Environmental and Hydrological Systems Modelling

Author: A W Jayawardena

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 041546532X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 3302

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Mathematical modelling has become an indispensable tool for engineers, scientists, planners, decision makers and many other professionals to make predictions of future scenarios as well as real impending events. As the modelling approach and the model to be used are problem specific, no single model or approach can be used to solve all problems, and there are constraints in each situation. Modellers therefore need to have a choice when confronted with constraints such as lack of sufficient data, resources, expertise and time. Environmental and Hydrological Systems Modelling provides the tools needed by presenting different approaches to modelling the water environment over a range of spatial and temporal scales. Their applications are shown with a series of case studies, taken mainly from the Asia-Pacific Region. Coverage includes: Population dynamics Reaction kinetics Water quality systems Longitudinal dispersion Time series analysis and forecasting Artificial neural networks Fractals and chaos Dynamical systems Support vector machines Fuzzy logic systems Genetic algorithms and genetic programming This book will be of great value to advanced students, professionals, academics and researchers working in the water environment.

Hydrological Systems Modeling - Volume I

Author: Lev S. Kuchment ,Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848261985

Category:

Page: 364

View: 7514

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Hydrological Systems Modeling is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. This 2-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It carries state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Hydrological Systems Modeling and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Hydrological Systems Modeling - Volume II

Author: Lev S. Kuchment ,Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 184826187X

Category:

Page: 332

View: 918

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Hydrological Systems Modeling is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. This 2-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It carries state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Hydrological Systems Modeling and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Stochastic and Statistical Methods in Hydrology and Environmental Engineering: Stochastic and statistical modelling with groundwater and surface water applications

Author: Keith W. Hipel

Publisher: Kluwer Academic Pub

ISBN: 9780792327578

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 3954

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World renowned scientists present valuable contributions to stochastic and statistical modelling of groundwater and surface water systems. The philosophy of probabilistic modelling in the hydrological sciences is put into proper perspective and the importance of stochastic differential equations in the environmental sciences is explained and illustrated. The new research ideas put forward in groundwater modelling will assist decision makers in tackling challenging problems such as controlling pollution of underground aquifers and obtaining adequate water supplies. Additionally, different types of stochastic models are used in modelling a range of interesting surface water problems. Other topics covered in this landmark volume include stochastic optimization, moment analysis, carbon dioxide modelling and rainfall prediction. Audience The book is of interest to researchers, teachers, students and practitioners who wish to be at the leading edge of stochastic and statistical modelling in the environmental sciences.

Coupled Models for the Hydrological Cycle

Integrating Atmosphere, Biosphere and Pedosphere

Author: Axel Bronstert,Jesus Carrera,Pavel Kabat,Sabine Lütkemeier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540223719

Category: Science

Page: 345

View: 1944

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This book considers an array of state-of-the-art coupling and modelling concepts. First the relevant Earth system cycles are presented, followed by a discussion on scale issues and multiple equilibria. Inter- and intra-compartmental coupling is addressed, along with a debate on non-linearities and questions of parameterisation. Several applications are presented, where a focus is on cases where the hydrological cycle plays a central role.

Hydrological Systems Analysis

Methods and Applications

Author: G.B. Engelen,F.H. Kloosterman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400902336

Category: Science

Page: 196

View: 2513

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This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of the development of concepts and methodology of hydrological sys tems analysis and its wide range of practical applications. Hydrological systems analysis involves the management, processing and interpretation of huge amounts of geoscien tific as well as ecological and historical data of many different types and sources, which can only be handled coherently and efficiently by using interactive geoscientific information systems. Geoscientific information systems as well as flow simulators are integral parts of the methodology. The methodology is clearly explained in the book and ample figures il lustrate the text. The emphasis of the book is on the practical applicability of hydrological systems analysis in integrated water re source management, nature conservation and environmental planning. The compilation of many case-studies, conducted by TNO geohydrologists and others in recent years, included in the book deals with different temporal and spatial scales and various geohydrological settings in The Netherlands, Poland, the European Union as well as in Indonesia. These case studies underpin the strength and elegance of hydrological systems analysis.

