Elementary Differential Geometry

Author: A.N. Pressley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1848828918

Category: Mathematics

Page: 474

View: 5382

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Elementary Differential Geometry presents the main results in the differential geometry of curves and surfaces suitable for a first course on the subject. Prerequisites are kept to an absolute minimum – nothing beyond first courses in linear algebra and multivariable calculus – and the most direct and straightforward approach is used throughout. New features of this revised and expanded second edition include: a chapter on non-Euclidean geometry, a subject that is of great importance in the history of mathematics and crucial in many modern developments. The main results can be reached easily and quickly by making use of the results and techniques developed earlier in the book. Coverage of topics such as: parallel transport and its applications; map colouring; holonomy and Gaussian curvature. Around 200 additional exercises, and a full solutions manual for instructors, available via www.springer.com ul

Elementary Differential Geometry

Author: Andrew Pressley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852331528

Category: Mathematics

Page: 332

View: 3456

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Curves and surfaces are objects that everyone can see, and many of the questions that can be asked about them are natural and easily understood. Differential geometry is concerned with the precise mathematical formulation of some of these questions, and with trying to answer them using calculus techniques. It is a subject that contains some of the most beautiful and profound results in mathematics, yet many of them are accessible to higher level undergraduates.Elementary Differential Geometry presents the main results in the differential geometry of curves and surfaces while keeping the prerequisites to an absolute minimum. Nothing more than first courses in linear algebra and multivariate calculus are required, and the most direct and straightforward approach is used at all times. Numerous diagrams illustrate both the ideas in the text and the examples of curves and surfaces discussed there.The second edition has extra exercises with solutions available to lecturers online. There is additional material on Map Colouring, Holonomy and geodesic curvature and various additions to existing sections.

Elementary Differential Geometry, Revised 2nd Edition

Author: Barrett O'Neill

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080505428

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 4942

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Written primarily for students who have completed the standard first courses in calculus and linear algebra, Elementary Differential Geometry, Revised 2nd Edition, provides an introduction to the geometry of curves and surfaces. The Second Edition maintained the accessibility of the first, while providing an introduction to the use of computers and expanding discussion on certain topics. Further emphasis was placed on topological properties, properties of geodesics, singularities of vector fields, and the theorems of Bonnet and Hadamard. This revision of the Second Edition provides a thorough update of commands for the symbolic computation programs Mathematica or Maple, as well as additional computer exercises. As with the Second Edition, this material supplements the content but no computer skill is necessary to take full advantage of this comprehensive text. Over 36,000 copies sold worldwide Accessible, practical yet rigorous approach to a complex topic--also suitable for self-study Extensive update of appendices on Mathematica and Maple software packages Thorough streamlining of second edition's numbering system Fuller information on solutions to odd-numbered problems Additional exercises and hints guide students in using the latest computer modeling tools

Elementary Differential Geometry

Author: Christian Bär

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521896711

Category: Mathematics

Page: 317

View: 3428

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This easy-to-read introduction takes the reader from elementary problems through to current research. Ideal for courses and self-study.

Elementary Differential Geometry

Author: Barrett O'Neill

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 148326811X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 422

View: 2905

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Elementary Differential Geometry focuses on the elementary account of the geometry of curves and surfaces. The book first offers information on calculus on Euclidean space and frame fields. Topics include structural equations, connection forms, frame fields, covariant derivatives, Frenet formulas, curves, mappings, tangent vectors, and differential forms. The publication then examines Euclidean geometry and calculus on a surface. Discussions focus on topological properties of surfaces, differential forms on a surface, integration of forms, differentiable functions and tangent vectors, congruence of curves, derivative map of an isometry, and Euclidean geometry. The manuscript takes a look at shape operators, geometry of surfaces in E, and Riemannian geometry. Concerns include geometric surfaces, covariant derivative, curvature and conjugate points, Gauss-Bonnet theorem, fundamental equations, global theorems, isometries and local isometries, orthogonal coordinates, and integration and orientation. The text is a valuable reference for students interested in elementary differential geometry.

Elementare Differentialgeometrie

Author: Christian Bär

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110224593

Category: Mathematics

Page: 356

View: 9213

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This textbook presents an introduction to the differential geometry of curves and surfaces. This second, revised edition has been expanded to include solutions and applications in cartography. Topics include Euclidean geometry, curve theory, surface theory, curvature concepts, minimal surfaces, Riemann geometry and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem.

Curved Spaces

From Classical Geometries to Elementary Differential Geometry

Author: P. M. H. Wilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139510436

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8088

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This self-contained 2007 textbook presents an exposition of the well-known classical two-dimensional geometries, such as Euclidean, spherical, hyperbolic, and the locally Euclidean torus, and introduces the basic concepts of Euler numbers for topological triangulations, and Riemannian metrics. The careful discussion of these classical examples provides students with an introduction to the more general theory of curved spaces developed later in the book, as represented by embedded surfaces in Euclidean 3-space, and their generalization to abstract surfaces equipped with Riemannian metrics. Themes running throughout include those of geodesic curves, polygonal approximations to triangulations, Gaussian curvature, and the link to topology provided by the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. Numerous diagrams help bring the key points to life and helpful examples and exercises are included to aid understanding. Throughout the emphasis is placed on explicit proofs, making this text ideal for any student with a basic background in analysis and algebra.

