Forest Restoration in Landscapes

Beyond Planting Trees

Author: Stephanie Mansourian,Daniel Vallauri

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387291121

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 5863

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This book, published in cooperation with WWF International, integrates the restoration of forest functions into landscape conservation plans. The contents represent the collective body of knowledge and experience of WWF and its many partners - collected here for the first time. This guide will serve as a first stop for practitioners and researchers in many organizations and regions, and as a key reference on the subject.

Forest Restoration in Landscapes

Beyond Planting Trees

Author: Stephanie Mansourian,Daniel Vallauri,Nigel Dudley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387255257

Category: Nature

Page: 437

View: 9701

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The importance of restoration continues to grow, and this book integrates the restoration of forest functions into landscape conservation plans. The global conservation organization WWF has made forest landscape restoration a key topic and priority for its environmental work. Due to the WWF’s extensive global reach, and together with its many partners and counterparts, it has acquired a significant level of experience on the topic of forest restoration at large scales. This book represents the collective body of knowledge and experience of WWF and its many partners--which is collected here for the first time and which will be invaluable to all of those working in the field. This guide will serve as a first stop for practitioners and researchers in any organization or region and as a key reference on the subject. Along with concise, practical information for a variety of specific systems and issues, it gives many suggestions for further research. From the Foreword by Chief Anyaoku, President, WWF International: "Is it a sign of the times that the Nobel committee chose to award the Nobel Peace prize to Wangari Maathai for having planted 30 million trees? We believe so. . . .The 21st Century will be a time of forest restoration."

Forest Restoration in Landscapes

Beyond Planting Trees

Author: Stephanie Mansourian,Daniel Vallauri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781441920591

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 6539

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This book, published in cooperation with WWF International, integrates the restoration of forest functions into landscape conservation plans. The contents represent the collective body of knowledge and experience of WWF and its many partners - collected here for the first time. This guide will serve as a first stop for practitioners and researchers in many organizations and regions, and as a key reference on the subject.

Forest Landscape Restoration

Integrating Natural and Social Sciences

Author: John Stanturf,David Lamb,Palle Madsen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400753268

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 4983

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Restoration ecology, as a scientific discipline, developed from practitioners’ efforts to restore degraded land, with interest also coming from applied ecologists attracted by the potential for restoration projects to apply and/or test developing theories on ecosystem development. Since then, forest landscape restoration (FLR) has emerged as a practical approach to forest restoration particularly in developing countries, where an approach which is both large-scale and focuses on meeting human needs is required. Yet despite increased investigation into both the biological and social aspects of FLR, there has so far been little success in systematically integrating these two complementary strands. Bringing experts in landscape studies, natural resource management and forest restoration, together with those experienced in conflict management, environmental economics and urban studies, this book bridges that gap to define the nature and potential of FLR as a truly multidisciplinary approach to a global environmental problem. The book will provide a valuable reference to graduate students and researchers interested in ecological restoration, forest ecology and management, as well as to professionals in environmental restoration, natural resource management, conservation, and environmental policy.

The Forest Landscape Restoration Handbook

Author: Jennifer Rietbergen-McCracken,Stewart Maginnis,Alastair Sarre

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849773017

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 8385

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Forest loss and degradation have caused a decline in the quality of ecosystem services around the world. But fixing the problem takes more than just planting trees; practitioners increasingly realize that a landscape approach is essential. This handbook, authored and edited by international authorities in the field of forestry, is the first practical guide to using forest landscape restoration (FLR) to repair the damage done to forest lands by poor land management practice. Using research backed by respected institutions such as ITTO and the World Conservation Union (IUCN), it explains how to increase the resilience of landscapes and the communities they support through FLR.The main aim of FLR is not to re-establish pristine forest, even if this were possible; rather, the objective is to make landscapes more resilient and thereby keep future management options open. It also aims to support communities as they strive to increase and sustain the benefits they derive from land management. This book explains the concept of FLR and guides the reader through the steps that must be taken to put it into practice. It is an indispensable aid for practitioners in all aspects of forestry and natural resource management.

