Foundations of Natural Right

Author: Johann Gottlieb Fichte,Frederick Neuhouser,Michael Baur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521575911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 338

View: 2245

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A complete translation into English of Fichte's most important work of political philosophy.

Rights, Bodies and Recognition

New Essays on Fichte's Foundations of Natural Right

Author: Daniel Breazeale,Tom Rockmore

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754655022

Category: Philosophy

Page: 255

View: 3057

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The essays in this volume focus on Fichte's contributions in political theory as set out in his 'Foundations of Natural Right', examining such issues as Fichte's role as a social contract theorist, his theory of gender relations, and his theories on punishment and criminal law.

Fichte's Foundations of Natural Right

Author: Gabriel Gottlieb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107078148

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 3950

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This Guide examines Fichte's main political concepts including morality, the summons, social contract, freedom, the body and human rights.

The Foundations of Natural Morality

On the Compatibility of Natural Rights and the Natural Law

Author: S. Adam Seagrave

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022612357X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 845

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Recent years have seen a renaissance of interest in the relationship between natural law and natural rights. During this time, the concept of natural rights has served as a conceptual lightning rod, either strengthening or severing the bond between traditional natural law and contemporary human rights. Does the concept of natural rights have the natural law as its foundation or are the two ideas, as Leo Strauss argued, profoundly incompatible? With The Foundations of Natural Morality, S. Adam Seagrave addresses this controversy, offering an entirely new account of natural morality that compellingly unites the concepts of natural law and natural rights. Seagrave agrees with Strauss that the idea of natural rights is distinctly modern and does not derive from traditional natural law. Despite their historical distinctness, however, he argues that the two ideas are profoundly compatible and that the thought of John Locke and Thomas Aquinas provides the key to reconciling the two sides of this long-standing debate. In doing so, he lays out a coherent concept of natural morality that brings together thinkers from Plato and Aristotle to Hobbes and Locke, revealing the insights contained within these disparate accounts as well as their incompleteness when considered in isolation. Finally, he turns to an examination of contemporary issues, including health care, same-sex marriage, and the death penalty, showing how this new account of morality can open up a more fruitful debate.

Johann Gottlieb Fichte: Grundlage des Naturrechts

Author: Jean-Christophe Merle

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110429322

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

View: 571

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Johann Gottlieb Fichtes „Grundlage des Naturrechts“ stellt einen Wendepunkt der Rechts- und Staatsphilosophie dar. Der erste Teil (1796) begründet den Begriff des Rechts und seine systematische Anwendung weder durch eine Grundanthropologie wie im klassischen Naturrecht noch, wie Kant, durch einen kategorischen Imperativ. Vielmehr wird der Rechtsbegriff als Bedingung des Selbstbewußtseins eines endlichen Vernunftwesens deduziert. Dabei erweist sich das Recht als eine notwendige Bedingung der Intersubjektivität und diese wiederum als eine notwendige Bedingung der Subjektivität. Der zweite Teil (1797) liefert eine für ihre Originalität, Radikalität und Systematizität bekannte Anwendung. In kritischer Auseinandersetzung mit Immanuel Kants „Rechtslehre“ (1797) entwickelt Fichte eine Vertragstheorie der Regierung und ihrer Kontrollinstanz, eine Theorie des Eigentumsrechts, des Strafrechts, des Ehe- und Familienrechts und des Völkerrechts. In 14 Originalbeiträgen bietet der kooperative Kommentar eine differenzierte, für den Seminargebrauch geeignete Interpretation des umstrittenen rechtsphilosophischen Klassikers.

Grundlagen der Computerlinguistik

Mensch-Maschine-Kommunikation in natürlicher Sprache

Author: Roland R. Hausser

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642573061

Category: Computers

Page: 572

View: 6886

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Die zentrale Aufgabe einer zukunftsorientierten Computerlinguistik ist die Entwicklung kognitiver Maschinen, mit denen Menschen in ihrer jeweiligen Sprache frei reden können. Langfristig umfaßt diese Zielsetzung eine funktional ausgerichtete Theoriebildung, eine objektive Verifikationsmethode und eine Fülle praktischer Anwendungen. Für die natürlichsprachliche Kommunikation wird nicht nur Sprachverarbeitung, sondern auch nichtsprachliche Wahrnehmung und Handlung benötigt. Deshalb ist der Inhalt dieses Lehrbuchs als Sprachtheorie für die Konstruktion sprechender Roboter organisiert. Sein zentrales Thema ist die Kommunikationsmechanik natürlicher Sprachen - beim Sprecher und beim Hörer. Der Inhalt ist in folgende vier Teile mit je sechs Kapiteln gegliedert: Sprachtheorie; Formale Grammatik; Morphologie und Syntax; Semantik und Pragmatik. Insgesamt 772 Übungsaufgaben dienen der Verständniskontrolle und -vertiefung.

