Feedback Systems

An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Karl Johan Aström,Richard M. Murray

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400828739

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 2774

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This book provides an introduction to the mathematics needed to model, analyze, and design feedback systems. It is an ideal textbook for undergraduate and graduate students, and is indispensable for researchers seeking a self-contained reference on control theory. Unlike most books on the subject, Feedback Systems develops transfer functions through the exponential response of a system, and is accessible across a range of disciplines that utilize feedback in physical, biological, information, and economic systems. Karl Åström and Richard Murray use techniques from physics, computer science, and operations research to introduce control-oriented modeling. They begin with state space tools for analysis and design, including stability of solutions, Lyapunov functions, reachability, state feedback observability, and estimators. The matrix exponential plays a central role in the analysis of linear control systems, allowing a concise development of many of the key concepts for this class of models. Åström and Murray then develop and explain tools in the frequency domain, including transfer functions, Nyquist analysis, PID control, frequency domain design, and robustness. They provide exercises at the end of every chapter, and an accompanying electronic solutions manual is available. Feedback Systems is a complete one-volume resource for students and researchers in mathematics, engineering, and the sciences. Covers the mathematics needed to model, analyze, and design feedback systems Serves as an introductory textbook for students and a self-contained resource for researchers Includes exercises at the end of every chapter Features an electronic solutions manual Offers techniques applicable across a range of disciplines

Control System Design

An Introduction to State-Space Methods

Author: Bernard Friedland

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 048613511X

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 9532

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Introduction to state-space methods covers feedback control; state-space representation of dynamic systems and dynamics of linear systems; frequency-domain analysis; controllability and observability; shaping the dynamic response; more. 1986 edition.

Feedback and Control for Everyone

Author: Pedro Albertos,Iven Mareels

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642034466

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 1701

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This intriguing and motivating book presents the basic ideas and understanding of control, signals and systems for readers interested in engineering and science. Through a series of examples, the book explores both the theory and the practice of control.

Feedback Systems

Input-Output Properties

Author: Charles A. Desoer,M. Vidyasagar

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898716705

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 5809

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A comprehensive treatment of the behavior of linear or nonlinear systems when they are connected in a closed-loop fashion.

Feedback Control Systems

A Fast-Track Guide for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Alex Abramovici,Jake Chapsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461543452

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 181

View: 8645

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Feedback Control Systems: A Fast Track Guide for Scientists and Engineers is an essential reference tool for: Electrical, mechanical and aerospace engineers who are developing or improving products, with a need to use feedback control systems. Faculty and graduate students in the fields of engineering and experimental science (e.g., physics) who are building their own high-performance measuring/test arrangements. Faculties teaching laboratory courses in engineering and measurement techniques, and the students taking those courses. Practising engineers, scientists, and students who need a quick intuitive education in the issues related to feedback control systems. Key features of Feedback Control Systems: The contents and the layout of the book are structured to ensure satisfactory proficiency for the novice designer. The authors provide the reader with a simple yet powerful method for designing control systems using several sensors or actuators. It offers a comprehensive control system troubleshooting and performance testing guide. From the reviewers: Control systems are ubiquitous and their use would be even more widespread if more people were competent in designing them. This book will play a valuable role in expanding the cadre of competent designers. This is a book that needed to be written, and its presentation is different from any other book on controls intended for a wide community of engineers and scientists. The book breaks the common cliché of style in the control literature that tends toward mathematical formality. Instead, the emphasis is on intuition and practical advice. The book contains a very valuable and novel heuristic treatment of the subject. .. one of the best examples of a book that describes the design cycle. The book will help satisfy the demand among practising engineers for a good introduction to control systems.

