Environmental Physiology of Animals

Author: Pat Willmer,Graham Stone,Ian Johnston

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444309226

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 2214

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The new and updated edition of this accessible text provides a comprehensive overview of the comparative physiology of animals within an environmental context. Includes two brand new chapters on Nerves and Muscles and the Endocrine System. Discusses both comparative systems physiology and environmental physiology. Analyses and integrates problems and adaptations for each kind of environment: marine, seashore and estuary, freshwater, terrestrial and parasitic. Examines mechanisms and responses beyond physiology. Applies an evolutionary perspective to the analysis of environmental adaptation. Provides modern molecular biology insights into the mechanistic basis of adaptation, and takes the level of analysis beyond the cell to the membrane, enzyme and gene. Incorporates more varied material from a wide range of animal types, with less of a focus purely on terrestrial reptiles, birds and mammals and rather more about the spectacularly successful strategies of invertebrates. A companion site for this book with artwork for downloading is available at: www.blackwellpublishing.com/willmer/

Environmental Physiology of Marine Animals

Author: W. B. Vernberg,F. J. Vernberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642653340

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 4788

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Within recent years man has become increasingly aware of the disastrous environmental changes that he has introduced, and therefore society is now more concerned about understanding the adaptations organisms have evolved in order to survive and flourish in their environment. Because much of the information pertaining to this subject is scattered in various journals or special symposia proceedings, our purpose in writing this book is to bring together in a college-and graduate-student text the principal concepts of the environmental physiology of the animals that inhabit one of the major realms of the earth, the sea. Our book is not meant to be a definitive treatise on the physiological adap tation of the animals that inhabit the marine environment. Instead, we have tried to highlight some of the physiological mechanisms through which these animals have been able to meet the challenges of their environment. We have not written this book for anyone particular scientific discipline; rather, we hope that it will have an interdisciplinary appeal. It is meant to be both a reference text and a text for teaching senior undergraduate and graduate courses in marine biology, physiological ecology of marine animals, and envi ronmental physiology of marine animals.

Environmental Physiology of Livestock

Author: R. J. Collier,J. L. Collier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0813811767

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 516

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"The concept for this text arose from the 18th Discover Conference on Effect of the Thermal Environment on Nutrient and Management Requirements of Cattle, which was held at the Brown County Inn in Nashville, Indiana November 2-5, 2009"--Pref.

Environmental Physiology of the Amphibians

Author: Martin E. Feder

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226239446

Category: Nature

Page: 646

View: 3952

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Through its emphasis on recent research, its many summary tables, and its bibliography of more than 4,000 entries, this first modern, synthetic treatment of comparative amphibian environmental physiology emerges as the definitive reference for the field. Forty internationally respected experts review the primary data, examine current research trends, and identify productive avenues for future research.

Comparative Physiology of Animals

An Environmental Approach

Author: Richard W. Hill

Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Adaptation (Physiology).

Page: 656

View: 5203

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Organism and environment; Energy metabolism; Thermal relationship; Exchanges of salts and water: mechanisms; Exchanges of salts and water: integration; Nitrogen excretion and other aspects of nitrogen metabolism; Renal organs and excretion; Exchanges of oxygen and carbon dioxide: basic principles, respiratory anvironments, and external respiration; Exchanges of exygen and carbon dioxide: transport in body fluids; Circulation; Metabolic responses to oxygen deficiency and lowered availability of oxygen; The active animal.

Adaptation to Environment

Essays on the Physiology of Marine Animals

Author: R. C. Newell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483162974

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 1682

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Adaptation to Environment: Essays on the Physiology of Marine Animals contains a series of essays that is intended as a review of the special adaptations of marine organisms to the particular environmental conditions they are likely to encounter in the natural habitat. This book emphasizes developments in physiology of marine animals and on approaches to the study of the adaptations of marine organisms. This compilation also interprets the term “Physiology in its widest sense to include all aspects of the functioning of the organism from the behavior of animals to the mode of function of enzymes. For this reason, structural adaptations have been reviewed in detail only where their functional role is understood and where they constitute a specific adaptation to defined environmental conditions. This publication benefits students and individuals conducting research on the physiology of marine animals.

Comparative Animal Physiology, Environmental and Metabolic Animal Physiology

Author: C. Ladd Prosser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471857679

Category: Science

Page: 578

View: 1086

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Here is a uniquely modern approach to the study of physiological diversity that builds on the tradition established by C. Ladd Prosser's Comparative Animal Physiology. Responding to the need for a rigorously up-to-date, comprehensive survey of function and integrative systems in a variety of species, which is also easily accessible to the user, Dr. Prosser has delivered a thoroughly revised Fourth Edition in a convenient two-volume format. This carefully designed framework lets each volume zero-in on distinct aspects of comparative physiology normally studied as a whole unit. From the study of genetically replicating molecules to investigations of adaptive modulation, these two companion volumes offer an all-encompassing view of the field. With their contemporary approach, scholarly editing, flexible format, and detailed contents, Neural and Integrative Animal Physiology and Environmental and Metabolic Animal Physiology will stand together as the authoritative source in the field.

Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology

Animal Adaptation to Cold

Author: Lawrence C.H. Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642740782

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 8585

DOWNLOAD NOW »
When survival is challenged by the cold, animals react by employing both behavioral and physiological solutions. Depending on the magni tude of the cold stress and the nature of the adjustment, simple avoidance or sophisticated capacity or resistance compensations may be used. Thus, migration, shelter seeking, metabolic and insulative compen sation, torpor, and freezing avoidance and tolerance are successful tac tics used by diverse groups of animals. To understand and appreciate the benefits of these tactics, it is necessary to examine not only the well being of the whole animal but also their basic underlying mechanisms. In ad dition, it is also of fundamental importance to grasp how seasonal cold affects the survivorship and reproductive success of populations when confronted by a general reduction in primary productivity and an elevated energy cost for maintenance (e. g. in endotherms). In this regard, a synthetic overview which integrates aspects of cell biology, biochem istry, physiology, neurobiology, behavior, and population biology should be a fruitful approach in providing a holistic understanding on how animals adapt to cold. The present volume is an attempt to achieve such an overview; its objective is to provide a depth and breadth of coverage that is essential to a full appreciation of animal adaptation to cold. It is the hope of the contributing authors that this book will serve as an effective reference text for all senior undergraduate and graduate students as well as research scientists with an interest in cold physiology.

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals

Author: Philip C. Withers,Christine E. Cooper,Shane K. Maloney,Francisco Bozinovic,Ariovaldo P. Cruz Neto

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191092681

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 7475

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Mammals are the so-called "pinnacle" group of vertebrates, successfully colonising virtually all terrestrial environments as well as the air (bats) and sea (especially pinnipeds and cetaceans). How mammals function and survive in these diverse environments has long fascinated mammologists, comparative physiologists and ecologists. Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals explores the physiological mechanisms and evolutionary necessities that have made the spectacular adaptation of mammals possible. It summarises our current knowledge of the complex and sophisticated physiological approaches that mammals have for survival in a wide variety of ecological and environmental contexts: terrestrial, aerial, and aquatic. The authors have a strong comparative and quantitative focus in their broad approach to exploring mammal ecophysiology. As with other books in the Ecological and Environmental Physiology Series, the emphasis is on the unique physiological characteristics of mammals, their adaptations to extreme environments, and current experimental techniques and future research directions are also considered. This accessible text is suitable for graduate level students and researchers in the fields of mammalian comparative physiology and physiological ecology, including specialist courses in mammal ecology. It will also be of value and use to the many professional mammologists requiring a concise overview of the topic.

Animal Physiology

Adaptation and Environment

Author: Knut Schmidt-Nielsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268508

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7842

DOWNLOAD NOW »
How do dolphins catch fish in murky water? Why do moths drink from puddles? How do birds' eggs breathe? How do animals work? In this revised and updated edition of the acclaimed text Animal Physiology, the answers are revealed. In clear and stimulating style, Knut Schmidt-Nielsen introduces and develops the fundamental principles of animal physiology according to major environmental features - oxygen, food and energy, temperature, and water. The structure of the book is unchanged from the previous edition, but every chapter has been updated to take into account recent developments, with numerous new references and figures. Animal Physiology is suitable as a text for undergraduate and beginning graduate courses in physiology. As with previous editions, students, teachers as well as researchers will find this book a valuable and enjoyable companion to course work and research.

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Fishes

Author: F. Brian Eddy,Richard D. Handy

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191631639

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 3326

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Fishes have evolved to colonise almost every type of aquatic habitat and today they are a hugely diverse group of over 25,000 species. The evolution of this great diversity of species has resulted in a myriad of solutions to the demands posed by the aquatic environment. Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Fishes presents a current and comprehensive overview of fish physiology to demonstrate how living fishes function in their environment. As with other books in the Series, the emphasis is on the unique physiological characteristics of the fish, but with applications to questions of broad relevance in physiological ecology. A preliminary chapter introduces the aquatic environment and gives a general description of fish biology, evolution, and taxonomy. Subsequent sections discuss the particular problems of living in water, life in extreme environments, techniques for studying fish ecophysiology, and future research directions.

Essentials of Animal Physiology

Author: S. C. Rastogi

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 8122420141

Category: Physiology

Page: 578

View: 7449

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This Comprehensive, Fully Updated Text Describes The Essential Concepts Of Animal Physiology And Related Biochemistry For Students Of Biology And Related Disciplines. In Terms Of Presentation And Contents, The Book Offers Relevant Fundamentals Of Physiology And Animal Behaviour Under Diverse Conditions. The Text Will Certainly Satisfy The Needs Of Students Of Biology, Home Science And Animal Husbandry.Key Features * Covers Physiology Of Organ Systems Of Animals, Including Human And Mammalian Physiology. * Surveys Functional Specialisation Of Organisms And Their Survival Ability Under Environmental Stresses. * Explains Criteria Of Physiological Variations Among Organisms Living In Diverse Habitats. * New Coverage On Animal Calorimetry To Explain Energy Requirements Of Animals. * In Depth Coverage Of Membrane Physiology. * A New Chapter On Physiological Disorders Emanating From Organellar Malfunctions And Genetic Disabilities.

