Emotional Lexicons

Continuity and Change in the Vocabulary of Feeling 1700-2000

Author: Ute Frevert,Christian Bailey,Pascal Eitler,Benno Gammerl,Bettina Hitzer,Margrit Pernau,Monique Scheer,Anne Schmidt,Nina Verheyen

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667420

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 5823

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Emotions are as old as humankind. But what do we know about them and what importance do we assign to them? Emotional Lexicons is the first cultural history of terms of emotion found in German, French, and English language encyclopaedias since the late seventeenth century. Insofar as these reference works formulated normative concepts, they documented shifts in the way the educated middle classes were taught to conceptualise emotion by a literary medium targeted specifically to them. As well as providing a record of changing language use (and the surrounding debates), many encyclopaedia articles went further than simply providing basic knowledge; they also presented a moral vision to their readers and guidelines for behaviour. Implicitly or explicitly, they participated in fundamental discussions on human nature: Are emotions in the mind or in the body? Can we "read" another person's feelings in their face? Do animals have feelings? Are men less emotional than women? Are there differences between the emotions of children and adults? Can emotions be "civilised"? Can they make us sick? Do groups feel together? Do our emotions connect us with others or create distance? The answers to these questions are historically contingent, showing that emotional knowledge was and still is closely linked to the social, cultural, and political structures of modern societies. Emotional Lexicons analyses European discourses in science, as well as in broader society, about affects, passions, sentiments, and emotions. It does not presume to refine our understanding of what emotions actually are, but rather to present the spectrum of knowledge about emotion embodied in concepts whose meanings shift through time, in order to enrich our own concept of emotion and to lend nuances to the interdisciplinary conversation about them.

Emotion Measurement

Author: Herbert L Meiselman

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081005091

Category: Psychology

Page: 750

View: 3524

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Emotion Measurement reviews academic and applied studies in order to highlight key elements of emotions which should be considered in the development and validation of newer commercial methods of emotion measurement. The goal of the book is practical, but the approach will be both academic and applied. It is aimed primarily at sensory scientists and the product developers they work alongside who require knowledge of measuring emotion to ensure high levels of consumer acceptability of their products. The book begins with a review of basic studies of emotion, including the theory, physiology, and psychology of emotions – these are the standard studies of which food and sensory scientists as well as product developers need to be aware. The next section highlights methods for studying emotions on a relatively basic level. The book then moves to practical applications, with chapters on emotion research in food and beverage, as well as in a range of product and clinical settings. Finally, there is a treatment of cross-cultural research on emotions. This is critical because much of the newer commercial research is aimed at markets around the world, requiring methods which work in many cultures. The book ends with an integrative summary of the material presented. Serves as the first book on the market on emotion measurement aimed at sensory scientists and production development practitioners working in commercial R and D Also useful for psychologists with an interest in emotion Brings together applied and academic strands of emotion measurement research for the first time Focuses on cross-cultural studies of emotions, which is currently lacking from most of the literature in the field

Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing

14th International Conference, CICLing 2013, Karlovasi, Samos, Greece, March 24-30, 2013, Proceedings

Author: Alexander Gelbukh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642372562

Category: Computers

Page: 576

View: 3027

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This two-volume set, consisting of LNCS 7816 and LNCS 7817, constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Linguistics and Intelligent Processing, CICLING 2013, held on Samos, Greece, in March 2013. The total of 91 contributions presented was carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the proceedings. The papers are organized in topical sections named: general techniques; lexical resources; morphology and tokenization; syntax and named entity recognition; word sense disambiguation and coreference resolution; semantics and discourse; sentiment, polarity, subjectivity, and opinion; machine translation and multilingualism; text mining, information extraction, and information retrieval; text summarization; stylometry and text simplification; and applications.

Advances in Artificial Intelligence

23rd Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2010, Ottawa, Canada, May 31 - June 2, 2010, Proceedings

Author: Atefeh Farzindar,Vlado Keselj

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642130593

Category: Computers

Page: 426

View: 5270

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Annotation. This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2010, held in Ottawa, Canada, in May/June 2010. The 22 revised full papers presented together with 26 revised short papers, 12 papers from the graduate student symposium and the abstracts of 3 keynote presentations were carefully reviewed and selected from 90 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on text classification; text summarization and IR; reasoning and e-commerce; probabilistic machine learning; neural networks and swarm optimization; machine learning and data mining; natural language processing; text analytics; reasoning and planning; e-commerce; semantic web; machine learning; and data mining.

