Field Methods for Geologists and Hydrogeologists

Author: Fakhry A. Assaad,James W. LaMoreaux,Travis Hughes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662054388

Category: Science

Page: 377

View: 8350

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From the reviews: "...is a "must" for serious field novices, and for seasoned middle-career and senior practitioners in hydrogeology, mainly those people who answer a calling to offer honest and accurate hydrogeological approximations and findings. Any engineering geologist or groundwater geologist who claims capability as a "Hydrogeologist" should own this book and submit it to highlighting and page tabbing. Of course, the same goes for those who practice in karst terranes, as author LaMoreaux is one of the pioneers in this field, worldwide..." (Allen W. Hatheway)

Field Methods for Petroleum Geologists

A Guide to Computerized Lithostratigraphic Correlation Charts Case Study: Northern Africa

Author: Fakhry A. Assaad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540788379

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 8396

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Provides an introduction to petroleum exploration methods, referring to both geophysical and geochemical techniques and the logistics of various drilling techniques and well logging methods for oil and gas exploration. The second part of the book focuses on using these methods for petroleum exploration within the context of northern Africa. The geology of northern Africa is described and computerized lithographic correlation charts are presented and applied to petroleum exploration targets from the region.

Field Hydrogeology

A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation

Author: John E. Moore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420032259

Category: Science

Page: 195

View: 9082

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In recent years, the focus in groundwater studies has expanded to also include groundwater contamination and remediation studies as a part of resource evaluations. While there are other books on the subject, Field Hydrogeology-A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation provides the first integrated presentation of the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) standards, US Geological Survey (USGS), and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) field techniques. It also includes access to a Web site that contains software for designing aquifer tests and aquifer-recharge experiments. Written by an author with more than 40 years of experience in hydrology and geology, this reference treats the subject from a field standpoint. Useful as a field guide and a textbook, it contains standard methods for planning and undertaking hydrogeologic investigations. It incorporates case studies, contains a glossary of field-hydrogeology technical terms, and provides a detailed list of ASTM standards and key hydrologic Web sites. The guide is based on ASTM standards, EPA, and US Department of Interior (DOI) field technical manuals. The text covers hydrogeologic fundamentals, conceptual models, planning an investigation, surface investigations, subsurface investigations, field inventory, stream flow measurements, water quality measurements, and report preparation. It includes more recent groundwater evaluation techniques such as tracing and isotope techniques. Field Hydrogeology will allow students and seasoned professionals to have a vast array of clearly written descriptive materials and an extensive source of references available at their fingertips. About the Author: John E. Moore, Ph.D., is a hydrogeologist at the USEPA Region 8 in Denver, Colorado. Dr. Moore is also an adjunct professor of hydrology at Metro State College in Denver and a consulting hydrologist. He has more than 40 years of experience in hydrogeology and geology as a researcher, teacher, and consultant. He is internationally recognized as an expert in these fields. Dr. Moore was deputy assistant chief hydrologist and field scientist with the USGS and served as a technical advisor to the USEPA and the U.S. House of Representatives. He is past president of the International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH) and the American Institute of Hydrology (AIH) and is the chairman of the IAH Education Commission.

Nuclear Geophysics

Applications in Hydrology, Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology, Agriculture and Environmental Science

Author: V.I. Ferronsky

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331912451X

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 7858

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The fundamentals of methods in nuclear geophysics and their practical applications in engineering geology, hydrology, hydrogeology, agriculture and environmental science are discussed in this book. The methods and apparatus based on absorption and scattering of gamma and neutron radiation for determination of density and soil moisture in natural conditions are presented in Chapters 2, 3, and 4. The theoretical fundamentals and installations of the penetration logging techniques where gamma, gamma-gamma and neutron logging in combination with static penetration form common complexes for engineering geology and hydrogeology exploration without boring holes are described. The developed constructions and practical use penetration logging installations for applications on land and marine shelves are described in Chapters 5, 6, 7, and 8. The physical fundamentals for the use of the natural stable and radioactive isotopes for study of the global hydrological cycle are provided. The experimental data, origin and distribution of cosmogenic and radiogenic isotopes in the oceans, atmospheric moisture, surface and underground waters are presented in Chapters 9, 10, and 11. The sources and conditions of the radioactive contamination of the natural waters are discussed in Chapters 12 and 13. This book will be of interest to scientists and researchers who use nuclear geophysics methods in engineering geology, hydrology, hydrogeology and hydrogeoecology. Lecturers, students, and postgraduates in these subjects will also find it useful.

