Ecological Methods

With Particular Reference to the Study of Insect Populations

Author: T.R. Southwood

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401572917

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 4546

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Ecological Methods

Author: T. R. E. Southwood,Peter A. Henderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444312308

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 7083

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This classic text, whose First Edition one reviewer referred to as"the ecologists' bible," has been substantially revised andrewritten. Not only have the advances made in the field since theSecond Edition been taken into account, but the scope has beenexplicitly extended to all macroscopic animals, with particularattention being paid to fish as well as other vertebrates. Ecological Methods provides a unique synthesis of themethods and techniques available for the study of populations andecosystems. Techniques used to obtain both absolute and relativepopulation estimates are described, and approaches to the directmeasurement of births, deaths, migration and the construction andinterpretation of life tables are reviewed. The text is extensively illustrated, clearly describing a widerange of equipment and methods of analysis. Comprehensive andup-to-date bibliographies to each chapter fully cover the relevantliterature, and references are given to available computer programsand internet addresses. The book has an active web site providingadditional illustrations, details of equipment and programs, andreferences to work published since the revision was completed. Likethe earlier editions, this book will be an indispensable source ofreference to researchers and students at all levels in the fieldsof ecology, entomology and zoology. Completely revised and rewritten edition of a classic. Scope extended to all macroscopic animals, notably fish andother vertebrates. Active web site displaying additional material. References to computer programmes and internet addressesthroughout the text. Affordable paperback.

Ecological Methods

Author: Peter A. Henderson,T. R. E. Southwood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118895266

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 7786

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4th edition of this classic Ecology text Computational methods have largely been replaced by descriptions of the available software Includes procedure information for R software and other freely available software systems Now includes web references for equipment, software and detailed methodologies

Ecological Methods in Forest Pest Management

Author: David Wainhouse

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198505647

Category: Nature

Page: 228

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Throughout the world, there is a need to manage pests in both semi-natural and plantation forests. The sustainable management and control of forest pests depends on the development of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programmes. A central theme of this book is an examination of the ecological context of the major components of IPM and how and when to apply them in the management of forest pests. The book focuses predominantly on insect pests, but many examples relate to fungal pathogens, some of which are vectored by forest insects. While most examples are from temperate regions, the critical analysis of IPM is relevant to forests world-wide. The book is aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students of applied entomology and ecology, forestry, agro-forestry, conservation biology and environmental sciences. It will also be of value to managers of IPM programmes in agriculture as well as forestry.

Camera Traps in Animal Ecology

Methods and Analyses

Author: Allan F. O'Connell,James D. Nichols,K. Ullas Karanth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431994954

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 968

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Remote photography and infrared sensors are widely used in the sampling of wildlife populations worldwide, especially for cryptic or elusive species. Guiding the practitioner through the entire process of using camera traps, this book is the first to compile state-of-the-art sampling techniques for the purpose of conducting high-quality science or effective management. Chapters on the evaluation of equipment, field sampling designs, and data analysis methods provide a coherent framework for making inferences about the abundance, species richness, and occupancy of sampled animals. The volume introduces new models that will revolutionize use of camera data to estimate population density, such as the newly developed spatial capture–recapture models. It also includes richly detailed case studies of camera trap work on some of the world’s most charismatic, elusive, and endangered wildlife species. Indispensible to wildlife conservationists, ecologists, biologists, and conservation agencies around the world, the text provides a thorough review of the subject as well as a forecast for the use of remote photography in natural resource conservation over the next few decades.

Practical Methods in Ecology

Author: Peter A. Henderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444312278

Category: Science

Page: 176

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There are few books available that provide a good introduction tothe methods and techniques for ecological research. This book willbe invaluable to lecturers teaching field courses and studentsundertaking project work in ecology. Each chapter will focus on an ecological technique. It will havean introductory section that describes the ecological principlesand theory. This will then be followed by example applications.These will focus on three most common habitats where teachers takestudents for fieldwork; the seashore, ponds and lakes, fields andwoodland. Gives specific worked examples from the main ecosystems usedfor undergraduate study - seashore, lakes/ponds, field andwoodland. Only introductory text specifically focused on fieldtechniques. Great 'how-to' guide that will show student exactly how tocarry out each method. Only text to emphasise the principles behind the techniques -taking a methods based approach rather than a taxonomic approach(eg chapters split into population measures, biodiversity measures,species richness measures rather than methods for invertebrates,methods for mammals, methods for birds etc). Greater emphasis on the equipment involved - how to make it,where to buy it. Good references to further reading and advancedtechniques.

