Crime in the United States 2011

Author: Sarah E. Baltic

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598884824

Category: Social Science

Page: 718

View: 639

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Of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program -- Offenses known to police -- Offenses cleared -- Persons arrested -- Law enforcement personnel -- Hate crime.

Crime in the United States 2011

Author: Sarah Baltic

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598884832

Category: Social Science

Page: 727

View: 6732

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Crime in the United States contains findings that the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) releases annually from its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Because it is no longer printed by the FBI, Bernan Press continues to provide this practical information in convenient book form. This edition contains final data from 2009, the latest data that are currently available. Legal and law enforcement professionals and researchers will find crime statistics for the nation as a whole-and for regions, states, counties, cities, towns, and college and university campuses for violent and property crimes. This publication includes: _ violent and property crime counts _ crime trends _ data on crimes cleared _ persons arrested (age, sex, and race) _ law enforcement personnel (including the number of sworn officers killed or assaulted) _ the characteristics of homicides (including age, sex, and race of victims and offenders; victim-offender relationships; weapons used; and circumstances surrounding the homicides) New for 2011 _ updated data on hate crimes Violent crimes include: _ murder and non-negligent manslaughter _ forcible rape _ robbery _ aggravated assault Property crimes include: _ burglary _ larceny-theft _ motor vehicle theft _ arson Hate crimes include any crime motivated by bias against: _ race _ religion _ sexual orientation _ ethnicity/national origin _ and/or disability Data includes the following: offense type, location, bias motivation, victim type, number of individual victims, number of offenders, and the race of the offenders. Some Examples of Information to be Found in Crime in the United States _ Over half of murders in 2009 were committed by acquaintances (53.8 percent). _Approximately 35 percent of female victims were killed by their husbands or boyfriends. _ The estimated dollar loss attributing to property crimes, not including arson, in 2009 was $15.2 billion _ Almost 800,000 motor vehicle thefts took place in the United States, but this number has declined over the last ten years. The estimated number fell 17.1 percent from last year and 31.5 percent from 2000. _ White adults were most commonly arrested for driving under the influence (954,444 arrests) and drug abuse violations (845,974 arrests). _ Juveniles accounted for 15.4 percent of all arrests in 2009. _ The rate of full-time law enforcement employees (civilian and sworn) per 1,000 inhabitants in the nation for 2009 was 3.5. _ Most hate crimes were racially motivated (49.1 percent); the next largest percentage was 18.5, which resulted from sexual orientation bias. _ The arrest rate for violent crime was 191.2 per 100,000 inhabitants. For property crime, the arrest rate was 571.1 per 100,000 inhabitants. _ In 2009, 34.7 percent of arson nationwide were cleared by arrest or exceptional means. _ A breakdown of the clearances for violent crimes for 2009 revealed that the nation's law enforcement agencies cleared 66.6 percent of murder offenses, 56.8 percent of aggravated assault offenses, 41.2 percent of forcible rape offenses, and 28.2 percent of robbery offenses. The data for property crimes showed that agencies cleared 21.5 percent of larceny-theft offenses, 12.5 percent of burglary offenses, and 12.4 percent of motor vehicle theft offenses.

Crime in the United States 2013

Author: Shana Hertz Hattis

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1598886223

Category: Social Science

Page: 618

View: 3331

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This reference is a comprehensive collection of the nation's criminal statistics. It provides the latest data submitted by city, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies.

Criminal Justice in Action: The Core

Author: Larry Gaines,Roger Miller

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285069153

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 5971

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With gripping photos, an engaging magazine-like format, and riveting examples straight from today’s headlines, CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN ACTION: THE CORE, 7th puts you in the center of the action. Providing just the right depth of coverage, this succinct book uses vivid cases and current events to demonstrate the core principles of the American justice system at work. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Criminal Justice in Action

Author: Larry K. Gaines,Roger LeRoy Miller

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305142810

Category: Social Science

Page: 640

View: 2469

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The Eighth Edition of CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN ACTION places you in the center of the action and helps you learn about criminal justice. You'll explore vivid real-life applications that clarify key concepts and read about the many exciting new career opportunities that the field now offers. Chapter material will make sense, thanks to straight-from-the-headlines vignettes that begin every chapter. Knowing what's important is a snap with each chapter's numbered objectives, which are reinforced throughout the chapter. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

