Cybercrime

Author: Peter Grabosky

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190211554

Category:

Page: 176

View: 546

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In this brief, accessible text, Peter Grabosky provides an introductory overview of cybercrime and the means for its control. He opens with a brief history of the topic and then discusses not only traditional topics--including fraud, hacking, offensive content, and piracy--but also neglected issues like state and state-sponsored cybercrime. About the Series Keynotes in Criminology and Criminal Justice provides essential knowledge on important contemporary matters of crime, law, and justice to a broad audience of readers. Each volume is written by a leading scholar in that area. Concise, accessible, and affordable, these texts are designed to serve either as primers around which courses can be built or as supplemental books for a variety of courses.

The History of Cybercrime

1976-2014

Author: Stein Schjolberg

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3734732948

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 5952

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This book presents the history of computer crime and cybercrime from the very beginning with punch cards, to the current data in the clouds and the Internet of Things (IoT). Today the technological development of social media, such as Google, Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and more, have been so rapid and the impact on society so fast and enormous, that codes of ethics, and public sentiments of justice implemented in criminal legislations, have not kept pace. Conducts in social media need a better protection by criminal laws. But with the reluctance in developing similar responses in international laws or guidelines, we must ask ourselves if we once again may be in a similar situation as the US Senator Ribicoff focused on in 1977 when he launched the first Computer Crime Bill. Cyber attacks against critical information infrastructures of sovereign States, must necessitate a response for global solutions. Most of the judges and lawyers around the world from a professional judicial point of view, would agree with the former US prosecutor Benjamin B. Ferencz in his statement: “There can be no peace without justice, no justice without law and no meaningful law without a Court to decide what is just and lawful under any given circumstances.” The judiciary is one of the three powers of any democratic state. Its mission is to guarantee the very existence of the Rule of Law and thus, to ensure the proper application of the law in an impartial, just, fair, and efficient manner. This basic principle must also be valid for Cyberspace at the international level. The book presents a draft United Nations treaty on “A Third Pillar for Cyberspace – An International Court or Tribunal for Cyberspace.” Another draft United Nations Treaty is presented on combating online child sexual abuse. The United Nations Declarations and principles for the protection of individual and human rights are fundamental rights also in Cyberspace. The same rights that people have offline must also be protected online.

Global Criminology

Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era

Author: K. Jaishankar,Natti Ronel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439892490

Category: Law

Page: 414

View: 8237

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Global criminology is an emerging field covering international and transnational crimes that have not traditionally been the focus of mainstream criminology or criminal justice. Global Criminology: Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era is a collection of rigorously peer-reviewed papers presented at the First International Conference of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV) that took place in Jaipur, India in 2011. Using a global yardstick as the basis for measurement, the fundamental goal of the conference was to determine criminological similarities and differences in different regions. Four dominant themes emerged at the conference: Terrorism. In a topic that operates at the intersection of international law, international politics, crime, and victimization, some questions remain unanswered. Is terrorism a crime issue or a national defense issue? Should terrorists be treated as war criminals, soldiers, or civil criminals? How can international efforts and local efforts work together to defeat terrorism? Cyber Crimes and Victimization. Cyber space provides anonymity, immediate availability, and global access. Cyber offenders easily abuse these open routes. As cyber space develops, cyber-crime develops and grows. To achieve better cyber security, global criminologists must explore cyber-crimes from a variety of perspectives, including law, the motivation of offenders, and the impact on victims. Marginality and Social Exclusion. Globalization is manifest in the fast transition of people between places, societies, social classes, and cultures. Known social constructions are destroyed for new ones, and marginalized people are excluded from important material, social, and human resources. This section examines how we can provide inclusion for marginalized individuals in the global era and protect them from victimization. Theoretical and Practical Models of Criminal Victimization. The process of globalization, as mentioned above, creates new elements of victimization. But globalization can also become an opportunity for confronting and defeating victimization through improved sharing of knowledge and increased understanding of the humanity of the weak. The emerging global criminology comprises diversity of attitudes, explanations, and perspectives. The editors of this volume recognize that in the global village, there is room for solid contributions to the field of criminology and criminal justice. This collection is a move in this direction. It is hoped that these articles will help to expand the boundaries of criminology, criminal justice, and victimology with a view towards reducing crime worldwide.

