Leviathan

Author: Thomas Hobbes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787332391

Category: Philosophy

Page: 674

View: 5094

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Vom "Leviathan", einem der bedeutendsten theoretischen Werke über die Ursprünge und Grundlagen der Idee des Staates und der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft, liegt nun erstmalig eine deutschsprachige Ausgabe vor, die den Text der englischen Erstausgabe von 1651 vollständig und nach den allgemein anerkannten philologischen Kriterien textgetreu darbietet. Die Ausgabe enthält die umfangreichen Marginalien der Erstausgabe und ist quellenkritisch kommentiert. Mit einer Einführung, Chronologie, Literaturverzeichnis, Register und umfangreiche Anmerkungen.

Thomas Hobbes

Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438457677

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 268

View: 6699

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An introduction to Thomas Hobbes as a systematic and not merely political philosopher. Best known for his contributions to political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes set out to develop a coherent philosophical system extending from logic and natural philosophy to civil and religious philosophy. In this introduction to Hobbes’s thought, Otfried Höffe begins by providing an overview of the entire scope of his work, making clear its systematic character through analysis of his natural philosophy, his individual and social anthropology, and his political thought. He then offers an innovative examination of religious and ecclesiastical questions, touching not only on the political implications of religion so important to Hobbes, but also on his attempt to reconstruct Christianity in terms of a materialistic philosophy. He also explores Hobbes’s continuous critique of Aristotle and Aristotelian Scholastics, in which Höffe argues that Hobbes and Aristotle have much more in common philosophically than is normally supposed—and certainly more than Hobbes himself acknowledged. Finally, Höffe sketches the influence Hobbes had and continues to have on the development of legal and political philosophy. “A thoroughly successful introduction to the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes…” — Reinhard Brandt, in Süddeutsche Zeitung, in praise of the German edition

Hobbes on Politics and Religion

Author: Laurens van Apeldoorn,Robin Douglass

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192525107

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 3380

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Thomas Hobbes, one of the most important figures in the history of political philosophy, is still widely regarded as a predominantly secular thinker. Yet a great deal of his political thought was motivated by the need to address problems of a distinctively religious nature. This is the first collection of essays dedicated to the complex and rich intersections between Hobbes's political and religious thought. Written by experts in the field, the volume opens up new directions for thinking about his treatment of religion as a political phenomenon and the political dimensions of his engagement with Christian doctrines and their history. The chapters investigate his strategies for showing how his provocative political positions could be accepted by different religious audiences for whom fidelity to religious texts was of crucial importance, while also considering the legacy of his ideas and examining their relevance for contemporary concerns. Some chapters do so by pursuing mainly historical inquiries about the motives and circumstances of Hobbes's writings, while others reconstruct the logic of his arguments and test their philosophical coherence. They thus offer wide-ranging and sometimes conflicting assessments of Hobbes's ideas, yet they all demonstrate how closely intertwined his political and religious preoccupations are and thereby showcase how this perspective can help us to better understand his thought.

Aspects of Hobbes

Author: Noel Malcolm

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199275408

Category: Philosophy

Page: 644

View: 1556

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Noel Malcolm, one of the world's leading experts on Thomas Hobbes, presents a set of extended essays on a wide variety of aspects of the life and work of this giant of early modern thought. Malcolm offers a succinct introduction to Hobbes's life and thought, as a foundation for his discussion of such topics as his political philosophy, his theory of international relations, the development of his mechanistic world-view, and his subversive Biblical criticism. Several of the essays pay special attention to the European dimensions of Hobbes's life, his sources and his influence; the longest surveys the entire European reception of his work from the 1640s to the 1750s. All the essays are based on a deep knowledge of primary sources, and many present striking new discoveries about Hobbes's life, his manuscripts, and the printing history of his works. Aspects of Hobbes will be essential reading not only for Hobbes specialists, but also for all those interested in seventeenth-centuryintellectual history more generally, both British and European.

Leviathan

contemporary responses to the political theory of Thomas Hobbes

Author: Graham Alan John Rogers,Sir Robert Filmer,George Lawson,John Bramhall

Publisher: Thoemmes Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 6318

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Contemporary Responses to the Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes

A Companion to Descartes

Author: Janet Broughton,John Carriero

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144433784X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 560

View: 8961

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A collection of more than 30 specially commissioned essays, this volume surveys the work of the 17th-century philosopher-scientist commonly regarded as the founder of modern philosophy, while integrating unique essays detailing the context and impact of his work. Covers the full range of historical and philosophical perspectives on the work of Descartes Discusses his seminal contributions to our understanding of skepticism, mind-body dualism, self-knowledge, innate ideas, substance, causality, God, and the nature of animals Explores the philosophical significance of his contributions to mathematics and science Concludes with a section on the impact of Descartes's work on subsequent philosophers

Infinitesimal

Author: Amir Alexander

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780745338

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 936

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On August 10, 1632, five leading Jesuits convened in a sombre Roman palazzo to pass judgment on a simple idea: that a continuous line is composed of distinct and limitlessly tiny parts. The doctrine would become the foundation of calculus, but on that fateful day the judges ruled that it was forbidden. With the stroke of a pen they set off a war for the soul of the modern world. Amir Alexander takes us from the bloody religious strife of the sixteenth century to the battlefields of the English civil war and the fierce confrontations between leading thinkers like Galileo and Hobbes. The legitimacy of popes and kings, as well as our modern beliefs in human liberty and progressive science, hung in the balance; the answer hinged on the infinitesimal. Pulsing with drama and excitement, Infinitesimal will forever change the way you look at a simple line.

Early Responses to Hume's Moral, Literary & Political Writings

Author: James Fieser

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781843711179

Category: Philosophy

Page: 819

View: 3616

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In 1741, Hume published his Essays, Moral and Political, making a lasting impact on political, economic and aesthetic theory. This collection gathers together over seventy important early responses to Hume's moral theory and Essays, including articles by Adam Smith, James Beattie, Jeremy Bentham, Joseph Priestley, Thomas Malthus and Thomas Reid.

The Routledge Guidebook to Hobbes' Leviathan

Author: Glen Newey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317704657

Category: Philosophy

Page: 388

View: 3047

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Hobbes is widely regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of ideas and political thought, and his seminal text Leviathan is widely recognised as one of the greatest works of political philosophy ever written. The Routledge Guidebook to Hobbes’ Leviathan introduces the major themes in Hobbes’ great book and acts as a companion for reading this key work, examining: The context of Hobbes’ work and the background to his writing Each separate part of the text in relation to its goals, meanings and impact The reception the book received when first seen by the world The relevance of Hobbes’ work to modern philosophy, it’s legacy and influence With further reading included throughout, this text follows Hobbes’ original work closely, making it essential reading for all students of philosophy and politics, and all those wishing to get to grips with this classic work.

Das unbeschriebene Blatt

Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104903905

Category: Social Science

Page: 768

View: 4224

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Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort zur Neuausgabe! Auf John Locke geht die Vorstellung zurück, der Mensch sei ein leeres Blatt, auf dem im Verlauf des Lebens die persönlichen Erfahrungen eingetragen werden. In seinem mittlerweile klassischen Buch »Das unbeschriebene Blatt. Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur« bezieht Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker ganz die Gegenposition: Mit Witz, Brillanz und Gelehrsamkeit analysiert er die Geschichte dieser Idee und zeigt, wie falsch sie ist – mit allen kruden Auswirkungen auf Vorstellungen von Sexualität, Rasse, Kindererziehung, Intelligenz usw. Die Rolle der Gene wird systematisch unterschätzt; aber das bedeutet nicht, dass wir ihnen völlig ausgeliefert sind. Pinker zeigt nämlich auch, wie befreiend diese Sichtweise sein kann. Ein unterhaltsames und anschauliches Buch zur Natur des Menschen, ein echter Lesegenuss.

The Two Gods of Leviathan

Thomas Hobbes on Religion and Politics

Author: A. P. Martinich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521531238

Category: Philosophy

Page: 452

View: 9962

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In this provocative new study, Professor Martinich shows that religious concerns pervade Leviathan and indicates how, for Hobbes, Christian doctrine is not politically destabilising and is consistent with modern science.

