History of Criminal Justice

Author: Mark Jones,Peter Johnstone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1437734979

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 5176

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Covering criminal justice history on a cross-national basis, this book surveys criminal justice in Western civilization and American life chronologically from ancient times to the present. It is an introduction to the historical problems of crime, law enforcement and penology, set against the background of major historical events and movements. Integrating criminal justice history into the scope of European, British, French and American history, this text provides the opportunity for comparisons of crime and punishment over boundaries of national histories. The text concludes with a chapter that addresses terrorism and homeland security. * Spans all of western history, and examines the core beliefs about human nature and society that informed the development of criminal justice systems. The fifth edition gives increased coverage of American law enforcement, corrections, and legal systems * Each chapter is enhanced with supplemental "Timeline," "Time Capsule," and "Featured Outlaw" boxes as well as discussion questions, notes and problems * Contains discussion questions, notes, learning objectives, key terms lists, biographical vignettes of key historical figures, and "History Today" exercises to engage the reader and encourage critical thinking

A History of Criminal Justice in England and Wales

Author: John Hostettler

Publisher: Waterside Press

ISBN: 1906534799

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 8066

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"An ideal introduction to the rich history of criminal justice charting all its main developments from the dooms of Anglo-Saxon times to the rise of the Common Law, struggles for political, legislative and judicial ascendency and the formation of the innovative Criminal Justice System of today."-back cover.

Criminal Justice

Author: Andrew Sanders,Richard Young,Mandy Burton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199541310

Category: Law

Page: 818

View: 6203

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This text concentrates on the apprehension, investigation and trial of suspected offenders, overlaying its analysis with a critical appraisal of the system and suggesting pointers to improvement.

The American Criminal Justice System

How it Works, how it Doesn't, and how to Fix it

Author: Gerhard Falk

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313383472

Category: Law

Page: 250

View: 6718

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This critical yet honest appraisal of our criminal justice system addresses its strengths and its flaws—and makes recommendations for improvement. * Provides an extensive bibliography including books, journal articles, newspaper accounts, and government documents * Includes a chronology

Handbook of Criminal Justice Administration

Author: M.A. DuPont-Morales,Michael K. Hooper,Judy H. Schmidt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824704186

Category: Law

Page: 520

View: 2391

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This work addresses perspectives on the judicial, correctional and law enforcement components of the criminal justice system, including history, ethics, prevention, intervention, due process, marginalized populations, international consequences and demands for professionalism. It also examines critical variations in the criminal justice systems of countries worldwide.

Criminal Justice in Ireland

Author: Paul O'Mahony

Publisher: Institute of Public Administration

ISBN: 9781902448718

Category: Courts

Page: 818

View: 5465

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Comprehensive overview of the Irish criminal justice system, its current problems and its vision for the future. Collection of essays by major office-holders, experienced practitioners, leading academics, legal scholars, sociologists, psychologists, philosophers and educationalists.

Criminal Justice

An Introduction

Author: Philip P. Purpura

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780750696302

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 8737

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Criminal Justice: An Introduction is a complete introductory text for the most basic and widely-studied course in this subject area. Each chapter begins with behavioral objectives and a list of key terms. A variety of strategies are designed into the text to hold the attention of reader: key terms in bold lettering, side margin notes (containing interesting facts and challenging questions), boxed justice events and international perspectives, and over 80 photographs, tables and figures. Each chapter ends with applications that enable the student to apply the material to real life situations. This text competes with larger books by offering a complete but succinct and less expensive introduction to criminal justice, which will be more manageable for community colleges and colleges with shorter terms. The instructor's manual will assist educators with special projects and test questions and answers. The accompanying disk challenges students with interactive exercises. An excellent entry-level textbook for undergraduate criminal justice students. Written by an instructor of criminal justice and security for over 20 years. Includes an instructor's manual and a disk with interactive exercises for students.

Criminal Justice

An Introduction

Author: Peter Joyce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415620619

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 7165

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This new and expanded edition builds upon material from the highly successful first edition. A comprehensive textbook on the criminal justice system, the book assesses the main theories concerned with the causes of crime (including white-collar and corporate crime), discusses the operation of all key criminal justice agencies - including the police, probation and prison services and the legal and youth justice systems -and identifies the main themes underpinning contemporary criminal justice policy. Key additions include: updated material from the first edition incorporating changes to criminal justice policy introduced by the 2010 Coalition government a new chapter that presents an overview of the criminal justice system discussions of the evolving EU criminal justice system and the implications of this for UK criminal justice policy. The book is an ideal text for students taking courses in criminal justice, or studying criminal justice as a component of a broader course in criminology or the social sciences and practitoners within these fields. It is written in a highly accessible manner and has a wide range of features that include: questions key chapter themes timeline of main events glossary of key terms website resource guide.

