Differential Topology

Author: C. T. C. Wall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316673286

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Exploring the full scope of differential topology, this comprehensive account of geometric techniques for studying the topology of smooth manifolds offers a wide perspective on the field. Building up from first principles, concepts of manifolds are introduced, supplemented by thorough appendices giving background on topology and homotopy theory. Deep results are then developed from these foundations through in-depth treatments of the notions of general position and transversality, proper actions of Lie groups, handles (up to the h-cobordism theorem), immersions and embeddings, concluding with the surgery procedure and cobordism theory. Fully illustrated and rigorous in its approach, little prior knowledge is assumed, and yet growing complexity is instilled throughout. This structure gives advanced students and researchers an accessible route into the wide-ranging field of differential topology.

An Introduction to Contact Topology

Author: Hansjörg Geiges

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139467956

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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This text on contact topology is a comprehensive introduction to the subject, including recent striking applications in geometric and differential topology: Eliashberg's proof of Cerf's theorem via the classification of tight contact structures on the 3-sphere, and the Kronheimer-Mrowka proof of property P for knots via symplectic fillings of contact 3-manifolds. Starting with the basic differential topology of contact manifolds, all aspects of 3-dimensional contact manifolds are treated in this book. One notable feature is a detailed exposition of Eliashberg's classification of overtwisted contact structures. Later chapters also deal with higher-dimensional contact topology. Here the focus is on contact surgery, but other constructions of contact manifolds are described, such as open books or fibre connected sums. This book serves both as a self-contained introduction to the subject for advanced graduate students and as a reference for researchers.

Riemannian Geometry

A Modern Introduction

Author: Isaac Chavel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139452576

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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This book provides an introduction to Riemannian geometry, the geometry of curved spaces, for use in a graduate course. Requiring only an understanding of differentiable manifolds, the author covers the introductory ideas of Riemannian geometry followed by a selection of more specialized topics. Also featured are Notes and Exercises for each chapter, to develop and enrich the reader's appreciation of the subject. This second edition, first published in 2006, has a clearer treatment of many topics than the first edition, with new proofs of some theorems and a new chapter on the Riemannian geometry of surfaces. The main themes here are the effect of the curvature on the usual notions of classical Euclidean geometry, and the new notions and ideas motivated by curvature itself. Completely new themes created by curvature include the classical Rauch comparison theorem and its consequences in geometry and topology, and the interaction of microscopic behavior of the geometry with the macroscopic structure of the space.

Algebraic Topology Via Differential Geometry

Author: M. Karoubi,C. Leruste

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521317146

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

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In this volume the authors seek to illustrate how methods of differential geometry find application in the study of the topology of differential manifolds. Prerequisites are few since the authors take pains to set out the theory of differential forms and the algebra required. The reader is introduced to De Rham cohomology, and explicit and detailed calculations are present as examples. Topics covered include Mayer-Vietoris exact sequences, relative cohomology, Pioncare duality and Lefschetz's theorem. This book will be suitable for graduate students taking courses in algebraic topology and in differential topology. Mathematicians studying relativity and mathematical physics will find this an invaluable introduction to the techniques of differential geometry.

Algebraic and Differential Topology of Robust Stability

Author: Edmond A. Jonckheere

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195093011

Category: Mathematics

Page: 576

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This book unites the seemingly unrelated fields of algebraic topology and robust control to provide new insights on problems in stability. It uses the simplicial approximation theorem and its implementation through computational geometry as a primer for deep topological issues in stability.

Complex Topological K-Theory

Author: Efton Park

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469746

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Topological K-theory is a key tool in topology, differential geometry and index theory, yet this is the first contemporary introduction for graduate students new to the subject. No background in algebraic topology is assumed; the reader need only have taken the standard first courses in real analysis, abstract algebra, and point-set topology. The book begins with a detailed discussion of vector bundles and related algebraic notions, followed by the definition of K-theory and proofs of the most important theorems in the subject, such as the Bott periodicity theorem and the Thom isomorphism theorem. The multiplicative structure of K-theory and the Adams operations are also discussed and the final chapter details the construction and computation of characteristic classes. With every important aspect of the topic covered, and exercises at the end of each chapter, this is the definitive book for a first course in topological K-theory.

A Short Course in Differential Topology

Author: Bjørn Ian Dundas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108571123

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Manifolds are abound in mathematics and physics, and increasingly in cybernetics and visualization where they often reflect properties of complex systems and their configurations. Differential topology gives us the tools to study these spaces and extract information about the underlying systems. This book offers a concise and modern introduction to the core topics of differential topology for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It covers the basics on smooth manifolds and their tangent spaces before moving on to regular values and transversality, smooth flows and differential equations on manifolds, and the theory of vector bundles and locally trivial fibrations. The final chapter gives examples of local-to-global properties, a short introduction to Morse theory and a proof of Ehresmann's fibration theorem. The treatment is hands-on, including many concrete examples and exercises woven into the text, with hints provided to guide the student.

