Facing the Ocean

The Atlantic and Its Peoples, 8000 BC-AD 1500

Author: Barry Cunliffe

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192853554

Category: History

Page: 600

View: 5932

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In this highly illustrated book Barry Cunliffe focuses on the western rim of Europe--the Atlantic facade--an area stretching from the Straits of Gibraltar to the Isles of Shetland.We are shown how original and inventive the communities were, and how they maintained their own distinctive identities often over long spans of time. Covering the period from the Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, c. 8000 BC, to the voyages of discovery c. AD 1500, he uses this last half millennium more as a well-studied test case to help the reader better understand what went before. The beautiful illustrations show how this picturesque part of Europe has many striking physical similarities. Old hard rocks confront the ocean creating promontories and capes familiar to sailors throughout the millennia. Land's End, Finistere, Finisterra--until the end of the fifteenth century this was where the world ended in a turmoil of ocean beyond which there was nothing. To the people who lived in these remote placesthe sea was their means of communication and those occupying similar locations were their neighbours. The communities frequently developed distinctive characteristics intensifying aspects of their culture the more clearly to distinguish themselves from their in-land neighbours. But there is an added level of interest here in that the sea provided a vital link with neighbouring remote-place communities encouraging a commonality of interest and allegiances. Even today the Bretons see themselvesas distinct from the French but refer to the Irish, Welsh, and Galicians as their brothers and cousins. Archaeological evidence from the prehistoric period amply demonstrates the bonds which developed and intensified between these isolated communities and helped to maintain a shared but distinctive Atlantic identity.

Into the Ocean

Vikings, Irish, and Environmental Change in Iceland and the North

Author: Kristjan Ahronson

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442665084

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 5684

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That Gaelic monasticism flourished in the early medieval period is well established. The “Irish School” penetrated large areas of Europe and contemporary authors describe North Atlantic travels and settlements. Across Scotland and beyond, Celtic-speaking communities spread into the wild and windswept north, marking hundreds of Atlantic settlements with carved and rock-cut sculpture. They were followed in the Viking Age by Scandinavians who dominated the Atlantic waters and settled the Atlantic rim. With Into the Ocean, Kristján Ahronson makes two dramatic claims: that there were people in Iceland almost a century before Viking settlers first arrived c. AD 870, and that there was a tangible relationship between the early Christian “Irish” communities of the Atlantic zone and the Scandinavians who followed them. Ahronson uses archaeological, paleoecological, and literary evidence to support his claims, analysing evidence ranging from pap place names in the Scottish islands to volcanic airfall in Iceland. An interdisciplinary analysis of a subject that has intrigued scholars for generations, Into the Ocean will challenge the assumptions of anyone interested in the Atlantic branch of the Celtic world.

Germanicus

The Magnificent Life and Mysterious Death of Rome's Most Popular General

Author: Lindsay Powell

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 1473826926

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 5882

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“The story of a Roman Emperor that might have been” (Fighting Times). Germanicus was regarded by many Romans as a hero in the mold of Alexander the Great. His untimely death, in suspicious circumstances, ended the possibility of a return to a more open republic. This, the first modern biography of Germanicus, is in parts a growing-up story, a history of war, a tale of political intrigue, and a murder mystery. In this highly readable, fast paced account, historical detective Lindsay Powell details Germanicus’s campaigns and battles in Illyricum and Germania; tracks him on his epic tour of the Eastern Mediterranean to Armenia and down the Nile; evaluates the possible causes of his death; and reports on the cruel fate his wife, Agrippina, and their children suffered at the hands of Praetorian Guard commander, and Tiberius’s infamous deputy, Aelius Sejanus.

Naval Power

A History of Warfare and the Sea from 1500 onwards

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137059907

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 7488

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Man lives on land, but the seas of the world are crucial to his lot. Focusing on navies as instruments of power and analysing what they indicate about the nature of state systems and cultures all over the world, Black provides an overview of the most significant debates within the field. Organised into key historical periods and accessibly framed, this wide-ranging account emphasises the links between past and present throughout the history of naval power.

Foundations of Modern International Thought

Author: David Armitage

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521807077

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 7050

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This insightful and wide-ranging volume traces the genesis of international intellectual thought, connecting international and global history with intellectual history.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9980

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Caring for Place

Ecology, Ideology, and Emotion in Traditional Landscape Management

Author: E N Anderson

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1611329590

Category: Nature

Page: 305

View: 4259

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Marshalling decades of research on cultures across several continents, E. N. Anderson, a leading writer and scholar in human ecology and anthropology, shows how practicing environmental sustainability depends primarily on social and emotional engagements.