Foundations of Public Law

Author: Martin Loughlin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191648183

Category: Law

Page: 528

View: 7355

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Foundations of Public Law offers an account of the formation of the discipline of public law with a view to identifying its essential character, explaining its particular modes of operation, and specifying its unique task. Building on the framework first outlined in The Idea of Public Law (OUP, 2003), the book conceives public law broadly as a type of law that comes into existence as a consequence of the secularization, rationalization and positivization of the medieval idea of fundamental law. Formed as a result of the changes that give birth to the modern state, public law establishes the authority and legitimacy of modern governmental ordering. Public law today is a universal phenomenon, but its origins are European. Part I of the book examines the conditions of its formation, showing how much the concept borrowed from the refined debates of medieval jurists. Part II then examines the nature of public law. Drawing on a line of juristic inquiry that developed from the late sixteenth to the early nineteenth centuries-extending from Bodin, Althusius, Lipsius, Grotius, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke and Pufendorf to the later works of Montesquieu, Rousseau, Kant, Fichte, Smith and Hegel-it presents an account of public law as a special type of political reason. The remaining three Parts unpack the core elements of this concept: state, constitution, and government. By taking this broad approach to the subject, Professor Loughlin shows how, rather than being viewed as a limitation on power, law is better conceived as a means by which public power is generated. And by explaining the way that these core elements of state, constitution, and government were shaped respectively by the technological, bourgeois, and disciplinary revolutions of the sixteenth century through to the nineteenth century, he reveals a concept of public law of considerable ambiguity, complexity and resilience.

Semantic Web

Grundlagen

Author: Pascal Hitzler,Markus Krötzsch,Sebastian Rudolph,York Sure

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540339949

Category: Computers

Page: 277

View: 4602

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Das Buch Semantic Web – Grundlagen vermittelt als erstes deutschsprachiges Lehrbuch die Grundlagen des Semantic Web in verständlicher Weise. Es ermöglicht einen einfachen und zügigen Einstieg in Methoden und Technologien des Semantic Web und kann z.B. als solide Grundlage für die Vorbereitung und Durchführung von Vorlesungen genutzt werden. Die Autoren trennen dabei sauber zwischen einer intuitiven Hinführung zur Verwendung semantischer Technologien in der Praxis einerseits, und der Erklärung formaler und theoretischer Hintergründe andererseits. Nur für letzteres werden Grundkenntnisse in Logik vorausgesetzt, die sich bei Bedarf jedoch durch zusätzliche Lektüre und mit Hilfe eines entsprechenden Kapitels im Anhang aneignen lassen. Das Lehrbuch richtet sich primär an Studenten mit Grundkenntnissen in Informatik sowie an interessierte Praktiker welche sich im Bereich Semantic Web fortbilden möchten. Aus den Rezensionen: "... RDF, RDF-S und OWL. Diese Sprachen ... werden von den Autoren dargestellt. Bei der Darstellung ... fallen sie selten zu schwierigen Fachslang, sondern liefern eine gut nachvollziehbare Schilderung mit einfachen Beispielen, auch Übungsaufgaben runden die Kapitel ab. ... Semantic Web ist ein einfach geschriebenes und anschauliches Buch, das In die Grundkonzepte der Semantic-Web-Techniken einführt. Wer sich schnell in RDF, RDF-S und Co. einarbeiten muss und etwas Vorbildung in Logik und Algebra mitbringt, der trifft mit diesem Lehrbuch sicherlich eine gute Wahl ..." (http://www.literaturnetz.com/content/view/8742/44/)

Foundations of Natural Resources Policy and Management

Author: Tim W. Clark,Andrew R. Willard,Christina M. Cromley

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300081442

Category: Nature

Page: 372

View: 874

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Natural resources issues are complex, often emotional, and almost always political. Efforts to improve natural resources management practices must take into account the scientific aspects of an issue plus these other dimensions. This book explains how to address and resolve the human issues underlying natural resources problems. It shows how the policy sciences-a systematic method for analyzing and proposing solutions-can be applied to any natural resources policy and management problem. The policy sciences approach proves flexible, widely applicable, and useful in developing realistic alternatives in diverse situations. The book begins with a discussion of what natural resources are, how people make decisions about using them, and how the policy sciences can be used toward improving policy and management practices. Ten case studies inside and outside the United States follow. Policy science methods are applied to such problems as endangered species conservation, urban parks, the development of energy projects, the relations between national parks and people who live near them, ecotourism and biodiversity, and the relation between human rights and environmental conservation in refugee situations.

Fichte's Social and Political Philosophy

Property and Virtue

Author: David James

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139495410

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 1572

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this study of Fichte's social and political philosophy, David James offers an interpretation of Fichte's most famous writings in this area, including his Foundations of Natural Right and Addresses to the German Nation, centred on two main themes: property and virtue. These themes provide the basis for a discussion of such issues as what it means to guarantee the freedom of all the citizens of a state, the problem of unequal relations of economic dependence between states, and the differences and connections between the legal and political sphere of right and morality. James also relates Fichte's central social and political ideas to those of other important figures in the history of philosophy, including Locke, Kant and Hegel, as well as to the radical phase of the French Revolution. His account will be of importance to all who are interested in Fichte's philosophy and its intellectual and political context.

The Idea of Natural Rights

Studies on Natural Rights, Natural Law, and Church Law, 1150-1625

Author: Brian Tierney

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802848543

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 9436

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This series, originally published by Scholars Press and now available from Eerdmans, is intended to foster exploration of the religious dimensions of law, the legal dimensions of religion, and the interaction of legal and religious ideas, institutions, and methods. Written by leading scholars of law, political science, and related fields, these volumes will help meet the growing demand for literature in the burgeoning interdisciplinary study of law and religion.

The Nation

The Foundations of Civil Order and Political Life in the United States

Author: Elisha Mulford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political science

Page: 418

View: 2469

DOWNLOAD NOW »