Scaling and Uncertainty Analysis in Ecology

Methods and Applications

Author: Jianguo Wu,K. Bruce Jones,Harbin Li,Orie L. Loucks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402046636

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 2213

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This is the first book of its kind – explicitly considering uncertainty and error analysis as an integral part of scaling. The book draws together a series of important case studies to provide a comprehensive review and synthesis of the most recent concepts, theories and methods in scaling and uncertainty analysis. It includes case studies illustrating how scaling and uncertainty analysis are being conducted in ecology and environmental science.

Scientific Method for Ecological Research

Author: E. David Ford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521669733

Category: Science

Page: 564

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Provides a framework for understanding methodological issues and assists with the effective definition and planning of research.

Field and Laboratory Methods in Primatology

A Practical Guide

Author: Joanna M. Setchell,Deborah J. Curtis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521526289

Category: Psychology

Page: 343

View: 7855

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Indispensable guide to the technical and practical aspects of field and laboratory methods for studying wild primates.

Network Analysis in Marine Ecology

Methods and Applications

Author: F. Wulff,J.G. Field,K.H. Mann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642750176

Category: Science

Page: 284

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This book arises from a workshop on the application of network analysis to ecological flow networks. The purpose is to develop a new tool for comparison of ecosystems, paying particular attention to marine ecosystems. After a review of the methods and theory, data from a variety of marine habitats are analyzed and compared. Readers are shown how to calculate such properties as cycling index, average path length, flow diversity, indices of ecosystem growth and development and the origins and fates of particular flows. This is a highly original contribution to the growing field of ecosystem theory, in which attention is paid to the properties of the total, functioning ecosystem, rather than to the properties of individual organisms. New insights are provided into the workings of marine systems.

Handbook of Phycological Methods: Volume 4

Ecological Field Methods: Macroalgae

Author: Phycological Society of America

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521249157

Category: Medical

Page: 617

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A comprehensive treatment of methodologies in the rapidly advancing field of marine benthic algal ecology.

Molecular Methods in Ecology

Author: Allan Baker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444311417

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 1752

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The incorporation of molecular methods in ecological research has added an exciting new dimension to conventional studies, and opened windows into previously intractable areas of research, at the interface between ecology and genetics. Using these new methods it has now become routine to use genetic markers to study ecological phenomena, from molecular sexing of individuals and parentage of offspring, through to population structure of species and phylogenetic relationships of taxa. These methods have stimulated an explosion of empirical and analytical developments in molecular ecology, which have in turn, increasingly attracted students and professional biologists eager to employ them in their studies. Molecular Methods in Ecology traces the development of molecular ecology by reviewing basic molecular biological techniques and earlier methods such as protein electrophoresis, DNA-DNA hybridisation, restriction analysis of DNA, and DNA fingerprinting. Later chapters review methods using newer classes of markers such as microsatellites, introns, MHC, SSRs and AFLP markers in plants and molecular sexing in animals. The strengths and limitations of methods are discussed and guidance is provided in selecting the most appropriate methods for particular problems in ecology. This book will provide both postgraduates and researchers with a guide to choosing and employing appropriate methodologies for successful research in the field of molecular ecology. Provides up-to-date summaries of the latest molecular approaches in this rapidly expanding field. Gives guidance on the appropriate choice of methods for particular problems in ecology, and their strengths and limitations. Provides brief laboratory protocols for each molecular method and summaries of software available for analysis of data in molecular ecology. Outlines examples of the latest research results from studies of both plants and animals, integrated within the framework of molecular ecology.

Mosquito Ecology

Field Sampling Methods

Author: M. W. Service

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940111868X

Category: Science

Page: 988

View: 1119

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Numerous methods have been devised to catch mosquitoes and many approaches employed to study their ecology and behaviour but until the first edition of this book in 1976 there was no comprehensive guide to mosquito ecology. New work on the topic has meant that this completely revised and updated second edition was required.

Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research

Author: G. Philip Robertson,David C. Coleman,Caroline S. Bledsoe,Phillip Sollins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198028260

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 331

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Standardized methods and measurements are crucial for ecological research, particularly in long-term ecological studies where the projects are by nature collaborative and where it can be difficult to distinguish signs of environmental change from the effects of differing methodologies. This second volume in the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network Series addresses these issues directly by providing a comprehensive standardized set of protocols for measuring soil properties. The goal of the volume is to facilitate cross-site synthesis and evaluation of ecosystem processes. Chapters cover methods for studying physical and chemical properties of soils, soil biological properties, and soil organisms, and they include work from many leaders in the field. The book is the first broadly based compendium of standardized soil measurement methods and will be an invaluable resource for ecologists, agronomists, and soil scientists.

Statistical Ecology

A Primer in Methods and Computing

Author: John A. Ludwig,James F. Reynolds

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471832355

Category: Science

Page: 337

View: 6611

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Ecological community data. Spatial pattern analysis. Species-abundance relations. Species affinity. Community classification. Community ordination. Community interpretation.