Environmental Archaeology

Theoretical and Practical Approaches

Author: Chris Turney,Matthew Canti,Nick Branch,Peter Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1444119265

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 5341

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Environmental Archaeology: Theoretical and Practical Approaches outlines and assesses the various methods used to reconstruct and explain the past interaction between people and their environment. Emphasising the importance of a highly scientific approach to the subject, the book combines geoarchaeological, bioarchaeological (archaeobotany and zooarchaeology) and geochronological information and examines how these various aspects of archaeology may be used to enhance our knowledge and understanding of past human environments. Drawing from both the practical experiences of the authors and cutting-edge research, Environmental Archaeology: Theoretical and Practical Approaches is a valuable contribution to the subject. It will be essential reading for students and professionals in archaeology, geography and anthropology.

World Prehistory and Archaeology

Pathways Through Time

Author: Michael Chazan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351802895

Category: Social Science

Page: 460

View: 4956

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An Integrated Picture of Prehistory as an Active Process of Discovery World Prehistory and Archaeology: Pathways through Time, fourth edition, provides an integrated discussion of world prehistory and archaeological methods. This text emphasizes the relevance of how we know and what we know about our human prehistory. A cornerstone of World Prehistory and Archaeology is the discussion of prehistory as an active process of discovery. Methodological issues are addressed throughout the text to engage readers. Archaeological methods are introduced in the first two chapters. Succeeding chapters then address the question of how we know the past to provide an integrated presentation of prehistory. The fourth edition involves readers in the current state of archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists work and interpret what they find. Through the coverage of various new research, author Michael Chazan shows how archaeology is truly a global discipline. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: * Gain new perspectives and insights into who we are and how our world came into being. * Think about humanity from the perspective of archaeology. * Appreciate the importance of the archaeological record for contemporary society.

Environmental Change

Key Issues and Alternative Perspectives

Author: Frank Oldfield

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521829366

Category: Nature

Page: 363

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Environmental Change: Key Issues and Alternative Approaches describes and explains the significance of past and contemporary environmental and climatic change. It outlines the conceptual framework for studies of environmental change by posing key questions and presenting the results of relevant research. It provides a non-specialist introduction to models in environmental change research and to the study of past environmental changes. Covering the last 400 000 years, special emphasis is placed on past periods of rapid warming, the nature of climatic variability over the last 1000 years and the dramatic and accelerating changes in the Earth system heralded by the industrial revolution. The book is extensively referenced and illustrated. This book provides a balanced, non-specialist basis for understanding and exploring the scientific issues underlying global change for advanced undergraduates in geography, environmental, earth, biological and ecological sciences.

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 4331

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Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

A Future for Archaeology

The Past in the Present

Author: Robert Layton,Stephen Shennan,Peter G. Stone

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781844721269

Category: Archaeology

Page: 251

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The essays in this book look back at some of the most important events where a role for an archaeology concerned with the past in the present first emerged and look forward to the practical and theoretical issues now central to a socially engaged discipline and shaping its future.

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur

Author: Philippe Descola

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518768409

Category: Social Science

Page: 638

View: 8826

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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Pre-Industrial Cities and Technology

Author: Colin Chant,David Goodman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134636202

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 3931

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This, the first book in the series, explores cities from the earliest earth built settlements to the dawn of the industrial age exploring ancient, Medieval, early modern and renaissance cities. Among the cities examined are Uruk, Babylon, Thebes, Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Baghdad, Siena, Florence, Antwerp, London, Paris, Amsterdam, Mexico City, Timbuktu, Great Zimbabwe, Hangzhou, Beijing and Hankou Among the technologies discussed are: irrigation, water transport, urban public transport, aqueducts, building materials such as brick and Roman concrete, weaponry and fortifications, street lighting and public clocks.

The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology

Author: Christian Isendahl,Daryl Stump

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191653349

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 8706

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The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology presents theoretical discussions, methodological outlines, and case-studies describing the field of overlap between historical ecology and the emerging sub-discipline of applied archaeology to highlight how modern environments and landscapes have been shaped by humans. Historical ecology is based on the recognition that humans are not only capable of modifying their environments, but that all environments on earth have already been directly or indirectly modified. This includes anthropogenic climate change, widespread deforestations, and species extinctions, but also very local alterations, the effects of which may last a few years, or may have legacies lasting centuries or more. With contributions from anthropologists, archaeologists, human geographers, and historians, this volume focuses not just on defining human impacts in the past, but on the ways that understanding these changes can help inform contemporary practices and development policies. Some chapters present examples of how ancient or current societies have modified their environments in sustainable ways, while others highlight practices that had unintended long-term consequences. The possibilities of learning from these practices are discussed, as is the potential of using the long history of human resource exploitation as a method for building or testing models of future change. The volume offers overviews for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in conservation or development projects who want to understand what practical insights can be drawn from history, and who seek to apply their work to contemporary issues.

