Discipline and Punish

The Birth of the Prison

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Penguin Group(CA)

ISBN: 9780140137224

Category: Prison discipline

Page: 333

View: 4248

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Before the early 19th century, European ideas of crime and punishment tended to involve very public displays of the power of the monarch and the power of the state against the offending individual. Nowhere was this tendency more evident than in the spectacle of public executions. Those convicted of murder, piracy, counterfeiting, or other notable capital crimes would be taken to a public place for hanging or decapitation, and certain kinds of crimes warranted particularly gruesome punishments. In Discipline and Punish, social theorist Michel Foucault directly confronts and challenges a number of existing ideas surrounding the prison reforms of the late 1700s and early 1800s, and even into the twentieth century. By looking at the evolution of justice systems (focusing primarily on France), he suggests that the shift away from public executions and towards the idea of incarceration and reform within prison walls was a means of reframing the image of the power of society over the individual. Public executions often had the effect of making a criminal into a public martyr, and the ballads and broadsides printed for the common people did less to condemn the crime and more to glorify the criminal. By shifting the focus of justice into the prison and out of the public eye, authorities would have more direct control over the lives of those who had violated the norms of society.

Material Culture

Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences

Author: Victor Buchli

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415267199

Category: Material culture

Page: 320

View: 8364

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Diachron-disziplinenübergreifende Konzepte zur Materiellen Kultur.

Die Hauptwerke

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518420089

Category: Philosophy, French

Page: 1686

View: 7475

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Michel Foucault, Philosoph und Historiker, politischer Aktivist und Professor am Collège de France, verband die Arbeit im Archiv mit unmittelbarem politischem Engagement und verstand es wie kein zweiter, die historisch-philosophische Analyse unserer Kultur für eine kritische Diagnose der Gegenwart fruchtbar zu machen. Seine Analysen der neuzeitlichen Ordnungen der Sexualität und des Wissens, der modernen Biomacht und der Gouvernementalität haben das theoretische Terrain abgesteckt, auf dem die aktuellen Debatten um eine Neubestimmung der condition humaine geführt werden. Vor allem seine diskurs- und machttheoretischen Schriften haben eine ganze Generation von Intellektuellen geprägt. Der Band versammelt die einschlägigen Hauptschriften Foucaults, die nach wie vor den Königsweg zu seinem Denken darstellen: Die Ordnung der Dinge, Archäologie des Wissens, Überwachen und Strafen und die drei Bände der Studien über Sexualität und Wahrheit: Der Wille zum Wissen, Der Gebrauch der Lüste und Die Sorge um sich.

The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge

Immigration Policy and Social Research

Author: Christina Boswell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139477611

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9293

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Why do politicians and civil servants commission research and what use do they make of it in policymaking? The received wisdom is that research contributes to improving government policy. Christina Boswell challenges this view, arguing that policymakers are just as likely to value expert knowledge for two alternative reasons: as a way of lending authority to their preferences; or to signal their capacity to make sound decisions. Boswell develops a compelling new theory of the role of knowledge in policy, showing how policymakers use research to establish authority in contentious and risky areas of policy. She illustrates her argument with an analysis of European immigration policies, charting the ways in which expertise becomes a resource for lending credibility to controversial claims, underpinning high-risk decisions or bolstering the credibility of government agencies.

The Times They Are A Changin'

The Effect of Institutional Change on Cooperative Behaviour at 26,000ft over Sixty Years

Author: D. Savage,B. Torgler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137525150

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 79

View: 7650

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This narrative and empirical analysis investigates Hilary's claim that in his day they would not have left a man behind to die. The authors examine over 60 years of Himalayan climbing data and stories in order to test the changes in cooperation in this extreme life and death environment.

The Body in Everyday Life

Author: Sarah Nettleton,Jonathan Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134717539

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 828

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We all have a body, but how does it impact upon our day to day life? This book sets out to explore how ordinary women, men and children talk about their bodies, through four central themes:- * physical and emotional bodies * illness and disability * gender * ageing. A coherent collection of such empirical research, The Body in Everyday Life provides an accessible introduction to the sociology of the body, a field previously dominated by theoretical or philosophical accounts.