A New Leaf

The End of Cannabis Prohibition

Author: Alyson Martin,Nushin Rashidian

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595589295

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7020

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In November 2012, voters in Colorado and Washington passed landmark measures to legalize the production and sale of cannabis for social use—a first not only in the United States but also the world. Medical cannabis is now legal in twenty states and Washington, D.C., and more than one million Americans have turned to it in place of conventional pharmaceuticals. Yet the federal government refuses to acknowledge these broader societal shifts and continues to raid and arrest people: 49.5 percent of all drug-related arrests involve the sale, manufacture, or possession of cannabis. In the first book to explore the new landscape of cannabis in the United States, investigative journalists Alyson Martin and Nushin Rashidian present a deeply researched, insightful story of how recent developments tie into cannabis’s complex history and thorny politics. Reporting from nearly every state with a medical cannabis law, Martin and Rashidian enliven their book with in-depth interviews with patients, growers, doctors, entrepreneurs, politicians, activists, and regulators. They whisk readers from the federal cannabis farm at the University of Mississippi to the headquarters of the ACLU to Oregon’s "World Famous Cannabis Café." They present an expert analysis of how recent milestones toward legalization will affect the war on drugs both domestically and internationally. The result is an unprecedented and lucid account of how legalization is manifesting itself in the lives of millions. A New Leaf offers an essential guide for anyone who wants to understand the far-ranging implications of this rapidly changing drug landscape.

Victimology

Author: William G. Doerner,Steven P. Lab

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0323296386

Category: Social Science

Page: 518

View: 6205

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Victimology, Seventh Edition, introduces students to the criminal justice system in the United States and its impact on crime victims. Authors William Doerner and Steven Lab provide a fresh look at the theoretical basis of victimology and then present the key facets of crime and its effects. They examine financial and social costs both to the individual and to the larger community. This new edition uses the theoretical foundation of victimology to establish a clear conceptual framework and reduce repetition. Emerging trends in the field receive greater emphasis in this edition, including non-adversarial resolutions that offer remediation for crime victims. Crimes like intimate-partner violence and victimization in work or school environments continue to take a toll, and the authors examine efforts to prevent these crimes as well as responses after an incident occurs. Doerner and Lab challenge students to rethink the current response to crime victims, and to develop improved approaches to this costly social issue. Online supplements are available for both professors and students. A new chapter on explaining victimization provides context and a backdrop for examining emerging trends A new chapter on hate crimes delves into the complexities faced by victims as they negotiate the reporting process The text is supplemented by learning tools including chapter-by-chapter learning objectives, key terms, illustrative figures and tables, and call-outs to related Internet sites

Organized Crime in the United States

Trends and Issues for Congress

Author: Kristin M. Finklea

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437920039

Category:

Page: 28

View: 2886

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Contents: (1) Intro.; (2) Definitions of Organized Crime (OC); (3)Background: Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act; OC Control Act and RICO; Asset Forfeiture and Money Laundering Statutes; More Recent Fed. Attention to OC; (4) Fed. Law Enforcement Efforts to Combat OC; (5) Federal Investigations and Prosecutions of OC; (6) Current OC Trends: OC Groups Operating in the U.S.: Eurasian/Russian; Asian; Italian; Balkan; Other OC Groups; (7) Domestic Impact of OC: Impact of OC on the Economy; Money Laundering; Cigarette Trafficking; Piracy and Counterfeiting; OC and Terrorists; (8) Potential Issues for Congress: Fed. OC Resources; Multilateral Crime Fighting; Potential OC Nexus with Terrorism; (9) Legis. in the 111th Cong.

