Crime and Criminology

Author: Rob White,Fiona Haines,Nicole Asquith

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190307301

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 9291

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Crime and Criminology is an introduction to the causes of crime. The sixth edition explores the key theories to try and explain criminal behaviour in society, providing students with the opportunity to evaluate how criminologists employ these theories in their analysis of criminological issues. This sixth edition has been thoroughly updated to include new examples and expand on the new directions in crime and criminology. The book includes learning features designed to engage students in theory and current criminological research by demonstrating how theory can be placed into a modern context or used to frame research. It will provide learning pathways beyond the theory, providing students with the skills to understand their own theoretical perspective and understand the social context, history and concepts behind criminological theory. New to this edition Significant revision to key chapters: Expanded coverage of biocriminological and psychological positivism Chapter 7: Feminist Perspectives Chapter 8: Realistic Approaches Chapter 9: Republican Theory and Restorative Justice A new chapter on Cultural and Postmodern Criminology.

Crime and Criminology

Author: Rob White,Fiona Haines

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195551563

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 2850

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Crime and Criminology, Fourth Edition, analyzes the causes of crime, while exploring the major theories and perspectives that attempt to explain criminal behavior in society. The fourth edition of this popular book provides an accessible and engaging introduction to all the major theories and approaches to crime, including classic theory, biological and psychological positivism, strain theory, labelling, Marxism, feminism, left realism, republicanism, and critical theory. NEW TO THIS EDITION * New real-life, contemporary case studies, with a particular focus on the role of media representations and other important concepts * New "Then and Now" boxes analyzing the evolution of criminological theories * Revised and updated chapters

Crime and Criminology

An Introduction

Author: Robert Douglas White,Fiona Haines

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195517323

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 3136

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Crime and Criminology 3/e is about the causes of crime. More specifically, it describes the diverse and at times competing perspectives within criminology, and their attempts to explain why certain types of people engage in certain types of behaviour that have been identified as being criminal in nature.

Crime and Criminology

An Introduction

Author: Robert Douglas White,Fiona Haines

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195537741

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 6157

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Crime and Criminology: An Introduction identifies basic approaches within criminology, including classical, biological and psychological positivist, strain, labelling, marxist, feminist, republican, left realist, new right and critical, and discusses critically the strengths and weaknesses of each perspective, and its contribution to the field as a whole. In its survey of the major perspectives on the causes of crime, the book reviews the contributions made by European, American, British and Australian scholars to the understanding of crime. Each chapter further illustrates the nature of each perspective by referring specifically to Australian cases and writers. An important aspect of the book is the way in which it discusses the social context of each theoretical development, highlights basic concepts, and gives both historical and contemporary examples of each approach.

An Introduction to Crime and Criminology

Author: Hennessey Hayes,Tim Prenzler

Publisher: Pearson Australia

ISBN: 1486004989

Category: True Crime

Page: 385

View: 6105

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An Introduction to Crime & Criminology 4e, continues to bring together some of Australia’s most widely respected authorities on criminology. The text explores popular knowledge and understanding about crime, contrasting it with what we know about crime from official sources as well as from crime victims. The authors present and analyse the various ways that crime is defined and measured, the many and varied dimensions of crime, the broad range of theories offered to explain crime as well as some of the main ways governments and other agencies respond to and attempt to prevent crime.

Green Criminology

An Introduction to the Study of Environmental Harm

Author: Rob White,Diane Heckenberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136216936

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 4057

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Over the past ten years, the study of environmental harm and ‘crimes against nature’ has become an increasingly popular area of research amongst criminologists. This book represents the first international, comprehensive and introductory text for green criminology, offering a concise exposition of theory and concepts and providing extensive geographical coverage, diversity and depth to the many issues pertaining to environmental harm and crime. Divided into three sections, the book draws on a range of international case studies and examples, and looks at the conceptual and methodological foundations of green criminology, before examining in detail areas of environmental crime and harm, and how they are addressed, including: climate change and social conflict; abuse and harm to animals; threats to bio-diversity; pollution and toxic waste; environmental victims; environmental regulation, law enforcement and courts; environmental forensic studies; environmental crime prevention. Green Criminology is packed with pedagogical features, including dialogue boxes, case examples, discussion questions and lists of further reading and is perfect for students around the world engaged with green criminology and crime against the environment.

