Environmental Tracers in Subsurface Hydrology

Author: Peter G. Cook,Andrew L. Herczeg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461545579

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 9636

Environmental Tracers in Subsurface Hydrology synthesizes the research of specialists into a comprehensive review of the application of environmental tracers to the study of soil water and groundwater flow. The book includes chapters which cover ionic tracers, noble gases, chlorofluorocarbons, tritium, chlorine-36, oxygen-18, deuterium, and isotopes of carbon, strontium, sulphur and nitrogen. Applications of the tracers include the estimation of vertical and horizontal groundwater velocities, groundwater recharge rates, inter-aquifer leakage and mixing processes, chemical processes and palaeohydrology. Practicing hydrologists, soil physicists and hydrology professors and students will find the book to be a valuable support in their work.

Environmental Isotopes in Hydrogeology

Author: Ian D. Clark,Peter Fritz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566702492

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 716

Groundwater is an increasingly important resource to human populations around the world, and the study and protection of groundwater is an essential part of hydrogeology - the subset of hydrology that concentrates on the subsurface. Environmental isotopes, naturally occurring nuclides in water and solutes, have become fundamental tools for tracing the recharge, history, and contamination of groundwater.

Isotopes in the Water Cycle

Past, Present and Future of a Developing Science

Author: Pradeep K. Aggarwal,Joel R. Gat,Klaus F. Froehlich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402066719

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 382

View: 5957

Environmental isotope and nuclear techniques provide unmatched insights into the processes governing the water cycle and its variability. This monograph presents state of the art applications and new developments of isotopes in hydrology, environmental disciplines and climate change studies. Coverage ranges from the assessment of groundwater resources in terms of recharge and flow regime to studies of the past and present global environmental and climate changes.

Understanding Water in a Dry Environment

IAH International Contributions to Hydrogeology 23

Author: Ian Simmers

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789058096180

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 7131

In order to provide water security in the twenty-first century, there is universal agreement that a continuation of current policies and extrapolation of trends is not an option. Also clear is that from both water supply and development perspectives, the world's arid and semi-arid regions are those currently and potentially experiencing the highest water stresses. One third of the world's land surface is classified as arid or semi-arid, and about half of all countries are directly affected in some way by problems of aridity. The hydrology of arid and semi-arid areas is also known to be substantially different from that in more humid regions. It is therefore essential that investigation methods appropriate to the former are developed and applied, and that strategies for arid and semi-arid region water resources development recognise the principal characteristics of in-situ hydrological processes.

Groundwater Modelling in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas

Author: Howard S. Wheater,Simon A. Mathias,Xin Li

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139489720

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9448

Arid and semi-arid regions face major challenges in the management of scarce freshwater resources under pressures of population, economic development, climate change, pollution and over-abstraction. Groundwater is commonly the most important water resource in these areas. Groundwater models are widely used globally to understand groundwater systems and to guide decisions on management. However, the hydrology of arid and semi-arid areas is very different from that of humid regions, and there is little guidance on the special challenges of groundwater modelling for these areas. This book brings together the experience of internationally leading experts to fill a gap in the scientific and technical literature. It introduces state-of-the-art methods for modelling groundwater resources, illustrated with a wide-ranging set of illustrative examples from around the world. The book is valuable for researchers, practitioners in developed and developing countries, and graduate students in hydrology, hydrogeology, water resources management, environmental engineering and geography.

Summary Results from the Courthouse Wash Monitoring Well

Author: Stefan M. Kirby,J. Lucy Jordan,Gary Hunt

Publisher: Utah Geological Survey



Page: 9

View: 4577

This open-file report presents results from a new groundwater monitoring well and groundwater sampling campaign in the Courthouse Wash area near Moab, Utah. The purpose of the monitoring well and new groundwater samples is to better delineate the relationship between groundwater that supplies important springs within Arches National Park, and groundwater beneath the upper portions of Courthouse Wash that may experience development in the future.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Author: C. Kendall,J.J. McDonnell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008092915X

Category: Science

Page: 870

View: 5006

This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.

Ground Water in Utah

Resource, Protection, and Remediation : 2004 Field Symposiium, September 24-25, 2004

Author: Utah Geological Association. Field Conference

Publisher: N.A


Category: Groundwater

Page: 261

View: 7212


Use of chlorofluorocarbons in hydrology

a guidebook

Author: International Atomic Energy Agency

Publisher: IAEA

ISBN: 9789201008053

Category: Science

Page: 277

View: 7393

Groundwater is used to meet almost half of the global freshwater demand for domestic and agricultural use. Hydrological investigations to assess groundwater resources and to develop sustainable management strategies require a variety of scientific information, including the occurrence and rate of aquifer recharge. This publication explains the chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) technique for dating groundwater, including its scientific basis, sampling and measurement methods, interpretation and limitations of data, and a variety of case studies. It is intended to facilitate a comparative analysis of the CFC and isotope techniques and a wider use of the CFC technique under appropriate conditions.

Fact Sheet

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Geological mapping

Page: N.A

View: 2593