Large-scale Forest Restoration

Author: David Lamb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135096058

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 2428

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Landscapes are being degraded and simplified across the globe. This book explores how forest restoration might be carried out to increase landscape heterogeneity, improve ecological functioning and restore ecosystem services in such landscapes. It focuses on large, landscape-scale reforestation because that is the scale at which restoration is needed if many of the problems that have now developed are to be addressed. It also shows how large-scale forest restoration might improve human livelihoods as well as improve conservation outcomes. A number of governments have undertaken national reforestation programs in recent years; some have been more successful than others. The author reviews these to explore what type of reforestation should be used, where this should be carried out and how much should be done. For example, are the traditional industrial forms of reforestation necessarily the best to use in all situations? How can forest restoration be reconciled with the need for food security? And, are there spatial thresholds that must be exceeded to generate economic and environmental benefits? The book also examines the policy and institutional settings needed to encourage large-scale reforestation. This includes a discussion of the place for incentives to encourage landholders to undertake particular types of reforestation and to reforest particular locations. It also considers forms of governance that are likely to lead to an equitable sharing of the costs and benefits of forest restoration.

A Goal-Oriented Approach to Forest Landscape Restoration

Author: John Stanturf,Palle Madsen,David Lamb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400753381

Category: Science

Page: 476

View: 3660

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While restoration ecology has traditionally aimed to re-create some putative more ‘natural’ ecological state, forest landscape restoration (FLR) has emerged over the last decade as an approach aimed more at restoring natural functions, while focusing on meeting human needs. With a view to exploring the practical potential of this approach, this book draws together a team of experts from the natural and social sciences to discuss its success so far in addressing critical issues such as biodiversity, ecological function, and human livelihoods. Applying principles of landscape ecology, restoration ecology, planning theory and conflict management, the book presents a series of case studies which document the approach, and discusses how the approach can help with priority setting for the future. The book will provide a valuable reference to graduate students and researchers interested in ecological restoration, forest ecology and management, as well as to professionals in environmental restoration, natural resource management, conservation, and environmental policy.

Rehabilitation and Restoration of Degraded Forests

Author: Dr. David Lamb,Donald Allan Gilmour

Publisher: World Conservation Union

ISBN: 9782831706689

Category: Nature

Page: 110

View: 2610

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Large areas of the world’s forests have been lost or degraded and landscapes everywhere are being simplified by current land-use practices. In this publication, Lamb and Gilmour present approaches to restoring and rehabilitating the vast areas of degraded, fragmented and modified forests which cover much of the world. They argue that by applying best practice at the site level it is possible to enhance socio-economic and ecological gains at the landscape level. This book provides an important contribution towards the objectives of the Forest Landscape Restoration approach and is essential reading for practitioners and decision makers involved in forest restoration.

Forest Landscape Restoration

Integrated Approaches to Support Effective Implementation

Author: Stephanie Mansourian,John Parrotta

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351620339

Category: Nature

Page: 266

View: 5117

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Forest landscape restoration (FLR) is a planned process that aims to regain ecological integrity and enhance human wellbeing in deforested or degraded landscapes. The aim of this book is to explore options to better integrate the diverse dimensions - spatial, disciplinary, sectoral, and scientific - of implementing FLR. It demonstrates the value of an integrated and interdisciplinary approach to help implement FLR focusing specifically on four issues: understanding the drivers of forest loss and degradation in the context of interdisciplinary responses for FLR; learning from related integrated approaches; governance issues related to FLR as an integrated process; and the management, creation and use of different sources of knowledge in FLR implementation. The emphasis is on recognising the need to take human and institutional factors into consideration, as well as the more obvious biophysical factors. A key aim is to advance and accelerate the practice of FLR, given its importance, particularly in a world facing increasing environmental challenges, notably from climate change. The first section of the book presents the issue from an analytical and problem-orientated viewpoint, while later sections focus on solutions. It will interest researchers and professionals in forestry, ecology, geography, environmental governance and landscape studies.

