Floer Homology Groups in Yang-Mills Theory

Author: S. K. Donaldson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139432603

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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The concept of Floer homology was one of the most striking developments in differential geometry. It yields rigorously defined invariants which can be viewed as homology groups of infinite-dimensional cycles. The ideas led to great advances in the areas of low-dimensional topology and symplectic geometry and are intimately related to developments in Quantum Field Theory. The first half of this book gives a thorough account of Floer's construction in the context of gauge theory over 3 and 4-dimensional manifolds. The second half works out some further technical developments of the theory, and the final chapter outlines some research developments for the future - including a discussion of the appearance of modular forms in the theory. The scope of the material in this book means that it will appeal to graduate students as well as those on the frontiers of the subject.

Monopoles and Three-Manifolds

Author: Peter Kronheimer,Tomasz Mrowka

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468669

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Originating with Andreas Floer in the 1980s, Floer homology has proved to be an effective tool in tackling many important problems in three- and four-dimensional geometry and topology. This 2007 book provides a comprehensive treatment of Floer homology, based on the Seiberg–Witten monopole equations. After first providing an overview of the results, the authors develop the analytic properties of the Seiberg–Witten equations, assuming only a basic grounding in differential geometry and analysis. The Floer groups of a general three-manifold are then defined and their properties studied in detail. Two final chapters are devoted to the calculation of Floer groups and to applications of the theory in topology. Suitable for beginning graduate students and researchers, this book provides a full discussion of a central part of the study of the topology of manifolds.

A Morse-Bott Approach to Monopole Floer Homology and the Triangulation Conjecture

Author: Francesco Lin

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470429632

Category:

Page: 162

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In the present work the author generalizes the construction of monopole Floer homology due to Kronheimer and Mrowka to the case of a gradient flow with Morse-Bott singularities. Focusing then on the special case of a three-manifold equipped equipped with a structure which is isomorphic to its conjugate, the author defines the counterpart in this context of Manolescu's recent Pin(2)-equivariant Seiberg-Witten-Floer homology. In particular, the author provides an alternative approach to his disproof of the celebrated Triangulation conjecture.

Floer Homology, Gauge Theory, and Low-dimensional Topology

Proceedings of the Clay Mathematics Institute 2004 Summer School, Alfréd Rényi Institute of Mathematics, Budapest, Hungary, June 5-26, 2004

Author: Clay Mathematics Institute. Summer School

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821838457

Category: Mathematics

Page: 297

View: 4054

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Mathematical gauge theory studies connections on principal bundles, or, more precisely, the solution spaces of certain partial differential equations for such connections. Historically, these equations have come from mathematical physics, and play an important role in the description of the electro-weak and strong nuclear forces. The use of gauge theory as a tool for studying topological properties of four-manifolds was pioneered by the fundamental work of Simon Donaldson in the early 1980s, and was revolutionized by the introduction of the Seiberg-Witten equations in the mid-1990s. Since the birth of the subject, it has retained its close connection with symplectic topology. The analogy between these two fields of study was further underscored by Andreas Floer's construction of an infinite-dimensional variant of Morse theory that applies in two a priori different contexts: either to define symplectic invariants for pairs of Lagrangian submanifolds of a symplectic manifold, or to define topological invariants for three-manifolds, which fit into a framework for calculating invariants for smooth four-manifolds. ``Heegaard Floer homology'', the recently-discovered invariant for three- and four-manifolds, comes from an application of Lagrangian Floer homology to spaces associated to Heegaard diagrams. Although this theory is conjecturally isomorphic to Seiberg-Witten theory, it is more topological and combinatorial in flavor and thus easier to work with in certain contexts. The interaction between gauge theory, low-dimensional topology, and symplectic geometry has led to a number of striking new developments in these fields. The aim of this volume is to introduce graduate students and researchers in other fields to some of these exciting developments, with a special emphasis on the very fruitful interplay between disciplines. This volume is based on lecture courses and advanced seminars given at the 2004 Clay Mathematics Institute Summer School at the Alfred Renyi Institute of Mathematics in Budapest, Hungary. Several of the authors have added a considerable amount of additional material to that presented at the school, and the resulting volume provides a state-of-the-art introduction to current research, covering material from Heegaard Floer homology, contact geometry, smooth four-manifold topology, and symplectic four-manifolds.