Mysticism, Myth and Celtic Identity

Author: Marion Gibson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415628687

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 777

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Mysticism, Myth and Celtic Identity explores how the mythical and mystical past informs national imaginations. Building on notions of invented tradition and myths of the nation, it looks at the power of narrative and fiction to shape identity, with particular reference to the British and Celtic contexts. The authors consider how aspects of the past are reinterpreted or reimagined in a variety of ways to give coherence to desired national groupings, or groups aspiring to nationhood and its 'defence'. The coverage is unusually broad in its historical sweep, dealing with work from prehistory to the contemporary, with a particular emphasis on the period from the eighteenth century to the present. The subject matter includes notions of ancient deities, Druids, Celticity, the archaeological remains of pagan religions, traditional folk tales, racial and religious myths and ethnic politics, and the different types of returns and hauntings that can recycle these ideas in culture. Innovative and interdisciplinary, the scholarship in Mysticism, Myth and Celtic Identity is mainly literary but also geographical and historical and draws on religious studies, politics and the social sciences. Thus the collection offers a stimulatingly broad number of new viewpoints on a matter of great topical relevance: national identity and the politicization of its myths.

Dun Ailinne

Excavations at an Irish Royal Site, 1968-1975

Author: Susan A. Johnston,Bernard Wailes

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9781934536407

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 5190

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The site of Dún Ailinne is one of four major ritual sites from the Irish Iron Age, each said to form the center of a political kingdom and thus described as "royal." Excavation has produced artifacts ranging from the Neolithic (about 5,000 years ago) through the later Iron Age (fourth century CE), when the site was the focus of repeated rituals, probably related to the creation and maintenance of political hegemony. A series of timber structures were built and replaced as each group of leaders sought to claim ancient descent from a deep past and still create something unique and lasting. Pam J. Crabtree and Ronald Hicks provide analyses on, respectively, biological remains and Dún Ailinne's role in folklore, myth, and the sacred landscape, while Katherine Moreau examines bronze and iron artifacts and Elizabeth Hamilton, slag.

Home

A Time Traveller's Tales from Britain's Prehistory

Author: Francis Pryor

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141971339

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 412

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In Home Francis Pryor, author of The Making of the British Landscape, archaeologist and broadcaster, takes us on his lifetime's quest: to discover the origins of family life in prehistoric Britain Francis Pryor's search for the origins of our island story has been the quest of a lifetime. In Home, the Time Team expert explores the first nine thousand years of life in Britain, from the retreat of the glaciers to the Romans' departure. Tracing the settlement of domestic communities, he shows how archaeology enables us to reconstruct the evolution of habits, traditions and customs. But this, too, is Francis Pryor's own story: of his passion for unearthing our past, from Yorkshire to the west country, Lincolnshire to Wales, digging in freezing winters, arid summers, mud and hurricanes, through frustrated journeys and euphoric discoveries. Evocative and intimate, Home shows how, in going about their daily existence, our prehistoric ancestors created the institution that remains at the heart of the way we live now: the family. 'Under his gaze, the land starts to fill with tribes and clans wandering this way and that, leaving traces that can still be seen today . . . Pryor feels the land rather than simply knowing it' - Guardian Former president of the Council for British Archaeology, Dr Francis Pryor has spent over thirty years studying our prehistory. He has excavated sites as diverse as Bronze Age farms, field systems and entire Iron Age villages. He appears frequently on TV's Time Team and is the author of The Making of the British Landscape, Seahenge, as well as Britain BC and Britain AD, both of which he adapted and presented as Channel 4 series.

Britain Begins

Author: Barry Cunliffe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199609330

Category: History

Page: 553

View: 6425

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Impressive in every sense, this hugely ambitious and assured book takes as its subject the entire history of the British Isles from the end of the last Ice Age and their physical emergence as islands all the way down to the Norman Conquest. Barry Cunliffe's magisterial narrative is abetted by correspondingly high production values, and whilst complex ideas are explained with admirable clarity, making the book an ideal introduction to Britain's prehistory and early history, there would be plenty here for the most seasoned professional to enjoy and profit from. Cunliffe kicks off with an examination of the ways in which our ancestors have conceived the distant past, from medieval myths to the dawn of modern archaeology. The remainder of the book is roughly chronological in structure. Prominent themes include the 'problem of origins', where Cunliffe's own research has been of such significance (the Celtic from the west hypothesis is synthesised here with concision and flair), and the importance of communication, connectivity and cultural transmission is emphasised throughout, with the Channel, the Atlantic and the North Sea seen as highways linking Britain and Ireland to the continent and building up an ongoing narrative which is anything but narrowly insular.