The Development of Emotional Competence

Author: Carolyn Saarni

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572304345

Category: Psychology

Page: 381

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Synthesizing the latest research and theory with compelling narratives and case vignettes, this book explores the development of emotional competence in school-age children and young adolescents. Saarni examines the formation of eight key emotional skills in relation to processes of self-understanding, socialization, and cognitive growth. The cultural and gender context of emotional experience is emphasized, and the role of moral disposition and other individual differences is considered. Tracing the connections between emotional competence, interpersonal relationships, and resilience in the face of stress, the book also explores why and what happens when development is delayed.

Self and Emotional Life

Philosophy, Psychoanalysis, and Neuroscience

Author: Adrian Johnston,Catherine Malabou

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023153518X

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 9869

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Adrian Johnston and Catherine Malabou defy theoretical humanities' deeply-entrenched resistance to engagements with the life sciences. Rather than treat biology and its branches as hopelessly reductive and politically suspect, they view recent advances in neurobiology and its adjacent scientific fields as providing crucial catalysts to a radical rethinking of subjectivity. Merging three distinct disciplines—European philosophy from Descartes to the present, Freudian-Lacanian psychoanalysis, and affective neuroscience—Johnston and Malabou triangulate the emotional life of affective subjects as conceptualized in philosophy and psychoanalysis with neuroscience. Their experiments yield different outcomes. Johnston finds psychoanalysis and neurobiology have the potential to enrich each other, though affective neuroscience demands a reconsideration of whether affects can be unconscious. Investigating this vexed issue has profound implications for theoretical and practical analysis, as well as philosophical understandings of the emotions. Malabou believes scientific explorations of the brain seriously problematize established notions of affective subjectivity in Continental philosophy and Freudian-Lacanian analysis. She confronts philosophy and psychoanalysis with something neither field has seriously considered: the concept of wonder and the cold, disturbing visage of those who have been affected by disease or injury, such that they are no longer affected emotionally. At stake in this exchange are some of philosophy's most important claims concerning the relationship between the subjective mind and the objective body, the structures and dynamics of the unconscious dimensions of mental life, the role emotion plays in making us human, and the functional differences between philosophy and science.

Expectancy and Emotion

Author: Maria Miceli,Cristiano Castelfranchi

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019968586X

Category: Psychology

Page: 266

View: 3469

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This book explores anticipation-based emotions - the emotions associated with the interaction between 'what is' and 'what is not (yet)'. The mind is a powerful anticipatory device. It frequently makes predictions about the future, telling us not only how the world might or will be, but also how it should be - or better - how we would like it to be. These expectancies shape our lives: they impact on our actual outcomes, often acting as self-fulfilling prophecies. They also constitute a reference point for establishing whether an outcome is a loss or a gain; that is, we evaluate our own outcomes not in absolute terms, but against our expectancies. And we feel ill-treated and betrayed when our expectancies are disappointed. This book explores anticipation-based emotions, that is, the emotions associated with the dialectical interaction between 'what is' and 'what is not (yet)', be it a mere wished-for possibility or an expectation proper. It offers an analysis of both the emotions implying anticipations of future events - such as fear, anxiety, hope, and trust - and those elicited by the disconfirmation of a previous anticipation - surprise, disappointment, discouragement, sense of injustice, regret, and relief - in terms of their belief and goal components. In addition, it addresses anticipated emotions, that is, emotions we think we might experience in future circumstances, and explores how they influence our decisions. The reader will be taken on a journey of exploration and discovery into the multifarious facets and implications of an important family of emotions, aimed at understanding what they have in common, as well as the distinguishing features of each distinct emotion, and predicting their motivational and behavioral consequences. For students and researchers interested in the affective sciences, including psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience, this is a highly original and thought provoking new work.

Handbuch der Evangelischen Ethik

Author: Wolfgang Huber,Torsten Meireis,Hans-Richard Reuter

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406666612

Category: Religion

Page: 736

View: 6370

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Dieses Handbuch bietet eine von führenden Fachleuten verfasste Gesamtdarstellung der evangelischen Ethik. Sie umfasst deren Grundlagen und Teilgebiete auf dem aktuellen Stand der wissenschaftlichen Diskussion und im Gespräch mit Philosophie, Rechts, Sozial- und Naturwissenschaften. Die wissenschaftlich-technischen Entwicklungen mit ihren riskanten Folgen, die Globalisierung und die zunehmende Individualisierung der Lebensentwürfe stellen frühere Selbstverständlichkeiten in Frage und werfen neue ethische Fragen auf. Dabei wächst das Interesse an den Orientierungspotentialen der Religionen. Das Handbuch der Evangelischen Ethik bietet einer weiteren Öffentlichkeit in Wissenschaft, Politik, Verwaltung, Justiz, Wirtschaft, Gesundheitswesen, Medien und in den Kirchen kompakte Informationen zur Urteilsbildung in den wichtigsten Handlungsfeldern. Zugleich dient es als Lehrbuch für Studium und wissenschaftliche Forschung.

