Überwachen und Strafen

die Geburt des Gefängnisses

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518387719

Category: Bürgerliche Gesellschaft - Disziplinierung - Geschichte

Page: 396

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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 5206

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Material Culture

Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences

Author: Victor Buchli

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415267199

Category: Material culture

Page: 320

View: 1423

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Diachron-disziplinenübergreifende Konzepte zur Materiellen Kultur.

Das Panoptikum

Author: Jeremy Bentham

Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 388221113X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 221

View: 3382

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Überwachen und Strafen Im Panoptikum, Jeremy Benthams idealem Gefängnis- und Erziehungsbau, werden die Delinquenten permanenter Überwachung durch einen Aufseher unterzogen, der im Mittelpunkt eines kreisförmigen Gebäudes sitzt. Aber zu welchem Zweck? Michel Foucault interpretierte in seinem Werk Überwachen und Strafen (1975) Benthams Bau als Prototyp für die latente Perversion bürgerlicher Aufklärung, die Schizophrenie eines Liberalismus, der stets das Gute will und stets das Böse schafft. Aber stimmt das wirklich? Die erste deutsche Übersetzung von Panoptikum offenbart die Aktualität von Benthams Gedankenwelt. Als Begründer des Utilitarismus und Anhänger des Wirtschaftsliberalismus war er davon überzeugt, dass der Kapitalismus der wahre Schlüssel zum Glück des Menschen ist - und nichts anderes als den Weg zum Glück wollte er mit dem Panoptikum jedem Menschen ebnen. Ebook-Version ohne Interview mit Michel Foucault.

The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge

Immigration Policy and Social Research

Author: Christina Boswell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139477611

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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Why do politicians and civil servants commission research and what use do they make of it in policymaking? The received wisdom is that research contributes to improving government policy. Christina Boswell challenges this view, arguing that policymakers are just as likely to value expert knowledge for two alternative reasons: as a way of lending authority to their preferences; or to signal their capacity to make sound decisions. Boswell develops a compelling new theory of the role of knowledge in policy, showing how policymakers use research to establish authority in contentious and risky areas of policy. She illustrates her argument with an analysis of European immigration policies, charting the ways in which expertise becomes a resource for lending credibility to controversial claims, underpinning high-risk decisions or bolstering the credibility of government agencies.

Other spaces

the affair of the heterotopia

Author: Roland Ritter,Bernd Knaller-Vlay

Publisher: Haus Der Architektur

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 189

View: 5049

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The Times They Are A Changin'

The Effect of Institutional Change on Cooperative Behaviour at 26,000ft over Sixty Years

Author: D. Savage,B. Torgler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137525150

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 79

View: 4284

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This narrative and empirical analysis investigates Hilary's claim that in his day they would not have left a man behind to die. The authors examine over 60 years of Himalayan climbing data and stories in order to test the changes in cooperation in this extreme life and death environment.

The Body in Everyday Life

Author: Sarah Nettleton,Jonathan Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134717539

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5986

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We all have a body, but how does it impact upon our day to day life? This book sets out to explore how ordinary women, men and children talk about their bodies, through four central themes:- * physical and emotional bodies * illness and disability * gender * ageing. A coherent collection of such empirical research, The Body in Everyday Life provides an accessible introduction to the sociology of the body, a field previously dominated by theoretical or philosophical accounts.

Zahlenwerk

Kalkulation, Organisation und Gesellschaft

Author: Andrea Mennicken,Hendrik Vollmer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531904493

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 7514

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Inwiefern die massenhafte Mobilisierung von Zahlen und Rechenpraktiken die Aufrechterhaltung sozialer Ordnung ermöglicht oder in Mitleidenschaft zieht, hat in den Sozialwissenschaften bislang wenig systematische Beachtung gefunden. Auch die Diskussion über organisiertes Rechnen, die im englischsprachigen Raum unter dem Oberbegriff des "Accounting" geführt wird, ist weitgehend auf Spezialistenkreise beschränkt geblieben. Mit Beiträgen zum Umgang mit Zahlen in Organisationen, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft dokumentiert der Band "Zahlenwerke" eine nun allmählich erwachende sozialwissenschaftliche Aufmerksamkeit und zeigt dabei neben interdisziplinären Berührungspunkten zwischen Soziologie und Betriebswirtschaftslehre auch solche zwischen organisations- und gesellschaftstheoretischen sowie kulturwissenschaftlichen Ansätzen auf.

Humanitarianism in Question

Politics, Power, Ethics

Author: Michael Barnett,Thomas G. Weiss

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801465087

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 1596

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Years of tremendous growth in response to complex emergencies have left a mark on the humanitarian sector. Various matters that once seemed settled are now subjects of intense debate. What is humanitarianism? Is it limited to the provision of relief to victims of conflict, or does it include broader objectives such as human rights, democracy promotion, development, and peacebuilding? For much of the last century, the principles of humanitarianism were guided by neutrality, impartiality, and independence. More recently, some humanitarian organizations have begun to relax these tenets. The recognition that humanitarian action can lead to negative consequences has forced humanitarian organizations to measure their effectiveness, to reflect on their ethical positions, and to consider not only the values that motivate their actions but also the consequences of those actions. In the indispensable Humanitarianism in Question, Michael Barnett and Thomas G. Weiss bring together scholars from a variety of disciplines to address the humanitarian identity crisis, including humanitarianism's relationship to accountability, great powers, privatization and corporate philanthropy, warlords, and the ethical evaluations that inform life-and-death decision making during and after emergencies.