An Introduction to Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Chris Crowther-Dowey

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137285176

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 9183

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Assuming no prior knowledge, this text provides a clear and user-friendly introduction to the key definitions and issues of crime. With an unrivalled combination of scope plus introductory pitch, this is a one-stop shop for undergraduates taking their first modules in criminology and criminal justice.

An Introduction to Criminological Theory

Author: Roger Hopkins Burke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135050481

Category: Social Science

Page: 586

View: 9852

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This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to criminological theory for students taking courses in criminology at both undergraduate and postgraduate level. Building on previous editions, which broadened the debate on criminological theory, this book presents the latest research and theoretical developments. The text is divided into five parts, the first three of which address ideal type models of criminal behaviour: the rational actor, predestined actor and victimized actor models. Within these, the various criminological theories are located chronologically in the context of one of these different traditions, and the strengths and weaknesses of each theory and model are clearly identified. The fourth part of the book looks closely at more recent attempts to integrate theoretical elements from both within and across models of criminal behaviour, while the fifth part addresses a number of key recent concerns of criminology: postmodernism, cultural criminology, globalization and communitarianism. All major theoretical perspectives are considered, including: classical criminology, biological and psychological positivism, labelling theories, feminist criminology, critical criminology and left realism, social control theories, the risk society. The new edition also features comprehensive coverage of recent developments in criminology, including situation action theory, desistance theory, peacemaking criminology, Loïc Wacquant’s thesis of the penal society, critical race theory and Southern theory. This revised and expanded fourth edition of An Introduction to Criminological Theory includes chapter summaries, critical thinking questions, a full glossary of terms and theories and a timeline of criminological theory, making it essential reading for those studying criminology.

An Introduction to Political Crime

Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847426794

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5805

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Jeffrey Ian Ross here provides a comprehensive analysis of political crime, addressing violent and nonviolent crimes committed by and against the state including political corruption, illegal domestic surveillance, and human rights violations in the United States and other industrialized democracies since the 1960s. He explores various aspects of the issue, including its causes, ways to control it, and the effects of different types of political crime. Integrating new scholarship on state crime in the wake of 9/11, Ross uses numerous examples to help readers understand this complex issue. A companion website for this book, including resources for students and teachers, can be found at: http: //www.policypress.co.uk/resources/ross/"

An Introduction to Criminological Theory and the Problem of Causation

Author: Jason Warr

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319474464

Category: Social Science

Page: 94

View: 7533

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This text offers a novel contribution to the literature on core criminological theory by introducing the complex issues relating to the structuring and analysing of causation. This text traces the paradigm shift, or drift, that has occurred in the history of criminology and shows how the problem of causation has been a leading factor in these theoretical developments. This short book is the first of its kind and is an introductory text designed to introduce both seasoned criminologists as well as students of criminology to the interesting intersections between the fields of criminology and the philosophy of the social sciences. The problem of causation is notoriously difficult and has plagued philosophers and scientists for centuries. Warr highlights the importance of grappling with this problem and demonstrates how it can lead to unsuccessful theorising and can prevent students from fully appreciating the development of thinking in criminology. This accessible account will prove to be a must-read for scholars of criminal justice, penology and philosophy of social science.

