Against the President

Dissent and Decision-making in the White House : a Historical Perspective

Author: Mark J. White

Publisher: Ivan R Dee

ISBN: 9781566637442

Category: History

Page: 370

View: 4021

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"With a historian's insight, Mr. White explores the arguments of Harry Hopkins and Joseph Davies to Truman on the knotty postwar problem of Poland; of Henry Wallace on relations with Russia during the same administration; of Charles Wilson on the origins of the Vietnam War under Eisenhower; of Adlai Stevenson on Cuba during the Kennedy years; and of George Ball on Vietnam under Lyndon Johnson." "Altogether Mr. White fashions a provocative interpretation of America's role in the cold war and a number of questions about the potential effectiveness of policies that might have been. The relevance of his findings to today's situation in Iraq, and to the absence of dissent on official policy within the Bush administration, need scarcely be more apparent."--Jacket.

Furcht

Trump im Weißen Haus

Author: Bob Woodward

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644002738

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 7697

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Bob Woodward, die Ikone des investigativen Journalismus in den USA, hat alle amerikanischen Präsidenten aus nächster Nähe beobachtet. Nun nimmt er sich den derzeitigen Präsidenten vor und enthüllt den erschütternden Zustand des Weißen Hauses unter Donald Trump. Woodward beschreibt, wie dieser Präsident Entscheidungen trifft, er berichtet von eskalierenden Debatten im Oval Office und in der Air Force One, dem volatilen Charakter Trumps und dessen Obsessionen und Komplexen. Woodwards Buch ist ein Dokument der Zeitgeschichte: Hunderte Stunden von Interviews mit direkt Beteiligten, Gesprächsprotokolle, Tagebücher, Notizen – auch von Trump selbst – bieten einen dramatischen Einblick in die Machtzentrale der westlichen Welt, in der vor allem eines herrscht: Furcht. Woodward ist das Porträt eines amtierenden amerikanischen Präsidenten gelungen, das es in dieser Genauigkeit noch nicht gegeben hat.

Presidential Decision Making

The Economic Policy Board

Author: Roger B. Porter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521271127

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 626

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Describes and evaluates three Economic Policy Board decisions under the Ford administration to show how channels of advice influence presidential actions

Presidential Judgment

Foreign Policy Decision Making and the White House

Author: Aaron Lobel

Publisher: Puritan Press

ISBN: 9781884186110

Category: Political Science

Page: 115

View: 4681

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Good Advice

Information and Policy Making in the White House

Author: Daniel E. Ponder

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781603447126

Category: Electronic books

Page: 258

View: 5852

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The U.S. president has to make difficult, important, and very public decisions every day. We don't expect one person to be an expert in all the areas in which the president has to make decisions. So how do presidents do it? They rely on their staffs to give information and advice. "Good Advice" is a systematic study of Jimmy Carter's reign and those who advised him. Daniel E. Ponder discusses the president's policies, the advisors behind each, and how much of that advice ultimately became incorporated into the president's official proposals. The book's central thesis is that although presidents have tended to centralize policy-making authority in the White House staff, the dynamics of staff participation and consequent policy success vary from issue to issue, consistent with a theoretical framework Ponder calls staff shift. Ponder further analyzes how presidents decide whose advice to take and whose to ignore and the politics behind those decisions. Ponder examines each of the three major roles of staff advisory--policy directors, facilitators, and monitors--and discusses a "successful" and unsuccessful policy in each. He focuses on the six policy areas of education, youth employment, welfare reform, energy, national health insurance, and civil service reform. Ponder draws from myriad theoretical and methodological traditions to construct a sophisticated foundation upon which his analysis builds. His development of theoretical insights, backed with exhaustive documentation, contribute to a deeper understanding of the nature of the presidency in its organizational and institutional environments. For those interested in presidential studies and American politics, this innovative study takes you into the Oval Office as it explains the process from information- and advice-giving to policy making in the presidency.

White House Studies Compendium

Author: Robert W. Watson

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600215339

Category: History

Page: 449

View: 8048

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The American presidency has become one of the most powerful offices in the world with the ascendancy of American power in the 20th century. This Compendium brings together piercing analyses of the American presidency -- dealing with both current issues and historical events. The compendia are the bound issues of 'White House Studies' with the addition of a comprehensive subject index as well as rearranged.

