Fighting for the rain forest

war, youth & resources in Sierra Leone

Author: Paul Richards

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 1403

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Paul Richards argues that the war in Sierra Leone and other small wars in Africa do not manifest a "new barbarism". What appears as random, anarchic violence is no such thing. The terrifying military methods of Sierra Leone's soldiers may not fit Western models of warfare, but they are rational and effective. The war must be understood partly as "performance", in which techniques of terror compensate for lack of equipment. Richards points out that Sierra Leone's war is a crisis of modernity. Sierra Leone's youth belongs to a modern, trans-Atlantic culture. In remote diamond-digging camps, young people watch Rambo videos and listen to BBC news. These are part of the cultural resources with which the war is fought. The frustrations of these young people underlie the crisis. Not only the soldiers but most of the commanders are teenagers. Their aspirations are for schools and jobs. Financial stringency and the decay of the patrimonial state led directly to the government's surrender of much of the countryside. The rain forest is also central to the war. The war is fought in the rain forest and can only be understood in the context of old traditions of social and technical management of the forest. There is no evidence that a crisis of deforestation or overpopulation has contributed to the war. Rebuilding the state -- and giving young Sierra Leoneans confidence in it -- is essential for peace. But in the meantime, many people are learning to live with war and

Conflict Resolution and Peace Education in Africa

Author: Ernest E. Uwazie

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739106693

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 5564

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Africa today suffers from too much political unrest and violent conflict. The contributors to this edited collection recognize a missing link in efforts to foster democracy, and with it political stability and peace, in Africa's developing countries: Democracy can be sustained only where effective means for resolving citizens' disputes exist both within and outside the formal legal system. The writers whose articles appear here--scholars, practitioners, and peace advocates--present their varied knowledge of conflict and war in Africa and strategies for introducing and implementing mediation, from Sierra Leone to South Africa. This volume is a model exchange of insights and ideas in the important field of conflict resolution as applied to Africa.

Magic and Warfare

Appearance and Reality in Contemporary African Conflict and Beyond

Author: N. Wlodarczyk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230103340

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 3370

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This study explores the roles played by magic in contemporary African warfare, specifically through the case of Sierra Leone, to assess its impact on behaviour in conflict. A conceptual framework is suggested for analysing culturally alien practices more broadly and to inform approaches to civilian and military intervention.

Gewalt und Konflikt in einer globalisierten Welt

Festschrift für Ulrich Albrecht

Author: Ruth Stanley

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322833569

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 6550

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Nach dem Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts und den epochalen Umbrüchen in Ost- und Ostmitteleuropa ist die Welt keineswegs friedlicher geworden. Vielmehr verdichten sich die Hinweise auf Verdrehungen und Verwerfungen von Konfliktachsen. Auch lässt die offensichtliche Kluft der wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und kulturellen Entwicklung in den verschiedenen Regionen der Welt ernsthafte Zweifel am weltgesellschaftlichen Mehrwert der Globalisierung erwachsen. Der vorliegende Band - eine Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Ulrich Albrecht - widmet sich vor allem den Konflikten, die in der globalisierten Welt letzthin entstanden sind, sowie dem Problem der Gewalt, das in vielerlei Gestalt die Globalisierung begleitet. Autorinnen und Autoren aus dem In- und Ausland analysieren Facetten der neuen globalen Konflikttypen, Zivilisierungstendenzen und Gewaltformen und erörtern Handlungsmöglichkeiten der Einhegung von Gewalt und Konflikten.

Child Soldiers, Adult Interests

The Global Dimensions of the Sierra Leonean Tragedy

Author: John-Peter Pham

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594546716

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 8601

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This book weaves a narrative of the history of Sierra Leone, from its foundation as a settlement for black slaves who fought for the British Crown during the American Revolution through the events of the civil war, with a discussion of more general geopolitical lessons to be learned from the recent conflict, its origins, and settlement. In addition, the book contains six appendices that render the present work -- the first comprehensive history of Sierra Leone since the classic studies published more than a generation ago by Christopher Fyfe and John Peterson -- an invaluable reference on conflict resolution in general as well as the West African country in particular, including a chronology of select events in the history of Sierra Leone and the texts of the peace agreements and other post-conflict documents.

The Sierra Leonean Tragedy

History and Global Dimensions

Author: John-Peter Pham

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 9188

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This new book weaves a narrative of the history of Sierra Leone, from its foundation as a settlement for black slaves who fought for the British Crown during the American Revolution through the events of the civil war, with a discussion of more general geopolitical lessons to be learned from the recent conflict, its origins, and settlement. In addition, the book contains six appendices that render the present work -- the first comprehensive history of Sierra Leone since the classic studies published more than a generation ago by Christopher Fyfe and John Peterson -- an invaluable reference on conflict resolution in general as well as the West African country in particular, including a chronology of select events in the history of Sierra Leone and the texts of the peace agreements and other post-conflict documents.

African Guerrillas

Author: Christopher S. Clapham

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 9780852558157

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 2654

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Analyses African insurgencies and their relationship to the societies in which they are set and to the outside world.