Sociology in Perspective

Author: Mark Kirby

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435331603

Category: Sociology

Page: 831

View: 7674

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This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.

Humanitarianism in Question

Politics, Power, Ethics

Author: Michael Barnett,Thomas G. Weiss

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801465087

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8672

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Years of tremendous growth in response to complex emergencies have left a mark on the humanitarian sector. Various matters that once seemed settled are now subjects of intense debate. What is humanitarianism? Is it limited to the provision of relief to victims of conflict, or does it include broader objectives such as human rights, democracy promotion, development, and peacebuilding? For much of the last century, the principles of humanitarianism were guided by neutrality, impartiality, and independence. More recently, some humanitarian organizations have begun to relax these tenets. The recognition that humanitarian action can lead to negative consequences has forced humanitarian organizations to measure their effectiveness, to reflect on their ethical positions, and to consider not only the values that motivate their actions but also the consequences of those actions. In the indispensable Humanitarianism in Question, Michael Barnett and Thomas G. Weiss bring together scholars from a variety of disciplines to address the humanitarian identity crisis, including humanitarianism's relationship to accountability, great powers, privatization and corporate philanthropy, warlords, and the ethical evaluations that inform life-and-death decision making during and after emergencies.

Routledge Handbook of Body Studies

Author: Bryan S Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136903313

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 6579

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In the last three decades, the human body has gained increasing prominence in contemporary political debates, and it has become a central topic of modern social sciences and humanities. Modern technologies – such as organ transplants, stem-cell research, nanotechnology, cosmetic surgery and cryonics – have changed how we think about the body. In this collection of thirty original essays by leading figures in the field, these issues are explored across a number of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, including pragmatism, feminism, queer theory, post-modernism, post-humanism, cultural sociology, philosophy and anthropology. A wide range of case studies, which include cosmetics, diet, organ transplants, racial bodies, masculinity and sexuality, eating disorders, religion and the sacred body, and disability, are used to appraise these different perspectives. In addition, this Handbook explores various epistemological approaches to the basic question: what is a body? It also offers a strongly themed range of chapters on empirical topics that are organized around religion, medicine, gender, technology and consumption. It also contributes to the debate over the globalization of the body: how have military technology, modern medicine, sport and consumption led to this contemporary obsession with matters corporeal? The Handbook’s clear, direct style will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience in the social sciences, particularly for those studying medical sociology, gender studies, sports studies, disability studies, social gerontology, or the sociology of religion. It will serve to consolidate the new field of body studies.

Reassessing Foucault

Power, Medicine and the Body

Author: Colin Jones,Roy Porter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134671547

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 5167

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Though Foucault is now widely taught in universities, his writings are notoriously difficult. Reassessing Foucault critically examines the implications of his work for students and researchers in a wide range of areas in the social and human sciences. Focusing on the social history of medicine, successive chapters deal with his historiographical, methodological and philosophical writings, his ideas about prisons, hospitals, madness and disease, and his thinking about the body. The book also suggests ways in which Foucault's influence will continue to dominate cultural history and the social sciences.

Introduction to Politics and Society

Author: Shaun Best

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761971313

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

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Introduction to Politics and Society draws on examples from popular political culture in order to convey how politics operates in the contemporary world. Examples illustrate the meaning of theories and show the relevance of central theoretical debates. Planned and developed with an eye to the needs of students, the book is an extraordinary resource for undergraduate teaching and study needs. It will be required reading for undergraduate students in sociology, politics and social policy.

Environmentalism

The View from Anthropology

Author: Kay Milton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134868103

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 7505

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Located in a wide spectrum of current research and practice, from analyses of green ideology and imagery, enviromental law and policy, and local enviromental activism in the West to ethnographic studies of relationships between humans and their enviroments in hunter/gatherer societies, Enviromentalism: The View from Anthropology offers an original perspective on what is probably the best-known issue of the late twentieth century. It will be particularly useful to all social scientists interested in environmentalism and human ecology, to environmental policy-makers and to undergraduates, lecturers and researchers in social anthropology, development studies and sociology.

