Ecology and Management of Forest Soils

Author: Dan Binkley,Richard Fisher

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118422325

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 4685

Forest soils are the foundation of the entire forest ecosystemand complex, long-term interactions between trees, soil animals,and the microbial community shape soils in was that are verydistinct from agricultural soils. Thecomposition, structure, and processes in forest soils at any giventime reflect current conditions, as well as the legacies of decades(and even millennia) of interactions that shape each forestsoil. Reciprocal interactions are fundamental; vegetationalters soil physical properties, which influence soil biology andchemistry, which in turn influence the growth and success ofplants. These dynamic systems may be strongly influenced byintentional and unintentional management, ranging from fire tofertilization. Sustaining the long-term fertility of forestsoils depends on insights about a diverse array of soil featuresand changes over space and time. Since the third edition of this successful book many newinterests in forest soils and their management have arisen,including the role of forest soils in sequestering carbon, and howmanagement influences rates of carbon accumulation. Thisedition also expands the consideration of how soils are sampled andcharacterized, and how tree species differ in their influence onsoil development. Clearly structured throughout, the book opens with the originsof forest soil science and ends with the application of soilscience principles to land management. This new editionprovides: A completely revised and updated Fourth Edition of this classictextbook in the field A coherent overview of the major issues surrounding the ecologyand management of forest soils Global in scope with coverage of soil types ranging from thetropical rainforest soils of Latin America to the boreal forestsoils of Siberia New chapters on Management: Carbon sequestration;Evidence-based approaches and applications of geostatistics,GIS and taxonomies A clear overview of each topic, informative examples/casestudies, and an overall context for helping readers think clearlyabout forest soils An introduction to the literature of forest soil science and tothe philosophy of forest soil science research This coherent overview of the major issues surrounding theecology and management of forest soils will be particularly usefulto students taking courses in soil science, forestry, agronomy,ecology, natural resource management, environmental management andconservation, as well as professionals in forestry dealing with theproductivity of forests and functioning of watersheds.

Forest Soils

Properties and Management

Author: Khan Towhid Osman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319025414

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 217

View: 1164

Forest soil characteristics are not only unique but their interpretation also differs from cropland soils. Just as there are diverse forest types, there are many soil variants that need different management. Today, forest plantations are being intensively managed for profitable timber, pulpwood and energy production. Site selection, species selection, site productivity evaluation, silvicultural treatments, and soil amendments need crucial soil information. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the physical, chemical and biological properties of forest soils and their implications on forest vegetation. Topics discussed include: major forest types of the world and their associated soils; forest biomass and nutrient dynamics; organic matter turnover and nutrient recycling; forest soil disturbance; forest soil and climate change; and forest soil management and silvicultural treatments.

Forest Soils Research: Theory Reality and Its Role in Technology Transfer

Author: Margaret Gale,Robert F. Powers,James Reid Boyle

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780444516343

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 5762

This collection represents a unique set of essays on the role of theory in shaping the practice of medicine across disciplinary boundaries. In the context of this volume, "theory” relates to the conceptual models, frameworks, knowledge representations, metaphors and analogies that inform the problem-solving efforts of practitioners seeking to develop novel dialogues both within and across disciplinary boundaries. Contributors to this volume include computational scientists, chemists, medical researchers, biologists and philosophers, all drawing on personal experience in their respective fields to produce a genuinely interdisciplinary range of perspectives on the common theme of theory in medical thinking and multidisciplinary research practice. * Selected and edited papers from the 10th North American Forest Soils Conference held in Saulte Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada, July 20-24, 2003 * A unique spin-off from Elsevier's highly regarded journal, Forest Ecology and Management * An estimated 400 pages of the latest findings in forest soil ecology from the most prominent researchers in the field

The Potential of U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect

Author: John M. Kimble,Rattan Lal,Richard Birdsey,Linda S. Heath

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420032277

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 6886

Much attention has been given to above ground biomass and its potential as a carbon sink, but in a mature forest ecosystem 40 to 60 percent of the stored carbon is below ground. As increasing numbers of forests are managed in a wide diversity of climates and soils, the importance of forest soils as a potential carbon sink grows. The Potential of U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect provides researchers and policy makers with an understanding of soil processes and their relation to carbon dynamics, as well as strategies to monitor and techniques to measure forest soil carbon. It covers the effects of management on soils in a wide range of forest ecosystems together with policy options that are effective and benefit both the forest community and the over all environment. This valuable reference provides forest managers, urban planners, land owners, policy makers, and the general public with guidance that will allow for a holistic approach to land management, environmental quality, and improved forest productivity.