Learning How to Feel

Children's Literature and the History of Emotional Socialization, 1870-1970

Author: Ute Frevert,Pascal Eitler,Stephanie Olsen,Uffa Jensen

Publisher: OUP UK

ISBN: 0199684995

Category: Education

Page: 308

View: 2922

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Learning How to Feel explores the ways in which children and adolescents learn not just how to express emotions that are thought to be pre-existing, but actually how to feel. The volume assumes that the embryonic ability to feel unfolds through a complex dialogue with the social and cultural environment and specifically through reading material. The fundamental formation takes place in childhood and youth. A multi-authored historical monograph, Learning How to Feel uses children's literature and advice manuals to access the training practices and learning processes for a wide range of emotions in the modern age, circa 1870-1970. The study takes an international approach, covering a broad array of social, cultural, and political milieus in Britain, Germany, India, Russia, France, Canada, and the United States. Learning How to Feel places multidirectional learning processes at the centre of the discussion, through the concept of practical knowledge. The book innovatively draws a framework for broad historical change during the course of the period. Emotional interaction between adult and child gave way to a focus on emotional interactions among children, while gender categories became less distinct. Children were increasingly taught to take responsibility for their own emotional development, to find 'authenticity' for themselves. In the context of changing social, political, cultural, and gender agendas, the building of nations, subjects and citizens, and the forging of moral and religious values, Learning How to Feel demonstrates how children were provided with emotional learning tools through their reading matter to navigate their emotional lives.

Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences

Author: David Sander,Klaus Scherer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021016

Category: Psychology

Page: 520

View: 811

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Few areas have witnessed the type of growth we have seen in the affective sciences in the past decades. Across psychology, philosophy, economics, and neuroscience, there has been an explosion of interest in the topic of emotion and affect. Comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-date, and easy-to-use, the new Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences is an indispensable resource for all who wish to find out about theories, concepts, methods, and research findings in this rapidly growing interdisciplinary field - one that brings together, amongst others, psychologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, philosophers, and historians. Organized by alphabetical entries, and presenting brief definitions, concise overviews, and encyclopaedic articles (all with extensive references to relevant publications), this Companion lends itself to casual browsing by non-specialists interested in the fascinating phenomena of emotions, moods, affect disorders, and personality as well as to focused search for pertinent information by students and established scholars in the field. Not only does the book provide entries on affective phenomena, but also on their neural underpinnings, their cognitive antecedents and the associated responses in physiological systems, facial, vocal, and bodily expressions, and action tendencies. Numerous entries also consider the role of emotion in society and social behavior, as well as in cognitive processes such as those critical for perception, attention, memory, judgement and decision-making. The volume has been edited by a group of internationally leading authorities in the respective disciplines consisting of two editors (David Sander and Klaus Scherer) as well as group of 11 associate editors (John T. Cacioppo, Tim Dalgleish, Robert Dantzer, Richard J. Davidson, Ronald B. de Sousa, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Nico Frijda, George Loewenstein, Paula M. Niedenthal, Peter Salovey, and Richard A. Shweder). The members of the editorial board have commissioned and reviewed contributions from major experts on specific topics. In addition to comprehensive coverage of technical terms and fundamental issues, the volume also highlights current debates that inform the ongoing research process. In addition, the Companion contains a wealth of material on the role of emotion in applied domains such as economic behaviour, music and arts, work and organizational behaviour, family interactions and group dynamics, religion, law and justice, and societal change. Highly accessible and wide-ranging, this book is a vital resource for scientists, students, and professionals eager to obtain a rapid, conclusive overview on central terms and topics and anyone wanting to learn more about the mechanisms underlying the emotions dominating many aspects of our lives.

The Navigation of Feeling

A Framework for the History of Emotions

Author: William M Reddy,William M. Reddy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521004725

Category: History

Page: 380

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Offers a theory that explains the impact of emotions on historical change.

Mental Lexicon

Some Words to Talk about Words

Author: Patrick Bonin

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590338407

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 241

View: 4328

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This book is about the mental lexicon and opens an understanding of this aspect of human cognition. The mental lexicon is still a central topic in psycholinguistics and, more generally speaking, in cognitive science. Is it possible to define what is intended by the expression "mental lexicon", a concept coined by Oldfield as early as 1966? Are the terms that the authors have at their disposal still sufficient to discuss this hypothesised mental entity -- the mental lexicon -- which is intended to cover many different aspects of words? The authors propose as a working definition that the mental lexicon corresponds to the mental repository of all representations that are intrinsically related to words. This book extends its research in psycholinguistics and focuses on the word.