Confronting Poverty

Weak States and U.S. National Security

Author: Susan E. Rice,Corinne Graff,Carlos Pascual

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815704355

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 6992

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Former Brookings Senior Fellow Susan E. Rice spearheads an investigation of the connections between poverty and fragile states and the implications for American security. Coedited by Rice and former Brookings colleagues Corinne Graff and Carlos Pascual, Confronting Poverty is a timely reminder that alleviating global poverty and shoring up weak states are not only humanitarian and economic imperatives, but key components of a more balanced and sustainable U.S. national security strategy. Rice elucidates the relationship between poverty, state weakness, and transnational security threats, and Graff and Pascual offer policy recommendations. The book's overarching conclusions highlight the need to invest in poverty alleviation and capacity building in weak states in order to break the vicious cycle of poverty, fragility, and transnational threats. Confronting Poverty grows out of a project on global poverty and U.S. national security that Rice directed at Brookings from 2002 through January 2009, before she became U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations.

West African Worlds

Paths Through Socio-Economic Change, Livelihoods and Development

Author: Reginald Cline-Cole,Elsbeth Robson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317904931

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 1942

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West African Worlds provides a critical assessment of social, economic and political change in Africa’s most populous and arguably most externally focused region. With an emphasis on globalisation and modernisation, case studies and commentary are integrated throughout to highlight the concerns and issues of the region. Enriched by an impressive mix of West African voices, this text combines theory and application with policy and practice to address socio-economic change, the pursuit of livelihoods, and development within West Africa.

States of Violence

Politics, Youth, and Memory in Contemporary Africa

Author: Edna G. Bay,Donald Lewis Donham

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 720

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"By focusing on the participation and consequences for ordinary people, this collection offers a fresh perspective on the eruption of violence in sub-Saharan Africa. None of the contributions takes the easy way out—either by claiming any special propensity of Africans to violence, or by calling attention to titillating aspects of the violence itself. Rather, they offer ‘thick descriptions’ of particular violent episodes to develop their contexts and the larger causes that made them happen. The case studies, drawn from field research in Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, search for the meaning of specific instances of collective violence to the individuals caught up in them."—Nelson Kasfir, Dartmouth College "This coherently assembled set of contributions illuminates crucial aspects of the disorder and insecurity afflicting much of contemporary Africa. The potent social force of a marginalized youth generation is explored in its different manifestations in a variety of settings by an excellent roster of scholars."—Crawford Young, Emeritus Professor of Political Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison "Unmatched in its ethnographic depth and attention to critical dimensions of African conflicts.... This volume cuts across the continent and across several intertwining themes to provide highly contextual analyses within a well-definedframework." —Catherine Besteman, Colby College, editor of Violence: A Reader The essayists whose work is collected here—historians, anthropologists, and political scientists—bring their diverse disciplinary perspectives to bear on various forms of violence that have plagued recent African history. Exploring violence as part of political economy and rejecting stereotypical explanations of African violence as endemic or natural to African cultures, the essays examine a continent where the boundaries on acceptable force are always shifting and the distinction between violence by the state and against the state is not always clear. Edna G. Bay, Associate Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies at Emory University, is author of Wives of the Leopard: Gender, Politics, and Culture in the Kingdom of Dahomey (Virginia). Donald L. Donham, Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis, is author of Marxist Modern: An Ethnographic History of the Ethiopian Revolution.

United Nations Interventionism, 1991–2004

Author: Spyros Economides

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461761

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3880

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After years of paralysis, the 1990s saw an explosion in the number of United Nations field operations around the world. In terms of scope and level of ambition, these interventions went beyond the tried and tested principles of classical UN peacekeeping. Indeed, in some cases - such as Cambodia, Kosovo and East Timor - the UN presence assumed the form of quasi-protectorates designed to steer war-torn and deeply divided societies towards lasting peace. This book examines the UN's performance and assesses the wider impact of 'new interventionism' on international order and the study of international relations. Featuring eight case studies of major UN interventions and an introductory chapter outlining the most important theoretical and political features of the international system which have led to the increased interventionary practices of the UN, this book will appeal to students and researchers in international relations and international organizations.

New humanitarianism

Britain and Sierra Leone, 1997-2003

Author: Tanja Schümer

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230545175

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 4056

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This book analyzes the contents and consistency of the British New Humanitarianism and its application to Sierra Leone, investigating the effectiveness of policy implementation and the capacity of humanitarian assistance addressing broader political objectives. Placing the experience of Sierra Leone in context with other countries--Sudan and Iraq, Tanja Schmer draws key conclusions regarding the future for international humanitarian policy.

