Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412916119

Category: Psychology

Page: 1136

View: 3531

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The Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics presents state-of-the-art information and ready-to-use facts from the fields of measurement and statistics in an unintimidating style. The ideas and tools contained in these pages are approachable and can be invaluable for understanding our very technical world and the increasing flow of information. Although there are references that cover statistics and assessment in depth, none provides as comprehensive a resource in as focused and accessible a manner as the three volumes of this Encyclopedia. Through approximately 500 contributions, experts provide an overview and an explanation of the major topics in these two areas.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation

Author: Bruce B. Frey

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 150632617X

Category: Education

Page: 2000

View: 5028

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In an era of curricular changes and experiments and high-stakes testing, educational measurement and evaluation is more important than ever. In addition to expected entries covering the basics of traditional theories and methods, other entries discuss important sociopolitical issues and trends influencing the future of that research and practice. Textbooks, handbooks, monographs and other publications focus on various aspects of educational research, measurement and evaluation, but to date, there exists no major reference guide for students new to the field. This comprehensive work fills that gap, covering traditional areas while pointing the way to future developments. Features: Nearly 700 signed entries are contained in an authoritative work spanning four volumes and available in choice of electronic and/or print formats. Although organized A-to-Z, front matter includes a Reader’s Guide grouping entries thematically to help students interested in a specific aspect of education research, measurement, and evaluation to more easily locate directly related entries. (For instance, sample themes include Data, Evaluation, Measurement Concepts & Issues, Research, Sociopolitical Issues, Standards.) Back matter includes a Chronology of the development of the field; a Resource Guide to classic books, journals, and associations; and a detailed Index. Entries conclude with References/Further Readings and Cross References to related entries. The Index, Reader’s Guide themes, and Cross References will combine to provide robust search-and-browse in the e-version.

Encyclopedia of Educational Psychology

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452265836

Category: Education

Page: 1208

View: 2023

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The field of educational psychology draws from a variety of diverse disciplines including human development across the life span, measurement and statistics, learning and motivation, and teaching. And within these different disciplines, many other fields are featured including psychology, anthropology, education, sociology, public health, school psychology, counseling, history, and philosophy. In fact, when taught at the college or university level, educational psychology is an ambitious course that undertakes the presentation of many different topics all tied together by the theme of how the individual can best function in an "educational" setting, loosely defined as anything from pre-school through adult education. Educational psychology can be defined as the application of what we know about learning and motivation, development, and measurement and statistics to educational settings (both school- and community-based).

Encyclopedia of Human Development

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452265399

Category: Psychology

Page: 1616

View: 1042

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The Encyclopedia of Human Development is the first comprehensive, authoritative, and informative reference work that presents state-of-the-art research and ready-to-use facts from the fields of psychology, individual and family studies, and education in a way that is not too technical. With more than 600 entries, this three-volume Encyclopedia covers topics as diverse as adolescence, cognitive development, education, family, gender differences, identity, longitudinal research, personality development, prenatal development, temperament, and more.

Intrapreneurship

Managing Ideas Within Your Organization

Author: Kevin C. Desouza

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442660880

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 869

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As an employee, you suspect that your best ideas are valuable and could greatly benefit your organization. Management also recognizes that a company's ability to compete is contingent on how well it leverages its employees' ideas. So, why are individuals at all levels of organizations typically poor advocates for ideas? Intrapreneurship provides an engaging guide for both managers and employees on how to direct the flow of ideas and foster a culture of entrepreneurship within their company's existing structure. Based on Kevin C. Desouza's research and experience consulting with thirty global organizations, Intrapreneurship outlines ways to mobilize all types of ideas – including blockbusters with the potential to create radically new external products and services, and more incremental innovations for improving internal processes. With practical frameworks and real life examples for both employees and managers, Intrapreneurship will help you to identify the value in your own ideas and those of others to ultimately benefit your organization.

Institutional Change in a Varieties of Capitalism Context

How to Explain Shifts from Coordinated Market Economies towards Liberal Market Economies in the 1990s - An Empirical Analysis of Cross-Country Data

Author: Dana Liebmann

Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag

ISBN: 3866183283

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 3506

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Based on the Varieties of Capitalism (VoC) theory the development of economic systems is explored. Studies testing the VoC approach as a whole are rare and they reveal institutional change that contradicts and challenges the theoretically expected developments. During the 1990s, several Coordinated Market Economies (CME) display change towards institutional structures commonly found in Liberal Market Economies (LME). This thesis, relying on data from 16 countries, examines the differences between these changing CMEs and those that still show distinct CME structures at the end of the decade. According to Douglas North's Transaction Cost Theory of Institutional Change the study empirically investigates formal and informal constraints that may be capable of fostering or, respectively, hampering institutional change directed towards LME settings. In a quantitative analysis several formal parameters are considered (political system, property rights structure, juridical elements and economic integration). Moreover, socio-cultural factors are reviewed. It is usually agreed in the institution literature, at least at a theoretical level, that norms and values ought to be taken into account as explanatory factors. Explicit empirical testing can, however, scarcely be found. National differences in values as well as the issue of value change are traced with data provided by the World Values Study.

