Criminology Today

Author: Frank Schmalleger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Criminology

Page: 537

View: 7651

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This is an introduction to American criminology, providing up-to-date real-life accounts to make the subject interesting to students. It details the changing factors involved in white-collar crime, terrorism, high-technology crime, and other forms of crime likely to emerge in the the next century. The study addresses recent social issues and criminological perspectives within a traditional theoretical framework. It compares and contrasts contemporary issues of crime and social order with existing and proposed crime-control policies. Each chapter opens with stories which illustrate the theme within it.

Critical Criminology

Issues, Debates, Challenges

Author: Kerry Carrington,Russell Hogg

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1903240697

Category: Law

Page: 286

View: 7619

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This book sets to explore the key issues and future prospects facing critical criminology, bringing together a set of leading authorities in the field from the UK, Australasia and the USA.A key concern of the book is to review the possibilities and strategies of pursuing critical criminological scholarship in the context of an increasingly dominant administrative criminology paradigm, reflected in the rise of neo-liberalism, a 'governmentalised' criminology of risk, crime control and situational crime prevention. The book is organised around two major themes:the first, comprises a set of analytical reflections on the key directions issues and debates in critical criminology over the last three decades; the second considers the possibility of re-envisioning critical criminology in the 21st century, given the challenges posed by critiques of 'rational' western thought and its notion of a universal subject, the impact of globalisation and shifting modes of 'social control' and criminal justice in late modernity.

Criminal Justice Today

An Introductory Text for the 21st Century

Author: Frank Schmalleger

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134156307

Category: Social Science

Page: 720

View: 3061

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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. The gold standard for introductory criminal justice texts. Best-selling and time-tested, Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century,continues to lead the field as the gold-standard for introductory criminal justice texts. Its comprehensive coverage focuses on the crime picture in America and on the three traditional elements of the criminal justice system: police, courts, and corrections. Building upon the theme of individual freedom versus personal security, it challenges students to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the American justice system as it adapts to the needs of a complex and rapidly changing society. An instructor and student favorite, the Fourteenth Edition continues its tradition of thorough analysis of today’s issues in an easy-to-read format. Criminal Justice Today, 14/e is also available via REVEL™, an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience. Learn more.

Criminal Behavior

Theories, Typologies and Criminal Justice

Author: Jacqueline B. Helfgott

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412904870

Category: Social Science

Page: 605

View: 8453

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Rich in historical and contemporary theory and research, Criminal Behavior: Theories, Typologies, and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive core text that provides an interdisciplinary overview of criminal behavior by examining relevant crime theories, explanations of how and why crime typologies are developed, literature reviews for major crime categories, and discussions of how crime theories and crime typologies are used throughout the criminal justice process. Focusing on relevant themes and current issues, this text also looks closely at categorizations of criminal behavior, the relationship between crime and pop culture, mass media, and computer technology, and gender issues and crime. This engaging book applies theory and research to real-world criminal justice practice. Key Features and Benefits: Applies theory and research to concrete examples of criminal justice practice in law enforcement, public safety, courts/law, and corrections Explores real-world examples and contemporary issues–using chapter-opening vignettes, illustrative photos and graphs, boxed real-life case studies, and an interdisciplinary framework—making the text lively and engaging Views crime as a dynamic, changing phenomenon and examines how mass media and computer technology shape criminal behavior in a unique chapter on crime, media, and technology that addresses cybercrime and copy cat crimes—topics that fascinate students Examines feminist issues and cultural criminology, reviewing the role of gender and culture in shaping criminal behavior Boasts full chapters on political crime and economic crime—subjects often ignored in other texts Includes comparative information throughout, giving students an international perspective, as well as topical coverage relating to race, ethnicity, and gender issues Ancillaries A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/helfgottstudy includes self-quizzes, e-flashcards, NPR and Frontline audio and video clips, SAGE Journal articles, and more. Instructor Resources on CD include test questions, PowerPoint slides, and in-class exercises. Contact Customer Care at 1.800.818.7243 to request a copy. Intended Audience This core text offers contemporary insight on criminal behavior for undergraduate and graduate students in criminology and criminal justice, psychology, and related fields.

Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412936322

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 8083

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The Fourth Edition of this highly successful text moves readers beyond often-mistaken common-sense understandings of crime by providing a rich introduction to how major scholars analyze crime. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Fourth Edition shows the real-world relevance of theory by illuminating how ideas about crime play a prominent role in shaping crime-control policies and compelling students to apply theories to the contemporary milieu.

Defining Street Gangs in the 21st Century

Fluid, Mobile, and Transnational Networks

Author: C.E. Prowse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461443075

Category: Social Science

Page: 54

View: 8819

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In contrast to the pattern of long-standing occidental street gangs modelled in the North American paradigm, new-age gangs have appeared as loosely organized, with a high degree of interchangeability of their membership. Associated with this structural fluidity is an equally significant geographic mobility, which paradoxically does not appear to diminish the intensity of personal bonds formed within and between ‘new-age’ gangs. The dimensions of fluidity of gang membership and geographic mobility across police jurisdictions is increasingly seen as the organizational pattern of emerging gangs, in large part shaped by worldwide patterns of human migration and globalization. While the structure of new-age gangs appears as loose-knit, what must be emphasized is that this characteristic is reflective of a criminal network of economic commodity-based ‘turf’ as opposed to a close-knit geographically anchored ‘turf’ that has characterized the prevailing North American (occidental) gang model. This volume illuminates the structure and organization of increasingly emergent, fluid and mobile, new-age gangs within the context of transnational networks. The implications for law enforcement agencies is two-fold: i) the fluidity of new-age gang players challenges investigative techniques that remain predicated on suspect recognition through modus operandi repetition by those involved, and; ii) the movement of new-age gang players across police jurisdictions challenges the sharing of police information. This innovative work will be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as related disciplines including Sociology and Anthropology studying gangs and group-organization. It has strong implications for practitioners and professionals working in law enforcement, public policy, or with at-risk youth/young adults.

21st Century Security and CPTED

Designing for Critical Infrastructure Protection and Crime Prevention

Author: Randall I. Atlas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420068085

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 7537

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Once overlooked as a minor and ineffective tactic in the mitigation and prevention of terrorism and violent crime, Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) has undergone dramatic changes since the September 11 attacks. The most up-to-date reevaluation of CPTED since 2000, 21st Century Security and CPTED reflects updates and amendments to the rules for security in the built environment and presents the knowledge and practice of CPTED as applied to today’s world of threats, including street crime, workplace violence, and terrorism. Edited by America’s premier architect, criminologist, and Certified Protection Professional, and boasting contributions from the world’s top CPTED practitioners, this book represents the first collection of CPTED information to be readily accessible to the architectural and law enforcement communities. Facilitating understanding across fields, it explains the architecture process to security directors and the security design process to architects. Providing step-by-step guidelines for applying real-world concepts, principles, and processes for building security and CPTED, the book starts with the risk threat assessment and considers relevant factors and variables all the way through construction and post-occupancy evaluation. Highly relevant to critical infrastructure protection, the book demonstrates CPTED implementation in high-security environments, as well as public and private sector buildings, parks, ATMs, and schools. It addresses specialization in security system design and planning, crime prevention, blast mitigation, and chemical, biological, and nuclear threat protection. A practical resource and guide for architects, security directors, law enforcement, Homeland Security professionals, and building and property managers, 21st Century Security and CPTED addresses how CPTED is applicable to critical infrastructure protection in the continuing effort for homeland security.

Justice and Security in the 21st Century

Risks, Rights and the Rule of Law

Author: Barbara Hudson,Synnove Ugelvik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136451021

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1171

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This book examines the question of whether justice or security is the primary virtue of 21st-century society. The issue of enhancing security without undermining justice – managing risk without undermining the rule of law – has always been problematic. However, recent developments such as new counter-terrorism measures, the expanding scope of criminal law, harsher migration control and an increasingly pronounced concern with public safety, have posed new challenges. The key element of these contemporary challenges is that of membership and exclusion: that is, who is to be included within the community of justice, and against whom is the just community aiming to defend itself? Justice and Security in the 21st Century brings together researchers from various academic disciplines and different countries in order to explore these developments. It attempts to chart the complex landscapes of justice, human rights and the rule of law in an era when such ideals are challenged by increasing demands for efficiency, effectiveness, public safety and security. This edited volume will be of much interest to students of critical legal studies, criminology, critical security studies, human rights, sociology and IR in general.

