Foundations of Natural Right

Author: Johann Gottlieb Fichte,Frederick Neuhouser,Michael Baur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521575911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 338

View: 7400

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A complete translation into English of Fichte's most important work of political philosophy.

Fichte's Foundations of Natural Right

Author: Gabriel Gottlieb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107078148

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 9963

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This Guide examines Fichte's main political concepts including morality, the summons, social contract, freedom, the body and human rights.

Rights, Bodies and Recognition

New Essays on Fichte's Foundations of Natural Right

Author: Daniel Breazeale,Tom Rockmore

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754655022

Category: Philosophy

Page: 255

View: 4565

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The essays in this volume focus on Fichte's contributions in political theory as set out in his 'Foundations of Natural Right', examining such issues as Fichte's role as a social contract theorist, his theory of gender relations, and his theories on punishment and criminal law.

The Foundations of Natural Morality

On the Compatibility of Natural Rights and the Natural Law

Author: S. Adam Seagrave

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022612357X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 9476

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Recent years have seen a renaissance of interest in the relationship between natural law and natural rights. During this time, the concept of natural rights has served as a conceptual lightning rod, either strengthening or severing the bond between traditional natural law and contemporary human rights. Does the concept of natural rights have the natural law as its foundation or are the two ideas, as Leo Strauss argued, profoundly incompatible? With The Foundations of Natural Morality, S. Adam Seagrave addresses this controversy, offering an entirely new account of natural morality that compellingly unites the concepts of natural law and natural rights. Seagrave agrees with Strauss that the idea of natural rights is distinctly modern and does not derive from traditional natural law. Despite their historical distinctness, however, he argues that the two ideas are profoundly compatible and that the thought of John Locke and Thomas Aquinas provides the key to reconciling the two sides of this long-standing debate. In doing so, he lays out a coherent concept of natural morality that brings together thinkers from Plato and Aristotle to Hobbes and Locke, revealing the insights contained within these disparate accounts as well as their incompleteness when considered in isolation. Finally, he turns to an examination of contemporary issues, including health care, same-sex marriage, and the death penalty, showing how this new account of morality can open up a more fruitful debate.

Johann Gottlieb Fichte: Grundlage des Naturrechts

Author: Jean-Christophe Merle

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110429322

Category: Philosophy

Page: 217

View: 9043

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Johann Gottlieb Fichtes „Grundlage des Naturrechts“ stellt einen Wendepunkt der Rechts- und Staatsphilosophie dar. Der erste Teil (1796) begründet den Begriff des Rechts und seine systematische Anwendung weder durch eine Grundanthropologie wie im klassischen Naturrecht noch, wie Kant, durch einen kategorischen Imperativ. Vielmehr wird der Rechtsbegriff als Bedingung des Selbstbewußtseins eines endlichen Vernunftwesens deduziert. Dabei erweist sich das Recht als eine notwendige Bedingung der Intersubjektivität und diese wiederum als eine notwendige Bedingung der Subjektivität. Der zweite Teil (1797) liefert eine für ihre Originalität, Radikalität und Systematizität bekannte Anwendung. In kritischer Auseinandersetzung mit Immanuel Kants „Rechtslehre“ (1797) entwickelt Fichte eine Vertragstheorie der Regierung und ihrer Kontrollinstanz, eine Theorie des Eigentumsrechts, des Strafrechts, des Ehe- und Familienrechts und des Völkerrechts. In 14 Originalbeiträgen bietet der kooperative Kommentar eine differenzierte, für den Seminargebrauch geeignete Interpretation des umstrittenen rechtsphilosophischen Klassikers.

The Idea of Natural Rights

Studies on Natural Rights, Natural Law, and Church Law, 1150-1625

Author: Brian Tierney

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802848543

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 8581

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This series, originally published by Scholars Press and now available from Eerdmans, is intended to foster exploration of the religious dimensions of law, the legal dimensions of religion, and the interaction of legal and religious ideas, institutions, and methods. Written by leading scholars of law, political science, and related fields, these volumes will help meet the growing demand for literature in the burgeoning interdisciplinary study of law and religion.

Fichte's Social and Political Philosophy

Property and Virtue

Author: David James

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139495410

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 5049

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In this study of Fichte's social and political philosophy, David James offers an interpretation of Fichte's most famous writings in this area, including his Foundations of Natural Right and Addresses to the German Nation, centred on two main themes: property and virtue. These themes provide the basis for a discussion of such issues as what it means to guarantee the freedom of all the citizens of a state, the problem of unequal relations of economic dependence between states, and the differences and connections between the legal and political sphere of right and morality. James also relates Fichte's central social and political ideas to those of other important figures in the history of philosophy, including Locke, Kant and Hegel, as well as to the radical phase of the French Revolution. His account will be of importance to all who are interested in Fichte's philosophy and its intellectual and political context.

