Dead Aid

Warum Entwicklungshilfe nicht funktioniert und was Afrika besser machen kann

Author: Dambisa Moyo

Publisher: Haffmans & Tolkemitt

ISBN: 3942989719

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 8051

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Afrika ist ein armer Kontinent. Ein Kontinent voller Hunger, blutiger Konflikte, gescheiterter Staaten, voller Korruption und Elend. Um zu helfen, adoptieren Prominente afrikanische Halbwaisen und flanieren durch Flüchtlingslager, laden die Gutmenschen unter den Popstars zu Benefiz-Konzerten, und westliche Staaten haben in den letzten 50 Jahren eine Billion Dollar an afrikanische Regierungen gezahlt. Aber trotz Jahrzehnten von billigen Darlehen, nicht rückzahlbaren Krediten, Schuldenerlassen, bilateraler und multilateraler Hilfe steht Afrika schlimmer da als je zuvor. Mit Dead Aid hat Dambisa Moyo ein provokatives Plädoyer gegen Entwicklungshilfe und für Afrika geschrieben. Knapp, faktenreich und zwingend legt sie ihre Argumente dar. Entwicklungshilfe, im Sinne von Geld-Transfers zwischen Regierungen, macht abhängig. Sie zementiert die bestehenden Gegebenheiten, fördert Korruption und finanziert sogar Kriege. Sie zerstört jeden Anreiz, gut zu wirtschaften und die Volkswirtschaft anzukurbeln. Entwicklungshilfe zu beziehen ist einfacher, als ein Land zu sanieren. Im Gegensatz zu Bono und Bob Geldoff weiß Moyo, wovon sie spricht. Die in Sambia geborene und aufgewachsene Harvard-Ökonomin arbeitete jahrelang für die Weltbank. In Dead Aid erklärt sie nicht nur, was die negativen Folgen von Entwicklungshilfe sind und warum China für Afrika eine Lösung und nicht Teil des Problems ist; sie entwirft zudem einen Weg, wie sich Afrika aus eigener Kraft und selbstbestimmt entwickeln kann. In den USA und Großbritannien löste Dead Aid eine hitzige Debatte aus. Es stand mehrere Wochen auf der New York Times Bestsellerliste und wurde vom Sunday Herald zum Buch des Jahres gewählt. Das Time Magazine wählte Dambisa Moyo 2009 zu einer der 100 wichtigsten Persönlichkeiten der Welt.

Dead Aid

warum Entwicklungshilfe nicht funktioniert und was Afrika besser machen kann

Author: Dambisa Moyo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783942989015

Category:

Page: 235

View: 5506

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Dead Aid

Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa

Author: Dambisa Moyo

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 1429954256

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 8355

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In the past fifty years, more than $1 trillion in development-related aid has been transferred from rich countries to Africa. Has this assistance improved the lives of Africans? No. In fact, across the continent, the recipients of this aid are not better off as a result of it, but worse—much worse. In Dead Aid, Dambisa Moyo describes the state of postwar development policy in Africa today and unflinchingly confronts one of the greatest myths of our time: that billions of dollars in aid sent from wealthy countries to developing African nations has helped to reduce poverty and increase growth. In fact, poverty levels continue to escalate and growth rates have steadily declined—and millions continue to suffer. Provocatively drawing a sharp contrast between African countries that have rejected the aid route and prospered and others that have become aid-dependent and seen poverty increase, Moyo illuminates the way in which overreliance on aid has trapped developing nations in a vicious circle of aid dependency, corruption, market distortion, and further poverty, leaving them with nothing but the "need" for more aid. Debunking the current model of international aid promoted by both Hollywood celebrities and policy makers, Moyo offers a bold new road map for financing development of the world's poorest countries that guarantees economic growth and a significant decline in poverty—without reliance on foreign aid or aid-related assistance. Dead Aid is an unsettling yet optimistic work, a powerful challenge to the assumptions and arguments that support a profoundly misguided development policy in Africa. And it is a clarion call to a new, more hopeful vision of how to address the desperate poverty that plagues millions.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können

Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641222915

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 1770

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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Der Untergang des Westens

haben wir eine Chance in der neuen Wirtschaftsordnung?