Feedback Control in Systems Biology

Author: Carlo Cosentino,Declan Bates

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439816905

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 6692

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Like engineering systems, biological systems must also operate effectively in the presence of internal and external uncertainty—such as genetic mutations or temperature changes, for example. It is not surprising, then, that evolution has resulted in the widespread use of feedback, and research in systems biology over the past decade has shown that feedback control systems are widely found in biology. As an increasing number of researchers in the life sciences become interested in control-theoretic ideas such as feedback, stability, noise and disturbance attenuation, and robustness, there is a need for a text that explains feedback control as it applies to biological systems. Written by established researchers in both control engineering and systems biology, Feedback Control in Systems Biology explains how feedback control concepts can be applied to systems biology. Filling the need for a text on control theory for systems biologists, it provides an overview of relevant ideas and methods from control engineering and illustrates their application to the analysis of biological systems with case studies in cellular and molecular biology. Control Theory for Systems Biologists The book focuses on the fundamental concepts used to analyze the effects of feedback in biological control systems, rather than the control system design methods that form the core of most control textbooks. In addition, the authors do not assume that readers are familiar with control theory. They focus on "control applications" such as metabolic and gene-regulatory networks rather than aircraft, robots, or engines, and on mathematical models derived from classical reaction kinetics rather than classical mechanics. Another significant feature of the book is that it discusses nonlinear systems, an understanding of which is crucial for systems biologists because of the highly nonlinear nature of biological systems. The authors cover tools and techniques for the analysis of linear and nonlinear systems; negative and positive feedback; robustness analysis methods; techniques for the reverse-engineering of biological interaction networks; and the analysis of stochastic biological control systems. They also identify new research directions for control theory inspired by the dynamic characteristics of biological systems. A valuable reference for researchers, this text offers a sound starting point for scientists entering this fascinating and rapidly developing field.

Feedback Control Theory

Author: John C. Doyle,Bruce A. Francis,Allen R. Tannenbaum

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318338

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 7764

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An excellent introduction to feedback control system design, this book offers a theoretical approach that captures the essential issues and can be applied to a wide range of practical problems. Its explorations of recent developments in the field emphasize the relationship of new procedures to classical control theory, with a focus on single input and output systems that keeps concepts accessible to students with limited backgrounds. The text is geared toward a single-semester senior course or a graduate-level class for students of electrical engineering. The opening chapters constitute a basic treatment of feedback design. Topics include a detailed formulation of the control design program, the fundamental issue of performance/stability robustness tradeoff, and the graphical design technique of loopshaping. Subsequent chapters extend the discussion of the loopshaping technique and connect it with notions of optimality. Concluding chapters examine controller design via optimization, offering a mathematical approach that is useful for multivariable systems.

An Introduction to Delay Differential Equations with Applications to the Life Sciences

Author: hal smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441976468

Category: Mathematics

Page: 172

View: 1239

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This book is intended to be an introduction to Delay Differential Equations for upper level undergraduates or beginning graduate mathematics students who have a reasonable background in ordinary differential equations and who would like to get to the applications quickly. The author has used preliminary notes in teaching such a course at Arizona State University over the past two years. This book focuses on the key tools necessary to understand the applications literature involving delay equations and to construct and analyze mathematical models involving delay differential equations. The book begins with a survey of mathematical models involving delay equations.

Introduction to Stochastic Control Theory

Author: Karl J. Åström

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486138275

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 1326

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Exploration of stochastic control theory in terms of analysis, parametric optimization, and optimal stochastic control. Limited to linear systems with quadratic criteria; covers discrete time and continuous time systems. 1970 edition.

Quantum Mechanics for Scientists and Engineers

Author: David A. B. Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139471279

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 574

View: 2476

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If you need a book that relates the core principles of quantum mechanics to modern applications in engineering, physics, and nanotechnology, this is it. Students will appreciate the book's applied emphasis, which illustrates theoretical concepts with examples of nanostructured materials, optics, and semiconductor devices. The many worked examples and more than 160 homework problems help students to problem solve and to practise applications of theory. Without assuming a prior knowledge of high-level physics or classical mechanics, the text introduces Schrödinger's equation, operators, and approximation methods. Systems, including the hydrogen atom and crystalline materials, are analyzed in detail. More advanced subjects, such as density matrices, quantum optics, and quantum information, are also covered. Practical applications and algorithms for the computational analysis of simple structures make this an ideal introduction to quantum mechanics for students of engineering, physics, nanotechnology, and other disciplines. Additional resources available from www.cambridge.org/9780521897839.

