Epistemic Injustice

Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Author: Miranda Fricker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198237901

Category: Philosophy

Page: 188

View: 8371

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Wahrheit und Wahrhaftigkeit

Author: Bernard Arthur Owen Williams

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518296509

Category:

Page: 429

View: 7947

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Was bedeutet es, wahrhaftig zu sein? Welche Rolle spielt Wahrheit in unserem Leben? Bernard Williams erkundet den geschichtsträchtigen und zentralen Begriff der Wahrheit und zeigt, dass wir einerseits mehr, andererseits weniger von ihm erhoffen können, als wir uns vorstellen. Dabei blendet er philosophische, historische und fiktionale Zugänge übereinander, um zu erzählen, wie die Meinungen der Menschen über das Problem der Wahrheit entstanden sein könnten. So scheint am Horizont auf, was wir verlieren, wenn wir den Sinn für den Wert von Wahrheit verlieren: womöglich alles! Ein Meisterwerk.

Philosophie und die Potenziale der Gender Studies

Peripherie und Zentrum im Feld der Theorie

Author: Hilge Landweer,Catherine Newmark,Christine Kley,Simone Miller

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839421527

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 2427

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Der Band möchte der Debatte um feministische Theorie neue Impulse geben, vor allem in der Philosophie. »Geschlecht« wird hier zwar ähnlich wie in den Naturwissenschaften noch immer weitgehend ausgeschlossen oder marginalisiert. Stellt man diesen Begriff aber ins Zentrum des Denkens, kann er neue Perspektiven auf grundlegende philosophische Probleme öffnen: auf Vernunft, Macht, Handeln, Gerechtigkeit, Demokratie. Die Texte zur politischen Theorie, Ethik, Anthropologie und Metaphilosophie, die der Band vereint, wollen in diesem Sinne das kritische Potenzial der Gender Studies für die Philosophie nutzen.

Schlaflos

Author: Sarah Moss

Publisher: mareverlag

ISBN: 3866483031

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 6766

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Eine karge Insel im Westen Schottlands, ständige Stromausfälle und eine unsichere Telefonverbindung. Ein Zweijähriger, der die Nächte zum Tag macht, und ein Siebenjähriger, der die Tage damit verbringt, sich die originellsten Versionen des Weltuntergangs auszumalen. Dazu ein Ehemann, der einer in den Klippen heimischen Papageientaucherkolonie mehr Zeit widmet als seiner Familie: Unter diesen nicht gerade idealen Bedingungen versucht die Historikerin Anna Bennett, eine wissenschaftliche Arbeit zum Thema Kindheit im 18. Jahrhundert zu schreiben. Aber wie soll sie auch nur eine Zeile zu Papier bringen, wenn sie allein und völlig übernächtigt zwei unternehmungslustige Kleinkinder in einer felsigen Einöde beschäftigen muss? Als zwei rätselhafte Funde im Garten und auf dem Dachboden des sich seit Generationen im Familienbesitz befindlichen Wohnhauses zu allem Überfluss Einblicke in die düstere Vergangenheit der Insel gewähren, sieht Anna endgültig ihre Felle davonschwimmen. Doch dann verbindet sich ihr chaotischer Alltag auf unerwartete Weise mit ihrem Forschungsgegenstand und der Inselhistorie ... Gleichzeitig gute Mutter und Wissenschaftlerin zu sein, noch dazu auf einer abgelegenen, windigen Nordseeinsel - keine leichte Aufgabe. Sarah Moss schildert das Dilemma ihrer Heldin mit so viel Selbstironie, Komik und Intelligenz und das Geheimnis der Insel mit so großer Spannung, dass eines sicher ist: "Schlaflos" hält wach.

Reading Ethics

Author: Miranda Fricker,Samuel Guttenplan

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 331

View: 377

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This introductory text encourages students to engage with key problems and arguments in ethics through a series of classic and contemporary readings. It will inspire students to think about the distinctive nature of moral philosophy, and to draw comparisons between different traditions of thought, between ancient and modern philosophies, and between theoretical and literary writing about the place of value in human life. Each of the book’s six chapters focuses on a particular theme: the nature of goodness, subjectivity and objectivity in ethical thinking, justice and virtue, moral motivation, the place of moral obligation, and the idea that literature can be a form of moral philosophy. The historical readings come from Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Kant and Mill; and the contemporary readings from Foot, Rawls, McDowell, Mackie, Nagel, Williams, Nussbaum and Gaita. The editors’ introductions to the themes, and the interactive commentaries they provide for each reading, are intended to make Reading Ethics come as close as possible to a seminar in philosophy.

