Fault-Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems

Author: Dimiter R. Avresky,David R. Kaeli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461554497

Category: Computers

Page: 401

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The most important use of computing in the future will be in the context of the global "digital convergence" where everything becomes digital and every thing is inter-networked. The application will be dominated by storage, search, retrieval, analysis, exchange and updating of information in a wide variety of forms. Heavy demands will be placed on systems by many simultaneous re quests. And, fundamentally, all this shall be delivered at much higher levels of dependability, integrity and security. Increasingly, large parallel computing systems and networks are providing unique challenges to industry and academia in dependable computing, espe cially because of the higher failure rates intrinsic to these systems. The chal lenge in the last part of this decade is to build a systems that is both inexpensive and highly available. A machine cluster built of commodity hardware parts, with each node run ning an OS instance and a set of applications extended to be fault resilient can satisfy the new stringent high-availability requirements. The focus of this book is to present recent techniques and methods for im plementing fault-tolerant parallel and distributed computing systems. Section I, Fault-Tolerant Protocols, considers basic techniques for achieving fault-tolerance in communication protocols for distributed systems, including synchronous and asynchronous group communication, static total causal order ing protocols, and fail-aware datagram service that supports communications by time.

Parallel and Distributed Processing

10th International IPPS/SPDP'98 Workshops, Held in Conjunction with the 12th International Parallel Processing Symposium and 9th Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing, Orlando, Florida, USA, March 30 - April 3, 1998, Proceedings

Author: Fla.) International Parallel Processing Symposium 1998 (Orlando

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540643593

Category: Computers

Page: 1168

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of 10 international workshops held in conjunction with the merged 1998 IPPS/SPDP symposia, held in Orlando, Florida, US in March/April 1998. The volume comprises 118 revised full papers presenting cutting-edge research or work in progress. In accordance with the workshops covered, the papers are organized in topical sections on reconfigurable architectures, run-time systems for parallel programming, biologically inspired solutions to parallel processing problems, randomized parallel computing, solving combinatorial optimization problems in parallel, PC based networks of workstations, fault-tolerant parallel and distributed systems, formal methods for parallel programming, embedded HPC systems and applications, and parallel and distributed real-time systems.

Parallel and Distributed Processing

15 IPDPS 2000 Workshops Cancun, Mexico, May 1–5, 2000 Proceedings

Author: Jose Rolim

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354067442X

Category: Computers

Page: 667

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This volume contains the proceedings from the workshops held in conjunction with the IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2000, on 1-5 May 2000 in Cancun, Mexico. The workshopsprovidea forum for bringing together researchers,practiti- ers, and designers from various backgrounds to discuss the state of the art in parallelism.Theyfocusondi erentaspectsofparallelism,fromruntimesystems to formal methods, from optics to irregular problems, from biology to networks of personal computers, from embedded systems to programming environments; the following workshops are represented in this volume: { Workshop on Personal Computer Based Networks of Workstations { Workshop on Advances in Parallel and Distributed Computational Models { Workshop on Par. and Dist. Comp. in Image, Video, and Multimedia { Workshop on High-Level Parallel Prog. Models and Supportive Env. { Workshop on High Performance Data Mining { Workshop on Solving Irregularly Structured Problems in Parallel { Workshop on Java for Parallel and Distributed Computing { WorkshoponBiologicallyInspiredSolutionsto ParallelProcessingProblems { Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Real-Time Systems { Workshop on Embedded HPC Systems and Applications { Recon gurable Architectures Workshop { Workshop on Formal Methods for Parallel Programming { Workshop on Optics and Computer Science { Workshop on Run-Time Systems for Parallel Programming { Workshop on Fault-Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems All papers published in the workshops proceedings were selected by the p- gram committee on the basis of referee reports. Each paper was reviewed by independent referees who judged the papers for originality, quality, and cons- tency with the themes of the workshops.