Control System Design

Author: Graham Clifford Goodwin,Stefan F. Graebe,Mario E. Salgado

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780139586538

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 908

View: 5685

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Using a "how to do it" approach with a strong emphasis on real-world design, this book provides comprehensive,single-source coverage of the full spectrum of control system design. Each of the book's 8 parts covers a specific area of control--ranging from signals and systems (Bode Diagrams, Root Locus, etc.), to SISO control (including PID and Fundamental Design Trade-offs) and MIMO systems (including Constraints, MPC, Decoupling, etc.). Features an abundance of real-world design examples drawn from the authors' direct experience, and many real-world case studies divided intoIndustrial case studies and Laboratory systems (several of which are supported by a virtual laboratory using Java Applets on the book's web page). All examples are supported by Matlab®.The Excitement of Control Engineering. Introduction to the Principles of Feedback. Modeling. Continuous Time Signals and Systems. Analysis of SISO Control Loops. Classical PID Control. Synthesis of SISO Controllers. Fundamental Limitations in SISO Control. Frequency Domain Design Limitations. Architectural Issues in SISO Control. Dealing with Constraints. Models for Sampled Data Systems. Digital Control. Hybrid Control. SISO Controller Parameterizations. Control Design Based on Optimization. Linear State Space Models. Synthesis via State Space Methods. Introduction to Nonlinear Control. Analysis of MIMO Control Loops. Exploiting SISO Techniques in MIMO Control. Design via Optimal Control Techniques. Model Predictive Control. Fundamental Limitations in MIMO Control. MIMO Controller Parameterizations. Decoupling. For anyone interested in Control System Design.

An Introduction to Knowledge Engineering

Author: Simon Kendal,Malcolm Creen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846286670

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 1790

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An Introduction to Knowledge Engineering presents a simple but detailed exp- ration of current and established work in the ?eld of knowledge-based systems and related technologies. Its treatment of the increasing variety of such systems is designed to provide the reader with a substantial grounding in such techno- gies as expert systems, neural networks, genetic algorithms, case-based reasoning systems, data mining, intelligent agents and the associated techniques and meth- ologies. The material is reinforced by the inclusion of numerous activities that provide opportunities for the reader to engage in their own research and re?ection as they progress through the book. In addition, self-assessment questions allow the student to check their own understanding of the concepts covered. The book will be suitable for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in computing science and related disciplines such as knowledge engineering, arti?cial intelligence, intelligent systems, cognitive neuroscience, robotics and cybernetics. vii Contents Foreword vii 1 An Introduction to Knowledge Engineering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Section 1: Data, Information and Knowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Section 2: Skills of a Knowledge Engineer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Section 3: An Introduction to Knowledge-Based Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2 Types of Knowledge-Based Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Section 1: Expert Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Section 2: Neural Networks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Section 3: Case-Based Reasoning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Section 4: Genetic Algorithms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Section 5: Intelligent Agents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Section 6: Data Mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 3 Knowledge Acquisition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 4 Knowledge Representation and Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Section 1: Using Knowledge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Section 2: Logic, Rules and Representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Section 3: Developing Rule-Based Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Section 4: Semantic Networks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Optical Measurements for Scientists and Engineers

A Practical Guide

Author: Arthur McClelland,Max Mankin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107173019

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 6549

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An accessible, introductory text explaining how to select, set up and use optical spectroscopy and optical microscopy techniques.

Mathematical Biology

Author: James D. Murray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662085429

Category: Mathematics

Page: 770

View: 1251

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Mathematics has always benefited from its involvement with developing sciences. Each successive interaction revitalises and enhances the field. Biomedical science is clearly the premier science of the foreseeable future. For the continuing health of their subject mathematicians must become involved with biology. With the example of how mathematics has benefited from and influenced physics, it is clear that if mathematicians do not become involved in the biosciences they will simply not be a part of what are likely to be the most important and exciting scientific discoveries of all time. Mathematical biology is a fast growing, well recognised, albeit not clearly defined, subject and is, to my mind, the most exciting modern application of mathematics. The increasing use of mathematics in biology is inevitable as biol ogy becomes more quantitative. The complexity of the biological sciences makes interdisciplinary involvement essential. For the mathematician, biology opens up new and exciting branches while for the biologist mathematical modelling offers another research tool commmensurate with a new powerful laboratory technique but only if used appropriately and its limitations recognised. However, the use of esoteric mathematics arrogantly applied to biological problems by mathemati cians who know little about the real biology, together with unsubstantiated claims as to how important such theories are, does little to promote the interdisciplinary involvement which is so essential. Mathematical biology research, to be useful and interesting, must be relevant biologically.