Crime Reduction and the Law

Author: Kate Moss,MIKE Stephens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134265824

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 4086

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This innovative and pioneering new book establishes links between crime reduction and the law, uniquely offering a detailed examination of how specific legislation and performance targets aid or undermine attempts at crime reduction. Providing a sustained analysis, this ground-breaking book considers the social policy, politics and legislation that surround and drive the crime reduction agenda. It analyzes: the creation of 'safe environments' through Town and Country Planning legislation the role of local authorities in crime reduction initiatives the nature of drug policy, paedophilia legislation and programs to control mental disorder crime. Bringing together the work of internationally renowned experts in this field, this book will prove very useful to students of criminology and sociology, as well as crime prevention and reduction practitioners, police officers and community safety partnership professionals.

Place Matters

Criminology for the Twenty-First Century

Author: David Weisburd,John E. Eck,Anthony A. Braga,Cody W. Telep,Breanne Cave,Kate Bowers,Gerben Bruinsma,Charlotte Gill,Elizabeth R. Groff,Julie Hibdon,Joshua C. Hinkle,Shane D. Johnson,Brian Lawton,Cynthia Lum,Jerry H. Ratcliffe,George Rengert,Travis Taniguchi,Sue-Ming Yang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107609495

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 702

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Over the last two decades, there has been increased interest in the distribution of crime and other antisocial behavior at lower levels of geography. The focus on micro geography and its contribution to the understanding and prevention of crime has been called the 'criminology of place'. It pushes scholars to examine small geographic areas within cities, often as small as addresses or street segments, for their contribution to crime. Here, the authors describe what is known about crime and place, providing the most up-to-date and comprehensive review available. Place Matters shows that the study of criminology of place should be a central focus of criminology in the twenty-first century. It creates a tremendous opportunity for advancing our understanding of crime, and for addressing it. The book brings together eighteen top scholars in criminology and place to provide comprehensive research expanding across different themes.

Human Rights

Twenty First Century Challenges

Author: V.N. Viswanathan (ed. By)

Publisher: Gyan Publishing House

ISBN: 9788178356587

Category: Human rights

Page: 304

View: 5656

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Human Rights which existed as mere theoretical debate during the pre-Second world War have now become a practical goal of many modern Nation-states across the world. Today, the leaders of the world recognized the need to inculcate the indicators of human right protections and pratice as an input for development. The multidimensional aspects of human rights are discussed in this book in a lucid manner with appropriate case studies and examples. Imparting human values and human rights culture in every walk of life is the focal points of this book. The scholars form various discipline has contributed their views and thus made the book as multidisciplinary in its outlook. It addresses the challenges of 21st century with regard to the pratice of human rights in the context of modern development. International, national human rights laws and the institution which executed these laws and the practical limitations are critically dealt in his book. Almost all sub-themes of human rights are critically analyzes with possible suggestion and recommendations for further strengtening the practice of good governance and democracy. This edited volume is useful for human rights activists, political leaders at different levels, lawyers, civil servants, research scholars belonging to various disciplines such as sociology, social work, political science, law, criminology, ethics, and other related social sciences. The value-centric approach of this book on various aspects of human rights issues are the most attracting features. It is certainly the most reliable source book for the contemporary issues of human rights.

Visions for change

crime and justice in the twenty-first century

Author: Roslyn Muraskin,Albert R. Roberts

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 702

View: 4288

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"Thinking about crime and justice in the twenty-first century conjures up an enormously ambitious agenda: an agenda that ranges from the globalization of crime and justice, transnational crime, new technologies, new criminal threats and the continued applicability of old-in some cases-18th century solutions in attempting to combat 21st century problems." - James O. Finckenauer, President, American Criminal Justice Society Courts dispense justice. The crime challenges that face us in the 21st century appear to be more serious than they were in previous centuries. The dimensions of the crime scene have changed. This fourth edition of Visions For Change: Crime and Justice in the Twenty-First Century, consisting of 36 chapters (new and updated) is a representation of all changes reflective in this new century. The law arena has had to adapt to the changes in this "new world" we live in relative to reducing the rights of our citizens to a certain extent. The review of all issues facing us since the acts of September 11, 2001 are examined with the most up-to-date research available. "It would be great to believe that equality exists for all, but that is not yet the case in this Twenty-First century. This work blends research with creativity in an outstanding attempt to shape a vision for the future, a vision that moves us beyond the status quo. The rhetoric alone will not change the system; new policies and plans of action are needed to renew today's visions for tomorrow." - Roslyn Muraskin, Long Island University