Encyclopedia of Research Design

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506319319

Category: Social Science

Page: 1776

View: 392

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To request a free 30-day online trial to this product, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial Research design can be daunting for all types of researchers. At its heart it might be described as a formalized approach toward problem solving, thinking, and acquiring knowledge—the success of which depends upon clearly defined objectives and appropriate choice of statistical tools, tests, and analysis to meet a project's objectives. Comprising more than 500 entries, the Encyclopedia of Research Design explains how to make decisions about research design, undertake research projects in an ethical manner, interpret and draw valid inferences from data, and evaluate experiment design strategies and results. Two additional features carry this encyclopedia far above other works in the field: bibliographic entries devoted to significant articles in the history of research design and reviews of contemporary tools, such as software and statistical procedures, used to analyze results. Key Features Covers the spectrum of research design strategies, from material presented in introductory classes to topics necessary in graduate research Addresses cross- and multidisciplinary research needs, with many examples drawn from the social and behavioral sciences, neurosciences, and biomedical and life sciences Provides summaries of advantages and disadvantages of often-used strategies Uses hundreds of sample tables, figures, and equations based on real-life cases Key Themes Descriptive Statistics Distributions Graphical Displays of Data Hypothesis Testing Important Publications Inferential Statistics Item Response Theory Mathematical Concepts Measurement Concepts Organizations Publishing Qualitative Research Reliability of Scores Research Design Concepts Research Designs Research Ethics Research Process Research Validity Issues Sampling Scaling Software Applications Statistical Assumptions Statistical Concepts Statistical Procedures Statistical Tests Theories, Laws, and Principles Types of Variables Validity of Scores The Encyclopedia of Research Design is the perfect instrument for new learners as well as experienced researchers to explore both the original and newest branches of the field.

Author: Shannon Graff Hysell

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 9781591585251

Category:

Page: 704

View: 9415

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For the past three decades, ARBA has kept librarians up to date on the latest reference materials by providing high-quality, critical reviews. The 2007 edition of ARBA continues this great tradition by providing users with access to 1,600-plus reviews of both print and online resources, written by more than 400 academic, public, and school librarians who are experts in their field. With coverage of nearly 500 subject disciplines, ranging from the social sciences and humanities to science and technology, users are guaranteed to find information on the latest resources available in the areas they are most trying to expand their collection. With ARBA in hand, collection development librarians can manage their library's high standards of quality, and make the best use of their budget.

Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics

Using Microsoft Excel 2016

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483374106

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 5153

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Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics: Using Microsoft Excel 2016, Fourth Edition presents an often intimidating and difficult subject in a way that is clear, informative, and personable. Researchers and students will appreciate the book's unhurried pace and thorough, friendly presentation. Opening with an introduction to Excel 2016, including coverage of how to use functions and formulas, this edition also shows students how to install the Excel Data Analysis Tools option to access a host of useful analytical techniques. The book walks readers through various statistical procedures, beginning with simple descriptive statistics, correlations, and graphical representations of data, and ending with inferential techniques, analysis of variance, and a new introductory chapter on working with large datasets and data mining using Excel.

Tests & Measurement for People Who (Think They) Hate Tests & Measurement

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412989752

Category: Education

Page: 399

View: 3053

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Neil J. Salkind guides readers through the fundamentals of tests and measurement, using the conversational writing style and straightforward presentation techniques that have made his book Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics an international bestseller. He provides an overview of the design of tests, the use of tests, and some of the basic social, political, and legal issues that the process of testing involves. The Second Edition includes more opportunities to practice, and end-of-chapter sections that apply the material to everyday concerns regarding the assessment of behavior.

Handbook of Research Design and Social Measurement

Author: Delbert C. Miller,Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761920465

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 786

View: 576

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"If a student researcher had only one handbook on their bookshelf, Miller and Salkind's Handbook would certainly have to be it. With the updated material, the addition of the section on ethical issues (which is so well done that I'm recommending it to the departmental representative to the university IRB), and a new Part 4 on "Qualitative Methods", the new Handbook is an indispensable resource for researchers." Dan Cover, Department of Sociology, Furman University The book considered a "necessity" by many social science researchers and their students has been revised and updated while retaining the features that made it so useful. The emphasis in this new edition is on the tools with which graduate students and more advanced researchers need to become familiar as well as be able to use in order to conduct high quality research.