Fault-Tolerant Parallel Computation

Author: Paris Christos Kanellakis,Alex Allister Shvartsman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475752105

Category: Computers

Page: 183

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Fault-Tolerant Parallel Computation presents recent advances in algorithmic ways of introducing fault-tolerance in multiprocessors under the constraint of preserving efficiency. The difficulty associated with combining fault-tolerance and efficiency is that the two have conflicting means: fault-tolerance is achieved by introducing redundancy, while efficiency is achieved by removing redundancy. This monograph demonstrates how in certain models of parallel computation it is possible to combine efficiency and fault-tolerance and shows how it is possible to develop efficient algorithms without concern for fault-tolerance, and then correctly and efficiently execute these algorithms on parallel machines whose processors are subject to arbitrary dynamic fail-stop errors. The efficient algorithmic approaches to multiprocessor fault-tolerance presented in this monograph make a contribution towards bridging the gap between the abstract models of parallel computation and realizable parallel architectures. Fault-Tolerant Parallel Computation presents the state of the art in algorithmic approaches to fault-tolerance in efficient parallel algorithms. The monograph synthesizes work that was presented in recent symposia and published in refereed journals by the authors and other leading researchers. This is the first text that takes the reader on the grand tour of this new field summarizing major results and identifying hard open problems. This monograph will be of interest to academic and industrial researchers and graduate students working in the areas of fault-tolerance, algorithms and parallel computation and may also be used as a text in a graduate course on parallel algorithmic techniques and fault-tolerance.

Distributed and Parallel Systems

Cluster and Grid Computing

Author: Péter Kacsuk,Dieter Kranzlmüller,Zsolt Németh,Jens Volkert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461511674

Category: Computers

Page: 219

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Distributed and Parallel Systems: Cluster and Grid Computing is the proceedings of the fourth Austrian-Hungarian Workshop on Distributed and Parallel Systems organized jointly by Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria and the MTA SZTAKI Computer and Automation Research Institute. The papers in this volume cover a broad range of research topics presented in four groups. The first one introduces cluster tools and techniques, especially the issues of load balancing and migration. Another six papers deal with grid and global computing including grid infrastructure, tools, applications and mobile computing. The next nine papers present general questions of distributed development and applications. The last four papers address a crucial issue in distributed computing: fault tolerance and dependable systems. This volume will be useful to researchers and scholars interested in all areas related to parallel and distributed computing systems.

Parallel Computing on Distributed Memory Multiprocessors

Author: Füsun Özgüner,Fikret Ercal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642580661

Category: Computers

Page: 332

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Advances in microelectronic technology have made massively parallel computing a reality and triggered an outburst of research activity in parallel processing architectures and algorithms. Distributed memory multiprocessors - parallel computers that consist of microprocessors connected in a regular topology - are increasingly being used to solve large problems in many application areas. In order to use these computers for a specific application, existing algorithms need to be restructured for the architecture and new algorithms developed. The performance of a computation on a distributed memory multiprocessor is affected by the node and communication architecture, the interconnection network topology, the I/O subsystem, and the parallel algorithm and communication protocols. Each of these parametersis a complex problem, and solutions require an understanding of the interactions among them. This book is based on the papers presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at Bilkent University, Turkey, in July 1991. The book is organized in five parts: Parallel computing structures and communication, Parallel numerical algorithms, Parallel programming, Fault tolerance, and Applications and algorithms.

International e-Conference of Computer Science 2006

Additional Papers from ICNAAM 2006 and ICCMSE 2006

Author: Theodore Simos,Georgios Psihoyios

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9047421582

Category: Mathematics

Page: 588

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Lecture Series on Computer and on Computational Sciences (LSCCS) aims to provide a medium for the publication of new results and developments of high-level research and education in the field of computer and computational science. In this series, only selected proceedings of conferences in all areas of computer science and computational sciences will be published. All publications are aimed at top researchers in the field and all papers in the proceedings volumes will be strictly peer reviewed. The series aims to cover the following areas of computer and computational sciences: Computer Science Hardware Computer Systems Organization Software Data Theory of Computation Mathematics of Computing Information Systems Computing Methodologies Computer Applications Computing Milieu Computational Sciences Computational Mathematics, Theoretical and Computational Physics, Theoretical and Computational Chemistry Scientific Computation Numerical and Computational Algorithms, Modeling and Simulation of Complex System, Web-Based Simulation and Computing, Grid-Based Simulation and Computing Fuzzy Logic, Hybrid Computational Methods, Data Mining and Information Retrieval and Virtual Reality, Reliable Computing, Image Processing, Computational Science and Education

Parallel Computing Using Optical Interconnections

Author: Keqin Li,Yi Pan,Si-Qing Zheng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585272689

Category: Computers

Page: 280

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Advances in optical technologies have made it possible to implement optical interconnections in future massively parallel processing systems. Photons are non-charged particles, and do not naturally interact. Consequently, there are many desirable characteristics of optical interconnects, e.g. high speed (speed of light), increased fanout, high bandwidth, high reliability, longer interconnection lengths, low power requirements, and immunity to EMI with reduced crosstalk. Optics can utilize free-space interconnects as well as guided wave technology, neither of which has the problems of VLSI technology mentioned above. Optical interconnections can be built at various levels, providing chip-to-chip, module-to-module, board-to-board, and node-to-node communications. Massively parallel processing using optical interconnections poses new challenges; new system configurations need to be designed, scheduling and data communication schemes based on new resource metrics need to be investigated, algorithms for a wide variety of applications need to be developed under the novel computation models that optical interconnections permit, and so on. Parallel Computing Using Optical Interconnections is a collection of survey articles written by leading and active scientists in the area of parallel computing using optical interconnections. This is the first book which provides current and comprehensive coverage of the field, reflects the state of the art from high-level architecture design and algorithmic points of view, and points out directions for further research and development.

Theory and Practice in Distributed Systems

International Workshop, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, September 5 - 9, 1994. Selected Papers

Author: Kenneth P. Birman,Andre Schiper,International Workshop on Theory and Practice in Distributed Systems

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540600428

Category: Computers

Page: 261

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This book summarizes the current knowledge on a cascade of gene regulation levels which operate in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells and which has until recently been poorly understood. While transcriptional control of eukaryotic genes has been extensively researched and the understanding of this process has reached very sophisticated levels, post- transcriptional control has received much less attention. As the contributions in this book demonstrate, not only is post-transcriptional control in eukaryotes better understood, it is now thought to be a major player in gene expression control in a number of key processes, i.e. control of cell proliferation, gametogenesis and early development or cellular homeostasis.

Digest of Papers

The 1992 IEEE Workshop on Fault-Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems, July 6-7, 1992, Amherst, Massachusetts

Author: IEEE Computer Society. Fault-Tolerant Computing Technical Committee

Publisher: IEEE Computer Society

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 233

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Papers from the workshop held July, 1992, in Amherst, Massachusetts. Coverage includes distributed systems, experimental systems, reliability analysis, software fault tolerance, system-level diagnosis, recovery techniques, multiprocessor systems, networks. No index. Annotation copyright Book News, I

Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications

Second International Symposium, ISPA 2004, Hong Kong, China, December 13-15, 2004, Proceedings

Author: Jiannong Cao,Laurence T. Yang,Minyi Guo,Francis Lau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540241287

Category: Computers

Page: 1058

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications, ISPA 2004, held in Hong Kong, China in December 2004. The 78 revised full papers and 38 revised short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 361 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on parallel algorithms and systems, data mining and management, distributed algorithms and systems, fault tolerance protocols and systems, sensor networks and protocols, cluster systems, grid applications and systems, peer-to-peer and ad hoc networking, grid scheduling and algorithms, data replication and caching, software engineering and testing, grid protocols, context-aware and mobile computing, distributed routing and switching protocols, cluster resource scheduling and algorithms, security, high performance processing, networking and protocols, artificial intelligence systems, hardware architecture and implementations, high performance computing architecture, and distributed systems architecture.