Author: Dambisa Moyo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492053761

Category:

Page: 304

View: 7178

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Dambisa Moyo wird von Time zu den einflussreichsten Menschen der Welt gezählt. Die Karriere der gebürtigen Afrikanerin ist (fast) beispiellos global: Aus Sambia geht sie nach Harvard, macht ihren Doktor in Oxford, Topjob bei Goldman Sachs. Aufgrund ihrer einzigartigen Kenntnis hat sie eine aufrüttelnde Botschaft für uns alle. Die Finanzkrise war nur ein kurzes Zwischenspiel - das eigentliche Drama kommt erst noch und heißt: der Untergang des Westens. Seit Jahren schon produziert der Westen immer weniger, lässt stattdessen arbeiten. Man will immer nur Geld aus Geld machen, wirkliche Waren werden kaum noch hergestellt. Und vor allem: Innovationen finden anderswo statt. Wir leben auf Kosten der Anderen. Dambisa Moyo sagt, was wir tun müssen.

Finance & Development, September 2009

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1455242527

Category:

Page: 57

View: 4650

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Recovery from the deepest recession in 60 years has started. But sustaining it will require delicate rebalancing acts, both within and across countries. IMF chief economist Olivier Blanchard writes in our lead article that the turnaround will not be simple. The crisis has left deep scars that will affect both supply and demand for many years to come. This issue of F&D also looks at what’s next in the global crisis and beyond. We look at ways of unwinding crisis support, the shape of growth worldwide after the crisis, ways of rebuilding the financial architecture, and the future of reserve currencies. Jeffrey Frankel examines what’s in and what’s out in global money, while a team from the IMF’s Research Department looks at what early warning systems can be expected to deliver in spotting future problems. In our regular People in Economics profile, we speak to Nobel prize winner Daniel Kahneman, whose work led to the creation of the field of behavioral economics, and our Picture This feature gives a timeline of how the Bank of England’s policy rate has fallen to its lowest level in 300 years. Back to Basics gives a primer on monetary policy, and Data Spotlight looks at how the crisis has affected the eastern European banking system.

Childhood and Adolescence in Society

Selections From CQ Researcher

Author: CQ Researcher,

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452236062

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 9835

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About CQ Researcher Readers In the tradition of nonpartisan and current analysis that is the hallmark of CQ Press, CQ Researcher readers investigate important and controversial policy issues. Childhood and Adolescence in Society aims to promote in-depth discussion, facilitate further research, and help readers formulate their own positions on crucial issues in the field, such as child soldiers, teen pregnancy, and violence and bullying. Offer your students the balanced reporting, complete overviews, and engaging writing that CQ Researcher has consistently provided for more than 80 years. Each article gives substantial background and analysis of a particular issue as well as useful pedagogical features to inspire critical thinking and to help students grasp and review key material. Key Features Pro/con boxes that examine two competing sides of a single question Detailed chronologies of key dates and events Annotated bibliographies and web resources Outlook sections that address possible regulation and initiatives from Capitol Hill and the White House over the next 5 to 10 years Photos, charts, graphs, and maps

Die etwas bessere Entwicklungshilfe: Der Beitrag der Migranten aus dem Senegal zur Armutsbek„mpfung

Author: Ousmane Yapha

Publisher: Diplomica Verlag

ISBN: 3842863977

Category: Social Science

Page: 92

View: 3259

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Das Thema der Zuwanderung war tagelang Gegenstand von Diskussionen in der Politik-und Medienlandschaft Deutschlands. Auslöser dieser neuen Auseinandersetzungen mit dem Thema Auswanderung sind mit Sicherheit die Bilder von gestrandeten Flüchtlingen, die zu Tausenden die spanischen Küsten überfluten. Um dieser Flüchtlingswelle entgegenzutreten, werden in den Ländern der EU Maßnahmen getroffen, mit dem Ziel, den immer wachsenden Flüchtlingsstrom von dem afrikanischen Kontinent einzudämmen. Die illegale Zuwanderung wird gleich kriminalisiert und Druck wird zugleich auf die Herkunftsländer ausgeübt. In Europa wird über gewünschte Zuwanderung, gezielte Zuwanderung, Zuwanderung nach bestimmten Selektionskriterien bzw. Zuwanderung nach kanadischem Vorbild etc. gesprochen. Allerdings wird dabei ein Aspekt nicht genügend in Betracht gezogen bzw. gar nicht gesehen und zwar die Frage: Was bringt die Zuwanderung in Europa oder in anderen Industrieländern den meistens gebeutelten Ursprungsländern der Einwanderer bzw. welche Auswirkungen hat die Zuwanderung für die Heimat der Auswanderer?

Donald J. Trump: Great again!

