Europe in the Sixteenth Century

Author: H.G. Koenigsberger,George L. Mosse,G.Q. Bowler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317875877

Category: History

Page: 560

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This bestselling, seminal book - a general survey of Europe in the era of `Rennaisance and Reformation' - was originally published in Denys Hay's famous Series, `A General History of Europe'. It looks at sixteenth-century Europe as a complex but interconnected whole, rather than as a mosaic of separate states. The authors explore its different aspects through the various political structures of the age - empires, monarchies, city-republics - and how they functioned and related to one another. A strength of the book remains the space it devotes to the growing importance of town-life in the sixteenth century, and to the economic background of political change.

Silver, Trade, and War

Spain and America in the Making of Early Modern Europe

Author: Stanley J. Stein,Barbara H. Stein

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801861352

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 351

View: 5124

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The 250 years covered by Silver, Trade, and War marked the era of commercial capitalism, that bridge between late medieval and modern times. Spain, peripheral to western Europe in 1500, produced American treasure in silver, which Spanish convoys bore from Portobelo and Veracruz on the Carribbean coast across the Atlantic to Spain in exchange for European goods shipped from Sevilla (later, Cadiz). Spanish colonialism, the authors suggest, was the cutting edge of the early global economy. America's silver permitted Spain to graft early capitalistic elements onto its late medieval structures, reinforcing its patrimonialism and dynasticism. However, the authors argue, silver gave Spain an illusion of wealth, security, and hegemony, while its system of "managed" transatlantic trade failed to monitor silver flows that were beyond the control of government officials. While Spain's intervention buttressed Hapsburg efforts at hegemony in Europe, it induced the formation of protonationalist state formations, notably in England and France. The treaty of Utrecht (1714) emphasized the lag between developing England and France, and stagnating Spain, and the persistence of Spain's late medieval structures. These were basic elements of what the authors term Spain's Hapsburg "legacy." Over the first half of the eighteenth century, Spain under the Bourbons tried to contain expansionist France and England in the Caribbean and to formulate and implement policies competitors seemed to apply successfully to their overseas possessions, namely, a colonial compact. Spain's policy planners (proyectistas) scanned abroad for models of modernization adaptable to Spain and its American colonies without risking institutional change. The second part of the book, "Toward a Spanish-Bourbon Paradigm," analyzes the projectors' works and their minimal impact in the context of the changing Atlantic scene until 1759. By then, despite its efforts, Spain could no longer compete successfully with England and France in the international economy. Throughout the book a colonial rather than metropolitan prism informs the authors' interpretation of the major themes examined. Silver, Trade, and War is about men and markets, national rivalries, diplomacy and conflict, and the advancement or stagnation of states.

South Asia

Author: Donald Frederick Lach,Edwin J. Van Kley

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226467542

Category: Asia

Page: 60

View: 7283

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Europe in the Sixteenth Century

Author: Andrew Pettegree

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631207016

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 9039

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Assuming no prior knowledge of the period, this engaging narrative history introduces readers to the central features and main developments of sixteenth-century Europe.

English Seamen in the Sixteenth Century Lectures Delivered at Oxford Easter Terms 1893-4

Author: James Anthony Froude

Publisher: tredition

ISBN: 3847210912

Category: Fiction

Page: 149

View: 7317

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This book is part of the TREDITION CLASSICS series. The creators of this series are united by passion for literature and driven by the intention of making all public domain books available in printed format again - worldwide. At tredition we believe that a great book never goes out of style. Several mostly non-profit literature projects provide content to tredition. To support their good work, tredition donates a portion of the proceeds from each sold copy. As a reader of a TREDITION CLASSICS book, you support our mission to save many of the amazing works of world literature from oblivion.

The Primacy of the Image in Northern European Art, 1400-1700

Essays in Honor of Larry Silver

Author: Debra Cashion,Henry Luttikhuizen,Ashley West

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004354123

Category: Art

Page: 632

View: 3632

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An anthology of 42 essays by distinguished scholars on current research and methodology in the art history of the late medieval and early modern periods in Germany, France, the Netherlands, and Belgium, written in tribute to Larry Silver, Farquhar Professor of the History of Art at the University of Pennsylvania.

Japanese Travellers in Sixteenth-Century Europe

A Dialogue Concerning the Mission of the Japanese Ambassadors to the Roman Curia (1590)

Author: Derek Massarella

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140947223X

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 3473

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In 1582 Alessandro Valignano, the Visitor to the Jesuit mission in the East Indies, sent four Japanese boys to Europe. Until the arrival of the embassy in Europe, the Euro-Japanese encounter had been almost exclusively one way: Europeans going to Japan. This book is an account of their travels, their long journeys out and back, and the 20 months in Europe being received by popes and kings. It was published in Macao in 1590 with the title De Missione Legatorvm Iaponensium ad Romanum curiam. The present edition is the first complete version of this rich, complex and impressive work to appear in English, and is accompanied with maps and illustrations of the mission, and an introduction discussing its context and the subsequent reception of the book.