Crime, Criminal Justice, and the Evolving Science of Criminology in South Asia

India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Author: Shahid M. Shahidullah

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137507500

Category: Social Science

Page: 484

View: 7759

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Written by some of the most notable criminologists of South Asia, this book examines advances in law, criminal justice, and criminology in South Asia with particular reference to India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The edited collection explores, on the basis of surveys, interviews, court records, and legislative documents, a wide range of timely issues such as: the impacts of modernization and globalization on laws combating violence against women and children, evolution of rape laws and the issues of gender justice, laws for combating online child sexual abuse, transformation in juvenile justice, integration of women into policing, the dynamics of violence and civility, and the birth of colonial criminology in South Asia. Students of criminology and criminal justice, practitioners, policy-makers, and human rights advocates will find this distinctive volume highly valuable.

Cyber Crimes against Women in India

Author: Debarati Halder,K. Jaishankar

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 9385985760

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5454

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Cyber Crimes against Women in India reveals loopholes in the present laws and policies of the Indian judicial system, and what can be done to ensure safety in cyberspace. The book is a significant contribution to socio-legal research on online crimes targeting teenage girls and women. It shows how they become soft targets of trolling, online grooming, privacy infringement, bullying, pornography, sexual defamation, morphing, spoofing and so on. The authors address various raging debates in the country such as how women can be protected from cybercrimes; what steps can be taken as prevention and as recourse to legal aid and how useful and accessible cyber laws are. The book provides detailed answers to a wide array of questions that bother scholars and charts a way forward.

Interpersonal Criminology

Revisiting Interpersonal Crimes and Victimization

Author: K. Jaishankar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315351501

Category: Law

Page: 302

View: 9910

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Based on peer-reviewed articles from the Second International Conference of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology, Interpersonal Criminology investigates the roots of crime and victimization, rather than dissecting criminal behavior after the fact. The book divides crime by type, covering crimes against women, crimes against children and youths, culture conflict and victimization of groups, and interpersonal cybercrimes. Perfect for criminal justice practitioners and advanced human rights, criminology, and victimology students, Interpersonal Criminology explores the complexities of crime and interpersonal events in both established and emerging fields of criminology, including those concerning women and minorities.

Internationales Handbuch der Kriminologie

Besondere Probleme der Kriminologie. Bd. 2

Author: Hans Joachim Schneider

Publisher: Gruyter, De, Rechtswissenschaften

ISBN: 9783899491319

Category: Social Science

Page: 1076

View: 3745

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x The second volume considers the particular problems of criminology and is divided into seven sections. Section 1 examines international problems. Political and community problems are dealt with in the second section. This is followed by social and personal issues as well as theory and method problems. The fifth section focuses on issues of violence. Section 6 deals with sexual and violence problems. Issues relating to gang delinquency are taking into account in section 7. The second volume concludes with an article on prison terms.

Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice

Author: Philip Reichel,Jay Albanese

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483321967

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 1515

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Transnational crime and justice will characterize the 21st century in same way that traditional street crimes dominated the 20th century. In the Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice, Philip Reichel and Jay Albanese bring together top scholars from around the world to offer perspectives on the laws, crimes, and criminal justice responses to transnational crime. This concise, reader-friendly handbook is organized logically around four major themes: the problem of transnational crime; analysis of specific transnational crimes; approaches to its control; and regional geographical analyses. Each comprehensive chapter is designed to be explored as a stand-alone topic, making this handbook an important textbook and reference tool for students and practitioners alike.

Handbook of Computer Crime Investigation

Forensic Tools and Technology

Author: Eoghan Casey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080488905

Category: Computers

Page: 448

View: 6573

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Following on the success of his introductory text, Digital Evidence and Computer Crime, Eoghan Casey brings together a few top experts to create the first detailed guide for professionals who are already familiar with digital evidence. The Handbook of Computer Crime Investigation helps readers master the forensic analysis of computer systems with a three-part approach covering tools, technology, and case studies. The Tools section provides the details on leading software programs, with each chapter written by that product's creator. The section ends with an objective comparison of the strengths and limitations of each tool. The main Technology section provides the technical "how to" information for collecting and analyzing digital evidence in common situations, starting with computers, moving on to networks, and culminating with embedded systems. The Case Examples section gives readers a sense of the technical, legal, and practical challenges that arise in real computer investigations. The Tools section provides details of leading hardware and software The main Technology section provides the technical "how to" information for collecting and analysing digital evidence in common situations Case Examples give readers a sense of the technical, legal, and practical challenges that arise in real computer investigations