Crimes of the Powerful

An Introduction

Author: Dawn Rothe,David Kauzlarich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317631188

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 3439

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As politicians and the media perpetuate the stereotype of the "common criminal," crimes committed by the powerful remain for the most part invisible, or are reframed as a "bad decision" or a "rare mistake." This is a topic that remains marginalized within the field of criminology and criminal justice, yet crimes of the powerful cause more harm, perpetuate more inequalities, and result in more victimization than street crimes. Crimes of the Powerful: An introduction is the first textbook to bring together and show the symbiotic relationships between the related fields of state crime, white-collar crime, corporate crime, financial crime, organized crime, and environmental crime. Dawn L. Rothe and David Kauzlarich introduce the many types of crimes, methodological issues associated with research, theoretical relevance, and issues surrounding regulations and social controls for crimes of the powerful. Themes covered include: media, culture, and the Hollywoodization of crimes of the powerful; theoretical understanding and the study of the crimes of the powerful; a typology of crimes of the powerful with examples and case studies; victims of the crimes of the powerful; the regulation and resistance of elite crime. An ideal introductory text for both undergraduate and postgraduate students taking modules on the crimes of the powerful, white-collar crime, state crime, and green criminology, this text includes chapter summaries, activities and discussion questions, and lists of additional resources including films, websites, and additional readings.

An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation

Author: Robert C. Winters,Julie L. Globokar,Cliff Roberson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466597100

Category: Computers

Page: 323

View: 6093

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An Introduction to Crime and Crime Causation is a student-friendly textbook that defines and explains the concepts of crime, criminal law, and criminology. Ideal for a one-semester course, the book compares and contrasts early criminal behavior and today’s modern forms of crime. It also explores society’s responses to criminal behavior in the past and in the present day. It covers both major and lesser-known crime causation theories and their impact on society. Topics covered include: The importance of understanding crime data The goals of punishment The history of criminology, including the influence of social Darwinism on early trait theorists Crime causation theories, including a comparison of mainstream and critical theories The relationship between crime and biology, including the influence of genetics, substance use, and mental illness The social structural approach to crime, including a consideration of the changing contexts of urban criminality The nature and function of the justice system at the local, state, and federal levels, and basic categories of crimes Drug trafficking crimes, drug court efforts, and perceived weaknesses in current antidrug efforts Each chapter begins with a set of objectives and concludes with a summary. Interactive questions promote classroom discussion and practicum sections facilitate contextual learning. Drawn from different and distinct backgrounds, the authors each have unique perspectives on crime, making for a particularly well-rounded text that explores crime from several angles. The book attempts to educate readers in the development of new insights on crime and crime causation and provides a greater understanding of the steps that need to be taken before a significant reduction in crime can occur.

Crime and the Lifecourse

An Introduction

Author: Michael L. Benson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415994926

Category: Law

Page: 239

View: 2924

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In recent years, the lifecourse perspective has become a popular theoretical orientation toward crime. Yet despite its growing importance in the field of criminology, most textbooks give it only cursory treatment. Crime and the Lifecourse: An Introduction by Michael L. Benson provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary research and theory on the life-course approach to crime. The book emphasizes a conceptual understanding of this approach. A special feature is the integration of qualitative and quantitative research on criminal life histories. This book: provides an overview of the life course approach and describes the major concepts and issues in lifecourse theory as it applies to criminology reviews evidence on biological and genetic influences on crime reviews research on the role of the family in crime and juvenile delinquency provides a detailed discussion of the criminological lifecourse theories of Moffitt, Hagan, Sampson and Laub, and others discusses the connections between youthful crime and adult outcomes in education, occupation, and marriage presents an application of the lifecourse approach to white-collar crime discusses how macro sociological and historical developments have influenced the shape of the lifecourse in American society as it relates to patterns in crime.