The Coronado Expedition

From the Distance of 460 Years

Author: Richard Flint,Shirley Cushing Flint

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 0826329772

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 2555

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In 1540 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, the governor of Nueva Galicia in western Mexico, led an expedition of reconnaissance and expansion to a place called Cíbola, far to the north in what is now New Mexico. The essays collected in this book bring multidisciplinary expertise to the study of that expedition. Although scholars have been examining the Coronado expedition for over 460 years, it left a rich documentary record that still offers myriad research opportunities from a variety of approaches. Volume contributors are from a range of disciplines including history, archaeology, Latin American studies, anthropology, astronomy, and geology. Each addresses as aspect of the Coronado Expedition from the perspectives of his/her field, examining topics that include analyses of Spanish material culture in the New World; historical documentation of finances, provisioning, and muster rolls; Spanish exploration in the Borderlands; Native American contact with Spanish explorers; and determining the geographic routes of the Expedition.

America in European Consciousness, 1493-1750

Author: Karen Ordahl Kupperman

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9780807845103

Category: History

Page: 428

View: 723

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For review see: Stephen J. Homick, in The Hispanic Historical Review (HAHR), vol. 77, no. 1 (February 1997); p. 78-80.

Print Publishing in Sixteenth-century Rome

Growth and Expansion, Rivalry and Murder

Author: Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe

Publisher: Harvey Miller

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 469

View: 6215

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This volume brings formal coherence to the overwhelming mass of prints published in sixteenth-century Rome. It is introductory in scope and does not attempt to include every print published by every publisher. The aim is to provide an overview of who was publishing what prints and when over the course of the sixteenth century. The five chapters provide an outline of the history of print publishing while the appendices serve to clarify chronologies and reveal groupings and patterns. A document central to this book deserves some comment. The record of the hearing into the murder of Gerolamo da Modena provided an opportunity to meet a number of the publishers, printers, and engravers at work in Rome in the decades after the mid-century and to understand better their lives, activities, and relationships.

Unlocked Books

Manuscripts of Learned Magic in the Medieval Libraries of Central Europe

Author: Benedek Lang

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271033789

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 334

View: 4531

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During the Middle Ages, the Western world translated the incredible Arabic scientific corpus and imported it into Western culture: Arabic philosophy, optics, and physics, as well as alchemy, astrology, and talismanic magic. The line between the scientific and the magical was blurred. According to popular lore, magicians of the Middle Ages were trained in the art of magic in &“magician schools&” located in various metropolitan areas, such as Naples, Athens, and Toledo. It was common knowledge that magic was learned and that cities had schools designed to teach the dark arts. The Spanish city of Toledo, for example, was so renowned for its magic training schools that &“the art of Toledo&” was synonymous with &“the art of magic.&” Until Benedek L&áng&’s work on Unlocked Books, little had been known about the place of magic outside these major cities. A principal aim of Unlocked Books is to situate the role of central Europe as a center for the study of magic. L&áng helps chart for us how the thinkers of that day&—clerics, courtiers, and university masters&—included in their libraries not only scientific and religious treatises but also texts related to the field of learned magic. These texts were all enlisted to solve life&’s questions, whether they related to the outcome of an illness or the meaning of lines on one&’s palm. Texts summoned angels or transmitted the recipe for a magic potion. L&áng gathers magical texts that could have been used by practitioners in late fifteenth-century central Europe.

Before the Industrial Revolution

European Society and Economy 1000-1700

Author: Carlo M. Cipolla

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113487748X

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 8705

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First published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Crisis of the 17th century

Author: Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper

Publisher: Liberty Fund Inc.

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 451

View: 7800

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The Crisis of the Seventeenth Century collects nine essays by Trevor-Roper on the themes of religion, the Reformation, and social change. The Civil War, the Restoration, and the Glorious Revolution in England laid the institutional and intellectual foundations of the modern understanding of liberty. Trevor-Roper's essays uncover new pathways to understanding this seminal time. In his longest essay, "The European Witch-craze of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, " Trevor-Roper points out that "In England the most active phase of witch-hunting coincided with times of Puritan pressure--the reign of Queen Elizabeth and the period of the civil wars--and some very fanciful theories have been built on this coincidence. But...the persecution of witches in England was trivial compared with the experience of the Continent and of Scotland. Therefore...[one must examine] the craze as a whole, throughout Europe, and [seek] to relate its rise, frequency, and decline to the general intellectual and social movements of the time...." Neither Catholic nor Protestant emerges unscathed from the examination to which Trevor-Roper subjects the era in which, from political and religious causes, the identification and extirpation of witches was a central event.

The Great Wave

Price Revolutions and the Rhythm of History

Author: David Hackett Fischer

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195121216

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 536

View: 8952

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Who is seriously concerned about the state of the world today.