The Sociocultural Turn in Psychology

The Contextual Emergence of Mind and Self

Author: Suzanne Kirschner,Jack Martin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519907

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 3544

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The sociocultural turn in psychology treats psychological subjects, such as the mind and the self, as processes that are constituted, or "made up," within specific social and cultural practices. In other words, though one's distinct psychology is anchored by an embodied, biological existence, sociocultural interactions are integral to the evolution of the person. Only in the past two decades has the sociocultural turn truly established itself within disciplinary and professional psychology. Providing advanced students and practitioners with a definitive understanding of these theories, Suzanne R. Kirschner and Jack Martin, former presidents of the American Psychological Association's Division of the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, assemble a collection of essays that describes the discursive, hermeneutic, dialogical, and activity approaches of sociocultural psychology. Each contribution recognizes psychology as a human science and supports the individual's potential for agency and freedom. At the same time, they differ in their understanding of a person's psychological functioning and the best way to study it. Ultimately the sociocultural turn offers an alternative to overly biological or interiorized theories of the self, emphasizing instead the formation and transformation of our minds in relation to others and the world.

Rethinking Empowerment

Gender and Development in a Global/Local World

Author: Jane L. Parpart,Shirin M. Rai,Kathleen A. Staudt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134472110

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

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Rethinking Empowerment looks at the changing role of women in developing countries and calls for a new approach to empowerment. An approach that adopts a more nuanced, feminist interpretation of power and em(power)ment, recognises that local empowerment is always embedded in regional, national and global contexts, pays attention to institutional structures and politics and acknowledges that empowerment is both a process and an outcome. Moreover, the book warns that an obsession with measurement rather than process can undermine efforts to foster transformative and empowering outcomes. It concludes that power must be restored as the centrepiece of empowerment. Only then will the term and its advocates provide meaningful ammunition for dealing with the challenges of an increasingly unequal, and often sexist, global/local world.

Men, Masculinities, Travel and Tourism

Author: T. Thurnell-Read,M. Casey

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137341467

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

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Men, Masculinities, Travel and Tourism draws together established and emerging academics that have a key interest in men, masculinity, travel and tourism. Through the chapters collected in this volume the reader will be exposed to cutting edge research and writing that offer global and local perspectives within these fields.

Internationalizing the History of Psychology

Author: Adrian C. Brock

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814707386

Category: Psychology

Page: 268

View: 3115

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While the United States was dominant in the development of psychology for much of the twentieth century, other countries have experienced significant growth in this area since the end of World War II. The percentage of those in the discipline who live and work in the United States has been growing smaller, and it is now impossible to completely understand the field if developments in psychology outside of the United States are ignored. Internationalizing the History of Psychology brings together luminaries in the field from around the world to address the internationalizing of psychology, each raising core issuesconcerning what an international perspective can contributeto the history of psychology and to our understanding of psychology as a whole. For too long, much of what we havetaken to be the history of psychology has actually been thehistory of American psychology. This volume, ideal for student use and for those in the field, illuminates how what we have been missing may change our views of the nature of psychology and its history. Contributors: Ruben Ardila, Geoffrey Blowers, Adrian C. Brock, Kurt Danziger, Aydan Gulerce, John D. Hogan, Naomi Lee, Johann Louw, Fathali M. Moghaddam, Anand C. Paranjpe, Irmingard Staeuble, Cecilia Taiana, and Thomas P. Vaccaro.

Making Projects Critical

Author: Damian Hodgson,Svetlana Cicmil

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137192305

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 9207

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Making Projects Critical is an edited collection contributed by a range of international scholars linking the area of project management with critical management perspectives. Challenging recent debates on inherent problems in project management, the text considers project management within a wider organizational and societal context.

Key Thinkers on Space and Place

Author: Phil Hubbard,Rob Kitchin,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761949633

Category: Science

Page: 356

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A comprehensive guide to the latest work on space. Each entry is a short interpretative essay, outlining the contributions made by the key theorists.