Tensor Analysis and Elementary Differential Geometry for Physicists and Engineers

Author: Hung Nguyen-Schäfer,Jan-Philip Schmidt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662484978

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 7552

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This book presents tensors and differential geometry in a comprehensive and approachable manner, providing a bridge from the place where physics and engineering mathematics end, and the place where tensor analysis begins. Among the topics examined are tensor analysis, elementary differential geometry of moving surfaces, and k-differential forms. The book includes numerous examples with solutions and concrete calculations, which guide readers through these complex topics step by step. Mindful of the practical needs of engineers and physicists, book favors simplicity over a more rigorous, formal approach. The book shows readers how to work with tensors and differential geometry and how to apply them to modeling the physical and engineering world. The authors provide chapter-length treatment of topics at the intersection of advanced mathematics, and physics and engineering: • General Basis and Bra-Ket Notation • Tensor Analysis • Elementary Differential Geometry • Differential Forms • Applications of Tensors and Differential Geometry • Tensors and Bra-Ket Notation in Quantum Mechanics The text reviews methods and applications in computational fluid dynamics; continuum mechanics; electrodynamics in special relativity; cosmology in the Minkowski four-dimensional space time; and relativistic and non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Tensor Analysis and Elementary Differential Geometry for Physicists and Engineers benefits research scientists and practicing engineers in a variety of fields, who use tensor analysis and differential geometry in the context of applied physics, and electrical and mechanical engineering. It will also interest graduate students in applied physics and engineering.

Elementary Differential Geometry, Revised 2nd Edition

Business, Mathematics

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478417714

Category: Education

Page: 44

View: 3470

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Elementary Differential Geometry, Revised 2nd Edition. In this book, you will learn topics such as Euclidean Geometry, Calculus on a Surface, Shape Operators, and Geometry of Surfaces in R3 plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Lectures on Classical Differential Geometry

Author: Dirk Jan Struik

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486656090

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 8862

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Elementary, yet authoritative and scholarly, this book offers an excellent brief introduction to the classical theory of differential geometry. It is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students who will find it not only highly readable but replete with illustrations carefully selected to help stimulate the student's visual understanding of geometry. The text features an abundance of problems, most of which are simple enough for class use, and often convey an interesting geometrical fact. A selection of more difficult problems has been included to challenge the ambitious student. Written by a noted mathematician and historian of mathematics, this volume presents the fundamental conceptions of the theory of curves and surfaces and applies them to a number of examples. Dr. Struik has enhanced the treatment with copious historical, biographical, and bibliographical references that place the theory in context and encourage the student to consult original sources and discover additional important ideas there. For this second edition, Professor Struik made some corrections and added an appendix with a sketch of the application of Cartan's method of Pfaffians to curve and surface theory. The result was to further increase the merit of this stimulating, thought-provoking text — ideal for classroom use, but also perfectly suited for self-study. In this attractive, inexpensive paperback edition, it belongs in the library of any mathematician or student of mathematics interested in differential geometry.

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322850722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 263

View: 5705

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Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang

The Elementary Differential Geometry of Plane Curves - Scholar's Choice Edition

Author: Ralph Howard Fowler

Publisher: Scholar's Choice

ISBN: 9781297203688

Category:

Page: 114

View: 493

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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Differentialgeometrie

Kurven - Flächen - Mannigfaltigkeiten

Author: Wolfgang Kühnel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834896551

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 4990

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Dieses Buch ist eine Einführung in die Differentialgeometrie. Zunächst geht es um die klassischen Aspekte wie die Geometrie von Kurven und Flächen, bevor dann höherdimensionale Flächen sowie abstrakte Mannigfaltigkeiten betrachtet werden. Die Nahtstelle ist dabei das zentrale Kapitel "Die innere Geometrie von Flächen". Dieses führt den Leser bis hin zu dem berühmten Satz von Gauß-Bonnet, der ein entscheidendes Bindeglied zwischen lokaler und globaler Geometrie darstellt. Die zweite Hälfte des Buches ist der Riemannschen Geometrie gewidmet. Den Abschluss bildet ein Kapitel über "Einstein-Räume", die eine große Bedeutung sowohl in der "Reinen Mathematik" als auch in der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie von A. Einstein haben. Es wird großer Wert auf Anschaulichkeit gelegt, was durch zahlreiche Abbildungen unterstützt wird. Im Laufe der Neuauflagen wurde der Text erweitert, neue Aufgaben wurden hinzugefügt und am Ende des Buches wurden zusätzliche Hinweise zur Lösung der Übungsaufgaben ergänzt. Der Text wurde für die fünfte Auflage gründlich durchgesehen und an einigen Stellen verbessert.

