Environmental Hydrology and Hydraulics

Eco-technological Practices for Sustainable Development

Author: S N Ghosh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439842833

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 426

View: 2099

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Water is a precious natural resource, which is crucial to our survival. It needs to be used judiciously in the context of an increasing population not only to sustain essential requirements such as those for drinking and domestic usage, but also for increased food production, industrial usage, power generation, navigational requirements, pisciculture, recreation, landscaping etc. There are many books dealing with hydrology, hydraulics and hydraulic structures, which generally deal with larger problems of development, analysis, design and implementation of water resources. However, there are few books, which deal with small-scale development of water resources consistent with the environmental concerns as well as application of relevant eco-friendly technologies. This book provides both the perspectives.

Hydrology and Hydraulic Systems

Fourth Edition

Author: Ram S. Gupta

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478634219

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 888

View: 3136

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For more than 25 years, the multiple editions of Hydrology & Hydraulic Systems have set the standard for a comprehensive, authoritative treatment of the quantitative elements of water resources development. The latest edition extends this tradition of excellence in a thoroughly revised volume that reflects the current state of practice in the field of hydrology. Widely praised for its direct and concise presentation, practical orientation, and wealth of example problems, Hydrology & Hydraulic Systems presents fundamental theories and concepts balanced with excellent coverage of engineering applications and design. The Fourth Edition features a major revision of the chapter on distribution systems, as well as a new chapter on the application of remote sensing and computer modeling to hydrology. Outstanding features of the Fourth Edition include . . . • More than 350 illustrations and 200 tables • More than 225 fully solved examples, both in FPS and SI units • Fully worked-out examples of design projects with realistic data • More than 500 end-of-chapter problems for assignment • Discussion of statistical procedures for groundwater monitoring in accordance with the EPA’s Unified Guidance • Detailed treatment of hydrologic field investigations and analytical procedures for data assessment, including the USGS acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) approach • Thorough coverage of theory and design of loose-boundary channels, including the latest concept of combining the regime theory and the power function laws

Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support

With Geographic Information Systems

Author: David R. Maidment,Dean Djokic

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781879102804

Category: Computers

Page: 216

View: 5611

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This edited collection deals with the international issue of conserving and allocating water as the world's population continues to grow dramatically. Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support with Geographic Information Systems discusses applications such as watershed delineation, topographic characteristic extraction, and floodplain extent determination and provides an informed basis for water resource professionals to make sound decisions.

Urban Hydrology and Hydraulic Design

Author: James Chwen-Yuan Guo

Publisher: Water Resources Publication

ISBN: 9781887201483

Category: Hydraulic machinery

Page: 507

View: 468

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Latest developments of urban hydrology and hydraulic design procedures for storm water management.Drainage planning is an approach that integrates both local and regional efforts to identify drainage conveyance and storage facilities based on hydrologic optimization and cost minimization individually and collectively. In general, the first six chapters cover the hydrologic procedures for rainfall and runoff predictions, and the next 12 chapters focus on hydraulic designs of urban channel, culvert, street inlet, sewer drain, detention basin, retention basin, infiltration basin, low impact designs, and storm water modeling techniques by various routing methods.Hydrology analyses are lengthy in calculation and repetitive in procedure. As a result, Excel Spreadsheet is the most useful and handy tool for hydraulic and hydrologic designs. This book includes 18 sets of spreadsheets developed for 18 subjects. With these spreadsheets, it is easy for the reader to conduct sensitivity tests. Many of the design methods documented in this book have been adopted as the recommended design procedure by Denver, Las Vegas, and Sacramento metropolitan areas in the United States. Based on these methods, there are many design computer models that have been developed and supported by the Denver metro governments for stormwater design purposes.

Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering, Fifth Edition

Author: Andrew Chadwick,John Morfett,Martin Borthwick

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415672457

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 648

View: 8619

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Now in its fifth edition, Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering combines thorough coverage of the basic principles of civil engineering hydraulics with wide-ranging treatment of practical, real-world applications. This classic text is carefully structured into two parts to address principles before moving on to more advanced topics. The first part focuses on fundamentals, including hydrostatics, hydrodynamics, pipe and open channel flow, wave theory, physical modeling, hydrology, and sediment transport. The second part illustrates the engineering applications of these fundamental principles to pipeline system design; hydraulic structures; and river, canal, and coastal engineering—including up-to-date environmental implications. A chapter on computational hydraulics demonstrates the application of computational simulation techniques to modern design in a variety of contexts. What’s New in This Edition Substantive revisions of the chapters on hydraulic machines, flood hydrology, and computational modeling New material added to the chapters on hydrostatics, principles of fluid flow, behavior of real fluids, open channel flow, pressure surge in pipelines, wave theory, sediment transport, river engineering, and coastal engineering The latest recommendations on climate change predictions, impacts, and adaptation measures Updated references Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering, Fifth Edition is an essential resource for students and practitioners of civil, environmental, and public health engineering and associated disciplines. It is comprehensive, fully illustrated, and contains many worked examples. Spreadsheets and useful links to other web pages are available on an accompanying website, and a solutions manual is available to lecturers.

Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology

An Illustrated Dictionary

Author: Nicolas G. Adrien

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203494493

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 2760

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Computational hydraulics and hydrologic modeling are rapidly developing fields with a wide range of applications in areas ranging from wastewater disposal and stormwater management to civil and environmental engineering. These fields are full of promise, but the abundance of literature that now exists contains many new terms that are not always defined. Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary defines more that 4,000 basic terms and phrases related to water conveyance with emphasis on computational hydraulics and hydrologic modeling. Compiled by Nicolas G. Adrien, a noted consulting engineer with three decades of experience, this dictionary includes detailed references to actual modeling studies, nearly 100 illustrations, 150 equations and formulas, and many notations. It also includes a chapter of application examples and another containing more than 6,000 related terms with a list of resources where interested readers can find additional definitions. Other dictionaries and glossaries related to these areas tend to be either dated or much narrower in scope. This dictionary offers broad, practice-based coverage of terms culled directly from the latest texts, references, and actual engineering reports. Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary stands alone in providing ready access to the vocabulary of these subjects.

Urban Hydrology, Hydraulics, and Stormwater Quality

Engineering Applications and Computer Modeling

Author: A. Osman Akan,Robert J. Houghtalen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471431589

Category: Science

Page: 373

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A practical introduction on today′s challenge of controlling and managing the water resources used by and affected by cities and urbanized communities. The book offers an integrated engineering approach, covering the spectrum of urban watershed management, urban hydraulic systems, and overall stormwater management. Each chapter concludes with helpful problems. Solutions Manual available to qualified professors and instructors upon request. Introduces the reader to two popular, non–proprietary computer–modeling pro–grams: HEC–HMS (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) and SWMM (U.S EPA).

Handbook of Engineering Hydrology

Environmental Hydrology and Water Management

Author: Saeid Eslamian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466552506

Category: Science

Page: 606

View: 8524

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While most books examine only the classical aspects of hydrology, this three-volume set covers multiple aspects of hydrology, and includes contributions from experts from more than 30 countries. It examines new approaches, addresses growing concerns about hydrological and ecological connectivity, new quantitative and qualitative managing techniques and considers the worldwide impact of climate change. It also provides updated material on hydrological science and engineering, discussing recent developments as well as classic approaches. Published in three books, Fundamentals and Applications; Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability; and Environmental Hydrology and Water Management, the entire set consists of 87 chapters, and contains 29 chapters in each book. The chapters in this book contain information on: • The anthropocenic aquifer, groundwater vulnerability, and hydraulic fracturing, and environmental problems • Disinfection of water, environmental engineering for water and sanitation systems, environmental nanotechnology, modeling of wetland systems, nonpoint source and water quality modeling, water pollution control using low-cost natural wastes, and water supply and public health and safety • Environmental flows, river managed system for flood defense, stormwater modeling and management, tourism and river hydrology, and transboundary river basin management • The historical development of wastewater management, sediment pollution, and sustainable wastewater treatment • Water governance, scarcity, and security • The formation of ecological risk on plain reservoirs, modification in hydrological cycle, sustainable development in integrated water resources management, transboundary water resource management, and more Students, practitioners, policy makers, consultants and researchers can benefit from the use of this text.

Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Andy D. Ward,Stanley W. Trimble

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566706162

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 2944

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The technological advances of recent years include the emergence of new remote sensing and geographic information systems that are invaluable for the study of wetlands, agricultural land, and land use change. Students, hydrologists, and environmental engineers are searching for a comprehensive hydrogeologic overview that supplements information on hydrologic processes with data on these new information technology tools. Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition builds upon the foundation of the bestselling first edition by providing a qualitative understanding of hydrologic processes while introducing new methods for quantifying hydrologic parameters and processes. Written by authors with extensive multidisciplinary experience, the text first discusses the components of the hydrologic cycle, then follows with chapters on precipitation, stream processes, human impacts, new information system applications, and numerous other methods and strategies. By updating this thorough text with the newest analytical tools and measurement methodologies in the field, the authors provide an ideal reference for students and professionals in environmental science, hydrology, soil science, geology, ecological engineering, and countless other environmental fields.

Environmental and Hydrological Systems Modelling

Author: A W Jayawardena

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 041546532X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 6326

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Mathematical modelling has become an indispensable tool for engineers, scientists, planners, decision makers and many other professionals to make predictions of future scenarios as well as real impending events. As the modelling approach and the model to be used are problem specific, no single model or approach can be used to solve all problems, and there are constraints in each situation. Modellers therefore need to have a choice when confronted with constraints such as lack of sufficient data, resources, expertise and time. Environmental and Hydrological Systems Modelling provides the tools needed by presenting different approaches to modelling the water environment over a range of spatial and temporal scales. Their applications are shown with a series of case studies, taken mainly from the Asia-Pacific Region. Coverage includes: Population dynamics Reaction kinetics Water quality systems Longitudinal dispersion Time series analysis and forecasting Artificial neural networks Fractals and chaos Dynamical systems Support vector machines Fuzzy logic systems Genetic algorithms and genetic programming This book will be of great value to advanced students, professionals, academics and researchers working in the water environment.

Hydraulic Engineering III

Author: Liquan Xie

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 113802743X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 410

View: 1079

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Hydraulic research is developing beyond the borders of traditional civil engineering to meet increasing demands in natural hazards, structural safety assessment and also environmental research. Hydraulic Engineering III contains 62 technical papers from the 3rd Technical Conference on Hydraulic Engineering (CHE 2014, Hong Kong, 13-14 December 2014), including the 2014 Structural and Civil Engineering Workshop (SCEW 2014) and the 4th Workshop on Environment and Safety Engineering (WESE 2014). The contributions reflect recent advances, discuss problems and identify challenges associated with engineering applications in hydraulic engineering, and showcase recent developments in the areas of hydraulic engineering and environmental engineering, and other related fields. Hydraulic Engineering III includes a wide variety of topics: hydraulic engineering (river engineering and sediment transport, waterway engineering, flood hazards and innovative control measures, geotechnical aspects in hydraulic engineering, rainfall modelling, water resources and water treatment, hydraulic structures, modelling technology in hydraulic engineering), structural and civil engineering (mechanics in engineering, and new structural advances such as reinforced concrete beam by high titanium blast furnace slag), and environmental issues (environmental fluid dynamics, environmental hydraulics and hydrology, and the environmental prediction and control techniques in waste and pollution, water pollution and ecosystem degradation, coastal engineering). Hydraulic Engineering III will be invaluable to academics and professionals in both hydraulic and environmental engineering.

Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Memorial Volume in honour of Prof. Gerhard H. Jirka

Author: Wolfgang Rodi,Markus Uhlmann

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203803965

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 3481

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This book contains the written versions of invited lectures presented at the Gerhard H. Jirka Memorial Colloquium on Environmental Fluid Mechanics, held June 3-4, 2011, in Karlsruhe, Germany. Professor Jirka was widely known for his outstanding work in Environmental Fluid Mechanics, and 23 eminent world-leading experts in this field contributed to this book in his honour, providing high-quality state-of-the-art scientific information. The contributions cover the following key areas of Environmental Fluid Mechanics: Fluvial Hydraulics, Shallow Flows, Jets and Stratified Flows, Gravity Currents, Mass Transfer and Small-Scale Phenomena, and include experimental, theoretical and numerical studies. In addition, former co-workers of Professor Jirka provide an extensive summary of his scientific achievements in the field.

Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering

Author: K. C. Patra

Publisher: Alpha Science International Limited

ISBN: 9781842654217

Category: Science

Page: 591

View: 9252

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"Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering illustrates all the terms of the hydrologic cycle and discusses the possible ways of their estimation. Application of the methods to the field problems are discussed extensively. The book focuses primarily on surface water hydrology and all the aspects of hydrologic processes, analysis, and design. All the hydrologic processes and storages such as precipitation, infiltration, evaporation, stream flow-runoff estimation, evapo-transpiration, hydrograph, flood estimation, flood routing, reservoir and sedimentation are covered with a number of alternative approaches to solve the problems, followed by examples, taken from field data to make the readers understand the techniques conceptually."--BOOK JACKET.

Hydrology

An Environmental Approach

Author: Ian Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351439693

Category: Science

Page: 722

View: 2213

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Hydrology covers the fundamentals of hydrology and hydrogeology, taking an environmental slant dictated by the emphasis in recent times for the remediation of contaminated aquifers and surface-water bodies as well as a demand for new designs that impose the least negative impact on the natural environment. Major topics covered include hydrological principles, groundwater flow, groundwater contamination and clean-up, groundwater applications to civil engineering, well hydraulics, and surface water. Additional topics addressed include flood analysis, flood control, and both ground-water and surface-water applications to civil engineering design.

Design Hydrology and Sedimentology for Small Catchments

Author: Charles Thomas Haan,Billy J. Barfield,J. C. Hayes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123123402

Category: Science

Page: 588

View: 976

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The Clean Water Act, with its emphasis on storm water and sediment control in urban areas, has created a compelling need for information in small-catchment hydrology. Design Hydrology and Sedimentology for Small Catchments provides the basic information and techniques required for understanding and implementing design systems to control runoff, erosion, and sedimentation. It will be especially useful to those involved in urban and industrial planning anddevelopment, surface mining activities, storm water management, sediment control, and environmental management. This class-tested text, which presents many solved problems throughout as well as solutions at the end of each chapter, is suitable for undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education courses. In addition, practicing professionals will find it a valuable reference. Anderson/Woessner: APPLIED GROUNDWATER MODELING (1992) Shuirman/Slosson: FORENSIC ENGINEERING (1992) de Marsily: QUANTITATIVE HYDROGEOLOGY (1986) Selley: APPLIED SEDIMENTOLOGY, THIRD EDITION (1988) Huyakorn: COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SUBSURFACE FLOW (1986) Pinder: FINITE ELEMENT MODELING IN SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE HYDROLOGY (1977) Key Features * Covers major new improvements and state-of-the-art technologies in sediment control technology * Provides in-depth information on estimating the impact of land-use changes on runoff and flood flows, as well as on estimating erosion and sediment yield from small catchments * Presents superior coverage on design of flood and sediment detention ponds and design of runoff and sediment control measures

Hydrology, Hydraulics and Water Resources Management

A Heuristic Optimization Approach

Author: K.L. Katsifarakis

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845646649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 174

View: 5208

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With population of our planet exceeding seven billion, funds for infrastructure works being limited worldwide and climate change affecting water resources, their optimal development and management is literally vital. This volume deals with application of some non-traditional optimization techniques to hydraulics, hydrology and water resources management and aims at helping scientists dealing with these issues to reach the best decisions. Chapter 1 is a brief introduction to optimization and its application to water resources management. Chapter 2 is dedicated to genetic algorithms. Chapter 3 focuses on applications of genetic algorithms to hydraulic networks, mainly irrigation ones. Chapter 4 is dedicated to simulated annealing. The particle swarm method (PSO) is discussed in Chapter 5. In Chapter 6 the basic concepts and features of Tabu search are presented and its coupling with other heuristic optimizers is discussed. Chapter 7 is dedicated to the Harmony Search method. Finally, Chapter 8 deals with the Outer Approximation method. This book is aimed at engineers and other scientists working on water resources management and hydraulic networks.