Fractional Calculus with Applications in Mechanics

Wave Propagation, Impact and Variational Principles

Author: Teodor M. Atanackovic,Stevan Pilipovic,Bogoljub Stankovic,Dusan Zorica

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118909135

Category: Mathematics

Page: 406

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The books Fractional Calculus with Applications in Mechanics: Vibrations and Diffusion Processes and Fractional Calculus with Applications in Mechanics: Wave Propagation, Impact and Variational Principles contain various applications of fractional calculus to the fields of classical mechanics. Namely, the books study problems in fields such as viscoelasticity of fractional order, lateral vibrations of a rod of fractional order type, lateral vibrations of a rod positioned on fractional order viscoelastic foundations, diffusion-wave phenomena, heat conduction, wave propagation, forced oscillations of a body attached to a rod, impact and variational principles of a Hamiltonian type. The books will be useful for graduate students in mechanics and applied mathematics, as well as for researchers in these fields. Part 1 of this book presents an introduction to fractional calculus. Chapter 1 briefly gives definitions and notions that are needed later in the book and Chapter 2 presents definitions and some of the properties of fractional integrals and derivatives. Part 2 is the central part of the book. Chapter 3 presents the analysis of waves in fractional viscoelastic materials in infinite and finite spatial domains. In Chapter 4, the problem of oscillations of a translatory moving rigid body, attached to a heavy, or light viscoelastic rod of fractional order type, is studied in detail. In Chapter 5, the authors analyze a specific engineering problem of the impact of a viscoelastic rod against a rigid wall. Finally, in Chapter 6, some results for the optimization of a functional containing fractional derivatives of constant and variable order are presented.

Advances in Fractional Calculus

Theoretical Developments and Applications in Physics and Engineering

Author: J. Sabatier,O. P. Agrawal,J. A. Tenreiro Machado

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402060424

Category: Mathematics

Page: 552

View: 9732

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In the last two decades, fractional (or non integer) differentiation has played a very important role in various fields such as mechanics, electricity, chemistry, biology, economics, control theory and signal and image processing. For example, in the last three fields, some important considerations such as modelling, curve fitting, filtering, pattern recognition, edge detection, identification, stability, controllability, observability and robustness are now linked to long-range dependence phenomena. Similar progress has been made in other fields listed here. The scope of the book is thus to present the state of the art in the study of fractional systems and the application of fractional differentiation. As this volume covers recent applications of fractional calculus, it will be of interest to engineers, scientists, and applied mathematicians.

New Trends in Nanotechnology and Fractional Calculus Applications

Author: Dumitru Baleanu,Ziya B. Guvenc,J.A. Tenreiro Machado

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048132935

Category: Mathematics

Page: 531

View: 1599

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In recent years fractional calculus has played an important role in various fields such as mechanics, electricity, chemistry, biology, economics, modeling, identification, control theory and signal processing. The scope of this book is to present the state of the art in the study of fractional systems and the application of fractional differentiation. Furthermore, the manufacture of nanowires is important for the design of nanosensors and the development of high-yield thin films is vital in procuring clean solar energy. This wide range of applications is of interest to engineers, physicists and mathematicians.

Fractals and Fractional Calculus in Continuum Mechanics

Author: Alberto Carpinteri,Francesco Mainardi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3709126649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 348

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The book is characterized by the illustration of cases of fractal, self-similar and multi-scale structures taken from the mechanics of solid and porous materials, which have a technical interest. In addition, an accessible and self-consistent treatment of the mathematical technique of fractional calculus is provided, avoiding useless complications.

Fractional Thermoelasticity

Author: Yuriy Povstenko

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319153358

Category: Science

Page: 253

View: 9986

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This book is devoted to fractional thermoelasticity, i.e. thermoelasticity based on the heat conduction equation with differential operators of fractional order. Readers will discover how time-fractional differential operators describe memory effects and space-fractional differential operators deal with the long-range interaction. Fractional calculus, generalized Fourier law, axisymmetric and central symmetric problems and many relevant equations are featured in the book. The latest developments in the field are included and the reader is brought up to date with current research. The book contains a large number of figures, to show the characteristic features of temperature and stress distributions and to represent the whole spectrum of order of fractional operators. This work presents a picture of the state-of-the-art of fractional thermoelasticity and is suitable for specialists in applied mathematics, physics, geophysics, elasticity, thermoelasticity and engineering sciences. Corresponding sections of the book may also be used as additional reading material for courses on heat and mass transfer, continuum mechanics, thermal stresses as well as in fractional calculus and its applications for graduate and postgraduate students. Extensive references are included in order to stimulate further studies.

Fractional Calculus

An Introduction for Physicists

Author: Richard Herrmann

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814551090

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 5952

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The book presents a concise introduction to the basic methods and strategies in fractional calculus and enables the reader to catch up with the state of the art in this field as well as to participate and contribute in the development of this exciting research area. The contents are devoted to the application of fractional calculus to physical problems. The fractional concept is applied to subjects in classical mechanics, group theory, quantum mechanics, nuclear physics, hadron spectroscopy and quantum field theory and it will surprise the reader with new intriguing insights. This new, extended edition now also covers additional chapters about image processing, folded potentials in cluster physics, infrared spectroscopy and local aspects of fractional calculus. A new feature is exercises with elaborated solutions, which significantly supports a deeper understanding of general aspects of the theory. As a result, this book should also be useful as a supporting medium for teachers and courses devoted to this subject. Contents:IntroductionFunctionsThe Fractional DerivativeFriction ForcesFractional CalculusThe Fractional Harmonic OscillatorWave Equations and ParityNonlocality and Memory EffectsFractional Calculus in Multidimensional Space — 2D-Image ProcessingFractional Calculus in Multidimensional Space — 3D-Folded Potentials in Cluster PhysicsQuantum MechanicsThe Fractional Schrödinger Equation with the Infinite Well Potential — Numerical Results using the Riesz DerivativeUniqueness of a Fractional Derivative — the Riesz and Regularized Liouville Derivative as ExamplesFractional Spin — A Property of Particles Described with the Fractional Schrödinger EquationFactorizationSymmetriesThe Fractional Symmetric Rigid Rotorq-Deformed Lie Algebras and Fractional CalculusInfrared Spectroscopy of Diatomic Molecules Fractional Spectroscopy of HadronsMagic Numbers in Atomic NucleiMagic Numbers in Metal ClustersFractors — Fractional Tensor CalculusFractional FieldsGauge Invariance in Fractional Field TheoriesOn the Origin of SpaceOutlook Readership: Students and researchers in physics. Keywords:Mathematical Physics;Fractional Calculus;Long-Memory Kernels;Non-Local Field Theories;Fractional Quantum MechanicsKey Features:This was the first book on the market covering the full area of a physical application of fractional calculusThe book provides a skillful insight into a vividly growing research area and guides the reader from his first steps on an introductory level up to the current state of the art of a physical interpretation and application in different fieldsThis book enables the reader to participate and contribute to the development of this exciting research area by applying these methods in his own research area tooReviews:Reviews of the First Edition: “Fractional Calculus is an affordable and valuable introduction to the field that will appeal to physicists interested in scientific what-ifs.” Physics Today “… the first three chapters actually appear very helpful at the graduate level. Each chapter has a careful precis at the start. There a many analyses illustrating outcomes of fractional analyses… If this [fractional calculus] is the field of your research then this book is essential with numerous references… ” Contemporary Physics “The book has the property that derived results are directly compared with experimental findings. As a consequence, the reader is guided and encouraged to apply the fractional calculus approach in her/his research area. The reviewer strongly recommends this book for beginners as well as specialists in the fields of physics, mathematics and complex adaptive systems.” Zentralblatt MATH “A very welcome new feature in the second edition is the inclusion of exercises at the end of every chapter, with detailed solutions in the back of the book. This book is specifically aimed at physicists, although many of my colleagues outside physics have also found it useful. This is particularly true of graduate students and beginning researchers, or those new to the subject of fractional calculus.” Mark Meerschaert Dept of Statistics and Probability, Michigan State University

Discrete Fractional Calculus

Applications in Control and Image Processing

Author: Piotr Ostalczyk

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814725684

Category: Computers

Page: 356

View: 2062

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The main subject of the monograph is the fractional calculus in the discrete version. The volume is divided into three main parts. Part one contains a theoretical introduction to the classical and fractional-order discrete calculus where the fundamental role is played by the backward difference and sum. In the second part, selected applications of the discrete fractional calculus in the discrete system control theory are presented. In the discrete system identification, analysis and synthesis, one can consider integer or fractional models based on the fractional-order difference equations. The third part of the book is devoted to digital image processing. Contents:Discrete-Variable Real FunctionsThe n-th Order Backward Difference/Sum of the Discrete-Variable FunctionFractional-Order Backward Differ-SumThe FOBD-S Graphical InterpretationThe FOBD/S Selected PropertiesThe FO Dynamic System DescriptionLinear FO System AnalysisThe Linear FO Discrete-Time Fundamental ElementsFO Discrete-Time System StructuresFractional Discrete-Time PID ControllerFOS Approximation ProblemsFractional PotentialFO Image Filtering and Edge DetectionAppendix A: Selected Linear Algebra Formulae and Discrete-Variable Special Functions Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in pattern recognition/image analysis, robotics and automated systems, systems engineering and mathematical modeling. Keywords:Fractional Calculus;Fractional-Order Backward-Difference;Fractional-Order Linear Difference Equation;Discrete-System;State-Space Equations

The Rayleigh-Ritz Method for Structural Analysis

Author: Sinniah Ilanko,Luis Monterrubio,Yusuke Mochida

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118984420

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 5071

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A presentation of the theory behind the Rayleigh-Ritz (R-R) method, as well as a discussion of the choice of admissible functions and the use of penalty methods, including recent developments such as using negative inertia and bi-penalty terms. While presenting the mathematical basis of the R-R method, the authors also give simple explanations and analogies to make it easier to understand. Examples include calculation of natural frequencies and critical loads of structures and structural components, such as beams, plates, shells and solids. MATLAB codes for some common problems are also supplied.

Fractional Dynamics

Applications of Fractional Calculus to Dynamics of Particles, Fields and Media

Author: Vasily E. Tarasov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642140033

Category: Science

Page: 505

View: 5979

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"Fractional Dynamics: Applications of Fractional Calculus to Dynamics of Particles, Fields and Media" presents applications of fractional calculus, integral and differential equations of non-integer orders in describing systems with long-time memory, non-local spatial and fractal properties. Mathematical models of fractal media and distributions, generalized dynamical systems and discrete maps, non-local statistical mechanics and kinetics, dynamics of open quantum systems, the hydrodynamics and electrodynamics of complex media with non-local properties and memory are considered. This book is intended to meet the needs of scientists and graduate students in physics, mechanics and applied mathematics who are interested in electrodynamics, statistical and condensed matter physics, quantum dynamics, complex media theories and kinetics, discrete maps and lattice models, and nonlinear dynamics and chaos. Dr. Vasily E. Tarasov is a Senior Research Associate at Nuclear Physics Institute of Moscow State University and an Associate Professor at Applied Mathematics and Physics Department of Moscow Aviation Institute.

Fractional Calculus

An Introduction for Physicists

Author: Richard Herrmann

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814340243

Category: Science

Page: 261

View: 8109

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Fractional calculus is undergoing rapidly and ongoing development. We can already recognize, that within its framework new concepts and strategies emerge, which lead to new challenging insights and surprising correlations between different branches of physics. This book is an invitation both to the interested student and the professional researcher. It presents a thorough introduction to the basics of fractional calculus and guides the reader directly to the current state-of-the-art physical interpretation. It is also devoted to the application of fractional calculus on physical problems, in the subjects of classical mechanics, friction, damping, oscillations, group theory, quantum mechanics, nuclear physics, and hadron spectroscopy up to quantum field theory.

Applications in Engineering, Life and Social Sciences

Author: Dumitru Baleanu,Antnio Mendes Lopes

Publisher: de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110570915

Category:

Page: 352

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This multi-volume handbook is the most up-to-date and comprehensive reference work in the field of fractional calculus and its numerous applications. This seventh volume collects authoritative chapters covering several applications of fractional calculus in in engineering, life, and social sciences, including applications in biology and medicine, mechanics of complex media, economy, and electrical devices.

Mittag-Leffler Functions, