Ecological Census Techniques

A Handbook

Author: William J. Sutherland

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139458019

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 4530

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This is an updated version of the best selling first edition, Ecological Census Techniques, with updating, some new chapters and authors. Almost all ecological and conservation work involves carrying out a census or survey. This practically focussed book describes how to plan a census, the practical details and shows with worked examples how to analyse the results. The first three chapters describe planning, sampling and the basic theory necessary for carrying out a census. In the subsequent chapters international experts describe the appropriate methods for counting plants, insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds. As many censuses also relate the results to environmental variability, there is a chapter explaining the main methods. Finally, there is a list of the most common mistakes encountered when carrying out a census.

Bird Census Techniques

Author: Colin J. Bibby,Neil D. Burgess,David A. Hill

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080984509

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 3194

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Wild birds are counted for a wide variety of reasons and by a bewildering array of methods. However, detailed descriptions of the techniques used and the rationale adopted are scattered in the literature, and the newcomer to bird census work or the experienced bird counter in search of a wider view, may well have difficulty in coming to grips with the subject as a whole. While not an end in itself, numerical and distributional census work is a fundamental part of many scientific and conservation studies, and one in which the application of given standards is vital if results are not to be distorted or applied in a misleading way. This book provides a concise guide to the various census techniques and to the opportunities and pitfalls which each entails. The common methods are described in detail, and illustrated through an abundance of diagrams showing examples of actual and theoretical census studies. Anyone with a bird census job to plan should be able to select the method best suited to the study at hand, and to apply it to best effect within the limits inherent in it and the constraints of the particular study. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and the British Trust for Ornithology have for many years pioneered the collaboration of amateurs and professionals in various census studies. Three members of their staff, each with extensive field experience, now pool the knowledge of these investigations to lay the groundwork for sound census work in future years.

Bird Ecology and Conservation : A Handbook of Techniques

A Handbook of Techniques

Author: William J. Sutherland,Ian Newton,Rhys Green

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780191523410

Category:

Page: 404

View: 7254

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The aim of this book is to outline the main methods and techniques available to ornithologists. A general shortage of information about available techniques is greatly hindering progress in avian ecology and conservation. Currently this sort of information is disparate and difficult to locate with much of it widely dispersed in books, journals and grey literature. Sutherland and his editorial team bring together in a single authoritative source all the ornithological techniques the avian community will ever need. For use by graduate students, researchers and practising conservationists worldwide. Bird Ecology and Conservation is the first title in a new series of practical handbooks which include titles focusing on specific taxonomic groups as well as those describing broader themes and subjects. The series editor is William J Sutherland. - ;In this intensely practical handbook, a team of leading ornithologists describes a wide range of standard methods rhat can be applied to the study of avian ecology and conservation. Topics covered range from surveys, tracking and handling to breeding biology, foraging behaviour and migration. Chapters on conservation techniques describe how to assess species over-exploitation, the methods available for the intensive conservation of endangered species, and the principles involved in the maintenance and restoration of habitats. This comprehensive synthesis will be essential reading for graduate students and researchers as well as a valuable resource for environmental consultants and professional conservationists worldwide. Bird Ecology and Conservation is the first title in a new series of practical handbooks which include titles focusing on specific taxonomic groups as well as those describing broader themes and subjects. The series editor is William J Sutherland. - ;This book is the first of an intended series each of which will treat a taxonomic group, or a broad subject area ... Given the growing importance of conservation, especially in the developing world, such a series is welcome and timely, and potentially influential ... I look forward to more in this series. - ISBE Newsletter

Guidelines for Baseline Ecological Assessment

Author: Institute of Environmental Assessment (Great Britain)

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0419205101

Category: Nature

Page: 142

View: 8091

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This book presents the type and level of detail required for describing and evaluating the ecological baseline of an environmental assessment.

The Complete Textbook of Animal Health & Welfare E-Book

Author: Jane Williams

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049352

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 5691

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The Complete Textbook of Animal Health and Welfare is a core text for students in animal care, animal technology or animal science programmes, and a supplementary text for related equine, wildlife and veterinary courses. It provides an in depth text for students at Further Education (FE) levels 2 and 3, and a foundation text for students studying in Higher Education. Each chapter covers the subject in depth (level 3 FE) via diagrams, images and text, then summarises it at a foundation level (level 2 FE) to engage students of different abilities. core text for students studying animal care, animal technology or animal science supplementary text for related equine, wildlife and veterinary courses reflects all aspects covered in the animal care curriculum highly illustrated written by author with expertise in this area with many contributions from experienced educationalists and experts to ensure quality & validity covers all species

Primate Ecology and Conservation

Author: Eleanor Sterling,Nora Bynum,Mary Blair

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199659443

Category: Science

Page: 425

View: 3146

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Primates, our closest relatives in the animal kingdom, have always captured the curiosity and attention of scientific researchers. Their close relationship to us makes them fascinating, and it has forced us to pay attention as primate populations around the world are increasingly threatened with extinction, often due to our own actions. This book synthesizes state-of-the-art techniques for researchers studying primates to understand primate ecology, or theirrelationships to each other and to the environment, and to use that information to conserve primate populations and reduce their threat of extinction.

Practical Field Ecology

A Project Guide

Author: C. Philip Wheater,James R. Bell,Penny A. Cook

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470976708

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 5989

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This book introduces experimental design and data analysis / interpretation as well as field monitoring skills for both plants and animals. Clearly structured throughout and written in a student-friendly manner, the main emphasis of the book concentrates on the techniques required to design a field based ecological survey and shows how to execute an appropriate sampling regime. The book evaluates appropriate methods, including the problems associated with various techniques and their inherent flaws (e.g. low sample sizes, large amount of field or laboratory work, high cost etc). This provides a resource base outlining details from the planning stage, into the field, guiding through sampling and finally through organism identification in the laboratory and computer based data analysis and interpretation. The text is divided into six distinct chapters. The first chapter covers planning, including health and safety together with information on a variety of statistical techniques for examining and analysing data. Following a chapter dealing with site characterisation and general aspects of species identification, subsequent chapters describe the techniques used to survey and census particular groups of organisms. The final chapter covers interpreting and presenting data and writing up the research. The emphasis here is on appropriate wording of interpretation and structure and content of the report.

Effective Learning in the Life Sciences

How Students Can Achieve Their Full Potential

Author: David Adams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119977630

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 3862

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Effective Learning in the Life Sciences is intended to help ensure that each student achieves his or her true potential by learning how to solve problems creatively in laboratory, field or other workplace setting. Each chapter describes state of the art approaches to learning and teaching and will include case studies, worked examples and a section that lists additional online and other resources. All of the chapters are written from the perspective both of students and academics and emphasize and embrace effective scientific method throughout. This title also draws on experience from a major project conducted by the Centre for Bioscience, with a wide range of collaborators, designed to identify and implement creative teaching in bioscience laboratories and field settings. With a strong emphasis on students thinking for themselves and actively learning about their chosen subject Effective Learning in the Life Sciences provides an invaluable guide to making the university experience as effective as possible.

What Works in Conservation

2018

Author: William J. Sutherland,Lynn V. Dicks,Nancy Ockendon,Silviu O. Petrovan,Rebecca K. Smith

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 1783744316

Category: Nature

Page: 660

View: 4034

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What Works in Conservation has been created to provide practitioners with answers to these and many other questions about practical conservation. This book provides an assessment of the effectiveness of 1277 conservation interventions based on summarized scientific evidence. The 2018 edition contains new chapters covering practical global conservation of primates, peatlands, shrublands and heathlands, management of captive animals as well as an extended chapter on control of freshwater invasive species. Other chapters cover the global conservation of amphibians, bats, birds and forests, conservation of European farmland biodiversity and some aspects of enhancing natural pest control, enhancing soil fertility and control of freshwater invasive species. It contains key results from the summarized evidence for each conservation intervention and an assessment of the effectiveness of each by international expert panels. The accompanying website www.conservationevidence.com describes each of the studies individually, and provides full references.

Riparia

Ecology, Conservation, and Management of Streamside Communities

Author: Robert J. Naiman,Henri Decamps,Michael E. McClain

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080470689

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 3931

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This book describes the underlying water conditions and geologies that support viable riparia, illustrates the ecological characteristics of riparia, and discusses how riparia are used by human cultures as well as how riparia can be used to sustain environmental quality. In recent years riparian management has been widely implemented as a means of improving fisheries, water quality, and habitat for endangered species. This book provides the basic knowledge necessary to implement successful, long-term management and rehabilitation programs. Treats riparian patterns & processes in a holistic perspective, from ecological components to societal activities Contains over 130 illustrations and photos that summarize this complex ecological system Synthesizes the information from more than 6,000 professional articles Sidebars provide a look into ongoing research that is at the frontiers of riparian ecology and management

Restoring wildlife

ecological concepts and practical applications

Author: Michael L. Morrison,Society for Ecological Restoration International

Publisher: Island Pr

ISBN: 9781597264938

Category: Nature

Page: 351

View: 2684

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Restoration plans must take into account the needs of current or desired wildlife species in project areas. Restoring Wildlife gives ecologists, restorationists, administrators, and other professionals involved with restoration projects the tools they need to understand essential ecological concepts, helping them to design restoration projects that can improve conditions for native species of wildlife. It also offers specific guidance and examples on how various projects have been designed and implemented. The book interweaves theoretical and practical aspects of wildlife biology that are directly applicable to the restoration and conservation of animals. It provides an understanding of the fundamentals of wildlife populations and wildlife-habitat relationships as it explores the concept of habitat, its historic development, components, spatialtemporal relationships, and role in land management. It applies these concepts in developing practical tools for professionals. Restoring Wildlife builds on the foundation of material presented in Wildlife Restoration, published by Island Press in 2002, offering the basic information from that book along with much updated material in a reorganized and expanded format. Restoring Wildlife is the only single source that deals with wildlife and restoration, and is an important resource for practicing restorationists and biologists as well as undergraduate and graduate students in wildlife management, ecological restoration, environmental science, and related fields.

A Best Practice Guide for Wild Bird Monitoring Schemes

Author: Petr Voříšek

Publisher: Ceska Spolecnost Ornitologicka Cso

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bird populations

Page: 150

View: 3374

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This book summarises recommendations on establishing, running andimproving national wild bird monitoring schemes. The methodologyis described in details and includes field methods, samplingdesign, data management and analysis, and communication; includingcase studies from various countries.The Best Practice Guide is not intended to replace existingtextbooks and methodological papers. The aim is to guidecoordinators of schemes in designing and running a scheme in orderto keep high methodological standards and avoid obvious mistakes.The book has nine chapters covering planning a scheme, surveydesign and selection of sample plots or field methods, it tacklesalso the problem of bird detectability and distance sampling, datamanagement and analysis, and principles and recommendations forusing the results for nature conservation and communication. Casestudies come from several European countries and cover subjectssuch as sampling design, field methods, working with volunteerfieldworkers, and setting up an on-line database. Finalrecommendations in a form of a list of 'things best to do' and'things best to avoid' are part of the publication too.

Handbook of Spatial Point-Pattern Analysis in Ecology

Author: Thorsten Wiegand,Kirk A. Moloney

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420082558

Category: Mathematics

Page: 538

View: 8883

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Understand How to Analyze and Interpret Information in Ecological Point Patterns Although numerous statistical methods for analyzing spatial point patterns have been available for several decades, they haven’t been extensively applied in an ecological context. Addressing this gap, Handbook of Spatial Point-Pattern Analysis in Ecology shows how the techniques of point-pattern analysis are useful for tackling ecological problems. Within an ecological framework, the book guides readers through a variety of methods for different data types and aids in the interpretation of the results obtained by point-pattern analysis. Ideal for empirical ecologists who want to avoid advanced theoretical literature, the book covers statistical techniques for analyzing and interpreting the information contained in ecological patterns. It presents methods used to extract information hidden in spatial point-pattern data that may point to the underlying processes. The authors focus on point processes and null models that have proven their immediate utility for broad ecological applications, such as cluster processes. Along with the techniques, the handbook provides a comprehensive selection of real-world examples. Most of the examples are analyzed using Programita, a continuously updated software package based on the authors’ many years of teaching and collaborative research in ecological point-pattern analysis. Programita is tailored to meet the needs of real-world applications in ecology. The software and a manual are available online.

Frontiers in Ecology

Building the Links

Author: Nicholas Klomp,I. D. Lunt

Publisher: Elsevier Science

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 4002

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The field of ecology is replete with intellectual and political challenges, many of pressing concern to the future of our planet. Solutions to these issues require more than the traditional ecological sciences have offered. Effective linkages must be forged between all spheres of scientific inquiry and must include social, political and economic dimensions. Frontiers in Ecology: Building the Links addresses the future of the ecological and environmental sciences. It takes stock of what we have learnt and where we are heading. Inter-disciplinary linkages have been avoided by many ecologists, but increasingly they cannot be ignored as we focus on the role of ecology in the new millennium.

Managing Habitats for Conservation

Author: William J. Sutherland,David A. Hill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521447768

Category: Nature

Page: 399

View: 4619

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The essential habitat by habitat guide to conservation management for practitioners of ecology and land management.