Groupthink Versus High-Quality Decision Making in International Relations

Author: Mark Schafer,Scott Crichlow

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520182

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 8184

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Are good and bad outcomes significantly affected by the decision-making process itself? Indeed they are, in that certain decision-making techniques and practices limit the ability of policymakers to achieve their goals and advance the national interest. The success of policy often turns on the quality of the decision-making process. Mark Schafer and Scott Crichlow identify the factors that contribute to good and bad policymaking, such as the personalities of political leaders, the structure of decision-making groups, and the nature of the exchange between participating individuals. Analyzing thirty-nine foreign-policy cases across nine administrations and incorporating both statistical analyses and case studies, including a detailed examination of the decision to invade Iraq in 2003, the authors pinpoint the factors that are likely to lead to successful or failed decision making, and they suggest ways to improve the process. Schafer and Crichlow show how the staffing of key offices and the structure of central decision-making bodies determine the path of an administration even before topics are introduced. Additionally, they link the psychological characteristics of leaders to the quality of their decision processing. There is no greater work available on understanding and improving the dynamics of contemporary decision making.

Obamas Kriege

Zerreißprobe einer Präsidentschaft

Author: Bob Woodward

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641090733

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 4548

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BARACK OBAMA - Hoffnung, Aufbruch, Krisen, Alltag – Zeit für eine Zwischenbilanz Barack Obama begann seine Präsidentschaft als neuer Superstar der internationalen Politik, ersehnt von Menschen auf der ganzen Welt als Hoffnungsträger und Heilsbringer. Inzwischen ist er auf dem Boden der mühsamen Tagespolitik angekommen, bedrängt von ungelösten Konflikten in Nahost und Afghanistan und Krisen im eigenen Land. Wird er den Vorschusslorbeeren noch gerecht? Journalistenlegende Bob Woodward schafft es wie kein Zweiter in Washington, sich Zugang zu den brisanten Geheimnissen der Regierenden zu verschaffen. In seinem neuen Buch gibt er erstmals einen tiefen Einblick in die Arbeit des US-Präsidenten jenseits der offiziellen Kommunikation des Weißen Hauses. Schon bald muss sich Obama wieder dem Wahlkampf stellen, da kommt Woodwards spannend erzählte Zwischenbilanz, die vor allem auch den Außenpolitiker Obama in den Blick nimmt, zur rechten Zeit. • Das neue Buch des weltweit bekannten Bestsellerautors • Der erste Blick hinter die Kulissen der Obama-Regierung

Presidents in Crisis

Tough Decisions inside the White House from Truman to Obama

Author: Michael Bohn

Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1628726059

Category: History

Page: 388

View: 6048

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"Every American president, when faced with a crisis, longs to take bold and decisive action. When American lives or vital interests are at stake, the public--and especially the news media and political opponents--expect aggressive leadership. But, contrary to the dramatizations of Hollywood, rarely does a president have that option. In Presidents in Crisis, a former director of the Situation Room takes the reader inside the White House during seventeen grave international emergencies handled by the presidents from Truman to Obama: from North Korea's invasion of South Korea to the revolutions of the Arab Spring, and from the thirteen days of the Cuban Missile Crisis to the taking of American diplomats hostage in Iran and George W. Bush's response to the attacks of September 11, 2001. In narratives that convey the drama of unfolding events and the stakes of confrontation when a misstep can mean catastrophe, he walks us step by step through each crisis. Laying out the key players and personalities and the moral and political calculations that the leaders have had to make, he provides a fascinating insider's look at modern presidential decision making and the fundamental role in it of human frailty"--

Decision-Making in American Foreign Policy

Author: Nikolas K. Gvosdev,Jessica D. Blankshain,David A. Cooper

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108427146

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 2531

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This book translates US foreign policymaking theory into practical analytic tools for those preparing to be national security professionals.