Die Internet-Galaxie

Internet, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft

Author: Manuel Castells

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783810035936

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 6291

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Manuel Castells gibt detailliert und faszinierend Aufschluss über das "Woher" und - soweit aus der aktuellen Situation erkennbar - "Wohin" des Internet und, damit verbunden, der neuen Netzwerkgesellschaft, deren zentrales Kommunikationsmedium das Internet ist. Das www gibt es seit weniger als zehn Jahren. Die allgemeine und kommerzielle Akzeptanz des Internet ist außergewöhnlich - ermöglicht und initiiert Veränderungen in allen individuellen und gesellschaftlichen Bereichen. Es gibt neue Kommunikationssysteme, neue Branchen, Neue Medien und Informationskanäle, neue politische und kulturelle Ausdrucksformen, neue Formen des Lehrens und Lernens und neue Gemeinschaften. Was aber wissen wir schon über das Internet, seine Geschichte, seine Technologie, seine Kultur und seine Applikationen? Welche Folgen ergeben sich für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft? Die Verbreitung des Internet ging so schnell vonstatten, schneller als die Möglichkeiten sorgfältiger empirisch begründeter Analyse. Manuel Castells wird von vielen als der führende Analytiker des Informationszeitalters und der Netzwerkgesellschaft gesehen. Über seine akademische Arbeit hinaus arbeitet er als Berater auf höchstem internationalen Niveau. In diesem kleinen Buch bringt er seine Erfahrung und sein Wissen zur Internet-Galaxie zusammen: Wie hat alles angefangen? Aus welchen zusammen arbeitenden oder konkurrierenden Kulturen besteht das Internet? Wie werden neue Unternehmen dadurch organisiert, wie werden alte Unternehmen davon beeinflusst? Gibt es die "digitale Wasserscheide"? Welchen Einfluss hat das Internet auf soziale und kulturelle Organisationsformen? Wie werden politische Teilhabe, politische Kommunikation, das städtische Leben beeinflusst? Dies sind nur einige Fragen, die in diesem Buch aufgegriffen werden. Castells gibt aber weder Prognosen ab, noch liefert er Patentrezepte - er gibt eine erhellende, auf empirischen Daten beruhende Analyse der aktuellen Situation und hilft uns zu verstehen, wie das

Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Overcoming Violence Against Women

Author: Halder, Debarati,Jaishankar, K.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522524738

Category: Law

Page: 344

View: 4340

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Law is a multi-dimensional aspect of modern society that constantly shifts and changes over time. In recent years, the practice of therapeutic jurisprudence has increased significantly as a valuable discipline. Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Overcoming Violence Against Women is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly research on the strategic role of jurisprudential practices to benefit women and protect women’s rights. Highlighting a range of perspectives on topics such as reproductive rights, workplace safety, and victim-offender overlap, this book is ideally designed for academics, practitioners, policy makers, students, and practitioners seeking research on utilizing the law as a social force in modern times.

Die globale Überwachung

Der Fall Snowden, die amerikanischen Geheimdienste und die Folgen

Author: Glenn Greenwald

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426425165

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4156

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Bereits in seinen ersten Artikeln über die NSA-Affäre brachte Glenn Greenwald das ganze Ausmaß der Massenüberwachung im digitalen Zeitalter ans Licht. Seine Berichterstattung, für die er mit dem Pulitzer-Preis ausgezeichnet wurde, löste international ein politisches Erdbeben aus. In seinem Buch deckt Greenwald anhand einer Fülle von brisanten Geheimdokumenten aus dem Archiv des Whistleblowers Edward Snowden die illegalen Praktiken der amerikanischen Geheimdienste auf. Alles und jeder wird ausgespäht, die Bevölkerung steht unter Kollektivverdacht. Meinungsfreiheit wird im Namen der Sicherheit unterdrückt, und es gibt keine Privatsphäre mehr – nirgends.

Politische Emotionen

Warum Liebe für Gerechtigkeit wichtig ist

Author: Martha C. Nussbaum

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737422

Category: Philosophy

Page: 596

View: 2256

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Wie viel Gefühl verträgt eine Gesellschaft, die nach Gerechtigkeit strebt? Nicht viel, könnte man meinen und auf die Gefahren politischer Instrumentalisierung von Ängsten und Ressentiments verweisen. Emotionen, so eine verbreitete Ansicht, setzen das Denken außer Kraft und sollten deshalb keine Rolle spielen. Martha C. Nussbaum hingegen behauptet: um der Gerechtigkeit politisch zur Geltung zu verhelfen, bedarf es nicht nur eines klaren Verstandes, sondern auch einer positiv-emotionalen Bindung der Bürgerinnen und Bürger an die gemeinsame Sache. Manche sprechen von Hingabe, Nussbaum nennt es Liebe. Sie zeigt, welche Ausdrucksformen diese und verwandte politische Emotionen annehmen können und wie sie sich kultivieren lassen.