Rousseau and Hobbes

Nature, Free Will, and the Passions

Author: Robin Douglass

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191038032

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 2671

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Robin Douglass presents the first comprehensive study of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's engagement with Thomas Hobbes. He reconstructs the intellectual context of this engagement to reveal the deeply polemical character of Rousseau's critique of Hobbes and to show how Rousseau sought to expose that much modern natural law and doux commerce theory was, despite its protestations to the contrary, indebted to a Hobbesian account of human nature and the origins of society. Throughout the book Douglass explores the reasons why Rousseau both followed and departed from Hobbes in different places, while resisting the temptation to present him as either a straightforwardly Hobbesian or anti-Hobbesian thinker. On the one hand, Douglass reveals the extent to which Rousseau was occupied with problems of a fundamentally Hobbesian nature and the importance, to both thinkers, of appealing to the citizens' passions in order to secure political unity. On the other hand, Douglass argues that certain ideas at the heart of Rousseau's philosophy—free will and the natural goodness of man—were set out to distance him from positions associated with Hobbes. Douglass advances an original interpretation of Rousseau's political philosophy, emerging from this encounter with Hobbesian ideas, which focuses on the interrelated themes of nature, free will, and the passions. Douglass distances his interpretation from those who have read Rousseau as a proto-Kantian and instead argues that his vision of a well-ordered republic was based on cultivating man's naturally good passions to render the life of the virtuous citizen in accordance with nature.

Science, Literature and Rhetoric in Early Modern England

Author: Juliet Cummins,David Burchell

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754657811

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 241

View: 9901

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These essays throw new light on the complex relations between science, literature and rhetoric as avenues to discovery in early modern England. Analyzing the contributions of such diverse writers as Shakespeare, Bacon, Hobbes, Milton, Cavendish, Boyle, Pope and Behn to contemporary epistemological debates, these essays move us toward a better understanding of interactions between the sciences and the humanities during a seminal phase in the development of modern Western thought.

First Strike

America, Terrorism, and Moral Tradition

Author: Mark Totten

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300168640

Category: Electronic books

Page: 218

View: 1511

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Can the use of force first against a less-than-imminent threat be both morally acceptable and consistent with American values? This book offers historical examination of the use of preemptive and preventive force through the lens of the just war tradition.

Der Gesellschaftsvertrag

Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849679365

Category: Philosophy

Page: 112

View: 2335

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Der Gesellschaftsvertrag gilt als das Hauptwerk des Philosophen Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Es erschien erstmals 1762 in Amsterdam und wurde daraufhin in Frankreich, den Niederlanden, in Genf und Bern sofort verboten. Das Buch ist ein Schlüsselwerk der Aufklärungsphilosophie und ein großer Wegbereiter moderner Demokratie und Demokratietheorie.

The Basics of Western Philosophy

Author: Eugene Kelly

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313323522

Category: Philosophy

Page: 295

View: 1673

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This introductory work for students and general readers examines the process of philosophical discourse and considers the major problems of philosophy.

Reputation and International Cooperation

Sovereign Debt across Three Centuries

Author: Michael Tomz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400842921

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 7314

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How does cooperation emerge in a condition of international anarchy? Michael Tomz sheds new light on this fundamental question through a study of international debt across three centuries. Tomz develops a reputational theory of cooperation between sovereign governments and foreign investors. He explains how governments acquire reputations in the eyes of investors, and argues that concerns about reputation sustain international lending and repayment. Tomz's theory generates novel predictions about the dynamics of cooperation: how investors treat first-time borrowers, how access to credit evolves as debtors become more seasoned, and how countries ascend and descend the reputational ladder by acting contrary to investors' expectations. Tomz systematically tests his theory and the leading alternatives across three centuries of financial history. His remarkable data, gathered from archives in nine countries, cover all sovereign borrowers. He deftly combines statistical methods, case studies, and content analysis to scrutinize theories from as many angles as possible. Tomz finds strong support for his reputational theory while challenging prevailing views about sovereign debt. His pathbreaking study shows that, across the centuries, reputations have guided lending and repayment in consistent ways. Moreover, Tomz uncovers surprisingly little evidence of punitive enforcement strategies. Creditors have not compelled borrowers to repay by threatening military retaliation, imposing trade sanctions, or colluding to deprive defaulters of future loans. He concludes by highlighting the implications of his reputational logic for areas beyond sovereign debt, further advancing our understanding of the puzzle of cooperation under anarchy.