Descartes' Dream

The World According to Mathematics

Author: Philip J. Davis,Reuben Hersh

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486442527

Category: Mathematics

Page: 321

View: 4117

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These provocative essays take a modern look at the 17th-century thinker's dream, examining the influences of mathematics on society, particularly in light of technological advances. They survey the conditions that elicit the application of mathematic principles; the applications' effectiveness; and how applied mathematics transform perceptions of reality. 1987 edition.

Descartes's Dreams

Imagination in The Meditations

Author: Ann Scholl

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820452456

Category: Philosophy

Page: 150

View: 1607

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Ann Scholl revises the traditional understanding of the role of imagination and sensory perception in Descartes's "Meditations." Traditionally, Cartesian scholars have focused primarily on sensory perception as the more significant of the two -special- modes of thought. In this work, Ann Scholl describes how a better understanding of Descartes's skepticism and his arguments for dualism are reached when imagination instead is understood as the more primary of the two special modes of thought. The result is a fresh reading and interpretation of Descartes's most influential work."

The Dream of Descartes

Author: Gregor Sebba

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 75

View: 8476

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The late Gregor Sebba was fond of describing his monumental Bibliographia Cartesiana: A Critical Guide to the Descartes Literature, 1800–1960 as a by-product of his research begun in 1949 for an article he had in mind titled The Dream of Descartes. The bibliography has been indispensable to Descartes scholars since its appearance in 1964. When Sebba died in 1985, his manuscript for The Dream of Descartes was still unfinished. Here, with materials provided by Aníbal A. Bueño, Richard H. Popkin, and Helen Sebba, Richard A. Watson presents the completed work based on a 1973 draft, letters, outlines, and other manuscript material. The result is a fascinating analysis of Descartes’ dreams as seminal in the creative process of genius.

Feminist Interpretations of RenŽ Descartes

Author: Susan Bordo

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271043753

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Contributors are Susan Bordo, Stanley Clarke, Erica Harth, Leslie Heywood, Luce Irigaray, Genevieve Lloyd, Mario Moussa, Eileen O'Neill, Adrianna Paliyenko, Ruth Perry, Mario S&áenz, Karl Stern, Thomas Wartenberg, and James Winders.

Dreams

A Study of the Dreams of Jung, Descartes, Socrates, and Other Historical Figures

Author: Marie-Louise Von Franz

Publisher: Shambhala Publications

ISBN: 0834829800

Category: Psychology

Page: 216

View: 5264

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These collected essays by the distinguished psychoanalyst Marie-Louise von Franz offer fascinating insights into the study of dreams, not only psychologically, but also from historical, religious, and philosophical points of view. In the first two chapters, the author offers general explanations of the nature of dreams and their use in analysis. She examines how dreams can be used in the development of self-knowledge and describes how C. G. Jung worked with his own dreams, and the fateful ways in which they were entwined with the course of his life. The rest of the book records and interprets dreams of historical personages: Socrates, Descartes, Themistocles and Hannibal, and the mothers of Saint Augustine, Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, and Saint Dominic. Connections are revealed between the personal and family histories of the dreamers and individual and collective mores of their times. Dreams includes writings long out of print or never before available in English translation.

Descartes's Method of Doubt

Author: Janet Broughton

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691117324

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

View: 3740

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Descartes thought that we could achieve absolute certainty by starting with radical doubt. He adopts this strategy in the Meditations on First Philosophy, where he raises sweeping doubts with the famous dream argument and the hypothesis of an evil demon. But why did Descartes think we should take these exaggerated doubts seriously? And if we do take them seriously, how did he think any of our beliefs could ever escape them? Janet Broughton undertakes a close study of Descartes's first three meditations to answer these questions and to present a fresh way of understanding precisely what Descartes was up to. Broughton first contrasts Descartes's doubts with those of the ancient skeptics, arguing that Cartesian doubt has a novel structure and a distinctive relation to the commonsense outlook of everyday life. She then argues that Descartes pursues absolute certainty by uncovering the conditions that make his radical doubt possible. She gives a unified account of how Descartes uses this strategy, first to find certainty about his own existence and then to argue that God exists. Drawing on this analysis, Broughton provides a new way to understand Descartes's insistence that he hasn't argued in a circle, and she measures his ambitions against those of contemporary philosophers who use transcendental arguments in their efforts to defeat skepticism. The book is a powerful contribution both to the history of philosophy and to current debates in epistemology.

