Durkheim Reconsidered

Author: Susan Stedman Jones

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745668623

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 1881

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Durkheim is one of the founding fathers of modern sociology and a key figure in the development of social theory. And yet today his work is often misunderstood, since it is commonly viewed through the lens of later authors who used his writings to illustrate certain tendencies in social thought. Durkheim Reconsidered challenges the common views of Durkheim and offers a fresh and much-needed reappraisal of his ideas. Stedman Jones dismantles the interpretations of Durkheim that remain widespread in Anglo-American sociology and then examines afresh his major works, placing them in their historical and political context. She emphasizes Durkheim's debt to the socialist and republican thought of his contemporaries - and especially to Renouvier who, she argues, had a profound influence on Durkheim's approach. This book will be recognised as a major reinterpretation of the work of one of the most important figures in the history of sociology and social thought. It will be of great interest to scholars and students in sociology, anthropology and related disciplines.

Émile Durkheim zur Einführung

Author: Heike Delitz

Publisher: Junius Verlag

ISBN: 3960600585

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 7756

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Émile Durkheim (1858-1917) ist der Schlüsselautor der franzosischen Soziologie. Mit seinem Anspruch, eine eigenständige Methodologie der Wissenschaft vom Sozialen zu formulieren, begründet er eine ganz neue Wissenschaft. Bekannt sind sein Postulat, die sozialen Tatsachen seien wie "Dinge" zu behandeln, seine gesellschaftstheoretische Interpretation des "Selbstmordes" und seine These, die Religion sei eine "Selbstvergottung" der Gesellschaft. Durkheim und seine Schule waren gesellschaftstheoretisch, methodisch, epistemologisch und terminologisch innovativ. Seine These einer funktional differenzierten Moderne mit eigenen Formen der "Solidaritat" und des "Kultes" sind in unseren Blick auf uns selbst eingegangen. Durkheim ist der französische Klassiker der Sozialwissenschaften und als solcher stets aktuell.

Das soziologische Genie und sein solides Handwerk

Studien zu Émile Durkheims Forschungsprogramm

Author: Hans-Peter Müller

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658211636

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

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Der Band versammelt die wichtigsten Texte von Hans-Peter Müller zu Émile Durkheim. Damit wird der Grundstein zu einer Neurezeption und Neubewertung eines der Gründerväter der Soziologie gelegt. Der Inhalt Einführung: „Études durkheimiennes“ Émile Durkheim: Der Soziologe und sein Werk Émile Durkheims Forschungsprogramm Differenzierung und Integration: Arbeitsteilung und Solidarität Soziologischer Kantianismus: Die Physik der Sitten und des Rechts Émile Durkheims Moraltheorie Religions- und Erkenntnistheorie als Kultursoziologie Die Moralpolitik des Individualismus Émile Durkheims Vision einer „gerechten Gesellschaft“ Gesellschaftliche Moral und individuelle Lebensführung. Ein Vergleich von Émile Durkheim und Max Weber Die Zielgruppen Forschende, Dozierende und Studierende der Soziologie, Ethnographie, Politik-, Geschichts-, Erziehungs- und Kulturwissenschaften. Der Autor Dr. Hans-Peter Müller ist Professor für Allgemeine Soziologie an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin und Mitherausgeber des Berliner Journal für Soziologie.

The New Century

Bergsonism, Phenomenology and Responses to Modern Science

Author: Keith Ansell-Pearson,Alan D. Schrift

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317546938

Category: Philosophy

Page: 456

View: 2930

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This volume covers the period between the 1890s and 1930s, a period that witnessed revolutions in the arts and society which set the agenda for the rest of the century. In philosophy, the period saw the birth of analytic philosophy, the development of new programmes and new modes of inquiry, the emergence of phenomenology as a new rigorous science, the birth of Freudian psychoanalysis, and the maturing of the discipline of sociology. This period saw the most influential work of a remarkable series of thinkers who reviewed, evaluated and transformed 19th-century thought. A generation of thinkers - among them, Henri Bergson, Emile Durkheim, Sigmund Freud, Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, Karl Jaspers, Max Scheler, and Ludwig Wittgenstein - completed the disenchantment of the world and sought a new re-enchantment.

Emile Durkheim

Author: Prof Kenneth Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134495358

Category: Philosophy

Page: 182

View: 2692

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This book examines Durkheim's considerable achievements and situates them in their social and intellectual contexts, with a concise account of the major elements of Durkheim's sociology. The book includes a critical commentary on the four main studies which exemplify Durkheim's contribution to sociology: The Division of Labour in Society; Suicide; The Rules of Sociological Method and The Elementary Forms of Religious Life.