Living in a Dynamic Tropical Forest Landscape

Author: Nigel Stork,Stephen M. Turton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444300334

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 8681

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This book brings together a wealth of scientific findings and ecological knowledge to survey what we have learned about the “Wet Tropics” rainforests of North Queensland, Australia. This interdisciplinary text is the first book to provide such a holistic view of any tropical forest environment, including the social and economic dimensions. The most thorough assessment of a tropical forest landscape to date Explores significant scientific breakthroughs in areas including conservation genetics, vegetation modeling, agroforestry and revegetation techniques, biodiversity assessment and modeling, impacts of climate change, and the integration of science in natural resource management Research achieved, in part, due to the Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management (the Rainforest CRC) Written by a number of distinguished international experts contains chapter summaries and section commentaries

Land Restoration

Reclaiming Landscapes for a Sustainable Future

Author: Ilan Chabay,Martin Frick,Jennifer Helgeson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128013532

Category: Science

Page: 598

View: 5248

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Land Restoration: Reclaiming Landscapes for a Sustainable Future provides a holistic overview of land degradation and restoration in that it addresses the issue of land restoration from the scientific and practical development points of view. Furthermore, the breadth of chapter topics and contributors cover the topic and a wealth of connected issues, such as security, development, and environmental issues. The use of graphics and extensive references to case studies also make the work accessible and encourage it to be used for reference, but also in active field-work planning. Land Restoration: Reclaiming Landscapes for a Sustainable Future brings together practitioners from NGOs, academia, governments, and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) to exchange lessons to enrich the academic understanding of these issues and the solution sets available. Provides accessible information about the science behind land degradation and restoration for those who do not directly engage with the science allowing full access to the issue at hand. Includes practical on-the-ground examples garnered from diverse areas, such as the Sahel, Southeast Asia, and the U.S.A. Provides practical tools for designing and implementing restoration/re-greening processes.

Mining in Ecologically Sensitive Landscapes

Author: Mark Tibbett

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643106375

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 9078

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Mining in Ecologically Sensitive Landscapes explores the interface between geology and botany, and mining and conservation. Many areas of unusual geology that contain ore-bearing bodies also support unique ecological communities of plants and animals. Increasing demand to exploit rich mineral deposits can lead to a conflict between mining and conservation interests in such landscapes. This book brings together experts in the field of mining and conservation to grapple with this pressing issue and to work toward a positive outcome for all. Chapters are grouped into four themes: Introduction, Concepts and Challenges; Endemism in Ironstone Geosystems; Progress in Bauxite Mining; and Ways Forward. The book focuses on natural and semi-natural ecosystems, where landscape beauty, biodiversity and conservation value are at their highest measure and the mineral wealth they contain can bring affluence of regional or even national importance. Examples of conflicts ranging from threatened floristic endemics to human ecology are included, from Africa, the Americas and Australasia. Mining in Ecologically Sensitive Landscapes is an important reference for environmental managers, NGOs, restoration ecologists, academics, undergraduate and postgraduate students of ecology and environmental studies, conservation biologists, as well as mine managers, mining environmental specialists, consultants, regulators and relevant government departments.

Biodiversity Loss and Conservation in Fragmented Forest Landscapes

The Forests of Montane Mexico and Temperate South America

Author: Adrian C. Newton

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845932625

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 5666

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Based on a field research on the changing montane and temperate rainforests of Mexico and South America. By concentrating on these largely overlooked environments, this work allows for comparative analysis across areas and helps identify how human disturbance has impacted the biodiversity of all forest types.

Prairies, Forests, and Wetlands

The Restoration of Natural Landscape Communities in Iowa

Author: Janette R. Thompson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 139