Wie ich Amerika retten werde

Author: Donald J. Trump

Publisher: Plassen Verlag

ISBN: 3864703859

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 679

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Zieht "The Donald" ins Weiße Haus? Für seine Fans verheißt er die Rückkehr goldener Zeiten. Für seine Gegner ist er wahlweise ein Lügner, ein Großmaul, ein Demagoge, ein Rassist oder vieles mehr. Ganz egal, wie man zu ihm steht – der Immobilien-Tycoon ist dem mächtigsten Amt der Welt bereits näher gekommen, als alle es für möglich gehalten hätten. Zeit also, sich zumindest einmal mit seinen Ansichten vertraut zu machen. Diese finden sich in seinem aktuellen Buch, in dem er, wen wundert's, darlegt, wie er sein geschundenes Land wieder zu alter Größe führen kann. Ein Buch das polarisieren wird. Ein Buch, das man gelesen haben sollte, um über die Person Donald Trump mitreden zu können.

Economic Development

Author: E. Wayne Nafziger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052176548X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 838

View: 4688

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E. Wayne Nafziger analyzes the economic development of Asia, Africa, Latin America, and East-Central Europe. The book is suitable for those with a background in economics principles. Nafziger explains the reasons for the recent fast growth of India, Poland, Brazil, China, and other Pacific Rim countries, and the slow, yet essential, growth for a turnaround of sub-Saharan Africa. The fifth edition of the text, written by a scholar of developing countries, is replete with real-world examples and up-to-date information. Nafziger discusses poverty, income inequality, hunger, unemployment, the environment and carbon-dioxide emissions, and the widening gap between rich (including middle-income) and poor countries. Other new components include the rise and fall of models based on Russia, Japan, China/Taiwan/Korea, and North America; randomized experiments to assess aid; an exploration of whether information technology and mobile phones can provide poor countries with a shortcut to prosperity; and a discussion of how worldwide financial crises, debt, and trade and capital markets affect developing countries.

Evaluation of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Programs

Improving Population Health through Evidence-Based Practice

Author: Richard Windsor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190235098

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 2239

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Evaluation of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Programs offers conceptual and methodological frameworks for the six phases of health program evaluation: · introduction to evaluation · models of evaluation planning · efficacy and effectiveness evaluation · measurement and analysis evaluation · process and qualitative evaluation · cost analysis and basic economic evaluation By presenting these concepts through case studies, this text offers an innovative and didactic model for measuring health impact and health outcomes, then extending these measurements to establish an evidence base for future practice. This central competency in health promotion will be of use to graduate and post-graduate students in public and population health programs, plus health program practitioners working at the intervention forefront.

A Common Mission

Healthy Patterns in Congregational Mission Partnerships

Author: David Wesley

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630877573

Category: Religion

Page: 134

View: 8467

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The term Ubuntu articulates an African understanding of our need to connect to one another in order to be complete. Likewise, A Common Mission offers a description of churches that connect with one another through the growing phenomenon of mission partnerships. The word "common" indicates something shared among equals. The word "common" also suggests something present in all parts of an organism, production, or narrative, such as a common thread. These two aspects of commonality provide an important orientation for contemporary mission. Since 2008, congregational partnerships emerged so quickly and spontaneously that very few researchers originally noticed this groundswell. Partnerships remain present in over 80 percent of United States mega-churches and are prominent in a large number of smaller US churches. This should not be surprising. Mission exists as an expression of the church's identity, an evangelistic expression that crosses frontiers and goes to the ends of the earth. In our globalized context, however, mission also crosses neighborhood "frontiers" to the immigrants within our own communities. Mission expresses its Christian witness as congregations love those separated from the church by ethnicity, language, sexual orientation, religion, or fear. A Common Mission provides a framework of healthy patterns for churches to live into this mission identity.

Development Cooperation in Times of Crisis

Author: José Antonio Alonso,José Antonio Ocampo

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023150439X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 1821

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Leading governments undertook extraordinary measures to offset the 2008 economic crisis, shoring up financial institutions, stimulating demand to reverse recession, and rebalancing budgets to alleviate sovereign debt. While productive in and of themselves, these solutions were effective because they were coordinated internationally and were matched with sweeping global financial reforms. Unfortunately, coordination has weakened after these initial steps, indicating one of the crisis's adverse effects will be a significant reduction in development cooperation. Urging advanced nations to improve their support for development, the contributors to this volume revisit the causes of the 2008 collapse and the ongoing effects of recession on global and developing economies. They reevaluate the international response to crisis and suggest more effective approaches to development cooperation. Experts on international aid join together to redesign the cooperation system and its governance, so it can accept new actors and better achieve the Millennial Development Goals of 2015 within the context of severe global crisis. In their introduction, José Antonio Alonso and José Antonio Ocampo summarize different chapters and the implications of their analyses, concluding with a frank assessment of global economic imbalance and the ability of increased cooperation to rectify these inequalities.