Mathematics for Physics

A Guided Tour for Graduate Students

Author: Michael Stone,Paul Goldbart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139480618

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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An engagingly-written account of mathematical tools and ideas, this book provides a graduate-level introduction to the mathematics used in research in physics. The first half of the book focuses on the traditional mathematical methods of physics – differential and integral equations, Fourier series and the calculus of variations. The second half contains an introduction to more advanced subjects, including differential geometry, topology and complex variables. The authors' exposition avoids excess rigor whilst explaining subtle but important points often glossed over in more elementary texts. The topics are illustrated at every stage by carefully chosen examples, exercises and problems drawn from realistic physics settings. These make it useful both as a textbook in advanced courses and for self-study. Password-protected solutions to the exercises are available to instructors at www.cambridge.org/9780521854030.

Galois Groups and Fundamental Groups

Author: Tamás Szamuely

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521888506

Category: Mathematics

Page: 270

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Assuming little technical background, the author presents the strong analogies between these two concepts starting at an elementary level.

Topological Methods in the Study of Boundary Value Problems

Author: Pablo Amster

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461488931

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 9951

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This textbook is devoted to the study of some simple but representative nonlinear boundary value problems by topological methods. The approach is elementary, with only a few model ordinary differential equations and applications, chosen in such a way that the student may avoid most of the technical difficulties and focus on the application of topological methods. Only basic knowledge of general analysis is needed, making the book understandable to non-specialists. The main topics in the study of boundary value problems are present in this text, so readers with some experience in functional analysis or differential equations may also find some elements that complement and enrich their tools for solving nonlinear problems. In comparison with other texts in the field, this one has the advantage of a concise and informal style, thus allowing graduate and undergraduate students to enjoy some of the beauties of this interesting branch of mathematics. Exercises and examples are included throughout the book, providing motivation for the reader.

Principia Mathematica.

Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 167

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A short course in differential geometry and topology

Author: A. T. Fomenko,Aleksandr Sergeevich Mishchenko

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781904868323

Category: Mathematics

Page: 273

View: 4467

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"This volume is intended for graduate and research students in mathematics and physics. It covers general topology, nonlinear co-ordinate systems, theory of smooth manifolds, theory of curves and surfaces, transformation groups, tensor analysis and Riemannian geometry, theory of integration and homologies, fundamental groups and variational principles in Riemannian geometry. The text is presented in a form that is easily accessible to students and is supplemented by a large number of examples, problems, drawings and appendices."--Cambridge Scientific Publishers website, viewed 2 September 2009.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

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Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Differential topology of complex surfaces

elliptic surfaces with pg̳

Author: John W. Morgan,Kieran G. O'Grady

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9783540566748

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

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This book is about the smooth classification of a certainclass of algebraicsurfaces, namely regular ellipticsurfaces of geometric genus one, i.e. elliptic surfaces withb1 = 0 and b2+ = 3. The authors give a completeclassification of these surfaces up to diffeomorphism. Theyachieve this result by partially computing one of Donalson'spolynomial invariants. The computation is carried out usingtechniques from algebraic geometry. In these computationsboth thebasic facts about the Donaldson invariants and therelationship of the moduli space of ASD connections with themoduli space of stable bundles are assumed known. Somefamiliarity with the basic facts of the theory of moduliofsheaves and bundles on a surface is also assumed. This workgives a good and fairly comprehensive indication of how themethods of algebraic geometry can be used to computeDonaldson invariants.

A Course in Modern Mathematical Physics

Groups, Hilbert Space and Differential Geometry

Author: Peter Szekeres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521829601

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

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This book provides an introduction to the mathematics of modern physics, presenting concepts and techniques in mathematical physics at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It aims to introduce the reader to modern mathematical thinking within a physics setting. Topics covered include tensor algebra, differential geometry, topology, Lie groups and Lie algebras, distribution theory, fundamental analysis and Hilbert spaces. The book includes exercises and worked examples, to test the students' understanding of the various concepts, as well as extending the themes covered in the main text.

Topics in Nonlinear Functional Analysis

Author: L. Nirenberg

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821883464

Category: Mathematics

Page: 145

View: 7305

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Since its first appearance as a set of lecture notes published by the Courant Institute in 1974, this book served as an introduction to various subjects in nonlinear functional analysis. The current edition is a reprint of these notes, with added bibliographic references. Topological and analytic methods are developed for treating nonlinear ordinary and partial differential equations. The first two chapters of the book introduce the notion of topological degree and develop its basic properties. These properties are used in later chapters in the discussion of bifurcation theory (the possible branching of solutions as parameters vary), including the proof of Rabinowitz global bifurcation theorem. Stability of the branches is also studied. The book concludes with a presentation of some generalized implicit function theorems of Nash-Moser type with applications to Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theory and to conjugacy problems. For more than 20 years, this book continues to be an excellent graduate level textbook and a useful supplementary course text. Titles in this series are copublished with the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University.