Field Sampling Methods for Remedial Investigations, Second Edition

Author: Mark Edward Byrnes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420059151

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 6824

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Originally published in 1994, the first edition of Field Sampling Methods for Remedial Investigations soon became a premier resource in the field. The “Princeton Groundwater” course designated it as one of the top books on the market that address strategies for groundwater well installation, well completion, and groundwater sampling. This long-awaited second edition continues the tradition of providing guidance on how to develop cost-effective and defensible environmental sampling programs to support site characterization, site remediation, and building decontamination and decommissioning in both chemical and radioactive environments. The book provides guidance on how to: Implement the US EPA’s latest Data Quality Objective’s procedure Prepare and maintain defensible field documentation Use quality control sampling, data verification, data validation, and data quality assessment to assure the data collected is of adequate quality and quantity for its intended use Properly decontaminate drilling and field sampling equipment Determine appropriate health and safety requirements Manage investigation-derived waste Properly prepare sample bottles for shipment

Stochastic Methods for Flow in Porous Media

Coping with Uncertainties

Author: Dongxiao Zhang

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080517773

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 2589

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Stochastic Methods for Flow in Porous Media: Coping with Uncertainties explores fluid flow in complex geologic environments. The parameterization of uncertainty into flow models is important for managing water resources, preserving subsurface water quality, storing energy and wastes, and improving the safety and economics of extracting subsurface mineral and energy resources. This volume systematically introduces a number of stochastic methods used by researchers in the community in a tutorial way and presents methodologies for spatially and temporally stationary as well as nonstationary flows. The author compiles a number of well-known results and useful formulae and includes exercises at the end of each chapter. Balanced viewpoint of several stochastic methods, including Greens' function, perturbative expansion, spectral, Feynman diagram, adjoint state, Monte Carlo simulation, and renormalization group methods Tutorial style of presentation will facilitate use by readers without a prior in-depth knowledge of Stochastic processes Practical examples throughout the text Exercises at the end of each chapter reinforce specific concepts and techniques For the reader who is interested in hands-on experience, a number of computer codes are included and discussed

Basic Hydrogeologic Methods

A Field and Laboratory Manual with Microcomputer Applications

Author: Frank Fletcher

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566764001

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 310

View: 4129

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FROM THE PREFACE The approach of this book is "how-to-do and hands-on." Its purpose is to provide clear, step-by-step instruction in many of the fundamental methods of hydrogeologic investigation. These methods include both 1) the traditional techniques of data analysis, such as mathematical computation by electronic calculator and construction of graphs by hand-plotting, and 2) microcomputer techniques employing electronic spreadsheets, graphing and gridding and contouring software. The microcomputer methods employ commercial software such as Lotus 1-2-3. Microsoft Excel, Quattro-Pro, Golden Software's Grapher and Surfer, and Geraghty and Miller's AQTESOLV. Although familiarity with any of the applications is helpful, the instructions in this manual assume no prior experience with them. Basic Hydrogeologic Methods is divided into three sections: Groundwater Occurrence and Movement, Groundwater Investigations, and Well and Aquifer Hydraulics. Each section begins with a brief summary of relevant terminology and principles. This introductory chapter is followed by a case study, which may be employed to provide a practical context for the hydrogeological methods that are described in subsequent chapters. Most of the methodological exercises culminate in an analytical product, such as data table, graph, contour map, etc., which readily serve as a focus for problem-solving activities, classroom discussions, and investigative reports. Many of the exercises present at least two investigative methods for accomplishing a particular hydrogeologic task. For example, time-drawdown graphs may be produced by a hand-plotting method or by a microcomputer method. For the professional scientist, the choice of a particular method might depend on such factors as the time available to carry out the task, the degree of accuracy required, or the availability of assessory equipment and materials. The introductory student can work through a more fundamental method (e.g., hand-plotting) before advancing to a microcomputer method (e.g., spreadsheet and graphing).

Environmental Geology

Handbook of Field Methods and Case Studies

Author: Klaus Knödel,Gerhard Lange,Hans-Jürgen Voigt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540746713

Category: Science

Page: 1358

View: 1029

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This illustrated handbook describes a broad spectrum of methods in the fields of remote sensing, geophysics, geology, hydrogeology, geochemistry, and microbiology designed to investigate landfill, mining and industrial sites. The descriptions provide information about the principle of the methods, applications and fundamentals. This handbook also deals with the stepwise procedure for investigating sites and common problems faced in efficient implementation of field operations.