Elementary Topics in Differential Geometry

Author: J. A. Thorpe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461261538

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 6552

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In the past decade there has been a significant change in the freshman/ sophomore mathematics curriculum as taught at many, if not most, of our colleges. This has been brought about by the introduction of linear algebra into the curriculum at the sophomore level. The advantages of using linear algebra both in the teaching of differential equations and in the teaching of multivariate calculus are by now widely recognized. Several textbooks adopting this point of view are now available and have been widely adopted. Students completing the sophomore year now have a fair preliminary under standing of spaces of many dimensions. It should be apparent that courses on the junior level should draw upon and reinforce the concepts and skills learned during the previous year. Unfortunately, in differential geometry at least, this is usually not the case. Textbooks directed to students at this level generally restrict attention to 2-dimensional surfaces in 3-space rather than to surfaces of arbitrary dimension. Although most of the recent books do use linear algebra, it is only the algebra of ~3. The student's preliminary understanding of higher dimensions is not cultivated.

Methods of Information Geometry

Author: Shun-ichi Amari,Hiroshi Nagaoka

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821843024

Category: Mathematics

Page: 206

View: 1811

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Information geometry provides the mathematical sciences with a new framework of analysis. It has emerged from the investigation of the natural differential geometric structure on manifolds of probability distributions, which consists of a Riemannian metric defined by the Fisher information and a one-parameter family of affine connections called the $\alpha$-connections. The duality between the $\alpha$-connection and the $(-\alpha)$-connection together with the metric play an essential role in this geometry. This kind of duality, having emerged from manifolds of probability distributions, is ubiquitous, appearing in a variety of problems which might have no explicit relation to probability theory. Through the duality, it is possible to analyze various fundamental problems in a unified perspective. The first half of this book is devoted to a comprehensive introduction to the mathematical foundation of information geometry, including preliminaries from differential geometry, the geometry of manifolds or probability distributions, and the general theory of dual affine connections. The second half of the text provides an overview of many areas of applications, such as statistics, linear systems, information theory, quantum mechanics, convex analysis, neural networks, and affine differential geometry. The book can serve as a suitable text for a topics course for advanced undergraduates and graduate students.

Differential Geometry

Author: Heinrich W. Guggenheimer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486157202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 6842

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This text contains an elementary introduction to continuous groups and differential invariants; an extensive treatment of groups of motions in euclidean, affine, and riemannian geometry; more. Includes exercises and 62 figures.

Differential Geometry, Lie Groups, and Symmetric Spaces

Author: Sigurdur Helgason

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821828487

Category: Mathematics

Page: 640

View: 9950

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A great book ... a necessary item in any mathematical library. --S. S. Chern, University of California A brilliant book: rigorous, tightly organized, and covering a vast amount of good mathematics. --Barrett O'Neill, University of California This is obviously a very valuable and well thought-out book on an important subject. --Andre Weil, Institute for Advanced Study The study of homogeneous spaces provides excellent insights into both differential geometry and Lie groups. In geometry, for instance, general theorems and properties will also hold for homogeneous spaces, and will usually be easier to understand and to prove in this setting. For Lie groups, a significant amount of analysis either begins with or reduces to analysis on homogeneous spaces, frequently on symmetric spaces. For many years and for many mathematicians, Sigurdur Helgason's classic Differential Geometry, Lie Groups, and Symmetric Spaces has been--and continues to be--the standard source for this material. Helgason begins with a concise, self-contained introduction to differential geometry. Next is a careful treatment of the foundations of the theory of Lie groups, presented in a manner that since 1962 has served as a model to a number of subsequent authors. This sets the stage for the introduction and study of symmetric spaces, which form the central part of the book. The text concludes with the classification of symmetric spaces by means of the Killing-Cartan classification of simple Lie algebras over $\mathbb{C}$ and Cartan's classification of simple Lie algebras over $\mathbb{R}$, following a method of Victor Kac. The excellent exposition is supplemented by extensive collections of useful exercises at the end of each chapter. All of the problems have either solutions or substantial hints, found at the back of the book. For this edition, the author has made corrections and added helpful notes and useful references. Sigurdur Helgason was awarded the Steele Prize for Differential Geometry, Lie Groups, and Symmetric Spaces and Groups and Geometric Analysis.

Differential Geometry and Symmetric Spaces

Author: Sigurdur Helgason

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821827359

Category: Mathematics

Page: 487

View: 5819

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Sigurdur Helgason's Differential Geometry and Symmetric Spaces was quickly recognized as a remarkable and important book. For many years, it was the standard text both for Riemannian geometry and for the analysis and geometry of symmetric spaces. Several generations of mathematicians relied on it for its clarity and careful attention to detail. Although much has happened in the field since the publication of this book, as demonstrated by Helgason's own three-volume expansion of the original work, this single volume is still an excellent overview of the subjects. For instance, even though there are now many competing texts, the chapters on differential geometry and Lie groups continue to be among the best treatments of the subjects available. There is also a well-developed treatment of Cartan's classification and structure theory of symmetric spaces. The last chapter, on functions on symmetric spaces, remains an excellent introduction to the study of spherical functions, the theory of invariant differential operators, and other topics in harmonic analysis. This text is rightly called a classic.