Floer Homology Groups in Yang-Mills Theory

Author: S. K. Donaldson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139432603

Category: Mathematics

Page: 236

View: 7411

The concept of Floer homology was one of the most striking developments in differential geometry. It yields rigorously defined invariants which can be viewed as homology groups of infinite-dimensional cycles. The ideas led to great advances in the areas of low-dimensional topology and symplectic geometry and are intimately related to developments in Quantum Field Theory. The first half of this book gives a thorough account of Floer's construction in the context of gauge theory over 3 and 4-dimensional manifolds. The second half works out some further technical developments of the theory, and the final chapter outlines some research developments for the future - including a discussion of the appearance of modular forms in the theory. The scope of the material in this book means that it will appeal to graduate students as well as those on the frontiers of the subject.

A Morse-Bott Approach to Monopole Floer Homology and the Triangulation Conjecture

Author: Francesco Lin

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470429632

Category: Floer homology

Page: 162

View: 9403

In the present work the author generalizes the construction of monopole Floer homology due to Kronheimer and Mrowka to the case of a gradient flow with Morse-Bott singularities. Focusing then on the special case of a three-manifold equipped equipped with a structure which is isomorphic to its conjugate, the author defines the counterpart in this context of Manolescu's recent Pin(2)-equivariant Seiberg-Witten-Floer homology. In particular, the author provides an alternative approach to his disproof of the celebrated Triangulation conjecture.

Perspectives in Analysis, Geometry, and Topology

On the Occasion of the 60th Birthday of Oleg Viro

Author: Ilia Itenberg,Burglind Jöricke,Mikael Passare

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817682775

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 7997

The articles in this volume are invited papers from the Marcus Wallenberg symposium and focus on research topics that bridge the gap between analysis, geometry, and topology. The encounters between these three fields are widespread and often provide impetus for major breakthroughs in applications. Topics include new developments in low dimensional topology related to invariants of links and three and four manifolds; Perelman's spectacular proof of the Poincare conjecture; and the recent advances made in algebraic, complex, symplectic, and tropical geometry.

Introduction to Symplectic Topology

Author: Dusa McDuff,Dietmar Salamon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198794894

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

View: 7354

Over the last number of years powerful new methods in analysis and topology have led to the development of the modern global theory of symplectic topology, including several striking and important results. The first edition of Introduction to Symplectic Topology was published in 1995. The book was the first comprehensive introduction to the subject and became a key text in the area. A significantly revised second edition was published in 1998 introducing new sections and updates on the fast-developing area. This new third edition includes updates and new material to bring the book right up-to-date.

Geometry & Topology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Geometry

Page: N.A

View: 6712

Fully refereed international journal dealing with all aspects of geometry and topology and their applications.

Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians

Madrid, August 22-30, 2006

Author: Marta Sanz Solé

Publisher: Amer Mathematical Society

ISBN: 9783037190227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 4500

View: 7413

The International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) is held every four years. It is a major scientific event, bringing together mathematicians from all over the world and demonstrating the vital role that mathematics play in our society. In particular, the Fields Medals are awarded to recognize outstanding mathematical achievement. At the same time, the International Mathematical Union awards the Nevanlinna Prize for work in the field of theoretical computer science. The proceedings of ICM 2006, published as a three-volume set, present an overview of current research in all areas of mathematics and provide a permanent record the congress. The first volume features the works of Fields Medallists and the Nevanlinna Prize winner, the plenary lectures, and the speeches and pictures of the opening and closing ceremonies and award sessions. The other two volumes present the invited lectures, arranged according to their mathematical subject. Information for our distributors: Distributed within the Americas by the American Mathematical Society. All commerical channel discounts apply.

Geometry and Physics

XVI International Fall Workshop

Author: Rui Loja Fernandes,Roger Picken

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735405462

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 516

All papers have been peer-reviewed. The XVI International Fall Workshop on Geometry and Physics brought together geometers and physicists from within and outside the Iberian peninsula, to exchange ideas on how to describe and understand a variety of phenomena in areas such as mechanics or gravity.