SAGE Directions in Educational Psychology

Author: Neil J Salkind

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446203301

Category: Psychology

Page: 2064

View: 7158

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Educational psychology is a broad field characterized by the study of individuals in educational settings and how they develop and learn. It incorporates information from such sub-disciplines such as developmental psychology, human development across the life span, curriculum and instruction, motivation, and measurement and assessment. Neil Salkind has mined the rich and extensive backlist of SAGE education and psychology journals to pull together a collection of almost 100 articles to be the definitive research resource on education psychology. Section One: Human Growth and Development focuses on the processes involved in human growth and development including ages and stages of development, different theoretical perspectives and the role and effectiveness of early intervention among other topics. Section Two: Cognition, Learning and Instruction concentrates on the mechanisms, through which individuals learn and retain information. Section Three: Motivation explores why individuals seek out goals and what the mechanisms are that characterize this search as it relates to learning. Section Four: Measurement, Assessment and Statistics looks at the topics that are critical to understanding individual differences, the growth in the use of computers as assessment tools, qualitative and quantitative methods, statistical techniques and evaluation.

Contemporary Issues in Exploratory Data Mining in the Behavioral Sciences

Author: John J. McArdle,Gilbert Ritschard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135044082

Category: Psychology

Page: 474

View: 2305

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This book reviews the latest techniques in exploratory data mining (EDM) for the analysis of data in the social and behavioral sciences to help researchers assess the predictive value of different combinations of variables in large data sets. Methodological findings and conceptual models that explain reliable EDM techniques for predicting and understanding various risk mechanisms are integrated throughout. Numerous examples illustrate the use of these techniques in practice. Contributors provide insight through hands-on experiences with their own use of EDM techniques in various settings. Readers are also introduced to the most popular EDM software programs. A related website at http://mephisto.unige.ch/pub/edm-book-supplement/offers color versions of the book’s figures, a supplemental paper to chapter 3, and R commands for some chapters. The results of EDM analyses can be perilous – they are often taken as predictions with little regard for cross-validating the results. This carelessness can be catastrophic in terms of money lost or patients misdiagnosed. This book addresses these concerns and advocates for the development of checks and balances for EDM analyses. Both the promises and the perils of EDM are addressed. Editors McArdle and Ritschard taught the "Exploratory Data Mining" Advanced Training Institute of the American Psychological Association (APA). All contributors are top researchers from the US and Europe. Organized into two parts--methodology and applications, the techniques covered include decision, regression, and SEM tree models, growth mixture modeling, and time based categorical sequential analysis. Some of the applications of EDM (and the corresponding data) explored include: selection to college based on risky prior academic profiles the decline of cognitive abilities in older persons global perceptions of stress in adulthood predicting mortality from demographics and cognitive abilities risk factors during pregnancy and the impact on neonatal development Intended as a reference for researchers, methodologists, and advanced students in the social and behavioral sciences including psychology, sociology, business, econometrics, and medicine, interested in learning to apply the latest exploratory data mining techniques. Prerequisites include a basic class in statistics.

Handbook of Health Survey Methods

Author: Timothy P. Johnson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118594746

Category: Medical

Page: 840

View: 9894

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A comprehensive guidebook to the current methodologiesand practices used in health surveys A unique and self-contained resource, Handbook of HealthSurvey Methods presents techniques necessary for confrontingchallenges that are specific to health survey research. Thehandbook guides readers through the development of sample designs,data collection procedures, and analytic methods for studies aimedat gathering health information on general and targetedpopulations. The book is organized into five well-defined sections: Design andSampling Issues, Measurement Issues, Field Issues, Health Surveysof Special Populations, and Data Management and Analysis.Maintaining an easy-to-follow format, each chapter begins with anintroduction, followed by an overview of the main concepts,theories, and applications associated with each topic. Finally,each chapter provides connections to relevant online resources foradditional study and reference. The Handbook of Health SurveyMethods features: 29 methodological chapters written by highly qualified expertsin academia, research, and industry A treatment of the best statistical practices and specificmethodologies for collecting data from special populations such assexual minorities, persons with disabilities, patients, andpractitioners Discussions on issues specific to health research includingdeveloping physical health and mental health measures, collectinginformation on sensitive topics, sampling for clinical trials,collecting biospecimens, working with proxy respondents, andlinking health data to administrative and other external datasources Numerous real-world examples from the latest research in thefields of public health, biomedicine, and health psychology Handbook of Health Survey Methods is an ideal reference foracademics, researchers, and practitioners who apply survey methodsand analyze data in the fields of biomedicine, public health,epidemiology, and biostatistics. The handbook is also a usefulsupplement for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses onsurvey methodology.