The Underneath of Things

Violence, History, and the Everyday in Sierra Leone

Author: Mariane C. Ferme

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520225430

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 2968

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"Researched with unusual sensitivity, original in approach, illuminating beyond its immediate geographical and theoretical referents, and written in a style that is both carefully crafted and eminently accessible...this is the work of a remarkably talented observer and scholar."—Jane Guyer, editor of Money Matters: Instability, Values and Social Payments in the Modern History of West African Communities, former president of the African Studies Association "The world is currently quite aware of Sierra Leone and its predicament, and it needs this well-informed and beautifully written account of what makes the country so wonderful despite its woes. Ferme's work is truly transcendent, capturing magnificently well some of the most important aspects of an otherwise "difficult" ethnographic case. It is a truthful and honest piece of work, based on a deep grasp of the ethnographer's craft. "—Paul Richards, author of Fighting for the Rain Forest: War, Youth and Resources in Sierra Leone Ferme is a true master in the magic of "things." She gives the study of secrecy new impetus by examining its history, relating that history not only to discourse but also to material conditions. She brilliantly shows how, for Sierra Leone societies, the celebration of ambiguity has been a way to live with permanent danger-from the long history of slavery through the present civil war. —Peter Geschiere, author of The Modernity of Witchcraft, Politics and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa The Underneath of Things is a model of patience, detailed observation, and elegant writing: a theoretically creative study that is keen to track and to disentangle the webs and flows of everyday life.—Achille Mbembe, author of On the Postcolony

African Childhoods

Education, Development, Peacebuilding, and the Youngest Continent

Author: M. Ensor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137024704

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 8586

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A multidisciplinary collection shedding light on the conditions and experiences of youth in Africa.

Geo-data

the world geographical encyclopedia

Author: John McCoy

Publisher: Gale

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 704

View: 2901

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Provides alphabetically arranged descriptions of the physical geography of every country of the world, with details on geographical features, climate, vegetation, human population, and natural resources.

Epistemologies of African Conflicts

Violence, Evolutionism, and the War in Sierra Leone

Author: Z. Wai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137280808

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 5265

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This book offers a bold, ground-breaking epistemological critique of the dominant discourses on African conflicts. Based on a painstaking study of the ways in which the Sierra Leone civil war has been interpreted, it considers how Africa is constructed as a site of knowledge and the implications that this has for the continent and its people.

The Heart of the Matter

Sierra Leone, Diamonds & Human Security : Complete Report

Author: Ian Smillie,Lansana Gberie,Ralph Hazleton

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0756707927

Category: Diamond industry and trade

Page: 88

View: 3521

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How diamonds have been the cause of widespread death, misery, & destruction for almost a decade in the West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Sierra Leone's rebel war became a tragedy of major humanitarian, political & historic proportions, but the story goes back 60 years, to the discovery of the diamonds. The diamond mining sector has become influenced by organized crime & by the smuggling not just of diamonds, but of guns & drugs, & by vast sums of money in search of a laundry. No peace agree. would be sustainable until the problems of mining & selling diamonds had been addressed, both inside Sierra Leone & internationally. Tables.

Rückkehr ins Leben

ich war Kindersoldat

Author: Ishmael Beah

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783593382647

Category: Sierra Leone

Page: 271

View: 7896

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Der autobiografische Bericht des ehemaligen Kindersoldaten Ishmael Beah aus Sierra Leone, der heute in den Vereinigten Staaten lebt, beginnt mit seiner Kindheit in Sierra Leone. Ishmael ist ein fröhlicher Junge, der Hip-Hop liebt und Shakespeare liest. Im Alter von 12 Jahren macht er sich mit ein paar Freunden auf den Weg zu einem Hip-Hop-Wettbewerb, als unerwartet der Bürgerkrieg ausbricht. Ganz abrupt wird das normale Leben beendet. Ishmael versucht während längerer Zeit mit anderen Kindern alleine im Urwald zu überleben, bis er von Truppen der nationalen Armee zum Kindersoldaten gemacht wird. In den folgenden drei Jahren wird er Zeuge von Folter und Mord und begeht selbst Grausamkeiten. Dank eines Rehabilitationscamps von UNICEF findet er als einer von wenigen trotz traumatischer Erlebnisse den Weg zurück ins normale Leben. Das Buch zeigt nicht nur die schreckliche Zeit als Kindersoldat, sondern wirft einen Blick auf Ishmaels Kindheit und erzählt von seinem Leben nach dem Krieg. Einerseits erhält der Leser einen Einblick in Ishmaels damaliges Denken und Fühlen, andererseits fliesst immer auch seine heutige rückblickende und verarbeitende Sichtweise ein. Diese beiden Perspektiven tragen wesentlich zum Verständnis eines Geschehens bei, in dem Ishmael zugleich Opfer und Täter ist. Er geht mit seinen Erfahrungen offen um; daher werden Grausamkeiten detailliert geschildert und die Gewaltdarstellungen sind brutal und oftmals unfassbar. Das persönliche Schicksal des ums Überleben kämpfenden Jungen steht im Zentrum, die politische Situation wird nicht kommentiert. Dies widerspiegelt die damalige Situation von Ishmael, der selbst nicht genau über die Gründe des Krieges und über ideologische Differenzen Bescheid wusste. Eine Zeittafel und eine Landkarte ergänzen den Bericht. (Verlagstext).