The Lévy Laplacian

Author: M. N. Feller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139447966

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 5147

The Lévy Laplacian is an infinite-dimensional generalization of the well-known classical Laplacian. The theory has become well developed in recent years and this book was the first systematic treatment of the Lévy–Laplace operator. The book describes the infinite-dimensional analogues of finite-dimensional results, and more especially those features which appear only in the generalized context. It develops a theory of operators generated by the Lévy Laplacian and the symmetrized Lévy Laplacian, as well as a theory of linear and nonlinear equations involving it. There are many problems leading to equations with Lévy Laplacians and to Lévy–Laplace operators, for example superconductivity theory, the theory of control systems, the Gauss random field theory, and the Yang–Mills equation. The book is complemented by an exhaustive bibliography. The result is a work that will be valued by those working in functional analysis, partial differential equations and probability theory.

Gentzens Problem

Mathematische Logik im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland

Author: Eckart Menzler-Trott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034883250

Category: Mathematics

Page: 411

View: 4377

Gerhard Gentzen (1909-1945) ist der Begründer der modernen mathematischen Beweistheorie. Die nachhaltige Bedeutung seiner Arbeiten zeigt sich bis heute in der Informatik und beeindruckt durch Einsicht und Eleganz. Der Autor dokumentiert in dieser ersten umfassenden Biografie Leben und Werk Gerhard Gentzens, seinen tragischen Lebensweg: Festnahme 1945 in Prag, Gefangenschaft und Tod. Plus: zahlreiche, bislang unveröffentlichte Dokumente und Fotos.

The Geometry of Moduli Spaces of Sheaves

A Publication of the Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik, Bonn

Author: Daniel Huybrechts,Manfred Lehn

Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag

ISBN: 9783663116257

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 270

View: 1331

This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the theory of semistable sheaves and at the same time to provide a survey of recent research results on the geometry of moduli spaces. The first part introduces the basic concepts in the theory: Hilbert polynomial, slope, stability, Harder-Narasimhan filtration, Grothendieck's Quot-scheme. It presents detailed proofs of the Grauert-Mülich Theorem, the Bogomolov Inequality, the semistability of tensor products, and the boundedness of the family of semistable sheaves. It also gives a self-contained account of the construction of moduli spaces of semistable sheaves on a projective variety à la Gieseker, Maruyama, and Simpson. The second part presents some of the recent results of the geometry of moduli spaces of sheaves on an algebraic surface, following work of Mukai, O'Grady, Gieseker, Li and many others. In particular, moduli spaces of sheaves on K3 surfaces and determinant line bundles on the moduli spaces are treated in some detail. Other topics include the Serre correspondence, restriction of stable bundles to curves, symplectic structures, irreducibility and Kodaira-dimension of moduli spaces.

Regular Solids and Isolated Singularities

Author: Klaus Lamotke

Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag

ISBN: 9783528089580

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 5927

The last book XIII of Euclid's Elements deals with the regular solids which therefore are sometimes considered as crown of classical geometry. More than two thousand years later around 1850 Schl~fli extended the classification of regular solids to four and more dimensions. A few decades later, thanks to the invention of group and invariant theory the old three dimensional regular solid were involved in the development of new mathematical ideas: F. Klein (Lectures on the Icosa hedron and the Resolution of Equations of Degree Five, 1884) emphasized the relation of the regular solids to the finite rotation groups. He introduced complex coordinates and by means of invariant theory associated polynomial equations with these groups. These equations in turn describe isolated singularities of complex surfaces. The structure of the singularities is investigated by methods of commutative algebra, algebraic and complex analytic geometry, differential and algebraic topology. A paper by DuVal from 1934 (see the References), in which resolutions play an important rele, marked an early stage of these investigations. Around 1970 Klein's polynomials were again related to new mathematical ideas: V. I. Arnold established a hierarchy of critical points of functions in several variables according to growing com plexity. In this hierarchy Kleinls polynomials describe the "simple" critical points.