Principles of Statistical Genomics

Author: Shizhong Xu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387708073

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 8461

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Statistical genomics is a rapidly developing field, with more and more people involved in this area. However, a lack of synthetic reference books and textbooks in statistical genomics has become a major hurdle on the development of the field. Although many books have been published recently in bioinformatics, most of them emphasize DNA sequence analysis under a deterministic approach. Principles of Statistical Genomics synthesizes the state-of-the-art statistical methodologies (stochastic approaches) applied to genome study. It facilitates understanding of the statistical models and methods behind the major bioinformatics software packages, which will help researchers choose the optimal algorithm to analyze their data and better interpret the results of their analyses. Understanding existing statistical models and algorithms assists researchers to develop improved statistical methods to extract maximum information from their data. Resourceful and easy to use, Principles of Statistical Genomics is a comprehensive reference for researchers and graduate students studying statistical genomics.

Understanding Relative Clauses

A Usage-Based View on the Processing of Complex Constructions

Author: Daniel Wiechmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110339587

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 270

View: 7391

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The book offers a usage-based account of how humans comprehend complex linguistic structures. The author proposes a theory of constructional access, which treats syntactic patterns as complex and abstract signs. In this view, syntactic processing is subject to the very same dynamics as lexical processing and should yield the same type of frequency effects.

Excel Statistics

A Quick Guide

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412979633

Category: Social Science

Page: 104

View: 6470

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Designed for users already familiar with basic computer operations, Neil J. Salkind's Excel Statistics: A Quick Guide shows readers how to utilize the features of Microsoft® Excel to answer both simple and complex questions about data analysis. Part I explores thirty Excel functions, each one detailed on a two-page spread. The description and use of each function appear on one page with corresponding screen shots of the function in action on the facing page, allowing the user to see what the function looks like as it is being applied. Part II of the text contains fifteen Analysis Toolpak tools, each explained using the same two-page spread design as for the functions. Excel novices and experts alike will find this text not only practical but easy to use and engaging. Key Features: - Each function and tool is accompanied by an Excel file, accessible through the SAGE Web site, to be used as an example of each analysis. Access these files through the SAGE website (www.sagepub.com/salkindexcelstats) or through www.onlinefilefolder.com. - The screenshots and steps feature Microsoft Excel 2010 and are compatible with Microsoft 97-2003 and Excel 5.0/95. - Designed to be used as both an introduction and a reference book as needed. Perfect as an accompaniment to existing introductory statistics books or in a lab setting.

Encyclopedia of Nursing Research, Third Edition

Author: Joyce J. Fitzpatrick, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN,Meredith Kazer, PhD, APRN, A/GNP-BC

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107516

Category: Medical

Page: 732

View: 7052

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Named a 2013 Doody's Essential Purchase! Named a "Choice Outstanding Academic Title" for 2007 and an "AJN Book of the Year" The award-winning Encyclopedia of Nursing Research, now in its third edition, is the comprehensive resource for tracking developments in the field. With over 20 new areas of research, and meticulous updates of original entries, the encyclopedia presents key terms and concepts and their application to practice. Pithy entries provide the most relevant and current research perspectives, and will be a starting point for future content and references. Nurse researchers, educators, students, and all clinical specialties will find the encyclopedia an important introduction to the breadth of nursing research today. New topics include NIH-funded research areas, a comprehensive survey of major nursing research journals, addictions care, palliative care, translational science, simulation, trauma care, family-centered care, mild cognitive impairment, active surveillance for cancer care, workplace and empowerment research, nurse engagement, nurse-physician collaboration, CAM and empowerment research, spirituality, synthesis and action research, mixed methods research, systematic review, ethnopharmacology, and more. Key Features: Includes NIH-funded research topics Provides a comprehensive survey of major nursing research journals Adds over 20 new areas of research and updates original entries Written by over 200 nursing research experts Organized alphabetically for easy access to information

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 5408

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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology

Volume 21 - Supplement 6: ADA and Distributed Systems to Visual Languages

Author: Allen Kent,James G. Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824722715

Category: Computers

Page: 424

View: 8707

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"This comprehensive reference work provides immediate, fingertip access to state-of-the-art technology in nearly 700 self-contained articles written by over 900 international authorities. Each article in the Encyclopedia features current developments and trends in computers, software, vendors, and applications...extensive bibliographies of leading figures in the field, such as Samuel Alexander, John von Neumann, and Norbert Wiener...and in-depth analysis of future directions."