The Epistemic Life of Groups

Essays in the Epistemology of Collectives

Author: Michael S. Brady,Miranda Fricker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198759649

Category:

Page: 272

View: 8892

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Social epistemology has been flourishing in recent years, expanding and making connections with political philosophy, virtue epistemology, philosophy of science, and feminist philosophy. The philosophy of the social world too is flourishing, with burgeoning work in the metaphysics of the social world, collective responsibility, group action, and group belief. The new philosophical vista now more clearly presenting itself is collective epistemology--the epistemology of groups and institutions. Groups engage in epistemic activity all the time--whether it be the active collective inquiry of scientific research groups or crime detection units, or the evidential deliberations of tribunals and juries, or the informational efforts of the voting population in general--and yet in philosophy there is still relatively little epistemology of groups to help explore these epistemic practices and their various dimensions of social and philosophical significance. The aim of this book is to address this lack, by presenting original essays in the field of collective epistemology, exploring these regions of epistemic practice and their significance for Epistemology, Political Philosophy, Ethics, and the Philosophy of Science.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 7936

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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

The SAGE Handbook of Feminist Theory

Author: Mary Evans,Clare Hemmings,Marsha Henry,Hazel Johnstone,Sumi Madhok,Ania Plomien,Sadie Wearing

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473907330

Category: Social Science

Page: 680

View: 7008

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At no point in recorded history has there been an absence of intense, and heated, discussion about the subject of how to conduct relations between women and men. This Handbook provides a comprehensive guide to these omnipresent issues and debates, mapping the present and future of thinking about feminist theory. The chapters gathered here present the state of the art in scholarship in the field, covering: Epistemology and marginality Literary, visual and cultural representations Sexuality Macro and microeconomics of gender Conflict and peace. The most important consensus in this volume is that a central organizing tenet of feminism is its willingness to examine the ways in which gender and relations between women and men have been (and are) organized. The authors bring a shared commitment to the critical appraisal of gender relations, as well as a recognition that to think ‘theoretically’ is not to detach concerns from lived experience but to extend the possibilities of understanding. With this focus on theory and theorizing about the world in which we live, this Handbook asks us, across all disciplines and situations, to abandon our taken-for-granted assumptions about the world and interrogate both the origin and the implications of our ideas about gender relations and feminism. It is an essential reference work for advanced students and academics not only of feminist theory, but of gender and sexuality across the humanities and social sciences.

Essays in Collective Epistemology

Author: Jennifer Lackey

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030171

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 7275

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We often talk about groups believing, knowing, and testifying. For instance, we ask whether the Bush Administration had good reasons for believing that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction, or whether BP knew that its equipment was faulty before the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Epistemic claims of this sort often have enormously significant consequences, given the ways they bear on the moral and legal responsibilities of collective entities. Despite the importance of these epistemic claims, there has been surprisingly little philosophical work shedding light on these phenomena, their consequences, and the broader implications that follow for epistemology in general. Essays in Collective Epistemology aims to fill this gap in the literature by bringing together new papers in this area by some of the leading figures in social epistemology. The volume is divided into four parts and contains ten articles written on a range of topics in collective epistemology. All of the papers focus on fundamental issues framing the epistemological literature on groups, and offer new insights or developments to the current debates: some do so by providing novel examinations of the epistemological relationship that groups bear to their members, while others point to new, cutting edge approaches to theorizing about concepts and issues related to collective entities. Anyone working in epistemology, or concerned with issues involving the social dimensions of knowledge, should find the papers in this book both interesting and valuable.

Virtue and Vice, Moral and Epistemic

Author: Heather Battaly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444351931

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 7325

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Virtue and Vice, Moral and Epistemic presents a series of essays by leading ethicists and epistemologists who offer the latest thinking on the moral and intellectual virtues and vices, the structure of virtue theory, and the connections between virtue and emotion. Cuts across two fields of philosophical inquiry by featuring a dual focus on ethics and epistemology Features cutting-edge work on the moral and intellectual virtues and vices, the structure of virtue theory, and the connections between virtue and emotion Presents a radical new moral theory that makes exemplars the foundation of ethics; and new theories of epistemic vices such as epistemic malevolence and epistemic self-indulgence Represents one of the few collections to address both the moral virtues and the epistemic virtues Explores a new approach in epistemology - virtue epistemology - which emphasizes the importance of intellectual character traits

Philosophie und die Potenziale der Gender Studies

Peripherie und Zentrum im Feld der Theorie

Author: Hilge Landweer,Catherine Newmark,Christine Kley,Simone Miller

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839421527

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 7627

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Der Band möchte der Debatte um feministische Theorie neue Impulse geben, vor allem in der Philosophie. »Geschlecht« wird hier zwar ähnlich wie in den Naturwissenschaften noch immer weitgehend ausgeschlossen oder marginalisiert. Stellt man diesen Begriff aber ins Zentrum des Denkens, kann er neue Perspektiven auf grundlegende philosophische Probleme öffnen: auf Vernunft, Macht, Handeln, Gerechtigkeit, Demokratie. Die Texte zur politischen Theorie, Ethik, Anthropologie und Metaphilosophie, die der Band vereint, wollen in diesem Sinne das kritische Potenzial der Gender Studies für die Philosophie nutzen.