A History of Russian Forestry and Its Leaders

Author: V. K. Teplyakov

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788184954

Category: Foresters

Page: 77

View: 2458

Describes the history and formation of Russian forest policy, legislation, and management from the 8th century to the present time. The beginning of forest science in Russia is described. Advances in soil science, forest ecology, valuation, organization, and management, and the theory of forest use over historical time are discussed. Contributions of influential Russian leaders are described by field and time period. Russian forests comprise 22% of the world's total forests and over half of the world's coniferous forest area and world coniferous growing stock. Illustrated with historical photographs.

The Soul of Soil

A Soil-Building Guide for Master Gardeners and Farmers, 4th Edition

Author: Joseph Smillie,Grace Gershuny

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 1603581243

Category: Gardening

Page: 173

View: 4549

Soil is the basis not only for all gardening, but for all terrestrial life. No aspect of agriculture is more fundamental and important, yet we have been losing vast quantities of our finite soil resources to erosion, pollution, and development. Now back in print, this eminently sensible and wonderfully well-focused book provides essential information about one of the most significant challenges for those attempting to grow delicious organic vegetables: the creation and maintenance of healthy soil. Chapter 2, "Understanding the Soil System," is alone worth the price of admission. Gershuny and Smillie give lay readers and experts a clear explanation of subjects--soil life and nutrient cycles--that have confounded most authors. Nowhere will the reader find simpler and more coherent descriptions of key concepts including cation exchange capacity and chelation. There are other books about soil available, including Grace Gershuny's comprehensive Start with the Soil, and there are books that feature chapters on soil building. What distinguishes The Soil of Soilis the authors' concise presentation; they give readers important information, including technical essentials, without getting bogged down in scientific or quasiscientific mumbo-jumbo. In addition, useful tables list specific compost materials, green manures, and other resources that allow growers to translate into action the more general information provided by the book. The soil-building techniques featured include: Organic matter management Building and maintaining humus On-site composting Green manures and rotations Cultivation and weed control Nutrient balances and soil testing Using mineral fertilizers Planning for organic certification Updates to the 1999 edition include analysis of Proposed Rules for the National Organic Standards, and expanded recommendations for private testing services and soil-testing equipment for home gardeners and organic farmers. All of us involved in the cultivation of plants--from the backyard gardener to the largest farmer--need to help regenerate a "living soil," for only in the diversity of the soil and its creatures can we ensure the long-term health of ourselves and our environment. The Soul of Soil offers everyone a basic understanding of what soil is and what we can do to improve our own patch of it. Seen in this light, this practical handbook will be an inspiration as well.

Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry

Author: Eldor A. Paul

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123914116

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 598

View: 2452

The fourth edition of Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry updates this widely used reference as the study and understanding of soil biota, their function, and the dynamics of soil organic matter has been revolutionized by molecular and instrumental techniques, and information technology. Knowledge of soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry is central to our understanding of organisms and their processes and interactions with their environment. In a time of great global change and increased emphasis on biodiversity and food security, soil microbiology and ecology has become an increasingly important topic. Revised by a group of world-renowned authors in many institutions and disciplines, this work relates the breakthroughs in knowledge in this important field to its history as well as future applications. The new edition provides readable, practical, impactful information for its many applied and fundamental disciplines. Professionals turn to this text as a reference for fundamental knowledge in their field or to inform management practices. New section on "Methods in Studying Soil Organic Matter Formation and Nutrient Dynamics" to balance the two successful chapters on microbial and physiological methodology Includes expanded information on soil interactions with organisms involved in human and plant disease Improved readability and integration for an ever-widening audience in his field Integrated concepts related to soil biota, diversity, and function allow readers in multiple disciplines to understand the complex soil biota and their function

Monitoring Ecological Condition at Regional Scales

Proceedings of the Third Symposium on the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) Albany, NY, U.S.A., 8–11 April, 1997

Author: Shabeg S. Sandhu,Laura Jackson,Kay Austin,Jeffrey Hyland,Brian D. Melzian,Kevin Summers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401149763