An Outsider in the White House

Jimmy Carter, His Advisors, and the Making of American Foreign Policy

Author: Betty Glad

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801448157

Category: History

Page: 398

View: 4291

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Jimmy Carter entered the White House with a desire for a collegial staff that would aid his foreign-policy decision making. He wound up with a "team of rivals" who contended for influence and who fought over his every move regarding relations with the USSR, the Peoples' Republic of China, arms control, and other crucial foreign-policy issues. In two areas—the Camp David Accords and the return of the Canal to Panama—Carter's successes were attributable to his particular political skills and the assistance of Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and other professional diplomats. The ultimate victor in the other battles was Carter's national security advisor, Zbigniew Brzezinski, a motivated tactician. Carter, the outsider who had sought to change the political culture of the executive office, found himself dependent on the very insiders of the political and diplomatic establishment against whom he had campaigned. Based on recently declassified documents in the Carter Library, materials not previously noted in the Vance papers, and a wide variety of interviews, Betty Glad's An Outsider in the White House is a rich and nuanced depiction of the relationship between policy and character. It is also a poignant history of damaged ideals. Carter's absolute commitment to human rights foundered on what were seen as national security interests. New data from the archives reveal how Carter's government sought the aid of Pope John Paul II to undercut the human-rights efforts of the El Salvadoran Archbishop Oscar Romero. A moralistic approach toward the Soviet Union undermined Carter's early desire to reduce East-West conflicts and cut nuclear arms. As a result, by 1980 the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) was in limbo, and a nuclear counterforce doctrine had been adopted. Near the end of Carter's single term in office Vance stepped down as secretary of state, in part because Brzezinski's "muscular diplomacy" had come to dominate Carter's foreign policy. When Vance's successor, Edmund Muskie, took over, the State Department was reduced to implementing policies made by Brzezinski and his allies. For Carter, the rivalry for influence in the White House was concluded and the results, as Glad shows, were a mixed record and an uncertain presidential legacy.

Feuer und Zorn

Im Weißen Haus von Donald Trump

Author: Michael Wolff

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 364400207X

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 7131

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Es ist das Enthüllungsbuch, das die Präsidentschaft von Donald Trump erschüttert: Michael Wolffs «Feuer und Zorn» ist ein eindrucksvolles Sittengemälde der amerikanischen Politik unter Trump. Im Mittelpunkt ein Präsident, den seine Mitarbeiter wie ein kleines Kind behandeln, und der umgeben ist von Inkompetenz, Intrigen und Verrat. Der Bestseller-Autor Wolff beschreibt das Chaos, das in den ersten Monaten im Weißen Haus geherrscht hat, er enthüllt, wie nah die Russland-Verbindung an Trump herangerückt ist und wie es zum Rauswurf des FBI-Chefs Comey kam. Und er liefert erstaunliche Details über das Privatleben dieses Präsidenten. Über zweihundert Interviews hat Wolff mit den engsten Mitarbeitern des US-Präsidenten geführt, darunter auch der ehemalige Chef-Berater Stephen Bannon: Noch nie ist es einem Journalisten gelungen, das Geschehen im Weißen Haus so genau nachzuzeichnen. Herausgekommen ist das einzigartige Porträt eines Präsidenten, der selbst nie damit gerechnet hat, die Wahl zu gewinnen. Michael Wolffs Bericht aus dem Weißen Haus unter Trump ist in den USA ein Bestseller: ein aktuelles politisches Buch, das das sich wie ein Königsdrama von Shakespeare liest.

Fear

Trump in the White House

Author: Bob Woodward

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 150117553X

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 8955

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“Explosive.”—The Washington Post “Devastating.”—The New Yorker “Unprecedented.”—CNN THE INSIDE STORY ON PRESIDENT TRUMP, AS ONLY BOB WOODWARD CAN TELL IT With authoritative reporting honed through eight presidencies from Nixon to Obama, author Bob Woodward reveals in unprecedented detail the harrowing life inside President Donald Trump’s White House and precisely how he makes decisions on major foreign and domestic policies. Woodward draws from hundreds of hours of interviews with firsthand sources, meeting notes, personal diaries, files and documents. The focus is on the explosive debates and the decision-making in the Oval Office, the Situation Room, Air Force One and the White House residence. Fear is the most intimate portrait of a sitting president ever published during the president’s first years in office.

Decisionmaking in a Glass House

Mass Media, Public Opinion, and American and European Foreign Policy in the 21st Century

Author: Brigitte Nacos,Robert Y. Shapiro,Pierangelo Isernia

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742576450

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 6564

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As we enter the new century, how and to what extent will the new realities of the post-Cold War world, as well as advances in communication technology, influence news reporting, public attitudes, and, most of all, foreign policy decisions on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean? In this volume, American and European scholars examine change and continuity in these important aspects of the foreign policy process at the beginning of the 21st century.