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030082

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 8083

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This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Assertion

On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech

Author: Sanford C. Goldberg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191046329

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 2994

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Sanford C. Goldberg presents a novel account of the speech act of assertion. He defends the view that this type of speech act is answerable to a constitutive norm—the norm of assertion. The hypothesis that assertion is answerable to a robustly epistemic norm is uniquely suited to explain assertion's philosophical significance—its connections to other philosophically interesting topics. These include topics in epistemology (testimony and testimonial knowledge; epistemic authority; disagreement), the philosophy of mind (belief; the theory of mental content), the philosophy of language (norms of language; the method of interpretation; the theory of linguistic content), ethics (the ethics of belief; what we owe to each other as information-seeking creatures), and other matters which transcend any subcategory (anonymity; trust; the division of epistemic labor; Moorean paradoxicality). Goldberg aims to bring out these connections without assuming anything about the precise content of assertion's norm, beyond regarding it as robustly epistemic. In the last section of the book, however, he proposes that we do best to see the norm's epistemic standard as set in a context-sensitive fashion. After motivating this proposal by appeal to Grice's Cooperative Principle and spelling it out in terms of what is mutually believed in the speech context, Goldberg concludes by noting how this sort of context-sensitivity can be made to square with assertion's philosophical significance.

Transkulturelle Politische Theorie

Eine Einführung

Author: Sybille de la Rosa,Sophia Schubert,Holger Zapf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658050101

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 3326

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Diese Einführung in das junge Feld der transkulturellen Politischen Theorie richtet sich an Studierende und Lehrende der Politikwissenschaft und insbesondere der Politischen Theorie. Dabei werden in prinzipiell voneinander unabhängigen, aber aufeinander verweisenden Kapiteln spezifische Fragestellungen des Feldes anhand von Ausgangsproblemen erarbeitet. Da transkulturell orientierte Politische Theorie oftmals mit naiven Annahmen konfrontiert ist, die es zu differenzieren und relativieren gilt, wird genau das zum didaktischen Prinzip erhoben: Am Anfang jedes Kapitels wird eine intuitiv scheinbar richtige Ausgangsbehauptung thematisiert, die im Verlauf des Kapitels hinterfragt wird.

Re-visioning Gender in Philosophy of Religion

Reason, Love and Epistemic Locatedness

Author: Dr Pamela Sue Anderson

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409472329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 2029

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A passion for justice and truth motivates the bold challenge of Revisioning Gender in Philosophy of Religion. Unearthing the ways in which the myths of Christian patriarchy have historically inhibited and prohibited women from thinking and writing their own ideas, this book lays fresh ground for re-visioning the epistemic practices of philosophers. Pamela Sue Anderson seeks both to draw out the salient threads in the gendering of philosophy of religion as it has been practiced and to re-vision gender for philosophy today. The arguments put forth by contemporary philosophers of religion concerning human and divine attributes are epistemically located; yet the motivation to recognize this locatedness has to come from a concern for justice. This book presents invaluable new perspectives on the philosopher’s ever-increasing awareness of his or her own locatedness, on the gender (often unwittingly) given to God, the ineffability in both analytic and Continental philosophy, the still critical role of reason in the field, the aims of a feminist philosophy of religion, the roles of beauty and justice, the vision of love and reason, and a gendering which opens philosophy of religion up to diversity.

Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy

Author: Sabina Lovibond

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136819355

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 4149

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Iris Murdoch was one of the best-known philosophers and novelists of the post-war period. In this book, Sabina Lovibond explores the tangled issue of Murdoch's stance towards gender and feminism, drawing upon the evidence of her fiction, philosophy, and other public statements. As well as analysing Murdoch's own attitudes, Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy is also a critical enquiry into the way we picture intellectual, and especially philosophical, activity. Appealing to the idea of a 'social imaginary' within which Murdoch's work is located, Lovibond examines the sense of incongruity or dissonance that may still affect our image of a woman philosopher, even where egalitarian views officially hold sway. The first thorough exploration of Murdoch and gender, Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy is a fresh contribution to debates in feminist philosophy and gender studies, and essential reading for anyone interested in Murdoch's literary and philosophical writing.

Building In Research and Evaluation

Human Inquiry for Living Systems

Author: Yoland Wadsworth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315432552

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 5127

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Yoland Wadsworth’s ground-breaking proposition is that the act of inquiry is the way by which every living organism and all collective human life goes about continuously learning, improving and changing. Building in Research and Evaluation explores this new approach, a basic theory of human understanding and action. By deepening our understanding about the cyclical processes of acting, observing, questioning, feeling, reflecting, thinking, planning and acting again, Wadsworth identifies how new life might be brought to what we do, both professionally, and personally. Far from being dry academic theory, she shows how this practice-derived evaluative inquiry process can drive progress toward social justice and human betterment. This book will open new vistas of thought and new methods of inquiry for the reflective practitioner in health, human services, education, social sciences. It is the theoretical capstone of a trilogy of best-selling books by Wadsworth, which also includes Everyday Evaluation on the Run and Do-it-Yourself Social Research.