Distributed System Design

Author: Jie Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351454668

Category: Computers

Page: 496

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Future requirements for computing speed, system reliability, and cost-effectiveness entail the development of alternative computers to replace the traditional von Neumann organization. As computing networks come into being, one of the latest dreams is now possible - distributed computing. Distributed computing brings transparent access to as much computer power and data as the user needs for accomplishing any given task - simultaneously achieving high performance and reliability. The subject of distributed computing is diverse, and many researchers are investigating various issues concerning the structure of hardware and the design of distributed software. Distributed System Design defines a distributed system as one that looks to its users like an ordinary system, but runs on a set of autonomous processing elements (PEs) where each PE has a separate physical memory space and the message transmission delay is not negligible. With close cooperation among these PEs, the system supports an arbitrary number of processes and dynamic extensions. Distributed System Design outlines the main motivations for building a distributed system, including: inherently distributed applications performance/cost resource sharing flexibility and extendibility availability and fault tolerance scalability Presenting basic concepts, problems, and possible solutions, this reference serves graduate students in distributed system design as well as computer professionals analyzing and designing distributed/open/parallel systems. Chapters discuss: the scope of distributed computing systems general distributed programming languages and a CSP-like distributed control description language (DCDL) expressing parallelism, interprocess communication and synchronization, and fault-tolerant design two approaches describing a distributed system: the time-space view and the interleaving view mutual exclusion and related issues, including election, bidding, and self-stabilization prevention and detection of deadlock reliability, safety, and security as well as various methods of handling node, communication, Byzantine, and software faults efficient interprocessor communication mechanisms as well as these mechanisms without specific constraints, such as adaptiveness, deadlock-freedom, and fault-tolerance virtual channels and virtual networks load distribution problems synchronization of access to shared data while supporting a high degree of concurrency

Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications

International Symposium, ISPA 2003, Aizu, Japan, July 2-4, 2003, Proceedings

Author: Minyi Guo,ISPA.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540405232

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 450

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Welcome to the proceedings of the 2003 International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications (ISPA 2003) which was held in Aizu-Wakamatsu City, Japan, July 2–4, 2003. Parallel and distributed processing has become a key technology which will play an important part in determining, or at least shaping, future research and development activities in many academic and industrial branches. This inter- tionalsymposiumISPA2003broughttogethercomputerscientistsandengineers, applied mathematicians and researchers to present, discuss and exchange ideas, results, work in progress and experience of research in the area of parallel and distributed computing for problems in science and engineering applications. There were very many paper submissions from 13 countries and regions, - cluding not only Asia and the Paci?c, but also Europe and North America. All submissions were reviewed by at least three program or technical committee members or external reviewers. It was extremely di?cult to select the presen- tions for the symposium because there were so many excellent and interesting ones. In order to allocate as many papers as possible and keep the high quality of the conference, we ?nally decided to accept 39 papers (30 long papers and 9 short papers) for oral technical presentations. We believe all of these papers and topics will not only provide novel ideas, new results, work in progress and state-of-the-art techniques in this ?eld, but will also stimulate future research activities in the area of parallel and distributed processing with applications.

Intelligence and Security Informatics

Second Symposium on Intelligence and Security Informatics, ISI 2004, Tucson, AZ, USA, June 10-11, 2004, Proceedings

Author: Hsinchun Chen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540221255

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 536

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second Symposium on Intelligence and Security Informatics, ISI 2004, held in Tucson, AZ, USA in June 2004. The 29 revised full papers and 12 revised short papers presented together with 6 extended abstracts of posters and 3 panel discussion summaries were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on bioterrorism and disease informatics; data access, privacy, and trust management; data management and mining; deception detection; information assurance and infrastructure protection; monitoring and surveillance; security policies and evaluation; and social network analysis.

Parallel and Distributed Computing: Applications and Technologies

5th International Conference, PDCAT 2004, Singapore, December 8-10, 2004, Proceedings

Author: Kim-Meow Liew,Hong Shen,Simon See,Wentong Cai,Pingzhi Fan,Susumu Horiguchi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540240136

Category: Computers

Page: 891

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Applications and Technologies; PDCAT 2004, held in Singapore in December 2004. The 173 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 242 submissions. The papers focus on parallel and distributed computing from the perspectives of algorithms, networking and architecture, software systems and technologies, and applications. Besides classical topics from high performance computing, major recent developments are addressed, such as molecular computing, date mining, knowledge discovery, optical networks, secure computing and communications, wireless networks, mobile computing, component-based systems, Internet computing, and Web Technologies.