Criminal Justice, Politics, and Women

The Aftermath of Legally Mandated Change

Author: Claudine SchWeber,Clarice Feinman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780866563642

Category: Law

Page: 133

View: 1780

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Experts provide important insights on the intent and subsequent outcome of legislated change at the national and local levels in the area of criminal justice and women. Here is a revealing examination of the impact of judicial and legislative changes on the treatment of female victims and offenders in the areas of corrections, domestic violence, sexual assault, and prostitution look at actual case studies demonstrates that the condition of women's lives will not be changed merely by going to court or getting a new law. This is an enlightening book for readers who may believe that discrimination can be eliminated through legal changes alone.

Criminal Justice in China

A History

Author: Klaus Mühlhahn,Professor Klaus M?hlhahn

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674054332

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 9700

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In a groundbreaking work, Klaus Muhlhahn offers a comprehensive examination of the criminal justice system in modern China, an institution deeply rooted in politics, society, and culture. In late imperial China, flogging, tattooing, torture, and servitude were routine punishments. Sentences, including executions, were generally carried out in public. After 1905, in a drive to build a strong state and curtail pressure from the West, Chinese officials initiated major legal reforms. Physical punishments were replaced by fines and imprisonment. Capital punishment, though removed from the public sphere, remained in force for the worst crimes. Trials no longer relied on confessions obtained through torture but were instead held in open court and based on evidence. Prison reform became the centerpiece of an ambitious social-improvement program. After 1949, the Chinese communists developed their own definitions of criminality and new forms of punishment. People's tribunals were convened before large crowds, which often participated in the proceedings. At the center of the socialist system was "reform through labor," and thousands of camps administered prison sentences. Eventually, the communist leadership used the camps to detain anyone who offended against the new society, and the "crime" of counterrevolution was born. Muhlhahn reveals the broad contours of criminal justice from late imperial China to the Deng reform era and details the underlying values, successes and failures, and ultimate human costs of the system. Based on unprecedented research in Chinese archives and incorporating prisoner testimonies, witness reports, and interviews, this book is essential reading for understanding modern China.

DNA and the Criminal Justice System

The Technology of Justice

Author: David Lazer

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262621861

Category: Law

Page: 414

View: 9802

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Examines the impact of DNA technology on issues of ethics, civil liberties, privacy, and security.

Negotiating Responsibility in the Criminal Justice System

Author: Jack B. Kamerman

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809322114

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 4139

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With this collection of essays, Jack Kamerman presents the first sustained examination of one of the underpinnings of the operation of the criminal justice system: the issue of responsibility for actions and, as a consequence, the issue of accountability. Unique in the breadth of its approach, this volume examines the issue of responsibility from the perspectives of criminal justice professionals, sociologists, philosophers, and public administrators from four countries. Attacking the problem on various levels, the essayists look first at the assumptions made by criminal justice institutions regarding offender responsibility, then turn to the views of offenders on the causes of their own actions and to the consequences of offenders either to accept or deny responsibility. These scholars also examine the social and psychological circumstances under which people in general accept or deny responsibility for what they do, thus providing the basis for understanding the process of social distance as a major precondition for people to commit atrocities without seeing themselves as responsible. Understanding the circumstances under which people either distance themselves from or embrace responsibility enables criminologists to make grounded recommendations for reordering responsibility in the criminal justice system and, more generally, for restoring a sense of responsibility to organizations, occupations, and society. Aside from Kamerman, the contributors are William C. Collins, Charles Fethe, Gilbert Geis, Robert J. Kelly, Alison Liebling, Jess Maghan, Mark Harrison Moore, Paul Neurath, John Rakis, William Rentzmann, and José E. Sánchez.

Changes in Society, Crime and Criminal Justice in Europe

A Challenge for Criminological Education and Research. Crime and insecurity in the city. Vol. 1