Foundations of Public Law

Author: Martin Loughlin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191648183

Category: Law

Page: 528

View: 7041

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Foundations of Public Law offers an account of the formation of the discipline of public law with a view to identifying its essential character, explaining its particular modes of operation, and specifying its unique task. Building on the framework first outlined in The Idea of Public Law (OUP, 2003), the book conceives public law broadly as a type of law that comes into existence as a consequence of the secularization, rationalization and positivization of the medieval idea of fundamental law. Formed as a result of the changes that give birth to the modern state, public law establishes the authority and legitimacy of modern governmental ordering. Public law today is a universal phenomenon, but its origins are European. Part I of the book examines the conditions of its formation, showing how much the concept borrowed from the refined debates of medieval jurists. Part II then examines the nature of public law. Drawing on a line of juristic inquiry that developed from the late sixteenth to the early nineteenth centuries-extending from Bodin, Althusius, Lipsius, Grotius, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke and Pufendorf to the later works of Montesquieu, Rousseau, Kant, Fichte, Smith and Hegel-it presents an account of public law as a special type of political reason. The remaining three Parts unpack the core elements of this concept: state, constitution, and government. By taking this broad approach to the subject, Professor Loughlin shows how, rather than being viewed as a limitation on power, law is better conceived as a means by which public power is generated. And by explaining the way that these core elements of state, constitution, and government were shaped respectively by the technological, bourgeois, and disciplinary revolutions of the sixteenth century through to the nineteenth century, he reveals a concept of public law of considerable ambiguity, complexity and resilience.

Über den Begriff der Wissenschaftslehre

Author: Johann Gottlieb Fichte

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849612546

Category:

Page: 117

View: 4378

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Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem elektronischen Lesegerät. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Wie ist objektiv gültiges Wissen bzw. Erfahrung möglich? - Dieses Problem formuliert Fichte in seiner kleinen Schrift “Über den Begriff der Wissenschaftslehre” als die Hauptfrage der Philosophie. Will die Philosophie diese Frage beantworten, darf sie nicht mehr bloße “Liebe zur Weisheit” sein, sondern muß als allgemeingültige und evidente Wissenschaft etabliert werden. (Zitat aus a-priori.de)

Anarchie, Staat, Utopia

Author: Robert Nozick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783789280993

Category:

Page: 479

View: 4106

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Dieses Buch wendet sich gegen den uns immer mehr bedrohenden und wuchernden Moloch Staat. Es enthält eine aufsehenerregende philosophische Herausforderung an die verbreitetsten politischen und sozialen Auffassungen unserer Zeit, sowohl die liberalen, sozialistischen als auch konservativen. "Anarchie, Staat, Utopia" widerspricht der heute vorherrschenden Meinung, daß das Wohl der Menschen nur durch ein Mehr an Staat erreicht werden kann. Der Autor deckt einen Widerspruch unserer Gesellschaft auf, die einerseits soziale Sicherung durch den Staat fordert und andererseits ein Höchstmaß an individueller Freiheit beansprucht. Mit zwingender Logik, gedanklicher Tiefe und außerordentlichem Scharfsinn legt Nozick schonungslos dar, welcher Illusion unsere Gesellschaft erliegt, wenn sie der Maschinerie unseres Staates immer mehr Aufgaben aufbürdet, in der Erwartung, daß nur Bürokratie und Verwaltung in der Lage wären, die Probleme der Menschen zu lösen. Dieser scheinbar unaufhaltsamen Entwicklung stellt Nozick seine These eines Minimalstaates entgegen: Der Staat ist laut Nozick nur gerechtfertigt, wenn er streng auf die Funktion des Schutzes gegen Gewalt, Diebstahl, Betrug und Durchsetzung von Verträgen beschränkt wird. Jedes weitergehende staatliche Eingreifen würde, wie Nozick glänzend darlegt, notwendigerweise die Rechte des einzelnen verletzen. Daraus ergeben sich zwei bemerkenswerte Folgerungen, denen ausführlich nachgegangen wird: ”Der Staat darf seinen Zwangsapparat nicht dazu einsetzen, einige Bürger dazu zu bringen, anderen zu helfen oder jemandem um seines eigenen Wohles oder Schutzes willen etwas zu verbieten.

Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights

Author: Rowan Cruft,S. Matthew Liao,Massimo Renzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019968863X

Category: Law

Page: 650

View: 8690

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Readership: This book would be suitable for students, academics and scholars of law, philosophy, politics, international relations and economics

Roman Law in the State of Nature

The Classical Foundations of Hugo Grotius' Natural Law

Author: Benjamin Straumann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316241076

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3889

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Roman Law in the State of Nature offers a new interpretation of the foundations of Hugo Grotius' natural law theory. Surveying the significance of texts from classical antiquity, Benjamin Straumann argues that certain classical texts, namely Roman law and a specifically Ciceronian brand of Stoicism, were particularly influential for Grotius in the construction of his theory of natural law. The book asserts that Grotius, a humanist steeped in Roman law, had many reasons to employ Roman tradition and explains how Cicero's ethics and Roman law - secular and offering a doctrine of the freedom of the high seas - were ideally suited to provide the rules for Grotius' state of nature. This fascinating new study offers historians, classicists and political theorists a fresh account of the historical background of the development of natural rights, natural law and of international legal norms as they emerged in seventeenth-century early modern Europe.