Verilog HDL

A Guide to Digital Design and Synthesis

Author: Samir Palnitkar

Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional

ISBN: 9780130449115

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 450

View: 9284

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VERILOG HDL, Second Editionby Samir PalnitkarWith a Foreword by Prabhu GoelWritten forboth experienced and new users, this book gives you broad coverage of VerilogHDL. The book stresses the practical design and verification perspective ofVerilog rather than emphasizing only the language aspects. The informationpresented is fully compliant with the IEEE 1364-2001 Verilog HDL standard. Among its many features, this edition- bull; bull;Describes state-of-the-art verification methodologies bull;Provides full coverage of gate, dataflow (RTL), behavioral and switch modeling bull;Introduces you to the Programming Language Interface (PLI) bull;Describes logic synthesis methodologies bull;Explains timing and delay simulation bull;Discusses user-defined primitives bull;Offers many practical modeling tips Includes over 300 illustrations, examples, and exercises, and a Verilog resource list.Learning objectives and summaries are provided for each chapter. About the CD-ROMThe CD-ROM contains a Verilog simulator with agraphical user interface and the source code for the examples in the book. Whatpeople are saying about Verilog HDL- "Mr.Palnitkar illustrates how and why Verilog HDL is used to develop today'smost complex digital designs. This book is valuable to both the novice and theexperienced Verilog user. I highly recommend it to anyone exploring Verilogbased design." -RajeevMadhavan, Chairman and CEO, Magma Design Automation "Thisbook is unique in its breadth of information on Verilog and Verilog-relatedtopics. It is fully compliant with the IEEE 1364-2001 standard, contains allthe information that you need on the basics, and devotes several chapters toadvanced topics such as verification, PLI, synthesis and modelingtechniques." -MichaelMcNamara, Chair, IEEE 1364-2001 Verilog Standards Organization Thishas been my favorite Verilog book since I picked it up in college. It is theonly book that covers practical Verilog. A must have for beginners andexperts." -BerendOzceri, Design Engineer, Cisco Systems, Inc. "Simple,logical and well-organized material with plenty of illustrations, makes this anideal textbook." -Arun K. Somani, Jerry R. Junkins Chair Professor,Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames PRENTICE HALL Professional Technical Reference Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458 www.phptr.com ISBN: 0-13-044911-3

Principles of Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Rajeev Alur

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262029111

Category: Computers

Page: 464

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A foundational text that offers a rigorous introduction to the principles of design, specification, modeling, and analysis of cyber-physical systems.

Measurement Science for Engineers

Author: Paul Regtien,F. van der Heijden,M. J. Korsten,W Otthius

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080536019

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9489

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This volume, from an international authority on the subject, deals with the physical and instrumentation aspects of measurement science, the availability of major measurement tools, and how to use them. This book not only lays out basic concepts of electronic measurement systems, but also provides numerous examples and exercises for the student. · Ideal for courses on instrumentation, control engineering and physics · Numerous worked examples and student exercises

Numbers and Functions

Author: R. P. Burn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107444535

Category: Mathematics

Page: 374

View: 5487

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Revised and updated edition. Hundreds of exercises to help students gradually transition from school to university-level calculus.

Sensors, Actuators, and Their Interfaces

A Multidisciplinary Introduction

Author: Nathan Ida

Publisher: IET

ISBN: 1613530064

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 761

View: 7306

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This undergraduate textbook introduces students to the principles and applications of sensors and actuators, crossing multiple disciplines including aerospace, biomedical, chemical, civil, electrical and mechanical engineering. An excellent professional reference for those needing to learn the basics of sensing and actuation, this book is a good choice for industry training seminars. This book "connects the dots" of theory and circuits basics into meaningful systems and real-world applications. Designed to introduce students and practitioners to the principles and applications of sensors and actuators, this book discusses processing hardware and the embedded systems software that connects them. It is written based on the theory that a system is made of three components: Inputs, Outputs and Processors and looks at sensors and actuators based on the broad area of detection. Important coverage is given to interfacing (the processes and mechanisms between the sensor and actuator) that make a system work reliably and accurately. The material is presented with clear explanations, examples and diagrams, making it ideal for students and practitioners concerned with systems engineering in a broad variety of fields, especially those that depend on sensors for detecting pre-determined conditions.

Feedback Control Systems

Author: Charles L. Phillips,John M. Parr

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780131866140

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 774

View: 9426

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Feedback Control Systems, 5/e This text offers a thorough analysis of the principles of classical and modern feedback control. Organizing topic coverage into three sections--linear analog control systems, linear digital control systems, and nonlinear analog control systems--helps students understand the difference between mathematical models and the physical systems that the models represent.