An Introduction to Criminal Psychology

Author: Russil Durrant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136234349

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 4346

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Crime is a topic that is of considerable interest to policy-makers, politicians and the public alike. We want to know what factors can explain the nature and prevalence of crime in society and use this knowledge to better develop approaches for managing criminal behaviour. This book provides a comprehensive overview of approaches to understanding crime and criminal behaviour, with a focus on psychological perspectives. A wide range of different types of criminal behaviour are considered, including juvenile crime, violent offending, sexual offending, collective violence and drug use. For each type of offence a clear overview of key conceptual and methodological issues is provided, along with a detailed consideration of the major theoretical approaches that have been developed. The book concludes by considering how our theoretical understanding of crime can inform our responses to criminal behaviour in terms of punishment, prevention and rehabilitation. Key features of the book include: • an in-depth coverage of a broad range of different types of criminal behaviour; • inclusion of a diverse range of different theoretical perspectives; • accessibly written, with extensive use of case studies, boxes and activities; • an extensive use of up-to-date references that highlight the current state of knowledge in the field of criminal psychology. This book should be of interest to students, academics, researchers and practitioners with an interest in criminal behaviour, and is particularly suitable for undergraduate courses in criminal psychology, forensic psychology and psychological criminology.

Criminal Justice

An Introduction

Author: Peter Joyce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315455080

Category:

Page: 530

View: 9810

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This new and expanded edition builds upon material from the highly successful first edition. A comprehensive textbook on the criminal justice system, the book assesses the main theories concerned with the causes of crime (including white-collar and corporate crime), discusses the operation of all key criminal justice agencies – including the police, probation and prison services and the legal and youth justice systems –and identifies the main themes underpinning contemporary criminal justice policy. Key additions include: updated material from the first edition, incorporating changes to criminal justice policy introduced by the 2010 Coalition government; a new chapter that presents an overview of the criminal justice system; discussions of the evolving EU criminal justice system and the implications of this for UK criminal justice policy. The book is an ideal text for students taking courses in criminal justice, or studying criminal justice as a component of a broader course in criminology or the social sciences and practitoners within these fields. It is written in a highly accessible manner and has a wide range of features that include questions, key chapter themes, a timeline of main events, a glossary of key terms, a website resource guide.

An Introduction to Critical Criminology

Author: Pamela Ugwudike

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447309405

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 3996

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An Introduction to Critical Criminology offers an accessible introduction to foundational and contemporary theories and perspectives in critical criminology which introduces students to theories and perspectives about the causes of crime, and the operation of the criminal justice system.

The Criminal Event

An Introduction to Criminology

Author: Vincent F. Sacco,Leslie W. Kennedy

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crime

Page: 388

View: 4469

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This book encourages students to think of crime events as a complete process rather than an isolated occurrence and presents the various aspects of criminology in a clearly understandable format. The author ties together theories that explain motivation and response to law, crime types, and crime locations.

Crime and Deviance

An Introduction to Criminology

Author: Mushanga, Tibamanya Mwene

Publisher: LawAfrica Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9966031197

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 7248

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The main objective is to make available a simplified, readily available introductory reader not only for the students of Criminology, but also for the general reader who may be interested in the problems of crime, crime control and prevention.

Green Criminology

Critical Concepts in Criminology

Author: Robert Douglas White

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415813006

Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Page: N.A

View: 8721

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"Green Criminology embraces a wide and rapidly growing network of researchers and scholars around the world who are actively engaged in the study of environmental crime and ecological justice. Transgressions against humans, eco-systems, and animals constitute the main focus of Green Criminology and this new four-volume collection from Routledge provides an authoritative, one-stop reference work to make sense of the wide range of approaches, theories, and concepts that have informed its development and growth.Themes covered in the collection include: the conceptual foundations of Green Criminology; victimization and offending; criminal-justice responses to environmental crime; and emerging environmental issues, such as climate change, that demand urgent criminological attention. Topics range from transnational environmental crimes, such as the illegal dumping of waste and illegal trade in wildlife, through to prosecution and sentencing in relation to environmental crimes.Each volume provides a provocative and stimulating showcase of criminological research, scholarship, and commentary dealing with the nature and dynamics of environmental crime. The volumes are structured to provide users with a strong sense of the theories, methodological approaches, conceptual innovations, and empirical research of Green Criminology. Together, they constitute an essential work of reference for anyone interested in social and environmental transformations and justice from a criminological perspective"--