The Language of Emotions

The case of Dalabon (Australia)

Author: Maïa Ponsonnet

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027269203

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 460

View: 1380

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The Language of Emotions: The case of Dalabon (Australia) is the first extensive study of the linguistic encoding of emotions in an Australian language, and further, in an endangered, non-European language. Based on first-hand data collected using innovative methods, the monograph describes and analyzes how Dalabon speakers express emotions (using interjections, prosody, evaluative morphology) and the words they use to describe and discuss emotions. Like many languages, Dalabon makes broad use of body-part words in descriptions of emotions. The volume analyzes the figurative functions of these body-part words, as well as their non-figurative functions. Correlations between linguistic features and cultural patterns are systematically questioned. Beyond Australianists and linguists working on emotions, the book will be of interest to anthropological linguists, cognitive linguists, or linguists working on discourse and communication for instance. It is accessible also to non-linguists with an interest in language, in particular anthropologists and psychologists.

Children's Understanding of Emotion

Author: Carolyn Saarni,Paul L. Harris

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521407779

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 4056

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This volume assembles the most recent thinking and empirical research from key theorists and researchers on how children, from preschool through early adolescence, make sense of their own and others' emotional experience. Contributors discuss the control of emotion, the role of culture, empathic experience, and the emerging theory of mind that is implicit in children's views of emotion. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Filipino Personality

Indigenous and Cross-cultural Studies

Author: A. Timothy Church,Marcia S. Katigbak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789715553261

Category: Ethnopsychology

Page: 213

View: 820

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Handbook of Culture and Consumer Behavior

Author: Sharon Ng,Angela Y. Lee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199388547

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 5221

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Research on the influence of culture on consumer decision-making and consumption behavior has witnessed tremendous growth in the last decade. With increasing globalization, managers are becoming increasingly aware that operating in multiple markets is crucial for firms' survival and growth. As the world's growth engine shifts from Europe and North America to Asia and Latin America, it has become apparent that an inward-looking and domestic focus strategy will not be sustainable in the long run. And success in foreign markets requires marketers to understand not just what consumers in these markets need but also how they think, behave, consume, and purchase. Numerous studies have documented cultural differences in values and beliefs, motivational orientations, emotions, self-regulation, and information-processing styles, and the effects of these cultural variations on consumer behavior such as brand evaluation, materialism, and impulsive consumption. In this volume, experts from a variety of disciplines and perspectives trace the historical development of culture research in consumer psychology and examine the theoretical underpinnings that account for these findings and the current state of the field. Collectively, the chapters provide a forum for researchers to engage in thoughtful debates and stimulating conversations and offer directions for future research.

Affective Computing and Sentiment Analysis

Emotion, Metaphor and Terminology

Author: Khurshid Ahmad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400717572

Category: Computers

Page: 150

View: 9040

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This volume maps the watershed areas between two 'holy grails' of computer science: the identification and interpretation of affect – including sentiment and mood. The expression of sentiment and mood involves the use of metaphors, especially in emotive situations. Affect computing is rooted in hermeneutics, philosophy, political science and sociology, and is now a key area of research in computer science. The 24/7 news sites and blogs facilitate the expression and shaping of opinion locally and globally. Sentiment analysis, based on text and data mining, is being used in the looking at news and blogs for purposes as diverse as: brand management, film reviews, financial market analysis and prediction, homeland security. There are systems that learn how sentiments are articulated. This work draws on, and informs, research in fields as varied as artificial intelligence, especially reasoning and machine learning, corpus-based information extraction, linguistics, and psychology.

Computational Intelligence for Multimedia Understanding

International Workshop, MUSCLE 2011, Pisa, Italy, December 13-15, 2011, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Emanuele Salerno,A. Enis Cetin,Ovidio Salvetti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642324363

Category: Computers

Page: 235

View: 5040

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Workshop MUSCLE 2011 on Computational Intelligence for Multimedia Understanding, organized by the ERCIM working group in Pisa, Italy on December 2011. The 18 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from over numerous submissions. The papers cover the following topics: multisensor systems, multimodal analysis, crossmodel data analysis and clustering, mixed-reality applications, activity and object detection and recognition, text and speech recognition, multimedia labelling, semantic annotation, and metadata, multimodal indexing and searching in very large data-bases; and case studies.