Hydrological Models for Environmental Management

Author: Mikhail V. Bolgov,Lars Gottschalk,Irina Krasovskaia,Robert J. Moore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401004706

Category: Science

Page: 263

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This book contains a selection of papers from a NATO Advanced Research Workshop entitled "Stochastic models of hydrological processes and their applications to problems of environmental preservation" convened in Moscow over the period 23-27 November 1998. The Workshop was unique in providing the first opportunity for over a decade for countries of the Russian Federation to interact with other countries across the world to discuss hydrological science issues relevant to environmental management. The contrasting schools of thought within the Russian Federation and with other countries proved a fascinating and valuable experience for those fortunate enough to attend. The scientific content of the Workshop was motivated by a number of concerns. Water is a key natural resource whose modelling and management is made complex by its inherent spatial unevenness and time variability. Traditional methods for investigating hydrological processes in nature employ stochastic modelling and forecasting. However these are not well developed with regard to (i) representing the characteristics of hydrological regimes, and (ii) investigating the influence of water factors on processes which arise in biological systems and those involving hydrochemical, geophysical and other processes.

Stochastic and Statistical Methods in Hydrology and Environmental Engineering

Time Series Analysis in Hydrology and Environmental Engineering

Author: Keith W. Hipel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401730830

Category: Science

Page: 476

View: 9811

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International experts from around the globe present a rich variety of intriguing developments in time series analysis in hydrology and environmental engineering. Climatic change is of great concern to everyone and significant contributions to this challenging research topic are put forward by internationally renowned authors. A range of interesting applications in hydrological forecasting are given for case studies in reservoir operation in North America, Asia and South America. Additionally, progress in entropy research is described and entropy concepts are applied to various water resource systems problems. Neural networks are employed for forecasting runoff and water demand. Moreover, graphical, nonparametric and parametric trend analyses methods are compared and applied to water quality time series. Other topics covered in this landmark volume include spatial analyses, spectral analyses and different methods for stream-flow modelling. Audience The book constitutes an invaluable resource for researchers, teachers, students and practitioners who wish to be at the forefront of time series analysis in the environmental sciences.

Environmental Modelling and Prediction

Author: Gongbing Peng,Lance M. Leslie,Yaping Shao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540674221

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 8692

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In this book the authors consider the natural environment as an integrated system. The physical, chemical and biological processes that govern the behaviour of the environmental system can thus be understood through mathematical modelling, and their evolution can be studied by means of numerical simulation. The book contains a summary of various efficient approaches in atmospheric prediction, such as numerical weather prediction and statistical forecast of climate change, as well as other successful methods in land surface modelling. The authors explore new theories and methods in environment prediction such as systems analysis and information theory. Attention is given to new achievements in remote sensing tele-metering and geographic information systems.

Environmental Systems - Volume II

Author: Achim Sydow

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848262116

Category:

Page: 356

View: 871

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Environmental Systems is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Environmental Systems is something about data handling, modeling and decision making in the field of environmental systems. It includes related basic knowledge on measurement techniques, modeling techniques and models and their applications for decisions making. Environmental engineering / research are based on measurement techniques and related knowledge of natural and life sciences. Developed mathematical and numerical simulation models are tools and strictly purpose oriented, that means suitable for decision making. The three volumes on Environmental Systems are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Time Series Modelling of Water Resources and Environmental Systems

Author: K.W. Hipel,A.I McLeod

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870366

Category: Science

Page: 1012

View: 4430

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This is a comprehensive presentation of the theory and practice of time series modelling of environmental systems. A variety of time series models are explained and illustrated, including ARMA (autoregressive-moving average), nonstationary, long memory, three families of seasonal, multiple input-single output, intervention and multivariate ARMA models. Other topics in environmetrics covered in this book include time series analysis in decision making, estimating missing observations, simulation, the Hurst phenomenon, forecasting experiments and causality. Professionals working in fields overlapping with environmetrics - such as water resources engineers, environmental scientists, hydrologists, geophysicists, geographers, earth scientists and planners - will find this book a valuable resource. Equally, environmetrics, systems scientists, economists, mechanical engineers, chemical engineers, and management scientists will find the time series methods presented in this book useful.

Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support

With Geographic Information Systems

Author: David R. Maidment,Dean Djokic

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781879102804

Category: Computers

Page: 216

View: 2143

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This edited collection deals with the international issue of conserving and allocating water as the world's population continues to grow dramatically. Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support with Geographic Information Systems discusses applications such as watershed delineation, topographic characteristic extraction, and floodplain extent determination and provides an informed basis for water resource professionals to make sound decisions.

Environmental Modelling

Finding Simplicity in Complexity

Author: John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118351487

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 1062

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Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.

Recent Advances in the Modeling of Hydrologic Systems

Author: David S. Bowles,P. Enda O'Connell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792313984

Category: Science

Page: 667

View: 3420

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This book offers a wealth of information to anyone seeking a survey of the state of the hydrologic modeling disciple in the research community in the late 1980sThe book is an excellent source of information for students seeking topics that may prove worthy of further research and study. Practitioners of hydrology would also benefit from exposure to the activities at the leading edge of their filed of interest. It also serves as a means of introducing people to aspects of hydrology that are outside their editors are to be commended for their efforts in presenting this material to the hydrologic community.' Bulletin American meteorological Society 73:12 1992

Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling

Author: Keith C. Clarke,Bradley O. Parks,Michael P. Crane

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 4160

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This book provides readers with the most comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the topic available. Topics covered include modeling frameworks, paradigms and approaches; model development, calibration and validation; dynamic systems modeling and four-dimensional GIS; and more. Includes case studies in GIS/EM. This book is intended for readers interested in advanced Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Data Processing, or Environmental Modeling.

Hydrology and Global Environmental Change

Author: Nigel W. Arnell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317878248

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 6622

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Hydrology and Global Environmental Change presents the hydrological contribution to, and consequences of, global environmental change. Assuming little or no prior knowledge on the part of the reader, the book looks at the main processes of global environmental change - global scale processes, large regional processes, repetitive processes - and how the hydrological cycle, processes and regimes impact on GEC and vice-versa.

System-Theoretical Modelling in Surface Water Hydrology

Author: Alexander Lattermann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642838197

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 1731

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Modelling of hydrological rainfall-runoff processes is facilitated by the application of the systemtheoretical approach to linear, nonlinear and stochastic models. To this purpose, the variables involved in methods for determinating areal precipitation and baseflow separation are discussed. The convolution theorem in the theory of linear systems and the mathematical transform technique (Laplace-, Z-transformation) are used to identify characteristics of the watershed, and simulate hydrological processes. To support the calculation of model output functions, computer programs are included in the text. This volume is suitable as a text for hydrology courses at universities or engineering academies.

Modelling of Pollutants in Complex Environmental Systems

Author: Grady Hanrahan

Publisher: ILM Publications

ISBN: 1906799008

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 9242

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Environmental modelling has enjoyed a long tradition, but there is a defined need to continually address both the power and the limitations of such models, as well as their quantitative assessment. This book showcases modern environmental modelling methods, the basic theory behind them and their incorporation into complex environmental investigations. It highlights advanced computing technologies and how they have led to unprecedented and adaptive modelling, simulation and decision-support tools to study complex environmental systems, and how they can be applied to current environmental concerns. This volume is essential reading for researchers in academia, industry and government-related bodies who have a vested interest in all aspects of environmental modelling. Features include: A range of modern environmental modelling techniques are described by experts from around the world, including the USA, Canada, Australia, Europe and Thailand; many examples from air, water, soil/sediment and biological matrices are covered in detail throughout the book; key chapters are included on modelling uncertainty and sensitivity analysis; and, a selection of figures are provided in full colour to enable greater comprehension of the topics discussed