Der Atlantik

Biographie eines Ozeans

Author: Simon Winchester

Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag

ISBN: 3641081637

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 528

View: 5181

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Faszination Atlantik – die große Erzählung über ein Stück ungezähmte Natur Der Atlantik bedeckt ein Fünftel der Erdoberfläche und zieht die Menschen seit Jahrtausenden in seinen Bann. Er steckt voller verblüffender Geschichten und Anekdoten und ist das eigentliche Zentrum unserer westlichen Kultur. Simon Winchesters große, opulente Kultur- und Naturgeschichte des Atlantiks macht die Faszination für diesen »wildesten aller Ozeane« erlebbar. Seit er als Kind im Ozeandampfer zum ersten Mal den Atlantik überquert hat, fühlt sich Bestsellerautor Simon Winchester von dieser riesigen Wassermasse magisch angezogen. Immer wieder führten ihn seine Reisen kreuz und quer über den Atlantik; er recherchierte Fakten, sammelte Geschichten und Anekdoten. In seinem neuen Buch breitet er diese Schätze vor dem Leser aus. Spannend und kenntnisreich erzählt er, wie der Atlantik vor über 190 Millionen Jahren entstand und wie seit Urzeiten die Menschen sich mit diesem wildesten aller Meere messen. Fast scheint es, als hätten sie in jüngster Zeit den Kampf gewonnen – doch Simon Winchester ermahnt uns zu einem respektvollen Umgang mit diesem nach wie vor unberechenbaren Riesen.

Denkschriften

Author: Eva Alram-Stern,Georg Nightingale,Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783700137795

Category: Civilization, Mycenaean

Page: 380

View: 4422

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The topic of the congress anthology Keimelion is the consumer behaviour of the Aegean elite population, including strategies such as conspicuous consumption, through the period of the Mycenaean palace states to the post-palatial period and the new formation of the Greek world in the first millennium B.C. New interpretations of the Homeric epics as well as the numerous archaeological finds of recent years have promoted an increased understanding of the elite population of these periods. Among other things, this group defined itself through conspicuous consumption in order to distinguish itself as elite from the rest of the population and their neighbours. At the same time these elitist strategies were used to secure the following of the common people, and in diplomacy, to display prominence and establish international contacts.

Die Grenzen des Wachstums

Bericht des Club of Rome zur Lage der Menschheit

Author: Dennis Meadows,Donella H. Meadows

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic history

Page: 183

View: 3696

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Keimelion

Elitenbildung und elitärer Konsum von der mykenischen Palastzeit bis zur Homerischen Epoche : Akten des internationalen Kongresses vom 3. bis 5. Februar 2005 in Salzburg

Author: Eva Alram-Stern,Georg Nightingale,Anna Elisabeth Bächle

Publisher: Austrian Academy of Sciences

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 380

View: 3695

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The topic of the congress anthology Keimelion is the consumer behaviour of the Aegean elite population, including strategies such as conspicuous consumption, through the period of the Mycenaean palace states to the post-palatial period and the new formation of the Greek world in the first millennium B.C. New interpretations of the Homeric epics as well as the numerous archaeological finds of recent years have promoted an increased understanding of the elite population of these periods. Among other things, this group defined itself through conspicuous consumption in order to distinguish itself as elite from the rest of the population and their neighbours. At the same time these elitist strategies were used to secure the following of the common people, and in diplomacy, to display prominence and establish international contacts.

Greater Britain, 1516-1776

Essays in Atlantic History

Author: David Armitage

Publisher: Variorum

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 7664

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Greater Britain, 1516-1776 brings together a series of studies by David Armitage on the history of the early modern British Atlantic world. The essays examine the history of the Britain and its empire from the 16th century to the present and place special emphasis on the intellectual histories of the Three Kingdoms of Britain and Ireland in their Atlantic context. They range in time from the Reformation to the American Revolution and treat both the forces that encouraged the growth of the first British Empire and the anxieties that constrained it. All are placed in a wider context of the relations among the Three Kingdoms, Europe and the British Empire from the middle ages to the late eighteenth century. Taken together, they offer an account of the ideological history of the anglophone Atlantic world which will be of use to historians of Britain, the British Empire and colonial America as well as to literary critics and historians of political thought.