Dreaming

A Conceptual Framework for Philosophy of Mind and Empirical Research

Author: Jennifer M. Windt

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028670

Category: Philosophy

Page: 824

View: 5877

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A comprehensive proposal for a conceptual framework for describing conscious experience in dreams, integrating philosophy of mind, sleep and dream research, and interdisciplinary consciousness studies.

The Dream Encyclopedia

Author: James R Lewis,Evelyn Dorothy Oliver

Publisher: Visible Ink Press

ISBN: 1578592712

Category: Self-Help

Page: 432

View: 5056

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Exploring the fascinating world of dreams, this comprehensive reference examines more than 250 dream-related topics, from art to history to science, including how factors such as self-healing, ESP, literature, religion, sex, cognition and memory, and medical conditions can all have an effect on dreams. Dream symbolism and interpretation is examined in historical, cultural, and psychological detail, while a dictionary—updated with 1,000 symbols and explanations—offers further insights. Dreaming about teeth, for instance, can indicate control issues, and dreaming of a zoo can indicate that the dreamer needs to tidy up some situation. Examining these concepts and more, this is the ultimate dreamer's companion.

The Betrayal of Tradition

Essays on the Spiritual Crisis of Modernity

Author: Harry Oldmeadow

Publisher: World Wisdom, Inc

ISBN: 9780941532556

Category: Religion

Page: 386

View: 2751

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This collection of essays by eminent traditionalists and contemporary thinkers throws into sharp relief many of the urgent problems of today.

Dream, Death, and the Self

Author: J. J. Valberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691128597

Category: Philosophy

Page: 499

View: 9419

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Approaches the familiar question about dream and reality by seeking to identify its subject matter: what is it that would be the dream if "this" were a dream? This book discusses the puzzle about death which is one of several extra-philosophical puzzles about the self.

SpongeBob SquarePants and Philosophy

Soaking Up Secrets Under the Sea!

Author: Joseph J. Foy

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812697359

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 342

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SpongeBob SquarePants and Philosophy introduces fans of SpongeBob SquarePants to some of the great thinkers and questions in philosophy. The essays can be shared by young and old alike, kindling new interest in philosophy and life’s big questions. What keeps SpongeBob “reeling in” major audiences on a daily basis is that underneath the lighthearted and whimsical exterior are the seeds of philosophical discussions about identity and the self, our obligations toward others, benefits and tensions of the individual in community, principles of the marketplace and environmental ethics, and questions of just how exactly Jack Kahuna Laguna can build a fire at the bottom of the ocean. (Okay, so perhaps we don’t have an answer for that last one, but maybe if you look into that fire long enough the answer will be revealed.) The book begins with a section exploration of the major characters of the series. For instance, chapter 1 uses the philosophies of Aristotle to demonstrate why SpongeBob, more than any other character in the series, is defined by a life of well-being and flourishing. Chapter two provides an assessment of SpongeBob’s best friend, Patrick Star.