Foundations of Couples, Marriage, and Family Counseling

Author: David Capuzzi,Mark D. Stauffer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118710789

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 677

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A comprehensive and practical approach to the world of marriage,couples, and family counseling Esteemed academics David Capuzzi and Mark D. Stauffer presentthe theory, research, and real-life practice of today's counselorsand therapists in family therapy settings. Aligned with the Councilfor Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs(CACREP) and Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and FamilyTherapy Education (COAMFTE), this useful text covers foundationalteaching important to readers, but also critical modern topics notincluded in other texts, such as sexuality, trauma, divorce,domestic violence, and addictions, filial play therapy, and usingcommunity genograms to position culture and context in familytherapy. With a unique focus on practical applications, the bookdiscusses the major family therapy theories, and provides graduatestudents and post-graduate learners in counseling, mental health,and behavioral health fields the skills and techniques they need tohelp couples and families as part of their work in a variety ofhelping environments. Each chapter contains case studies andanecdotes that help readers think critically about the issues theyare likely to deal with as clinicians. Written by recognized and respected contributors, this bookhelps readers see the connection between what they know and whathappens in couples and family counseling sessions. Readerswill: Learn the knowledge and skills essential to family therapy Understand the history, concepts, and techniques associatedwith major theories Examine the key issues specific to couples work, with relevantintervention Explore solutions to the complexities generated by specialissues Discusses the modern realities of family, diversity andculture, and systemic contexts Family and couples counseling presents a complex interplay ofvarious factors inherent to each individual, the dynamic interplaybetween each person's issues, and the outside influences that shapebehavior. Foundations of Couples, Marriage, and FamilyCounseling helps readers sort out the complexity and guideclients toward lasting resolution.

Failure to Flourish

How Law Undermines Family Relationships

Author: Clare Huntington

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190212209

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 9433

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Exploring the connection between families and inequality, Failure to Flourish: How Law Undermines Family Relationships argues that the legal regulation of families stands fundamentally at odds with the needs of families. Strong, stable, positive relationships are essential for both individuals and society to flourish, but from transportation policy to the criminal justice system, and from divorce rules to the child welfare system, the legal system makes it harder for parents to provide children with these kinds of relationships, exacerbating the growing inequality in America. Failure to Flourish contends that we must re-orient the legal system to help families avoid crises and, when conflicts arise, intervene in a manner that heals relationships. To understand how wrong our family law system has gone and what we need to repair it, Failure to Flourish takes us from ancient Greece to cutting-edge psychological research, and from the chaotic corridors of local family courts to a quiet revolution under way in how services are provided to families in need. Incorporating the latest insights of positive psychology and social science research, the book sets forth a new, more emotionally intelligent vision for a legal system that not only resolves conflict but actively encourages the healthy relationships that are at the core of a stable society.

Family Problems

Stress, Risk, and Resilience

Author: Joyce A. Arditti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118352696

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 5717

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Family Problems: Stress, Risk, and Resilience presents aninterdisciplinary collection of original essays that push theboundaries of family science to reflect the increasingly diversecomplexity of family concerns in the modern world. Represents the most up-to-date family problem research whileaddressing such contemporary issues as parental incarceration, samesex marriage, health care disparities, and welfare reform Features brief chapter introductions that provide context anddirection to guide the student to the heart of what’simportant in the piece that follows Includes critical thinking questions to enhance the utility ofthe book for classroom use Responds to family problem issues through the lens of a socialjustice perspective

The Way Out

Christianity, Politics, and the Future of the African-American Community

Author: Ted Williams

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630874795

Category: Religion

Page: 126

View: 2197

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The African-American community represents a paradox of sorts. While collective success has been achieved in many areas, African-Americans still disproportionately suffer from a variety of social ills. The residual effects from years of slavery and exclusion from the major institutions of American life are still trenchant. Yet, there is hope. As we move forward into a new millennium, our greatest answers can be found by exploring the past. The Christian faith has served as a sustaining force that has been the backbone of this community for generations. This faith, along with a holistic commitment to family, political participation, education, and entrepreneurship, are the key to its future. The Way Out tackles this issue with a mature voice that represents a juxtaposition of faith and public policy. It rejects the culture of partisan gridlock, racial division, and religious cynicism by fostering a fresh and pluralistic discourse about the greatest solutions for our most pressing civic challenges. From the experienced policymaker to the common citizen wanting to make a difference, The Way Out provides tangible solutions through which we can all find ways to engage. It stands firmly at the intersection of religion, race, politics, and culture to light a clear path forward.