European Cities & Technology

Industrial to Post-industrial City

Author: David C. Goodman,Colin Chant

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415200806

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 3543

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This text explores one of the most fundamental changes in the history of human society - the transition from rural to urban ways of living. It covers a range of urban technologies, including new building materials and designs.

American Cities & Technology

Wilderness to Wired City

Author: Gerrylynn K. Roberts,Philip Steadman,Open University

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415200844

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 3455

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Designed to be used on its own or as a companion volume to the American Cities and Technology textbook. Chronologically, this volume ranges from the earliest technological dimensions of Amerindian settlements to the 'wired city' concept of the 1960s and internet communications of the 1990s.Its focus extends beyond the US to include telecomunications in Asian cities in the late 20th century. The topics covered: * the rise of the skyscraper *the coming of the automobile age * relations between private and public transport * the development of infrastructural technologies and systems * the implications of electronic communications * the emergence of city planning.

SOMA ...

Symposium on Mediterranean Archaeology : Proceedings of the ... Annual Meeting of Postgraduate Researchers

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: N.A

View: 5689

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SOMA 2002

Symposium on Mediterranean Archaeology : Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of Postgraduate Researchers, University of Glasgow, Department of Archaeology, 15-17 February, 2002

Author: Ann Brysbaert

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 8457

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The 2002 Symposium on Mediterranean Archaeology brought together a number of postgraduate students researching a broad range of topics on the archaeology of the Mediterranean area from prehistory to the modern period. This volume presents twenty contributions from the workshop which was held at Glasgow University. Papers include: An approach to the archaeology of transitions in palaeolithic Iberia; Chapels and navigation in medieval Gozo; Constructing the meaning of the Persian Wars in Athens; Nationalism and archaeology in Cyprus; Cycladic idols on the Greek mainland; Modelling the Post-Roman landscape in Lazio; Rethinking Roman sculptures.

Atlantic Connections and Adaptations

Economies, Environments and Subsistence in Lands Bordering the North Atlantic

Author: R. A. Housley,Geraint Coles

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 271

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Maritime communications have played a vital role in shaping both human cultures and the biogeography of the North Atlantic Realm, a region containing discrete groups of islands separated by deep water. The aim of this volume is to explore the diversity of human environments and cultural adaptations present within the eastern part of the North Atlantic Realm, from Scotland and Norway in the East to Iceland in the West. The papers explore a number of key themes, including: the origins of flora and fauna of the North Atlantic Realm and the introduction of non-indigenous species in post-glacial periods; the various stages of human colonisation, from the explorations of Mesolithic hunter-gatherers in the Hebridean islands to the Norse settlement of the Faroes, Iceland and Greenland during the 8th to 10th centuries AD, and how each stage of colonisation has had its own ecological characteristics and consequences for indigenous flora and fauna; the influence of climatic variability and extreme episodic events on local environments and human settlement patterns; and the establishment and development of human exchange and trade networks and how they have affected the range of resources available for human exploitation, from agricultural domesticates to the development of the Flemish sea fishery. These papers were presented at the first joint meeting of the Association for Environmental Archaeology (AEA) and the North Atlantic Bio-cultural Organisation (NABO), which was held at Glasgow University in March 2001.

Basiswissen Archäologie

Theorien, Methoden, Praxis

Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: 9783805339483

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 5174

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Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)

Nachhaltigkeitsökonomik

Eine Einführung

Author: Peter Bartelmus

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365803131X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 7172

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Das Buch führt ein in das zunehmend wichtige Feld ​der ökonomischen Nachhaltigkeit und verbindet verschiedene Disziplinen: Umweltwissenschaft, Umweltökonomie und Wirtschaftsökonomie sowie Wachstumstheorien. Da Nachhaltigkeit verschiedene Lesarten hat, verfolgt der Autor zwei Intentionen: eine Systematik in Maßnahmen, Modelle und Management der Nachhaltigkeit zu bringen sowie den Zugang zu diesem komplexen, interdisziplinären Thema zu erleichtern. Das Buch schließt eine Lücke zwischen den Disziplinen und wird damit zum wichtigsten Ratgeber derzeit, um die aktuellen Konzepte zu verstehen und anzuwenden. Als Lehrbuch konzipiert, ist es auch für gesellschaftlich Interessierte geschrieben. Zahlreiche, eigen erstellte Illustrationen visualisieren die Ausführungen.