Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959187

Category: Social Science

Page: 1176

View: 5228

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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime

Encyclopaedia of Criminology

Author: S.P. Singh

Publisher: Reliance Publishing House

ISBN: 9788175101401

Category: Criminology

Page: 174

View: 8310

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The crime and criminals are as old as the human civilization and with the surge in crime the laws were formed and enacted by various rulers of the land. Any act punishable by law is a crime, and its scientific study criminology.The references about medical testimony and punishment can be found in Vedas and Manusmriti. The Vedas prohibited abortion; Manu forbade the execution of pregnant women and enjoined the statesments of insane, of the drunk and the children. The code of Hammurabi, ruler of Babylon (2000 BC) was the first feather in the cap of the history of legal medicine. The code regulated medical practice and laid down punishment for physicians who failed in their duties, similar codes have also been conformed to have existed in ancient China, India, Persia, Rome, Egypt etc.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice

Author: Joshua Dressler

Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library

ISBN: 9780028653211

Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Page: 1780

View: 750

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This interdisciplinary resource covers legal, sociological, psychological, historical and economic aspects of crime and justice worldwide. Entries cover civil and criminal issues, from domestic violence to terrorism. Entries cite pertinent legal cases as well as publications for further information. Also includes a glossary of related terms.

Encyclopedia of Murder and Violent Crime

Author: Eric W. Hickey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761924371

Category: Law

Page: 603

View: 1508

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Edited by an internationally recognized expert on serial killers, this encyclopedia covers both murder and violent crime in their variant forms. Included are biographies, chronologies, special interest inset boxes, up to 100 photographs, comprehensive article bibliographies, and appendices for items such as famous unsolved cases, celebrity murders, assasinations, original source documents, and online sources for information.

Encyclopedia of White-Collar & Corporate Crime

Author: Lawrence M. Salinger

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761930043

Category: Social Science

Page: 974

View: 3947

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With more than 500 entries (including up-to-date information on such high profile cases as Martha Stewart and Enron), the Encyclopedia of White-Collar & Corporate Crime gathers history, definitions, examples, investigation, prosecution, assessments, challenges, and projections into one definitive reference work on the topic. This two-volume encyclopedia incorporates information about a variety of white-collar crimes, and provides examples of persons, statutes, companies, and convictions. Each entry offers a thorough and thoughtful summary of the topic. Rather than a simple definition, users are given a satisfying and sophisticated synopsis with references for further study.

Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

Author: Bonnie S. Fisher,Steven P. Lab

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960479

Category: Social Science

Page: 1174

View: 2631

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Victimology and crime prevention are growing, interrelated areas cutting across several disciplines. Victimology examines victims of all sorts of criminal activity, from domestic abuse, to street violence, to victims in the workplace who lose jobs and pensions due to malfeasance by corporate executives. Crime prevention is an important companion to victimology because it offers insight and techniques to prevent situations that lead to crime and attempts to offer ideas and means for mitigating or minimizing the potential for victimization. .In many ways, the two fields have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and more. The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention provides a comprehensive reference work bringing together such dispersed knowledge as it outlines and discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system and topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs. Two volumes containing approximately 375 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and comprehensive reference resource available on victimology and crime prevention, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. In addition to standard entries, leading scholars in the field have contributed Anchor Essays that, in broad strokes, provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics. A representative sampling of general topic areas covered includes: interpersonal and domestic violence, child maltreatment, and elder abuse; street violence; hate crimes and terrorism; treatment of victims by the media, courts, police, and politicians; community response to crime victims; physical design for crime prevention; victims of nonviolent crimes; deterrence and prevention; helping and counseling crime victims; international and comparative perspectives, and more.