Gewalt

Eine neue Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310401616X

Category: History

Page: 1216

View: 7224

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Die Geschichte der Menschheit – eine ewige Abfolge von Krieg, Genozid, Mord, Folter und Vergewaltigung. Und es wird immer schlimmer. Aber ist das richtig? In einem wahren Opus Magnum, einer groß angelegten Gesamtgeschichte unserer Zivilisation, untersucht der weltbekannte Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker die Entwicklung der Gewalt von der Urzeit bis heute und in allen ihren individuellen und kollektiven Formen, vom Verprügeln der Ehefrau bis zum geplanten Völkermord. Unter Rückgriff auf eine Fülle von wissenschaftlichen Belegen aus den unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen beweist er zunächst, dass die Gewalt im Laufe der Geschichte stetig abgenommen hat und wir heute in der friedlichsten Epoche der Menschheit leben. Diese verblüffende Tatsache verlangt nach einer Erklärung: Pinker schält in seiner Analyse sechs Entwicklungen heraus, die diesen Trend begünstigt haben, untersucht die Psychologie der Gewalt auf fünf innere Dämonen, die Gewaltausübung begünstigen, benennt vier Eigenschaften des Menschen, die den inneren Dämonen entgegenarbeiten und isoliert schließlich fünf historische Kräfte, die uns heute in der friedlichsten Zeit seit jeher leben lassen. Pinkers Darstellung revolutioniert den Blick auf die Welt und uns Menschen. Und sie macht Hoffnung und Mut. »Pinkers Studie ist eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum verbreiteten Kulturpessimismus und dem Gefühl des moralischen Untergangs der Moderne.« Der Spiegel »Steven Pinker ist ein Top-Autor und verdient all die Superlative, mit denen man ihn überhäuft« New York Times» Die Argumente von Steven Pinker haben Gewicht [...]. Die Chance, heute Opfer von Gewalt zu werden, ist viel geringer als zu jeder anderen Zeit. Das ist eine spannende Nachricht, die konträr zur öffentlichen Wahrnehmung ist." Deutschlandfunk »Steven Pinker ist ein intellektueller Rockstar« The Guardian »Der Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker gilt als wichtigster Intellektueller« Süddeutsche Zeitung »Verflucht überzeugend« Hamburger Abendblatt

Prevention and the Limits of the Criminal Law

Author: Andrew Ashworth,Lucia Zedner,Patrick Tomlin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199656762

Category: Law

Page: 308

View: 8928

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Are preventive justice measures justified? Do they needlessly blur the boundaries between criminal and civil law, signalling a change in the architecture of security? The contributors in this volume re-assess the foundations for the range of coercive measures that states now take in the name of prevention and public protection.

Crime in the United States 2010

Author: Bernan Press

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598884123

Category: Social Science

Page: 536

View: 4256

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Crime in the United States contains findings that the FBI releases annually from its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Because it is no longer printed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Bernan Press continues to provide this practical information in convenient book form. Legal and law enforcement professionals and researchers will find crime statistics for the nation as a whole-and for regions, states, counties, cities, towns, and college and university campuses on murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Statistics also cover the property crimes of burglary, arson, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 3496

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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

The FBI Story

Author: United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Criminal investigation

Page: N.A

View: 3901

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The Color of Justice: Race, Ethnicity, and Crime in America

Author: Samuel Walker,Cassia Spohn,Miriam DeLone

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133715532

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 3332

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Comprehensive and balanced, THE COLOR OF JUSTICE is the definitive book on current research and theories of racial and ethnic discrimination within America's Criminal Justice system. The best and the most recent research on patterns of criminal behavior and victimization, police practices, court processing and sentencing, the death penalty, and correctional programs are covered giving students the facts and theoretical foundation they need to make their own informed decisions about discrimination in the system. Uniquely unbiased, THE COLOR OF JUSTICE makes every effort to incorporate discussion of all major race groups found in the United States. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.