Congress and the Presidency

Institutional Politics in a Separated System

Author: Michael Foley,John E. Owens

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719038846

Category: Presidents

Page: 432

View: 391

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Adopting a distinctly institutional focus, Congress and the Presidency explains the nature of these changes and examines their consequences for the contemporary American political system. Foley and Owens direct attention to both bodies as co-equal institutions in a separated system. They examine both the historical development of the Congress and the presidency as separate institutions of American national government, as well as the changing relations between them. Taking into account important developments since the Republicans won control of Congress in 1994 and the advent of Newt Gingrich's 'Contract with America', the authors consider how the organisational designs of these representative and governing institutions have changed over time in response to internal pressures and external factors. The book locates the two institutions within the policymaking process and studies the varied and complex implications of 'the politics of separated powers'

The White House Staff

Inside the West Wing and Beyond

Author: Bradley H. Patterson

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815798224

Category: Political Science

Page: 508

View: 8403

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Shrouded in anonymity, protected by executive privilege, but with no legal or constitutional authority of their own, the 5,900 people in 125 offices collectively known as the "White House staff" assist the chief executive by shaping, focusing, and amplifying presidential policy. Why is the staff so large? How is it organized and what do those 125 offices actually do? In this sequel to his critically appraised 1988 book, Ring of Power, Bradley H. Patterson Jr.—a veteran of three presidential administrations—takes us inside the closely guarded turf of the White House. In a straightforward narrative free of partisan or personal agendas, Patterson provides an encyclopedic description of the contemporary White House staff and its operations. He illustrates the gradual shift in power from the cabinet departments to the staff and, for the first time in presidential literature, presents an accounting for the total budget of the modern White House. White House staff members control everything from the monumental to the mundane. They prepare the president for summit conferences, but also specify who sits on Air Force One. They craft the language for the president to use on public occasions—from a State of the Union Address to such "Rose Garden rubbish" as the pre-Thanksgiving pardon for the First Turkey. The author provides an entertaining yet in-depth overview of these responsibilities. Patterson also illuminates the astounding degree to which presidents personally conduct American diplomacy and personally supervise U.S. military actions. The text is punctuated with comments by senior White House aides and by old Washington hands whose careers go back more than half a century. The book provides not only a comprehensive key to the offices and activities that make the White House work, but also the feeling of belonging to that exclusive membership inside the West Wing.

The Gulf

The Bush Presidencies and the Middle East

Author: Michael F. Cairo

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813140749

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 3653

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Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush both led the United States through watershed events in foreign relations: the end of the Cold War and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Many high-level cabinet members and advisers played important foreign policy roles in both administrations, most notably Dick Cheney, Colin Powell, and Condoleeza Rice. Both presidents perceived Saddam Hussein as a significant threat and took action against Iraq. But was the George W. Bush administration really just "Act II" of George H. W. Bush's administration? In The Gulf, Michael F. Cairo reveals how, despite many similarities, father and son pursued very different international strategies. He explores how the personality, beliefs, and leadership style of each man influenced contemporary U.S. foreign policy. Contrasting the presidents' management of American wars in Iraq, approach to the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, and relationships with their Israeli counterparts, Cairo offers valuable insights into two leaders who left indelible marks on U.S. international relations. The result is a fresh analysis of the singular role the executive office plays in shaping foreign policy.

Presidential Pork

White House Influence over the Distribution of Federal Grants

Author: John Hudak

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725213

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 5785

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Presidential earmarks? Perhaps even more so than their counterparts in Congress, presidents have the motive and the means to politicize spending for political power. But do they? In Presidential Pork, John Hudak explains and interprets presidential efforts to control federal spending and accumulate electoral rewards from that power. The projects that members of Congress secure for their constituents certainly attract attention. Political pundits still chuckle about the "Bridge to Nowhere." But Hudak clearly illustrates that while Congress claims credit for earmarks and pet projects, the practice is alive and well in the White House, too. More than any representative or senator, presidents engage in pork barrel spending in a comprehensive and systematic way to advance their electoral interests. It will come as no surprise that the White House often steers the enormous federal bureaucracy to spend funds in swing states. It is a major advantage that only incumbents enjoy. Hudak reconceptualizes the way in which we view the U.S. presidency and the goals and behaviors of those who hold the nation's highest office. He illustrates that presidents and their White Houses are indeed complicit in distributing presidential pork—and how they do it. The result is an illuminating and highly original take on presidential power and public policy.