View: 2735

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Euro-American settlement of Iowa in the mid 1800s began a period of rapid and devastating change for the landscape ecology of the state. Before settlement, graceful prairies and prairie-wetland complexes dominated Iowa's rolling landscape, with forest communities hugging rivers and streams and savannas or forests covering the southern and eastern portions of the state. During the last 150 years these original natural communities have nearly been eliminated by conversion of over 95 percent of the land to agricultural and urban uses. This timely, practical book combines a nontechnical natural history of each native community with a how-to manual for lay restorationists dedicated to reconstructing prairies, forests, and wetlands in Iowa. Jan Thompson intelligently presents the collective experience of professionals active in restoring the splendid natural areas of Iowa and the greater Midwest - discussing site selection, site preparation, appropriate plant species, planting techniques, costs, and maintenance of restoration areas. She includes a most useful list of sources for plant materials in and near Iowa as well as information on the diverse birds and mammals, reptiles and amphibians of these landscapes. New understanding of the functional significance of these valuable ecosystems has spurred commitment to reconstructing, restoring, and maintaining communities of native vegetation. Although we derive direct economic benefits from the presence of additional areas of prairies, forests, and wetlands, their intangible values - including wildlife habitat, preservation of biotic diversity, erosion and pollution control, and aesthetic fulfillment - may be far greater. Many endangered or threatened species can survive only in specific prairie, forest, or wetland habitats, aided by intensive human intervention. Strikingly illustrated and sensibly written, Prairies, Forests, and Wetlands will help individual landowners, farmers, landscape architects, D.O.T. engineers, teachers, botanists, county conservation boards, and wildlife area managers in their private and professional campaigns to reclaim Iowa's land.

Linkages in the Landscape

The Role of Corridors and Connectivity in Wildlife Conservation

Author: Andrew F. Bennett

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 9782831707440

Category: Nature

Page: 254

View: 1319

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The loss and fragmentation of natural habitats is one of the major issues in wildlife management and conservation. Habitat "corridors" are sometimes proposed as an important element within a conservation strategy. Examples are given of corridors both as pathways and as habitats in their own right. Includes detailed reviews of principles relevant to the design and management of corridors, their place in regional approaches to conservation planning, and recommendations for research and management.

Beyond Preservation

Restoring and Inventing Landscapes

Author: A. Dwight Baldwin,Judith De Luce,Carl Pletsch

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816623471

Category: Nature

Page: 280

View: 754

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Forests and Food

Addressing Hunger and Nutrition Across Sustainable Landscapes

Author: Bhaskar Vira,Christoph Wildburger,Stephanie Mansourian

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 1783741937

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 6510

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As population estimates for 2050 reach over 9 billion, issues of food security and nutrition have been dominating academic and policy debates. A total of 805 million people are undernourished worldwide and malnutrition affects nearly every country on the planet. Despite impressive productivity increases, there is growing evidence that conventional agricultural strategies fall short of eliminating global hunger, as well as having long-term ecological consequences. Forests can play an important role in complementing agricultural production to address the Sustainable Development Goals on zero hunger. Forests and trees can be managed to provide better and more nutritionally-balanced diets, greater control over food inputs—particularly during lean seasons and periods of vulnerability (especially for marginalised groups)—and deliver ecosystem services for crop production. However forests are undergoing a rapid process of degradation, a complex process that governments are struggling to reverse. This volume provides important evidence and insights about the potential of forests to reducing global hunger and malnutrition, exploring the different roles of landscapes, and the governance approaches that are required for the equitable delivery of these benefits. Forests and Food is essential reading for researchers, students, NGOs and government departments responsible for agriculture, forestry, food security and poverty alleviation around the globe.

The Sunflower Forest

Ecological Restoration and the New Communion with Nature

Author: William R. Jordan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520233201

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 3888

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Examines how ecological restoration can reverse environmental damage and conserve forests, prairies, and wetlands. Describes ways to guide damaged ecosystems back to their natural, healthy condition, and provides context for the relationship humans have with nature.

Forest Patches in Tropical Landscapes

Author: John Schelhas

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610912691

Category: Nature

Page: 498

View: 9965

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"While tropical forests are being cleared at an alarming rate, the clearing is rarely complete and is often not permanent. A considerable amount of tropical forest exists as remnants that have significant value both for the conservation of biological diversity and for meeting the needs of local people.This volume brings together world-renowned scientists and conservationists to address the biological and socio-economic value of forest remnants and to examine practical efforts to conserve those remnants. An outgrowth of a year-long study by the policy program at the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, Forest Patches in Tropical Landscapes provides a broad overview of theory and practice, and will help foster both interdisciplinary research and more effective approaches to tropical conservation and development.