Science, Philosophy and Sustainability

The End of the Cartesian dream

Author: Angela Guimaraes Pereira,Silvio Funtowicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317634578

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 170

View: 8525

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For science to remain a legitimate and trustworthy source of knowledge, society will have to engage in the collective processes of knowledge co-production, which not only includes science, but also other types of knowledge. This process of change has to include a new commitment to knowledge creation and transmission and its role in a plural society. This book proposes to consider new ways in which science can be used to sustain our planet and enrich our lives. It helps to release and reactivate social responsibility within contemporary science and technology. It reviews critically relevant cases of contemporary scientific practice within the Cartesian paradigm, relabelled as 'innovation research', promoted as essential for the progress and well-being of humanity, and characterised by high capital investment, centralised control of funding and quality, exclusive expertise, and a reductionism that is philosophical as well as methodological. This is an accessible and relevant book for scholars in Science and Technology Studies, History and Philosophy of Science, and Science, Engineering and Technology Ethics. Providing an array of concrete examples, it supports scientists, engineers and technical experts, as well as policy-makers and other non-technical professionals working with science and technology to re-direct their approach to global problems, in a more integrative, self-reflective and humble direction.

Revels in Madness

Insanity in Medicine and Literature

Author: Allen Thiher

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472089994

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 7576

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"The scope of this book is daunting, ranging from madness in the ancient Greco-Roman world, to Christianized concepts of medieval folly, through the writings of early modern authors such as Shakespeare, Cervantes, and Descartes, and on to German Romantic philosophy, fin de siecle French poetry, and Freud . . . Artaud, Duras, and Plath."-Isis"This provocative and closely argued work will reward many readers."-ChoiceIn Revels in Madness, Allen Thiher surveys a remarkable range of writers as he shows how conceptions of madness in literature have reflected the cultural assumptions of their era, and emphasizes the transition from classical to modern theories of madness-a transition that began at the end of the Enlightenment and culminates in recent women's writing that challenges the postmodern understanding of madness as a fall from language or as a dysfunction of culture.

Thought's Ego in Augustine and Descartes

Author: Gareth B. Matthews

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801427756

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

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In his concise and ambitious book, Gareth B. Matthews explores the implications of doing philosophy in the first person. He focuses on the most notable attempts in the history of philosophy to take this perspective: Augustine's Confessions, perhaps the first significant autobiography in Western culture, and Soliloquies, a dialogue between himself and reason; and Descartes's Meditations and Discourse on Method. "By examining the first-personalization of philosophy in these two historical figures," he writes, "we can learn something important about our own philosophical options, and about those of any other thinker who dares, philosophically, to say 'I.'" Matthews starts by considering the 'I' that knows - and how it can know what it knows - in Cartesian and Augustinian thought. He goes on to explore the problems that dreams and other cognitive states apparently divorced from the "real world" pose for understandings of identity and knowledge. He then discusses the potentially authoritative bases for philosophical claims made in first-person philosophizing, and closes by considering how themes, concepts, and lines of reasoning can take on related yet clearly different forms in the work of these two philosophers. This book will be of great interest to philosophers of mind and epistemologists, historians of philosophy and their students, philosophers of religion, and theologians, as well as specialists in Cartesian and Augustinian thought.

The Dream of Descartes

Author: Jacques Maritain

Publisher: Kensington Publishing Corp.