Beholden

Religion, Global Health, and Human Rights

Author: Susan R. Holman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190228237

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 8793

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Winner of the 2016 Grawemeyer Award in Religion Global health efforts today are usually shaped by two very different ideological approaches: a human rights-based approach to health and equity-often associated with public health, medicine, or economic development activities; or a religious or humanitarian "aid" approach motivated by personal beliefs about charity, philanthropy, missional dynamics, and humanitarian "mercy." The underlying differences between these two approaches can create tensions and even outright hostility that undermines the best intentions of those involved. In Beholden: Religion, Global Health, and Human Rights, Susan R. Holman--a scholar in both religion and the history of medicine--challenges this traditional polarization by telling stories designed to help shape a new perspective on global health, one that involves a multidisciplinary integration of religion and culture with human rights and social justice. The book's six chapters range broadly, describing pilgrimage texts in the Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic traditions; the effect of ministry and public policy on nineteenth-century health care for the poor; the story of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as it shaped economic, social, and cultural rights; a "religious health assets" approach based in Southern Africa; and the complex dynamics of gift exchange in the modern faith-based focus on charity, community, and the common good. Holman's study serves as an insightful guide for students and practitioners interested in improving and broadening the scope of global health initiatives, with an eye towards having the greatest impact possible.

IDRC

40 Years of Ideas, Innovation, and Impact

Author: Bruce Muirhead,Ronald N. Harpelle

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 1554587573

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 640

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The book focuses on the International Development Research Centre as a unique institution that has funded research in the developing South—research proposed and undertaken by Southern researchers—and how, as a result, it has had tremendous impact despite a relatively small budget. The IDRC is much better known in the developing South than in Canada; in many of the roughly 150 countries in which it has provided research funding it has contributed to creating a very positive image of Canada. The centre’s arms-length relationship with Canadian government assistance provides it with enormous freedom and flexibility—it was established in 1970 with its own act under the Trudeau government. The IDRC board is one-half international and one-half Canadian and is the only governmental agency in the world that has this structure, giving them unique insight into Southern development issues. One of the IDRC’s founding principles was its insistence on having Southern researchers decide which projects would be put forward for possible funding, and much care has been taken to avoid “research imperialism” or “colonialism.” An analysis of the path less travelled, but which IDRC found amenable, is fundamental to this history of the centre, and the book highlights the decisions, ideas, and practices that flow from this basic premise.

English B for the IB Diploma Coursebook

Author: Brad Philpot

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110765422X

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 382

View: 9927

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Suitable for standard and higher level students, this resource is written by an experienced IB English teacher following the English B syllabus. Features include activities and authentic texts to develop reading and comprehension, integrated study ideas for IB central core, featuring LP (Learner profile), CAS (Creativity, Action, Service), TOK (Theory of Knowledge) EE (Extended Essay), and a Glossary with definitions of key vocabulary. This title offers comprehensive learning and support for teachers and students, ideas for extensive reading material, activities to build language skills and cultural understanding for extension essays, research, exam preparation and a free teacher resources website: ibdiploma.cambridge.org.

Western Aid at a Crossroads

The End of Paternalism

Author: O. Eggen,K. Roland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137380322

Category: Social Science

Page: 124

View: 2803

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The new growth patterns and shifting wealth in the world economy fundamentally alter the basis for Western aid. This book demonstrates how Western development aid has been transformed over time, in particular in the 1990s, when the West enjoyed world hegemony. Western aid, once a helping hand to other countries' development strategies, has increasingly been seen as a tool for large-scale attempts to transform states, societies and minds according to Western models. The authors claim that this has made aid more complex and less useful to poor countries in their fight against poverty. Emerging economies, such as China, have demonstrated that other paths to growth and poverty alleviation are available. They are attractive partners in development, offering collaboration without paternalism. Most poor countries experience growth, and are able to finance development with homegrown resources or in collaboration with non-Western partners. Having other options, they may increasingly challenge and reject Western aid if it is accompanied with goals of transforming the recipients based on Western blueprints. The authors claim that aid has a role in the fight against poverty in the future, but only if Western donors are willing to adapt to the new world order, leave paternalism behind and rethink their role in development. Donors must change the way they relate to poor sovereign states, redefine the meaning of 'development', and reinvent aid to make it simpler and more manageable.