Perspectives in Analysis, Geometry, and Topology

On the Occasion of the 60th Birthday of Oleg Viro

Author: Ilia Itenberg,Burglind Jöricke,Mikael Passare

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817682775

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

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The articles in this volume are invited papers from the Marcus Wallenberg symposium and focus on research topics that bridge the gap between analysis, geometry, and topology. The encounters between these three fields are widespread and often provide impetus for major breakthroughs in applications. Topics include new developments in low dimensional topology related to invariants of links and three and four manifolds; Perelman's spectacular proof of the Poincare conjecture; and the recent advances made in algebraic, complex, symplectic, and tropical geometry.

Dynamics of Linear Operators

Author: Frédéric Bayart,Étienne Matheron

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521514967

Category: Mathematics

Page: 337

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The first book to assemble the wide body of theory which has rapidly developed on the dynamics of linear operators. Written for researchers in operator theory, but also accessible to anyone with a reasonable background in functional analysis at the graduate level.

Compact Manifolds with Special Holonomy

Author: Dominic D. Joyce

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198506010

Category: Mathematics

Page: 436

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This is a combination of a graduate textbook on Riemannian holonomy groups, and a research monograph on compact manifolds with the exceptional holonomy groups G2 and Spin (7). It is the first book on compact manifolds with exceptional holonomy, and contains much new research material and many new examples.

Linear and Projective Representations of Symmetric Groups

Author: Alexander Kleshchev

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139444064

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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The representation theory of symmetric groups is one of the most beautiful, popular and important parts of algebra, with many deep relations to other areas of mathematics such as combinatories, Lie theory and algebraic geometry. Kleshchev describes a new approach to the subject, based on the recent work of Lascoux, Leclerc, Thibon, Ariki, Grojnowski and Brundan, as well as his own. Much of this work has previously appeared only in the research literature. However to make it accessible to graduate students, the theory is developed from scratch, the only prerequisite being a standard course in abstract algebra. For the sake of transparency, Kleshchev concentrates on symmetric and spin-symmetric groups, though methods he develops are quite general and apply to a number of related objects. In sum, this unique book will be welcomed by graduate students and researchers as a modern account of the subject.

Torsors and Rational Points

Author: Alexei Skorobogatov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521802376

Category: Mathematics

Page: 187

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This book, first published in 2001, is a complete and coherent exposition of the theory and applications of torsors to rational points.

Confoliations

Author: Y. Eliashberg,William P. Thurston

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821807765

Category: Mathematics

Page: 66

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This book presents the first steps of a theory of confoliations designed to link geometry and topology of three-dimensional contact structures with the geometry and topology of codimension-one foliations on three-dimensional manifolds. Developing almost independently, these theories at first glance belonged to two different worlds: The theory of foliations is part of topology and dynamical systems, while contact geometry is the odd-dimensional 'brother' of symplectic geometry. However, both theories have developed a number of striking similarities. Confoliations - which interpolate between contact structures and codimension-one foliations - should help us to understand better links between the two theories. These links provide tools for transporting results from one field to the other.It's features include: a unified approach to the topology of codimension-one foliations and contact geometry; insight on the geometric nature of integrability; and, new results, in particular on the perturbation of confoliations into contact structures.

Geometry & Topology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geometry

Page: N.A

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Fully refereed international journal dealing with all aspects of geometry and topology and their applications.

Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians

Madrid, August 22-30, 2006

Author: Marta Sanz Solé

Publisher: Amer Mathematical Society

ISBN: 9783037190227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 4500

View: 2260

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The International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) is held every four years. It is a major scientific event, bringing together mathematicians from all over the world and demonstrating the vital role that mathematics play in our society. In particular, the Fields Medals are awarded to recognize outstanding mathematical achievement. At the same time, the International Mathematical Union awards the Nevanlinna Prize for work in the field of theoretical computer science. The proceedings of ICM 2006, published as a three-volume set, present an overview of current research in all areas of mathematics and provide a permanent record the congress. The first volume features the works of Fields Medallists and the Nevanlinna Prize winner, the plenary lectures, and the speeches and pictures of the opening and closing ceremonies and award sessions. The other two volumes present the invited lectures, arranged according to their mathematical subject. Information for our distributors: Distributed within the Americas by the American Mathematical Society. All commerical channel discounts apply.

Geometry and Physics

XVI International Fall Workshop

Author: Rui Loja Fernandes,Roger Picken

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735405462

Category: Science

Page: 228

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All papers have been peer-reviewed. The XVI International Fall Workshop on Geometry and Physics brought together geometers and physicists from within and outside the Iberian peninsula, to exchange ideas on how to describe and understand a variety of phenomena in areas such as mechanics or gravity.

Algebraic Topology

The Abel Symposium 2007

Author: Nils Baas,Eric Friedlander,Björn Jahren,Paul Arne Østvær

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642012000

Category: Mathematics

Page: 409

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The 2007 Abel Symposium took place at the University of Oslo in August 2007. The goal of the symposium was to bring together mathematicians whose research efforts have led to recent advances in algebraic geometry, algebraic K-theory, algebraic topology, and mathematical physics. A common theme of this symposium was the development of new perspectives and new constructions with a categorical flavor. As the lectures at the symposium and the papers of this volume demonstrate, these perspectives and constructions have enabled a broadening of vistas, a synergy between once-differentiated subjects, and solutions to mathematical problems both old and new.

Quantum Field Theory

Competitive Models

Author: Bertfried Fauser,Jürgen Tolksdorf,Eberhard Zeidler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 376438736X

Category: Science

Page: 436

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The present volume emerged from the 3rd `Blaubeuren Workshop: Recent Developments in Quantum Field Theory', held in July 2007 at the Max Planck Institute of Mathematics in the Sciences in Leipzig/Germany. All of the contributions are committed to the idea of this workshop series: To bring together outstanding experts working in the field of mathematics and physics to discuss in an open atmosphere the fundamental questions at the frontier of theoretical physics.

The Lévy Laplacian

Author: M. N. Feller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139447966

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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The Lévy Laplacian is an infinite-dimensional generalization of the well-known classical Laplacian. The theory has become well developed in recent years and this book was the first systematic treatment of the Lévy–Laplace operator. The book describes the infinite-dimensional analogues of finite-dimensional results, and more especially those features which appear only in the generalized context. It develops a theory of operators generated by the Lévy Laplacian and the symmetrized Lévy Laplacian, as well as a theory of linear and nonlinear equations involving it. There are many problems leading to equations with Lévy Laplacians and to Lévy–Laplace operators, for example superconductivity theory, the theory of control systems, the Gauss random field theory, and the Yang–Mills equation. The book is complemented by an exhaustive bibliography. The result is a work that will be valued by those working in functional analysis, partial differential equations and probability theory.

Mathematical Conversations

Selections from The Mathematical Intelligencer

Author: Robin Wilson,Jeremy Gray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461301955

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 7021

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Approximately fifty articles that were published in The Mathematical Intelligencer during its first eighteen years. The selection demonstrates the wide variety of attractive articles that have appeared over the years, ranging from general interest articles of a historical nature to lucid expositions of important current discoveries. Each article is introduced by the editors. "...The Mathematical Intelligencer publishes stylish, well-illustrated articles, rich in ideas and usually short on proofs. ...Many, but not all articles fall within the reach of the advanced undergraduate mathematics major. ... This book makes a nice addition to any undergraduate mathematics collection that does not already sport back issues of The Mathematical Intelligencer." D.V. Feldman, University of New Hamphire, CHOICE Reviews, June 2001.