Developing Groundwater

A Guide for Rural Water Supply

Author: N.A

Publisher: ITDG Publishing


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 8883

To increase access to sustainable supplies of safe water for the poor, groundwater resources need to be exploited successfully, sustainably and economically on a much larger scale than they are at present. Unfortunately, techniques for finding and exploiting groundwater are not widely available. This book sets out to be a user-friendly guide to developing groundwater for rural water supplies. It is specifically designed and developed to meet the needs of rural water supply project staff in developing countries. It provides information on simple, effective techniques for siting wells and boreholes, assessing resource sustainability, constructing and testing the yield of boreholes and wells, and monitoring groundwater quality. The authors endeavour to set the technical aspects of rural water supply firmly in the relevant socio-economic context, so that guidance given is not in conflict with community aspects.

Groundwater Development and Management

Issues and Challenges in South Asia

Author: Pradip K. Sikdar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319751158

Category: Science

Page: 539

View: 8567

This book deals with the challenges for efficient groundwater management, with a focus on South Asia and India, providing a balanced presentation of theory and field practice using a multidisciplinary approach. Groundwater of South Asia is increasingly confronted with overuse and deteriorating quality and therefore requires urgent attention. Management of the stressed groundwater systems is an extremely complex proposition because of the intricate hydrogeological set-up of the region. Strategies for sustainable management must involve a combination of supply-side and demand-side measures depending on the regional setting and socio-economic situations. As a consequence, the challenges of efficient groundwater management require not only a clear understanding of the aquifer configuration, but also demand for the development of a comprehensive database of the groundwater occurrences and flow systems in each hydrogeological setting. In addition, drilling and well construction methods that are appropriate to different hydrogeological formations need to be implemented as well as real-time monitoring of the status of the groundwater use. Also corrective measures for groundwater that is threatened with depletion and quality deterioration need to be installed. Finally, the legal framework of groundwater needs to be rearticulated according to the common property aspect of groundwater. These challenges should revolve around effective groundwater governance by creating an atmosphere to support and empower community-based systems of decision-making and revisit the existing legal framework and groundwater management institutions by fostering community initiatives. This book is relevant for academics, professionals, administrators, policy makers, and economists concerned with various aspects of groundwater science and management.

Ground Water Development - Issues and Sustainable Solutions

Author: S. P. Sinha Ray

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811317712

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 349

View: 3932

Ground water resources are receiving global attention, as human population growth and development cause significant changes to the earth system. It plays a major role in ensuring livelihood security in many parts of South Asia and its contribution to poverty alleviation is substantial. The complex nature of ground water problems in the Indian Sub-continent requires a precise delineation of the ground water regimes in different hydro geological settings and socio-economic conditions and is a primary necessity for sustainable and equitable management. Strategies to respond to ground water over-exploitation and deteriorating water quality must be based on a new approach. Practical policies and various solution options urgently need to be formulated and implemented to prevent the development problems. There is pressing need to evolve workable methods and approaches based on modern scientific researches on ground water resources, as well as to build a social framework including community participation at all levels for a ground water development system. The community participation in water pumping policies, incentives of efficient use, affordability of low income users and other vulnerable groups, water awareness are prime factors for success of any ground water based water supply project.

Groundwater and Soil Cleanup

Improving Management of Persistent Contaminants

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Technologies for Cleanup of Subsurface Contaminants in the DOE Weapons Complex

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309065496

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 7445

This book presents a comprehensive, up-to-date review of technologies for cleaning up contaminants in groundwater and soil. It provides a special focus on three classes of contaminants that have proven very difficult to treat once released to the subsurface: metals, radionuclides, and dense nonaqueous-phase liquids such as chlorinated solvents. Groundwater and Soil Cleanup was commissioned by the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of its program to clean up contamination in the nuclear weapons production complex. In addition to a review of remediation technologies, the book describes new trends in regulation of contaminated sites and assesses DOE's program for developing new subsurface cleanup technologies.

Groundwater for Sustainable Development

Problems, Perspectives and Challenges

Author: Prosun Bhattacharya,AL Ramanathan,Arun B. Mukherjee,Jochen Bundschuh,D. Chandrasekharam,A.K. Keshari

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203894569

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 2919

Groundwater is the most important source of domestic, industrial, and agricultural water and also a finite resource. Population growth has created an unprecedented demand for water, with the situation most critical in the developing world, where several million people depend on contaminated groundwater for drinking purposes. Geogenic contaminants, such as arsenic and fluoride at toxic levels, pose major environmental risks and endanger public health. This book is a collection of papers providing a multi-disciplinary overview for scientists and professionals involved in the sustainable development of groundwater resources.

Sustainable Development and Management of Groundwater Resources in Semi-Arid Regions with Special Reference to Hard Rocks

Proceedings of the International Groundwater Conference IGC, Dindigul, India, 2002

Author: M. Thangarajan,S.N. Rai,V.S. Singh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789058092632

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 3945

This volume offers twenty-four papers on subjects such as: groundwater potential assessment through the application of GIS; geophysical methods and remote sensing techniques; groundwater pollution and its remediation measures; aquifer characterisation of continuum and fracture media; modelling of groundwater flow and mass transport; and community based groundwater resources management.

Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa

IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology

Author: Segun Adelana,Alan MacDonald

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203889495

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 6343

Groundwater is Africa’s most precious natural resource, providing reliable water supplies for many people. Further development of groundwater resources is fundamental to increasing access to safe water across the continent to meet coverage targets and reduce poverty. There is also an increasing interest in the use of groundwater for irrigated agriculture as the climate becomes more variable. Sustainable development of the resource is not a trivial task and depends crucially on an understanding of the hydrogeology and people with the skills to make informed decisions on how groundwater can best be developed and managed in a sustainable fashion. Despite these obvious needs, however, little attention has been paid to the systematic gathering of information about groundwater resources in the past few decades, with the result that data are patchy, knowledge is limited and investment is poorly targeted. This book was written to start to bridge the knowledge gap. The 29 chapters are written by a combination of practitioners and researchers mainly from within Africa using experience from recent and ongoing projects. The chapters highlight the complexity and variety of issues surrounding the development and management of groundwater resources across Africa, and provide a snapshot of groundwater research and application in the early 21st century. Chapters range from strategic discussions of the role of groundwater in development and poverty reduction, to case studies on techniques used to develop groundwater, and modelling methods for managing groundwater systems.

Groundwater Management Practices

Author: Angelos N. Findikakis,Kuniaki Sato

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203143787

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 436

View: 8268

Groundwater is an indispensable resource in many parts of the world, where it supports domestic water supply, irrigated agriculture and industry. Its increased, and often intensive, use during the last half century has created problems and raised concerns regarding the potential depletion of local aquifers, water quality degradation and various geologic hazards such as land subsidence and sinkholes. This volume includes contributions by experts from several countries who describe different groundwater management practices in their part of the world and discuss measures and actions in response to the challenges associated with the sustainability of groundwater use and the protection of the groundwater environment, as well as the evolution of legal and institutional framework needed for their implementation. It discusses past and present practices and various aspects of the regulatory and legal framework of groundwater management in Japan, China, India, Iran, Australia, the United States, Spain, Denmark, Switzerland and the European Union, and reviews recent efforts to improve the management of transboundary aquifer resources.

Groundwater Policy

Issues and Alternatives in India

Author: Marcus Moench

Publisher: IWMI


Category: Groundwater

Page: 61

View: 9862

This paper reviews policy-related issues discussed in recent conferences that will affect groundwater development and management efforts in South Asia. Emphasis is given to policy issues surrounding emerging groundwater depletion and quality concerns, and issues concerning the equitable development of groundwater for poverty alleviation. The paper outlines the range of services that depend on groundwater resources and outlines the range of services that depend on groundwater resources to provide these services, and the complications stemming from the fragmented approach taken to water management throughout the region. A range of responses dealing with the management of the physical system is identified. In conclusion , the paper discusses institutional frameworks through which management responses could be implemented, in relation to both the range of approaches theoretically applicable and the existing institutional frameworks in place throughout South Asia

Groundwater Regulation and Management

Author: N.A

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 9780821344613

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 88

View: 5297

The importance of groundwater to India's economy and development prospects should not be underestimated. The resource is of importance as a source of drinking water and food security for the 950 million inhabitants of India, supplies 80 percent of water for domestic use in rural areas and perhaps 50 percent of water for urban and industrial uses. Over the last three decades, the rapid expansion in use of groundwater primarily for irrigation has contributed significantly to agricultural and overall economic development in India. Groundwater irrigation potential, the number of wells, and the number of energized pump sets have grown exponentially since the early 1950s. Groundwater now supplies more than 50 percent of the irrigated area and, due to higher yields in groundwater-irrigated areas, is central to a significantly higher proportion of total agricultural output. In addition, in drought years, groundwater represents the primary reliable source of irrigation. This rapid development in groundwater, however, has had a price. In many arid and hard-rock zones, increases in overdraft areas and associated water-quality problems are emerging. Sustainability of the resource base is thus critical for meeting an array of basic needs -from health to economic development.

Managing Water Under Uncertainty and Risk: United Nations World Water Development Report #4 (3 Vols.)

Author: UNESCO

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231042351

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 904

View: 4174

Released every three years since March 2003, the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR), a flagship UN-Water report published by UNESCO, has become the voice of the United Nations system in terms of the state, use and management of the world's freshwater resources. The report is primarily targeted at national decision-makers and water resource managers, but is also aimed at educating and informing a broader audience, from governments to the private sector and civil society. It underlines the important roles water plays in all social, economic and environmental decisions, highlighting policy implications across various sectors, from local and municipal to regional and international levels. Similarly to the first two editions, this report includes a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of several key challenge areas, such as water for food, energy and human health, and governance challenges such as institutional reform, knowledge and capacity-building, and financing, each produced by individual UN agencies.

Managing Common Pool Groundwater Resources

An International Perspective

Author: Mary Brentwood,Stephen F. Robar

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275957377

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 347

View: 6657

Surveys the state of international groundwater resources, management, and policy.

Groundwater Fluxes Across Interfaces

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Hydrologic Science

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309091136

Category: Science

Page: 99

View: 5641

Estimates of groundwater recharge and discharge rates are needed at many different scales for many different purposes. These include such tasks as evaluating landslide risks, managing groundwater resources, locating nuclear waste repositories, and estimating global budgets of water and greenhouse gasses. Groundwater Fluxes Across Interfaces focuses on scientific challenges in (1) the spatial and temporal variability of recharge and discharge, (2) how information at one scale can be used at another, and (3) the effects of groundwater on climate and vice versa.

The Agricultural Groundwater Revolution

Opportunities and Threats to Development

Author: Mark Giordano,Karen G. Villholth

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845931734

Category: Science

Page: 419

View: 9023

While addressing the issues of using groundwater in agriculture for irrigation in the developing world, this book discusses the problems associated with the degradation and overexploitation of using it. It explores the practiced and potential methods for its management in the context of agricultural development.