The Extended Organism

The Physiology of Animal-Built Structures

Author: J Scott Turner

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674044494

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 5581

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Can the structures that animals build--from the humble burrows of earthworms to towering termite mounds to the Great Barrier Reef--be said to live? However counterintuitive the idea might first seem, physiological ecologist Scott Turner demonstrates in this book that many animals construct and use structures to harness and control the flow of energy from their environment to their own advantage. Building on Richard Dawkins's classic, "The Extended Phenotype," Turner shows why drawing the boundary of an organism's physiology at the skin of the animal is arbitrary. Since the structures animals build undoubtedly do physiological work, capturing and channeling chemical and physical energy, Turner argues that such structures are more properly regarded not as frozen behaviors but as external organs of physiology and even extensions of the animal's phenotype. By challenging dearly held assumptions, a fascinating new view of the living world is opened to us, with implications for our understanding of physiology, the environment, and the remarkable structures animals build.

Der Geschmack von Laub und Erde

Wie ich versuchte, als Tier zu leben

Author: Charles Foster

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492958761

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7396

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Was fühlt ein Tier, wie lebt es und wie nimmt es seine Umwelt wahr? Um das herauszufinden, tritt Charles Foster ein faszinierendes Experiment an. Er schlüpft in die Rolle von fünf verschiedenen Tierarten: Dachs, Otter, Fuchs, Rothirsch und Mauersegler. Er haust in einem Bau unter der Erde, schnappt mit den Zähnen nach Fischen in einem Fluss und durchstöbert Mülltonnen auf der Suche nach Nahrung. Er schärft seine Sinne, wird zum nachtaktiven Lebewesen, beschreibt wie ein Weinkenner die unterschiedlichen »Terroirs« von Würmern und wie sich der Duft der Erde in den verschiedenen Jahreszeiten verändert. In die scharfsinnige und witzige Schilderung seiner skurrilen Erfahrungen lässt er wissenswerte Fakten einfließen und stellt sie in den Kontext philosophischer Themen. Letztendlich geht es dabei auch um die eine Frage: Was es bedeutet, Mensch zu sein.

Comparative Physiology

Life in Water and on Land

Author: Pierre Dejours,Liana Bolis,C. Richard Taylor,Ewald R. Weibel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387965154

Category: Medical

Page: 556

View: 774

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume examines the extent to which the design and function of terrestrial and aquatic animals are determined by the physicochemical properties of the media in which they live. The topic is addressed from the viewpoint of scientists representing a variety of disciplines and approaches. Anatomists, biochemists, biophysicists, physiologists and zoologists each contribute their perspectives. The general topics examined include: respiration; acid base balance; osmoregulation; water and ionic exchanges; nutrient acquisition and absorption; nitrogen and sulfur metabolism; locomotion; sensory information and behaviour; energy metabolism; and temperature and evolution. Four or five papers deal with each of these general topics.

Die Evolution des Fliegens – Ein Fotoshooting

Author: Georg Glaeser,Hannes F. Paulus,Werner Nachtigall

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662498995

Category: Science

Page: 249

View: 5195

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Dieser Band nimmt sie mit auf eine spannende Reise in Bildern und Texten. Spektakuläre, großformatige Fotos auf Doppelseiten mit einem Erklärungstext machen die Leser neugierig auf das, was die Evolution im Bereich des Fliegens hervorgebracht hat: von der pflanzlichen Luftflotte (Pollenkörner, Flugsamen,...) über fliegende Schlangen und Fische, unter Wasser fliegende Pinguine bis zum Menschen, der sich in die Lüfte erhebt. Das Buch kann in beliebiger Reihenfolge, Doppelseite für Doppelseite, gelesen werden. Querverweise sorgen für bequemes Umspringen auf andere Doppelseiten. Die Textpassagen sind zumeist - abgesehen von der fundierten Einleitung - unabhängig von einander und besprechen besondere Highlights im evolutionären Prozess. Ergänzt wird die Doppelseite mit Literaturhinweisen und Verweisen auf instruktive Internet-Seiten.

Environmental Aspects of Housing for Animal Production

Author: J. A. Clark

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483164330

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 1400

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Environmental Aspects of Housing for Animal Production is concerned with environmental aspects of housing farm animals. The discussions are organized around physical and physiological principles; environmental influences on reproduction; environmental influences on the productivity of farm animals; optimal housing environments for temperate and cool climates; housing environments for hot climates; engineering and control of the house environment; and the constraints of welfare and disease. This text consists of 32 chapters divided into nine sections. The first chapter explores the physiological mechanisms whereby the food- or fiber-producing animals maintain a constant body temperature under climatic extremes and the possible impact that these physiological processes may have on productive systems. This discussion is followed by chapters on the influence of climate on the decision to house livestock; the effect of the environment on animal reproduction; thermal influences on poultry; and the importance of ventilation and temperature control. This text also considers the poultry housing problems in tropical and subtropical climates; insulation of animal houses; and the interaction between feathering and egg production in laying hens. This book will appeal to those working in the field of housing for animal production, both in research and development and at a practical level.