understanding of the "no net loss" issue: policy makers, regulators, environmental scientists, educators, and wetland advocates.

An Introduction and User's Guide to Wetland Restoration, Creation, and Enhancement

Author: U. S. Environmental Agency,National Oceanic Administration

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781514253670


Page: 92

View: 644

The public's interest in the renewal of natural ecosystems has grown steadily during the past few decades. While preservation of habitat is a key to environmental health, there is a growing awareness that restoration, creation, and enhancement are essential to recover ecosystems that have been degraded or destroyed. Wetland habitats are the focus of many recovery efforts because over the past 200 years the area and health of wetlands have declined significantly. Less than 46 percent of the 215 million acres of wetlands estimated to exist in the contiguous U.S. when Europeans arrived remain. Prior to the mid-1970s, the draining and destruction of wetlands were accepted practices. Many wetlands altered by humans were drained to support agricultural uses, while others were filled for urban development, diked for water impoundments or to diminish flooding, or dredged for marinas and ports. Indirect impacts from pollutants, urban runoff, and invasion by non-native species continue to degrade and destroy wetlands. Scientists and policy makers also recognize the value of wetland restoration. In 1992, scientists completed a study for the National Research Council that called for the development of a national wetlands restoration strategy. Since then, federal agencies have been working with partners to achieve a net increase of 100,000 acres of wetlands per year by 2005. This goal will be reached only through carefully planned and implemented restoration and creation projects that add ecologically valuable wetlands to the landscape. States and the federal government are funding and conducting large-scale ecosystem restorations, such as the South Florida/Everglades Ecosystem Restoration, which are contributing to the national wetland goal. However, without the support of citizens and local groups around the country the 100,000 acre per year goal cannot be reached. For many decades, citizens have been restoring, creating, and enhancing wetland habitats through local non-profit organizations. In addition, citizens have become involved in wetland projects through government programs. Despite these efforts, the nation is still losing more wetlands than it gains each year. This document is designed to support and further encourage landowner and community-based wetland projects.

Wetland creation and restoration

description and summary of the literature

Author: Karen Schneller-McDonald,Lee S. Ischinger,Gregor T. Auble,U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Publisher: N.A


Category: Restoration ecology

Page: 198

View: 2022

"This report provides a hard copy of the bibliographic information contained in the digital Wetland Creation/Restoration Data Base. One thousand one hundred data base records are included; each of these represents one article, report, or other publication dealing with the creation or restoration of wetlands. Information in the records is ... accessible via a cross-referenced index divided into four sections (Location Index, Plant Genus Index, Wetland Type Index, and Subject Index."--P. 1 Abstract.

Creating Freshwater Wetlands, Second Edition

Author: Donald A. Hammer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566700481

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 9129

Creating Freshwater Wetlands, Second Edition clearly demonstrates the step-by-step processes required to restore or create freshwater wetlands. It presents practical advice on choosing sites, getting help, attracting and stocking wildlife, selecting plants, and wetland operation and maintenance. This is an excellent book on one of the most fascinating ecosystems on the planet.


Characteristics and Boundaries

Author: Committee on Characterization of Wetlands,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309587220

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 2558

"Wetlands" has become a hot word in the current environmental debate. But what does it signify? In 1991, proposed changes in the legal definities of wetlands stirred controversy and focused attention on the scientific and economic aspects of their management. This volume explores how to define wetlands. The committee--whose members were drawn from academia, government, business, and the environmental community--builds a rational, scientific basis for delineating wetlands in the landscape and offers recommendations for further action. Wetlands also discusses the diverse hydrological and ecological functions of wetlands, and makes recommendations concerning so-called controversial areas such as permafrost wetlands, riparian ecosystems, irregularly flooded sites, and agricultural wetlands. It presents criteria for identifying wetlands and explores the problems of applying those criteria when there are seasonal changes in water levels. This comprehensive and practical volume will be of interest to environmental scientists and advocates, hydrologists, policymakers, regulators, faculty, researchers, and students of environmental studies.