Sociology in Perspective

Author: Mark Kirby

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435331603

Category: Sociology

Page: 831

View: 6756

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This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.

Routledge Handbook of Body Studies

Author: Bryan S Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136903313

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 5418

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In the last three decades, the human body has gained increasing prominence in contemporary political debates, and it has become a central topic of modern social sciences and humanities. Modern technologies – such as organ transplants, stem-cell research, nanotechnology, cosmetic surgery and cryonics – have changed how we think about the body. In this collection of thirty original essays by leading figures in the field, these issues are explored across a number of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, including pragmatism, feminism, queer theory, post-modernism, post-humanism, cultural sociology, philosophy and anthropology. A wide range of case studies, which include cosmetics, diet, organ transplants, racial bodies, masculinity and sexuality, eating disorders, religion and the sacred body, and disability, are used to appraise these different perspectives. In addition, this Handbook explores various epistemological approaches to the basic question: what is a body? It also offers a strongly themed range of chapters on empirical topics that are organized around religion, medicine, gender, technology and consumption. It also contributes to the debate over the globalization of the body: how have military technology, modern medicine, sport and consumption led to this contemporary obsession with matters corporeal? The Handbook’s clear, direct style will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience in the social sciences, particularly for those studying medical sociology, gender studies, sports studies, disability studies, social gerontology, or the sociology of religion. It will serve to consolidate the new field of body studies.

Reassessing Foucault

Power, Medicine and the Body

Author: Colin Jones,Roy Porter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134671547

Category: History

Page: 240

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Though Foucault is now widely taught in universities, his writings are notoriously difficult. Reassessing Foucault critically examines the implications of his work for students and researchers in a wide range of areas in the social and human sciences. Focusing on the social history of medicine, successive chapters deal with his historiographical, methodological and philosophical writings, his ideas about prisons, hospitals, madness and disease, and his thinking about the body. The book also suggests ways in which Foucault's influence will continue to dominate cultural history and the social sciences.

Geschichte der Gouvernementalität

Sicherheit, Territorium, Bevölkerung : Vorlesung am Collège de France 1977 - 1978 / aus dem Franz. von Claudia Brede-Konersmann und Jürgen Schröder

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518583920

Category: French political philosophy

Page: 600

View: 1170

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Introduction to Politics and Society

Author: Shaun Best

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761971313

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

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Introduction to Politics and Society draws on examples from popular political culture in order to convey how politics operates in the contemporary world. Examples illustrate the meaning of theories and show the relevance of central theoretical debates. Planned and developed with an eye to the needs of students, the book is an extraordinary resource for undergraduate teaching and study needs. It will be required reading for undergraduate students in sociology, politics and social policy.

Environmentalism

The View from Anthropology

Author: Kay Milton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134868103

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4188

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Located in a wide spectrum of current research and practice, from analyses of green ideology and imagery, enviromental law and policy, and local enviromental activism in the West to ethnographic studies of relationships between humans and their enviroments in hunter/gatherer societies, Enviromentalism: The View from Anthropology offers an original perspective on what is probably the best-known issue of the late twentieth century. It will be particularly useful to all social scientists interested in environmentalism and human ecology, to environmental policy-makers and to undergraduates, lecturers and researchers in social anthropology, development studies and sociology.

The Sociocultural Turn in Psychology

The Contextual Emergence of Mind and Self

Author: Suzanne Kirschner,Jack Martin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519907

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 3305

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The sociocultural turn in psychology treats psychological subjects, such as the mind and the self, as processes that are constituted, or "made up," within specific social and cultural practices. In other words, though one's distinct psychology is anchored by an embodied, biological existence, sociocultural interactions are integral to the evolution of the person. Only in the past two decades has the sociocultural turn truly established itself within disciplinary and professional psychology. Providing advanced students and practitioners with a definitive understanding of these theories, Suzanne R. Kirschner and Jack Martin, former presidents of the American Psychological Association's Division of the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, assemble a collection of essays that describes the discursive, hermeneutic, dialogical, and activity approaches of sociocultural psychology. Each contribution recognizes psychology as a human science and supports the individual's potential for agency and freedom. At the same time, they differ in their understanding of a person's psychological functioning and the best way to study it. Ultimately the sociocultural turn offers an alternative to overly biological or interiorized theories of the self, emphasizing instead the formation and transformation of our minds in relation to others and the world.

Rethinking Empowerment

Gender and Development in a Global/Local World

Author: Jane L. Parpart,Shirin M. Rai,Kathleen A. Staudt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134472110

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3411

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Rethinking Empowerment looks at the changing role of women in developing countries and calls for a new approach to empowerment. An approach that adopts a more nuanced, feminist interpretation of power and em(power)ment, recognises that local empowerment is always embedded in regional, national and global contexts, pays attention to institutional structures and politics and acknowledges that empowerment is both a process and an outcome. Moreover, the book warns that an obsession with measurement rather than process can undermine efforts to foster transformative and empowering outcomes. It concludes that power must be restored as the centrepiece of empowerment. Only then will the term and its advocates provide meaningful ammunition for dealing with the challenges of an increasingly unequal, and often sexist, global/local world.