Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: George W. Fairweather,Louis G. Tornatzky

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483146529

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 5435

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Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research explains how experimental methods can be used in social policy research to help solve contemporary human problems and to preserve and improve the world's physical and social climates. This book argues that scientists can make a major contribution to the solution of social problems by aiding the society in incorporating scientific methods into the social decision-making process. Two principal methods required for solving social problems are highlighted: methods for evaluating social models aimed at solving particular problems, and methods for disseminating those models that are beneficial to the state, the region, and the nation. This book is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with the argument that contemporary social policy decision making is inadequate for the late 20th and 21st centuries. It then defines the basic ingredients for an adequate social policy decision-making apparatus and explains how it can be accomplished. The next chapter outlines the basic parameters of social models and dissemination processes from a conceptual point of view. The remaining chapters describe general experimental procedures from the inception of the ideas to the implementation of social models found to be beneficial. The final chapter is reserved for a discussion of a proposed center for experimental social innovation that would provide research and training. This monograph will be a valuable resource for social scientists and researchers as well as social policymakers, public officials, and citizens who are committed to the improvement of living conditions for all members of society.

Strategic Perspectives on Social Policy

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: John E. Tropman,Milan Dluhy,Roger Lind

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483153134

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 6513

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Strategic Perspectives on Social Policy is a collection of readings that provide insights into social policy processes, analysis, and implication. The goal is to locate social policy within a context that suggests the possibility of a wider array of choices for the policymakers. The distinction between social policy and social program is given emphasis. This book has 14 chapters divided into four sections. The first section deals with the relation between politics and policy, with emphasis on the link between social science and social policy as well as on the influence of social values on the direction of policy. The next section illustrates some of the critical skills and technologies that may be used to facilitate the process of making choices and decisions. Topics covered include policy research and analysis; the development and structuring of policy; policy purveyance and implementation; and assessment and evaluation of policy. The chapters that follow explore some of the more important contexts of the ""loci"" of social change, along with the kinds of mechanisms that may be used to make choices operational. This monograph is intended for policymakers and others interested in the policy-making process, as well as for students and teachers in the areas of political science, sociology, social work, public policy, and social planning.

Traffic Planning and Engineering

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: F. D. Hobbs

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483137465

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 8641

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Traffic Planning and Engineering, Second Edition takes into account underlying trends in traffic planning and engineering. In this edition, Chapter 3 has been remodeled, focusing on the techniques on conducting surveys and their subsequent analysis. Further emphasis has also been provided on environmental management and the central role of computers in all aspects of traffic planning and engineering. The topics discussed in this book include administration and planning in traffic engineering; traffic studies; traffic surveys and analysis; parking; traffic and environmental management; and road user, the vehicle and the road. The traffic stream and capacity; traffic control systems; street lighting, traffic signs, and carriageway markings; and accidents and road safety are also deliberated in this text. This publication is valuable to traffic engineering students, as well as individuals researching on techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.

Methods of Social Research

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: Margaret Stacey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483136388

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 482

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Methods of Social Research provides an introduction to the procedures of social research. This book shows that sample surveys are only one approach among many of undertaking social research. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the various methods of social investigation concerning those that increase the knowledge of the facts of social life. This text then explains the main reasons for doing research, including solving a practical problem and determining how something works just because it is interesting to know. Other chapters consider the method of observation utilized in the social sciences that fall into two main groups, namely, participant ad non-participant. This book discusses as well the importance of sample survey in gathering information about a particular population either on a simple matter of fact or religious or political allegiance. The final chapter considers several problems involved in designing and asking questions. Social scientists will find this book useful.

Readings in Managerial Economics

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: I. B. Ibrahim,K. K. Seo,P. G. Vlachos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483163806

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 442

View: 2898

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Readings in Managerial Economics is a five-part book that deals with the major subject areas of decision making; forecasting and demand analysis; production and cost; pricing and market structure; and capital budgeting and profit. This book combines a number of diverse articles, selected from recent issues of over fifty leading professional publication. Some of the articles deal principally with theory, some with applications, and some with both. This book will be useful for students and executives interested in this subject matter.