Author: C. J. C. F. Fijnaut,Johan Goethals

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041101860

Category: Law

Page: 395

View: 653

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In 1994 the School of Criminology, a part of the Department of Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminology in the Faculty of Law of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, celebrated the 25th anniversary of its study programme. To give added lustre to this landmark in its history, the Institute accepted the invitation from the International Society of Criminology to organise the 49th International Course of Criminology. The title of the course was: Changes in Society, Crime and Criminal Justice in Europe. A challenge for criminological education and research'. This course explored two themes, both of which are likely to be the focus of debate in criminal policy in the near future: crime and insecurity in the city, and international organised and corporate crime. The presentation and discussion of both themes followed two main approaches. Lectures and seminars focused on the analysis of the nature, the quantity and the development of the phenomena, and meetings were focused on the policy needed to gain control of these phenomena. Moreover, attention was paid to technical and ethical problems which show up at the moment that empirical research is carried out. This publication brings together the main part of the introductory lectures. Part one relates to the theme of crime and insecurity in the city; the second part contains the lectures on international organised and corporate crime. Together both parts present a good picture of what was explained and commented on during the Course, especially in relation to important European developments concerning crime, criminal justice and criminal policy. This book will become an important source of inspiration for both criminological educationand research.

Women in the Criminal Justice System

Author: Clarice Feinman

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0275944875

Category: Social Science

Page: 211

View: 3525

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This third edition provides thoroughly updated information on the status of women in all aspects of the U.S. criminal justice system, from incarcerated women to professionals in the legal, law enforcement, and correctional fields. While concentrating on the present, Clarice Feinman traces changes in theories, goals, practices, and policies concerning women of different racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds--be they offenders, professionals, or reformers--since 1800, with a focus on why changes occurred. This unique text is an important tool for filling gaps in information, continuity, and understanding of issues affecting women in the up-hill battle to transform this male-dominated system.

Forensic Identification and Criminal Justice

Author: Carole McCartney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134013302

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 576

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This book provides an account of the development of forensic identification technologies and the way in which this has impacted upon the legal system. It traces the advent of forensic identification technologies, focusing on fingerprinting and forensic DNA typing, and their growing deployment within the criminal justice system. It also elucidates the ways in which these new technologies are accelerating procedural changes to investigative practices, and shows the ways in which in some areas human rights (such as privacy rights and rights against discrimination) are coming under threat. The use of forensic evidence in criminal investigations and trials is analysed in detail. This book uncovers the way in which this new reliance on forensic technologies has gained a foothold within the criminal justice system, and the risks and dangers that this can pose. The National DNA Database provides a particular focus of attention. The author seeks to move beyond an approach that has seen forensic DNA profiling as error free, situating her analysis within broader risk discourses.

Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice

Author: Kären M. Hess

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495390909

Category: Law

Page: 608

View: 3955

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INTRODUCTION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE, Ninth Edition, provides coverage of both law enforcement and the criminal justice system in one convenient text. This eminently practical, applied book not only provides an examination of the role of p

Criminal Justice

An Introduction to the Criminal Justice System in England and Wales

Author: Malcolm Davies,Hazel Croall,Jane Tyrer

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780582473201

Category: Law

Page: 477

View: 1339

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Criminal Justice provides information about the various agencies of the criminal justice system, their legal responsibilities, and the social and political context in which they operate. It outlines important concepts in English criminal law and defines crime and the varied responses to it. It also explores the non-legal factors which affect the operation of the criminal justice agencies and identifies the policy issues involved in the control of crime and the pursuit of justice.

Fundamentals of Criminal Justice: A Sociological View

Author: Steven E. Barkan,George J. Bryjak

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449654398

Category: True Crime

Page: 606

View: 5406

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The criminal justice system is a key social institution pertinent to the lives of citizens everywhere. Fundamentals of Criminal Justice: A Sociological View, Second Edition provides a unique social context to explore and explain the nature, impact, and significance of the criminal justice system in everyday life. This introductory text examines important sociological issues including class, race, and gender inequality, social control, and organizational structure and function.

Battleground: Criminal Justice [2 volumes]

Author: Gregg Barak

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313088039

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 3402

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There are many controversial aspects of our criminal justice system, and this encyclopedia examines the most significant controversies throughout American history with emphasis on current debates, trends, and issues. Arranged alphabetically, approximately 100 entries cover background, explanations, notable cases and events, various sides of an issue, and what to expect in the future. Entries are objective and factual, allowing readers to formulate their own conclusions. Sidebars and case examples help to illustrate each entry, and sources for further reading point readers to other important materials. Given the prevalance of controversial criminal justice topics in the news, this timely reference is an important resource for anyone interested in crime and justice. Entries include: Boot Camps, Corporal Punishment, DNA Evidence, Domestic Violence, Expert Testimony, Eye Witness Identifications, Gun Control, Homeland Security, International Criminal Court, Legalization of Marijuana, Mental Health and Insanity, Police Brutality, Prison Violence, Racial Profiling, School Violence, Sex Offender Laws, Stalking Laws, Supermax Prisons, Three Strikes, Treating Juveniles as Adults, War on Drugs, and more.