Capitalism and Classical Social Theory, Second Edition

Author: John Bratton,David Denham

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 144260655X

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 7161

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Most texts on classical social theory offer exhaustive coverage of every possible theorist, making it difficult to use the book in one semester. Capitalism and Classical Social Theory, Second Edition represents a departure from this approach by offering solid coverage of the classical triumvirate (Marx, Durkheim, and Weber), but also extending the canon strategically to include Simmel, four early female theorists, and the writings of Du Bois. The result is a manageable, but thorough, examination of the key classical theorists. The second edition has been updated throughout and includes two new chapters: one on Weber and rationalization, and one on Du Bois and his writings on race. A new concluding chapter links classical theory to current developments in capitalism during an age of austerity.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118290585

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 1679

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A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Play Reconsidered

Sociological Perspectives on Human Expression

Author: Thomas S. Henricks

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252073185

Category: Psychology

Page: 239

View: 7609

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Argues that play is a social and cultural phenomenon of adult life, enveloped by wider structures and processes of society. This work explores Karl Marx's analysis of creativity in human labour, examines Emile Durkheim's observations on the role of ritual and the formation of collective consciousness, and more.

Global Solidarity

Author: Lawrence Wilde

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 074867456X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 8713

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This book explores the development of the goal of human solidarity at a time when the processes of globalisation offer the conditions for the development of a harmonious global community.

Das Mediale

die Suche nach der Einheit der Religionen in der Religionswissenschaft

Author: Rainer Neu

Publisher: Kohlhammer Verlag

ISBN: 9783170213746

Category: Religion

Page: 314

View: 8014

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English summary: Myths and fairy tales, religious biographies and legends, shamanic voyages beyond and priestly rituals, the architecture of religious buildings, the philosophy of religions of romanticists, the sensitive analysis of phenomenologist's of religion and the critical analysis of sociologists reaching from functionalism to systemic theory all refer to something common in religions. In the variety of manifestations a general structure can be recognised: the medial. The medial proves to be the object of religious studies. It represents the unity in religion whilst acknowledging the differences and distinctive features.The religious manifestations come from a sphere of original unity (the holy), diverge into two poles (the holy - the profane) and strive for renewed integration (the medial). Thus religion can be analysed as a process of exchange between the poles holy and profane. Religious experience is possible wherever these spheres permeate. German description: Mythen und Marchen, religiose Biographien und Sagen, schamanische Jenseitsreisen und priesterliche Rituale, die Architektur von Sakralbauten, die Religionsphilosophie der Romantiker, die einfuhlsamen Untersuchungen der Religionsphanomenologen und die kritischen Analysen der Religionssoziologen vom Funktionalismus bis zur hochabstrakten Systemtheorie verweisen auf ein Gemeinsames in den Religionen. In der Vielfalt ihrer Erscheinungsformen lassen sie ein allgemeines Strukturmerkmal erkennen: das Mediale. Das Mediale erweist sich als der eigentliche Gegenstand der Religionswissenschaft. Es steht fur die Einheit in den Religionen bei gleichzeitiger Anerkennung ihrer Unterschiede und Besonderheiten. Die religiosen Erscheinungsformen entstammen einer Sphare ursprunglicher Einheit (dem Heiligen), fallen in divergierende Pole auseinander (das Heilige - das Profane) und streben nach erneuter Integration (dem Medialen). So lasst sich Religion als Prozess des Austausches zwischen den Polen heilig - profan analysieren. Religiose Erfahrung ist moglich, wo sich diese Spharen durchdringen.

Malthus, Darwin, Durkheim, Marx, Weber, Ibn Khaldûn

On Human Species Survival

Author: Walter L. Wallace

Publisher: Gordian Knot

ISBN: 9781884092787

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4161

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Explains how major 19th and 20th century theorists can help us understand and preserve human species survival today

Religious Experience Reconsidered

A Building-Block Approach to the Study of Religion and Other Special Things

Author: Ann Taves

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069114088X

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 3042

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Annotation Ann Taves addresses the subject of religious experience directly and the problems of reductionism and humanistic fears of the sciences indirectly and by example. The orientation of this book is practical more than philosophical.