ISBN: 080653737X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

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The Dream of Descartes by Francois Mauriac contains articles appearing in 1920 and 1922, a lecture, and other essays. This book was written to determine the value and significance of the Cartesian Reform with regard to metaphysical and theological wisdom. Descartes was also known for his work in producing the Cartesian Theory of Fallacies. This can be most easily explored using the statement: "This statement is a lie." While it is most commonly referred to as a paradox, the Cartesian Theory of Fallacies states that at any given time a statement can be both true and false simultaneously because of its contradictory nature. The statement is true in its fallacy. Thus, Descartes developed the Cartesian Theory of Fallacies, which greatly influenced the thinking of the time. Many would-be philosophers were trying to develop inexplicable statements of seeming fact, however, this laid rumors of such a proposition impossible. Many philosophers believe that when Descartes formulated his Theory of Fallacies, he intended to be lying, which in and of itself embodies the theory. Titles in this book are "The Deposition of Wisdom," "The Cartesian Proofs of God," and "The Cartesian Heritage." Mauriac, François 1885–1970, French writer. Mauriac achieved success in 1922 and 1923 with Le Baiser au lépreux and Genitrix (tr. of both in The Family, 1930). Generally set in or near his native Bordeaux, his novels are imbued with his profound, though nonconformist, Roman Catholicism. His characters exist in a tortured universe;nature is evil and man eternally prone to sin. His major novels are The Desert of Love (1925, tr. 1929), Thérèse (1927, tr. 1928), and Vipers' Tangle (1932, tr. 1933). Other works include The Frontenacs (1933, tr. 1961) and Woman of the Pharisees (1941, tr. 1946);a life of Racine (1928) and of Jesus (1936, tr. 1937);and plays, notably Asmodée (1938, tr. 1939). Also a distinguished essayist, Mauriac became a columnist for Figaro after World War II. Collections of his articles and essays include Journal, 1932–39 (1947, partial tr. Second Thoughts, 1961), Proust's Way (1949, tr. 1950), and Cain, Where Is Your Brother? (tr. 1962). Mauriac received the 1952 Nobel Prize in Literature.

Descartes

An Analytic and Historical Introduction

Author: Georges Dicker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195380320

Category: History

Page: 344

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This new edition of Georges Dicker's commentary on Descartes's Meditations serves as an introduction to Descartes's philosophy for undergraduates and as a sophisticated companion to his Meditations for advanced readers, and it incorporates much recent Descartes scholarship.

Hot Property

The Stakes and Claims of Literary Originality

Author: Françoise Meltzer

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226519753

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 179

View: 5983

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But is it original? The question, on which so much of writing stakes its claim to greatness, may be more interesting than the answer. In this provocative book, Francoise Meltzer takes a subtle and incisive look at the anxiety of origins at the heart of the literary enterprise. Using four case studies, Meltzer reveals the shaky status of originality as a founding principle of the critical establishment. Freud, inventor of "dream work," turns a blind eye upon the dreams that were the starting point of his predecessor Descartes's famous methode, the one man's obsession with originality mirroring the other's fear of plagiarism. The Holocaust poet Paul Celan, whose sense of identity and place resided in his work, is devastated by a charge of plagiarism. Colette's husband Willy outdoes himself, and his "lazy" wife as well, with his enactment of literary seriousness. Walter Benjamin's early interpreters, notably Hannah Arendt and Theodor Adorno, insidiously undermine the originality of his project . In each of these cases, Meltzer shows how a threat to a writer's status as creator betrays the larger fraud of the originality myth itself. Fascinating for its insights into the ways originality is both at risk and at work in Western literary culture, Hot Property will engage all those who have an interest in questions of authorship, textual soveriegnty, and the legitimacy of the critical establishment.

Information Ages

Literacy, Numeracy, and the Computer Revolution

Author: Michael E. Hobart,Zachary S. Schiffman

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801864124

Category: Computers

Page: 320

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From the writing of the Sumerians to the Scientific Revolution of the Enlightenment to the advent of the computer, a timely, sweeping history of information technology illuminates the interdependence of knowledge and the means of its preservation and transmission. UP.

Descartes

The Project of Pure Enquiry

Author: Bernard Williams

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415356268

Category: Philosophy

Page: 308

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Bridging the gap between history of philosophy and analytic philosophy, Sorell also shows for the first time how some contemporary analytic philosophy is deeply Cartesian, despite its outward hostility to Cartesianism."--Jacket.

A History of Ideas About the Prolongation of Life

Author: Gerald J. Gruman, MD, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826118745

Category: Medical

Page: 232

View: 2417

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Dr. Grumanís book examines the quest for longevity and immortality up to the year 1800. He presents multicultural perspectives and attitudes as depicted in Islamic and Chinese societies as well as in Western Civilization. This scholarly work contributes to our understanding of the origins of medicine, personal hygiene and public health as well as the underlying psychological and social determinants of longevity and humanityís longing for its attainment.