Category: Science

Page: 603

View: 500

The Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program was created by EPA to develop the capability for tracking the changing conditions of our natural resources and to give environmental policy the advantages ofa sound scientific understanding of trends. Former EPA Administrators recognized early that contemporary monitoring programs could not even quantify simple unknowns like the number of lakes suffering from acid rain, let along determine if national control policies were benefiting these lakes. Today, adding to acidification impacts are truly complex problems such as determining the effects of climate change, of increases in ultraviolet light, toxic chemicals, eutrophication and critical habitat loss. Also today, the Government Performance and Results Act seeks to have agencies develop performance standards based on results rather than simply on levels of programmatic activities. The charge to EMAP of ecosystems is, therefore, the same today as it was a with respect to measuring the condition decade ago. We welcome the increasing urgency for sound scientific monitoring methods and data by efforts to protect and improve the environment. Systematic nationwide monitoring of natural resources is more than anyone program can accomplish, however. In an era of declining budgets, it is crucial that monitoring programs at all levels of government coordinate and share environmental data. EMAP resources are dwarfed by the more than $500 million spent on federal monitoring activities each year.

Soils: Basic Concepts and Future Challenges

Author: Riccardo Scalenghe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946003X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 8914

This book was born as an international tribute to Fiorenzo C. Ugolini, an outstanding soil scientist, now retired from university teaching and research. It is a synthesis of the knowledge of soils, their genesis, functions and management, and includes contributions from leading soil scientists. It provides the basic concepts as well as data and practical examples from across the discipline. The book also discusses the increasingly important role of soils in enabling the preservation of life and contains a rare attempt to cross-harmonize the Soil Groups of the World Reference Base of Soil Resources with the Orders of the Soil Taxonomy. It also considers the possible existence of extraterrestrial soils based on the findings from the last space missions. This volume will be a valuable resource for researchers and students of soil science, soil conservation, geography and landscape ecology.

Leave No Trace in the Outdoors

Author: Jeffrey Marion

Publisher: Stackpole Books

ISBN: 0811760510

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 128

View: 3389

The essential guide for enjoying the outdoors without harming the environment.

Issues in Forestry Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464966362

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 507

View: 6468

Issues in Forestry Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Forestry Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Forestry Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Forestry Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Forestry Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at

Biogeochemistry of Ancient and Modern Environments

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry (ISEB) and, Conference on Biogeochemistry in Relation to the Mining Industry and Environmental Pollution (Leaching Conference), held in Canberra, Australia, 26 August – 4 September 1979

Author: P. A. Trudinger,M. R. Walter,B. J. Ralph

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662265826

Category: Science

Page: 726

View: 7116

This volume contains a selection of papers presented to the Fourth Internation~l Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry (ISEB), and a conference on Biogeochemistry in Relation to Mining Industry and Environmental Pollution (Leaching Conference), held in Canberra, Aust ralia on August 26-31 and September 3-4, 1979, respectively. The ISEB were established to provide "a forum for uninhibited exchange of information and ideas among the biological, chemical, atmospheric and geolorical scientists working in the common area of biogeochemistry, encompassing soil and other earth sciences as well as the hydrosphere and atmosphere", By linking the fourth ISEB with the Leachin~ Conference the scope of discussions was extended to encompass the application of biogeochemical processes to the mining industry. This wide-ranging philosophy is reflected in the breadth and diversity of the subjects covered in this book. The published papers are expanded versions of those presented at the meetings. They have all been scrutinized by at least one referee in addition to the editors. About 20% of the contributions to the meetings are not included, either because authors did not wish to publish or because the papers were not accepted by the editors.

Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture, Forestry, Ecology, and the Environment

Author: Dietrich Werner,William E. Newton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035425

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 350

View: 3915

Sustainability has a major part to play in the global challenge of continued development of regions, countries, and continents all around the World and biological nitrogen fixation has a key role in this process. This volume begins with chapters specifically addressing crops of major global importance, such as soybeans, rice, and sugar cane. It continues with a second important focus, agroforestry, and describes the use and promise of both legume trees with their rhizobial symbionts and other nitrogen-fixing trees with their actinorhizal colonization. An over-arching theme of all chapters is the interaction of the plants and trees with microbes and this theme allows other aspects of soil microbiology, such as interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and the impact of soil-stress factors on biological nitrogen fixation, to be addressed. Furthermore, a link to basic science occurs through the inclusion of chapters describing the biogeochemically important nitrogen cycle and its key relationships among nitrogen fixation, nitrification, and denitrification. The volume then provides an up-to-date view of the production of microbial inocula, especially those for legume crops.