Field Hydrogeology

Author: Rick Brassington

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118685318

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 5022

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The successful investigation of the hydrogeology of an area depends on the collection of reliable field data. Field Hydrogeology, Third Edition follows a systematic approach to completing a hydrogeological study and explains how to decide on the measurements that are needed and on the instruments and techniques required. Measurements that are needed and on the instruments and techniques required. Measurements of groundwater levels, rainfall and evaporation spring and stream flows and the use of ground water tracer techniques are covered. There is a great deal of practical information on all aspects of planning and completion of field investigation and on the interpretation of field investigation and on the interpretation of field evidence. Advice on safety is also included. This third edition has been fully revised and updated to bring the book into line with developments in environmental regulations. The order of the chapters reflects the structure of a hydrogeological project and the development of a conceptual model up to completion of a report. The focus is on current practical applications of hydrogeological investigations using new case histories and a new chapter on specialist techniques has been included. Handy pocket-size for field research Features case histories Focuses on practical applications Contains a new chapter on groundwater investigations Field Hydrogeology, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students of geology, hydrogeology, environmental sciences and engineering, as well as a wide range of professionals working in the water resources and environmental protection fields.

Guidelines for Evaluating Water in Pit Slope Stability

Author: John Read,Geoff Beale

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 064310836X

Category: Nature

Page: 616

View: 4239

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Guidelines for Evaluating Water in Pit Slope Stability is a comprehensive account of the hydrogeological procedures that should be followed when performing open pit slope stability design studies. Created as an outcome of the Large Open Pit (LOP) project, an international research and technology transfer project on the stability of rock slopes in open pit mines, this book expands on the hydrogeological model chapter in the LOP project's previous book Guidelines for Open Pit Slope Design (Read & Stacey, 2009; CSIRO PUBLISHING). The book comprises six sections which outline the latest technology and best practice procedures for hydrogeological investigations. The sections cover: the framework used to assess the effect of water in slope stability; how water pressures are measured and tested in the field; how a conceptual hydrogeological model is prepared; how water pressures are modelled numerically; how slope depressurisation systems are implemented; and how the performance of a slope depressurisation program is monitored and reconciled with the design. Guidelines for Evaluating Water in Pit Slope Stability offers slope design practitioners a road map that will help them decide how to investigate and treat water pressures in pit slopes. It provides guidance and essential information for mining and civil engineers, geotechnical engineers, engineering geologists and hydrogeologists involved in the investigation, design and construction of stable rock slopes.

Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 3

River Basins, Reservoir Sedimentation and Water Resources

Author: Giorgio Lollino,Massimo Arattano,Massimo Rinaldi,Orazio Giustolisi,Jean-Christophe Marechal,Gordon E. Grant

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319090542

Category: Science

Page: 657

View: 4212

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This book is one out of 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes and deals with river basins, which are the focus of many hydraulic engineering and hydrogeological studies worldwide. Such studies examine river systems as both a resource of the fluvial environment, and also explore river-related hazards and risks. The contributions of researchers from different disciplines focus on: surface-groundwater exchanges, stream flow, stream erosion, river morphology and management, sediment transport regimes, debris flows, evaluation of water resources, dam operation and hydropower generation, flood risks and flood control, stream pollution and water quality management. The contributions include case studies for advancing field monitoring techniques, improving modeling and assessment of rivers and studies contributing to better management plans and policies for the river environment and water resources. The Engineering Geology for Society and Territory volumes of the IAEG XII Congress held in Torino from September 15-19, 2014, analyze the dynamic role of engineering geology in our changing world and build on the four main themes of the congress: environment, processes, issues and approaches. The congress topics and subject areas of the 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes are: Climate Change and Engineering Geology. Landslide Processes. River Basins, Reservoir Sedimentation and Water Resources. Marine and Coastal Processes. Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation. Applied Geology for Major Engineering Projects. Education, Professional Ethics and Public Recognition of Engineering Geology. Preservation of Cultural Heritage.