Sociological Theory

Classical Statements

Author: David Ashley,David Michael Orenstein

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 487

View: 6307

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"Each chapter focuses on one theorist and his ideas, organized into a social and historical perspective. Students will enjoy reading the background information on each theorist covered in the book. These include such interesting highlights as Comte's days in military school, the death of Durkheim's son in World War I, Spencer's inability to commit to marriage, and Hegel's illegitimate son. Taking a critical and reflexive approach, the text also discusses how classical theory affects sociology today."--Publisher's website.

Eight theories of religion

Author: Daniel L. Pals

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195304589

Category: Religion

Page: 340

View: 2328

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Why do human beings believe in divinities? Why do some seek eternal life, while others seek escape from recurring lives? Why do the beliefs and behaviors we typically call "religious" so deeply affect the human personality and so subtly weave their way through human society? Revised andupdated in this second edition, Eight Theories of Religion considers how these fundamental questions have engaged the most important thinkers of the modern era. Accessible, systematic, and succinct, the text examines the classic interpretations of religion advanced by theorists who have left a majorimprint on the intellectual culture of the twentieth century. The second edition features a new chapter on Max Weber, a revised introduction, and a revised, expanded conclusion that traces the paths of further inquiry and interpretation traveled by theorists in the most recent decades. Eight Theories of Religion, Second Edition, begins with Edward Burnett Tylor and James Frazer--two Victorian pioneers in anthropology and the comparative study of religion. It then considers the great "reductionist" approaches of Sigmund Freud, Emile Durkheim, and Karl Marx, all of whom haveexercised wide influence up to the present day. The discussion goes on to examine the leading challenges to reductionism as articulated by sociologist Max Weber (new to this edition) and Romanian-American comparativist Mircea Eliade. Finally, it explores the newer methods and ideas arising from theAfrican field studies of ethnographer E. E. Evans-Pritchard and the interpretive anthropology of Clifford Geertz. Each chapter offers biographical background, theoretical exposition, conceptual analysis, and critical assessment. This common format allows for close comparison and careful evaluationthroughout. Ideal for use as a supplementary text in introductory religion courses or as the central text in sociology of religion and courses centered on the explanation and interpretation of religion, Eight Theories of Religion, Second Edition, offers an illuminating treatment of thiscontroversial and fascinating subject.

The Institutional Dynamics of Culture

The New Durkheimians

Author: Perri 6,Gerald Mars

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 463

View: 7848

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These two volumes present the most important recent developments in the institutional theory of culture and demonstrate their practical applications. The influence of this theory has, in recent years, permeated all the main disciplines of social science with substantial implications for politics, history, business, work and organizations, the environment, technology and risk, and crime and consumption. Today, the institutional theory of culture now rivals the rational choice, Weberian and postmodern outlooks in influence across the social sciences.

French Sacrifice

Violence and the Sacred in the Thought of Emile Durkheim and Georges Bataille

Author: Melissa Mary Ptacek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 712

View: 1154

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Focusing on the work of Emile Durkheim and Georges Bataille, this dissertation explores the appeal in France from the late-nineteenth through the mid-twentieth century of the notion of ritual blood sacrifice for discussions of community formation and renewal. During this time period, and especially during the interwar years, interest in sacrifice spread from ethnographic and social scientific circles to the artistic and literary avant-garde, a process that allowed for some surprising and often paradoxical paths of influence. While Durkheim found in ritual sacrifice (which he associated with "primitive" societies) the active representation of mental processes that work to produce collective ideals and communal bonds, entailing for him that collective unity and rejuvenation within contemporary Western societies must occur through a specifically sacrificial---albeit symbolic, non-bloody---process, Bataille tended to draw a very different conclusion. Through an examination of monographs, essays, lectures, novels, notes, and correspondence, however, I demonstrate that Bataille, not widely known for his works of sociological analysis, adopted and adapted aspects of Durkheim's understanding of sacrifice. Indeed, despite his reputation as a conservative positivist---as a "watchdog" of the bourgeois republic---Durkheim's analysis of sacrifice contained elements that would prove fruitful for someone like Bataille who was very much opposed to the established order. I show that this influence was not confined to the period, short-lived as it was, when Bataille helped found, and formed the principal leader of, the College de Sociologie, which was explicitly inspired by Durkheimian sociology, but continued, and in fact was enhanced to some extent, in the years subsequent to the dissolution of the College. Though there are numerous and fundamental differences between Durkheim and Bataille, I argue that the affinities of their theories of sacrifice spring largely from a common concern, integral to these theories but producing very distinct effects, with social outsiders.