Monographic Series

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

View: 5104

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[Deutsche Bibliographie / D / 1 ] ; Deutsche Bibliographie. D, Fünfjahres-Verzeichnis : Bücher u. Karten ; Bibliographie aller in Deutschland erschienenen Veröffentlichungen u. d. in Österreich u. d. Schweiz im Buchhandel erschienenen deutschsprach. Publikationen sowie d. deutschsprach. Veröffentlichungen anderer Länder / unter Mitw. d. Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek in Wien für d. österr. u. d. Schweizerischen Landesbibliothek in Bern für d. schweizer. Titel bearb. von d. Deutschen Bibliothek, Frankfu

Author: Frankfurt am Main Deutsche Bibliothek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783765711473

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9439

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Directions

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 2480

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Experiments in Environmental Chemistry

A Laboratory Manual

Author: P D Vowles,D W Connell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483137481

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 6790

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Experiments in Environmental Chemistry presents experimental activities that provide practical, first hand experience in the observation of chemical processes occurring in the environment. A variety of techniques with applications in governmental laboratories, industry, and research are described. The experiments are divided into five parts: biochemical processes in aquatic systems; toxic substances in the environment; food additives and contaminants; chemical ecology; and field surveys. This book is divided into five sections and begins with a discussion on the transformations of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and energy in aquatic systems. Various aspects of environmental chemistry including photosynthesis, respiration, biogeochemical cycling, primary production, plant nutrients, water quality, eutrophication, and wastewater treatment are considered. The next section focuses on a wide assortment of environmental contaminants in terms of their behavior and occurrence in various sectors of the environment. In this section, the reader is introduced to gas chromatography, atomic absorption spectroscopy, thin layer chromotography, column chromatography, and techniques for the measurement of atmospheric contaminants. Food and the occurrence of foreign substances that result from deliberate additions or other processes are also analyzed, along with chemical compounds such as allelochemicals, pheromones, and chemical defense substances. This monograph will be a valuable resource for environmental chemists.

Analysis of Welded Structures

Residual Stresses, Distortion, and Their Consequences

Author: Koichi Masubuchi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483188434

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 654

View: 7432

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Analysis of Welded Structures: Residual Stresses, Distortion, and their Consequences encompasses several topics related to design and fabrication of welded structures, particularly residual stresses and distortion, as well as their consequences. This book first introduces the subject by presenting the advantages and disadvantages of welded structures, as well as the historical overview of the topic and predicted trends. Then, this text considers residual stresses, heat flow, distortion, fracture toughness, and brittle and fatigue fractures of weldments. This selection concludes by discussing the effects of distortion and residual stresses on buckling strength of welded structures and effects of weld defects on service behavior. This book also provides supplementary discussions on some related and selected subjects. This text will be invaluable to metallurgists, welders, and students of metallurgy and welding.

Health Inequalities

Author: Ullrich Bauer,Uwe H. Bittlingmayer,Matthias Richter

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531156125

Category: Social Science

Page: 553

View: 3837

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Health Inequalities sind ein vielschichtiger und provokanter Gegenstand der aktuellen sozial- und gesundheitswissenschaftlichen Forschung. Einschlägige Befunde zu sozial bedingten gesundheitlichen Ungleichheiten liegen bislang vor allem auf der beschreibenden Ebene vor. Hiernach gilt: Der Schweregrad und die Häufigkeit von Erkrankungen sowie das Risiko des frühzeitigen Todes sind durch soziale Faktoren bestimmt. Unklar aber bleibt auch weiterhin, wie diese Beziehung erklärt werden kann. Die Determinanten und Mechanismen gesundheitlicher Ungleichheit stehen darum im Zentrum des vorliegenden Bandes, der in dieser Form erstmals Beiträge führender Fachvertreter der internationalen Forschung zusammenführt. Erklärende Perspektiven und ihre Konsequenzen werden entlang makro-, meso- und mikroanalytischer Zugänge diskutiert. Der Band ist eine Pflichtlektüre für Wissenschaft und Praxis im Bereich Soziologie, Public Health, Epidemiologie, Gesundheitsförderung und Sozialpolitik.

Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.