Methods in Karst Hydrogeology

IAH: International Contributions to Hydrogeology, 26

Author: Nico Goldscheider,David Drew

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203934628

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 9954

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The importance of investigating karstified aquifers lies in their significance as a major source of drinking water. This book describes methods that are basic to all hydrogeological studies, such as hydraulic investigations, hydrochemistry, geophysics, isotope chemistry and modelling, but with the emphasis placed on their application to karst systems. Other techniques are specific to the karst environment, such as the speleological exploration of aquifers and water tracing. The various chapters of this book are written by experts in different methods. Most of the chapters are multi-authored, and the authors include hydrogeologists who are experienced in evaluating a variety of karst environments and who together, provide a comprehensive review of karst methods.

Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition

Author: Neven Kresic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849333484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 828

View: 3892

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Coupling the basics of hygrogeology with analytical and numerical modeling methods, Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition provides detailed coverage of both theory and practice. Written by a leading hydrogeologist who has consulted for industry and environmental agencies and taught at major universities around the world, this unique book fills a gap in the groundwater hydrogeology literature. With more than 40 real-world examples, the book is a source for clear, easy-to-understand, and step-by-step quantitative groundwater evaluation and contaminant fate and transport analysis, from basic laboratory determination to complex analytical calculations and computer modeling. It provides more than 400 drawings, graphs, and photographs, and a variety of useful tables of all key groundwater parameters, as well as lucid, straightforward answers to common hydrogeological problems. Reflecting nearly ten years of new scholarship since the publication of the bestselling first edition, this second edition is wider in focus with added and updated examples, figures, and problems, yet still provides information in the author's trademark, user-friendly style. No other book offers such carefully selected examples and clear, elegantly explained solutions. The inclusion of step-by-step solutions to real problems builds a knowledge base for understanding and solving groundwater issues.

Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Zekai Sen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351466062

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 8701

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In order to properly plan, design, and operate groundwater resources projects, it is necessary to measure - over time or distance - pertinent groundwater variables such as drawdown and discharge in the field. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers shows how to assess and interpret these data by subsurface geological setup and processing. The book helps readers estimate relevant groundwater parameters such as storativity, transmissivity, and leakage coefficient. The text addresses many interrelated disciplines such as geology, hydrology, hydrogeology, engineering, petroleum geology, and water engineering. Traditional and current models for application are presented. One of the unique features of the book is the inclusion of new and previously unpublished ideas, concepts, techniques, approaches, and procedures developed by the author. Among these are hydrogeophysical concepts, slope matching techniques, volumetric approach solution for complicated groundwater flows, non-Darcian flow law applications, aquifer sample functions, dimensionless-type straight line methods, non-linear flow-type curves, discharge calculations from early time-drawdown data, storage coefficient estimation procedure for quasi-steady state flow, and much more. The pitfalls in aquifer test analysis are also detailed. Fractured medium flow adds yet another dimension to the book. Each method is supplemented by actual field data applications from worldwide case studies. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers covers the topics of groundwater reservoirs, the evaluation of aquifer parameters, aquifer and flow properties, flow properties and bore hole tests, aquifer tests in porous and fractured media, well hydraulics, groundwater flow and aquifer tests, and field measurements and their interpretations. This new reference also works well as a post-graduate textbook on the subject. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers expands the reader's knowledge by providing valuable information not found in any other publication.

Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle

Author: McLemore, Virginia T.,Smith, Kathleen S.,Russell, Carol C.

Publisher: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration

ISBN: 0873353552

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 1299

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Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle provides an overview of sampling for environmental purposes and monitoring of environmentally relevant variables at mining sites. It focuses on environmental sampling and monitoring of surface water, and also considers groundwater, process water streams, rock, soil, and other media including air and biological organisms. The handbook includes an appendix of technical summaries written by subject-matter experts that describe field measurements, collection methods, and analytical techniques and procedures relevant to environmental sampling and monitoring. The sixth of a series of handbooks on technologies for management of metal mine and metallurgical process drainage, this handbook supplements and enhances current literature and provides an awareness of the critical components and complexities involved in environmental sampling and monitoring at the mine site. It differs from most information sources by providing an approach to address all types of mining influenced water and other sampling media throughout the mine life cycle. Sampling and Monitoring for the Mine Life Cycle is organized into a main text and six appendices that are an integral part of the handbook. Sidebars and illustrations are included to provide additional detail about important concepts, to present examples and brief case studies, and to suggest resources for further information. Extensive references are included.