Die große Enzyklopädie der Serienmörder

Author: Michael Newton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 385365276X

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 534

View: 7108

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Sie sind Stoff für unzählige Verfilmungen: die Taten von Serienmördern. Auch wenn oder gerade weil ihre Handlungen immer unbegreiflich bleiben werden, üben sie eine große Faszination auf uns "normale" Menschen aus. Die erste Frage muss wohl lauten: Gibt es überhaupt so viele Serienmörder, dass damit eine ganze Enzyklopädie gefüllt werden kann? Die Antwort: Es gibt sie, wie die sechste ergänzte und überarbeitete Auflage der "Großen Enzyklopädie der Serienmörder" beweist. Und es sind nicht die Unbekanntesten, die in dieser Sammlung vermerkt sind: Jack the Ripper beispielsweise, dessen Treiben im nebeligen London schon so manche Verfilmung erlebt hat. Fritz Haarmann, dem Schauspieler Götz George in der Verfilmung seines Lebens sein kahlgeschorenes Haupt lieh. Oder Edward Gein, um ein Beispiel aus den USA zu nennen, der zum real existierenden und mordenden Vorbild für Alfred Hitchcocks wohl besten Film - "Psycho" - wurde. Jack Unterweger ist ebenso vertreten, wie der "Vampir von Düsseldorf" oder der "Menschenfresser von Duisburg". Die Geschichte der Serienmörder beginnt bereits bei Jeanne d'Arc - einer ihrer Kampfgefährten hatte hunderte Knaben auf dem Gewissen. Leider hat die Geschichte bis heute kein Ende. Zu den aktuellsten Beispielen gehören der BTK-Mörder ("Bind, Torture, Kill") und der Franzose Fourniret, der gemeinsam mit seiner Frau junge Mädchen misshandelte und tötete. Was treibt sie also an? Wir werden es nie verstehen. Aber wir können dank dieser Enzyklopädie ihre Lebensgeschichte nachlesen und gleichzeitig in die wahre Welt der Kriminalfälle eintauchen - eine Welt, die grausamer ist, als es jede erfundene Geschichte je sein kann.

The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America: A-De

Author: Wilbur R. Miller

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412988764

Category: History

Page: 2606

View: 7395

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Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this four-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia will: explicate philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; chart changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identify major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explore evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.

Encyclopedia of Transnational Crime and Justice

Author: Margaret E. Beare

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412990777

Category: Social Science

Page: 510

View: 4286

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Accessible and jargon-free and available in both print and electronic formats, the one-volume Encyclopedia of Transnational Crime and Justice contains a range of up-to-date entries that not only reflect transnational crime, but transnational justice.

Women Criminals

An Encyclopedia of People and Issues

Author: Vickie Jensen

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313337136

Category: Law

Page: 752

View: 2292

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This unique, two-volume study examines female crime and the women who commit it.

Situational Action Theory: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199803613

Category: Social Science

Page: 14

View: 7891

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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

The Encyclopædia of Sexual Behaviour

Author: Albert Ellis,Albert Abarbanel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483225119

Category: Political Science

Page: 494

View: 6867

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The Encyclopædia of Sexual Behaviour, Volume Two is an encyclopedia of sexual behavior and covers topics ranging from the linguistic aspects of sex to sex life in Latin America, sex in the literature, and sexual love. Laws on marriage and family and on sex crimes are also discussed, along with sexual perversions and the art of loving. Comprised of 52 chapters, this volume first deals with Judaism's attitudes and teachings on sex, particularly with regard to the sexuality of women, nudity, and prostitution. The reader is then introduced to the connection between language and sex; sex life in regions such as Latin American, the Orient, and the Soviet Union; and the portrayal of sex in literature. Subsequent chapters explore sexual love as opposed to altruistic love; marriage and family living; menopause and the menstrual cycle; movement and feeling in sex; the interrelationship of music and sex; and the effects of nutrition and health on sexuality. Other chapters focus on phallicism and sexual symbolism; planned parenthood around the world; the psychology of pornography; human reproduction; and sex in relation to race and Protestantism. This book will be of interest to psychologists and psychiatrists.

Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Gerben Bruinsma,David Weisburd

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461456896

Category: Social Science

Page: 5632

View: 3359

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The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice is an international, comprehensive reference tool for the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice that is both cutting edge as well as of very high scientific quality and prestige. This 10-volume work provides a complete and systematic coverage of the field that is unprecedented. The Encyclopedia "defines the field" through its choice of organization and entries. It identifies and brings emerging ideas and trends to the forefront. The Encyclopedia covers Criminology and Criminal Justice in ten broad areas, with leading researchers writing substantive contributions within their area of expertise: Corrections and Criminal Justice Supervision in the Community Courts, Sentencing and the Judicial System Crimes, Criminals and Victims Crime Places and Situations Explanations for Criminal Behavior Forensic Science Data, Methods, and Statistics Police and Law Enforcement Psychology of Law Social Interventions and Prevention This work features approximately 600 entries, organized in alphabetical order. The work is comprised under the direction of two Editors-in-Chief in consultation with 12 Associate Editors and more than 180 Area Editors. It is an essential and dynamic reference for researchers in the fields of Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as useful a research tool for those in related fields of the social and behavioral sciences.

The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment

Author: Wesley G. Jennings

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111851971X

Category: Social Science

Page: 1448

View: 8023

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The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the most comprehensive reference for a vast number of topics relevant to crime and punishment with a unique focus on the multi/interdisciplinary and international aspects of these topics and historical perspectives on crime and punishment around the world. Named as one of Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles of 2016 Comprising nearly 300 entries, this invaluable reference resource serves as the most up-to-date and wide-ranging resource on crime and punishment Offers a global perspective from an international team of leading scholars, including coverage of the strong and rapidly growing body of work on criminology in Europe, Asia, and other areas Acknowledges the overlap of criminology and criminal justice with a number of disciplines such as sociology, psychology, epidemiology, history, economics, and public health, and law Entry topics are organized around 12 core substantive areas: international aspects, multi/interdisciplinary aspects, crime types, corrections, policing, law and justice, research methods, criminological theory, correlates of crime, organizations and institutions (U.S.), victimology, and special populations Organized, authored and Edited by leading scholars, all of whom come to the project with exemplary track records and international standing 3 Volumes www.crimeandpunishmentencyclopedia.com

Encyclopedia of Security Management

Techniques and Technology

Author: John J. Fay

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780750696609

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 792

View: 2651

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Designed to familiarize security managers with trends in all areas of security, the Encyclopedia of Security Management meets the need for a practical single resource for security management topics. security management functions as it is performed today in many different industries. being made in security technology.

The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: N.A

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780470670286

Category: Social Science

Page: 2760

View: 4296

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Comprising over 500 entries on the essential topics within criminology and criminal justice, and available in print and online, this encyclopedia offers a state-of-the-art survey informed by the very latest theory and research. It combines this breadth of coverage with the authority and international perspective of an experienced editorial team, creating a definitive reference resource for students, scholars, and professionals in these interdisciplinary and dynamic fields. Comprehensive: Offers wide-ranging coverage spanning 15 substantive areas within criminology and criminal justice, including criminal law, juvenile justice, education and professionalism, history of crime, and victimization Authoritative: Edited by one of criminology’s leading authorities, and peer reviewed by a team of 14 associate editors, all of whom are renowned in their fields Accessible: Uniquely organized to allow easy searching and cross referencing by keyword, topic, or alphabetical order International: Brings together a global team of contributors from ten countries to offer a uniquely international perspective on topics such as transnational crime Cutting-edge: Combines state-of-the-art coverage of developments in areas such as homeland security and forensic science, with the core topics within criminology and criminal justice Interdisciplinary: Draws on the very latest theory and research from a number of fields, including criminal justice, criminology, sociology, law, security studies, and the psychology of crime, resulting in a valuable resource that will appeal to all those studying or working in related disciplines Multi-format: Publishing simultaneously as a five-volume print set and via Wiley Online Library; visit www.encyclopediaofcriminology.com for further details