Epidemiological Criminology

Theory to Practice

Author: Eve Waltermaurer,Timothy A. Akers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136184910

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 9357

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Epidemiological criminology is an emerging paradigm which explores the public health outcomes associated with engagement in crime and criminal justice. This book engages with this new theory and practice-based discipline drawing on knowledge from criminology, criminal justice, public health, epidemiology, public policy, and law to illustrate how the merging of epidemiology into the field of criminology allows for the work of both disciplines to be more interdisciplinary, evidence-based, enriched and expansive. This book brings together an innovative group of exemplary researchers and practitioners to discuss applications and provide examples of epidemiological criminology. It is divided into three sections; the first explores the integration of epidemiology and criminology through theory and methods, the second section focuses on special populations in epidemiological criminology research and the role of race, ethnicity, age, gender and space as it plays out in health outcomes among offenders and victims of crime, and the final section explores the role policy and practice plays in worsening and improving the health outcomes among those engaged in the criminal justice system. Epidemiological Criminology is the first text to bring together, in one source, the existing interdisciplinary work of academics and professionals that merge the fields of criminology and criminal justice to public health and epidemiology. It will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of criminology, epidemiology, and public health, as well as clinical psychologists, law and government policy analysts and those working within the criminal justice system.

Criminological theories

traditional and non-traditional voices and themes

Author: Imogene L. Moyer

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9780803958500

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 4635

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This comprehensive textbook not only offers a detailed presentation of theoretical perspectives and theorists, but also includes a history of the social environment for each theoretical perspective and biographies of the various theorists. Unlike other comparable criminology texts, Imogene L. Moyer includes discussions of the levels of analysis and the assumptions of the theorists regarding society and people. In addition to covering the traditional theories, the book features currently developing feminist and peacemaking theories, as well as theories from people of color. Exerts from the original sources are frequently incorporated into the chapters. The text features flow charts, photographs, inset biographical sketches, and disc

Emerging Issues in Green Criminology

Exploring Power, Justice and Harm

Author: D. Westerhuis,R. Walters,T. Wyatt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137273992

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 9976

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This edited collection brings together internationally renowned scholars to explore green criminology through the interdisciplinary lenses of power, harm and justice. The chapters provide innovative case study analyses from around the world that seek to advance theoretical, policy and practice discourses about environmental harm.

Supranational Criminology

Towards a Criminology of International Crimes

Author: Alette Smeulers,Roelof Haveman

Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 593

View: 5373

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The study of international crimes - such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide - deserves to grow into a separate and fully fledged specialization within criminology, called supranational criminology. Supranational criminology entails the study of international crimes, behavior that shows affinity with these crimes, the causes and the situations in which they are committed, as well as interventions and their effectiveness. What exactly entails supranational criminology? What are international crimes? Should other forms of behavior also be qualified as international crimes? What are the specific characteristics of international crimes as forms of state sponsored or state facilitated crimes? Explanatory theories have to be developed which can be translated into testable hypotheses. Which theories from mainstream criminology can provide answers for the prevalence or causes of international crimes? Have the international courts and tribunals succeeded in their aim? This book repairs the fundamental and historical neglect of criminology and breaks out of a state of denial by putting international crimes on the criminological agenda.

Crime in the Digital Age

Controlling Telecommunications and Cyberspace Illegalities

Author: Peter N. Grabosky,Russell G. Smith

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412820622

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 2525

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With Crime in the Digital Age, Peter Grabosky and Russell G. Smith offer advice on the criminal opportunities that accompany the latest technological changes in telecommunications.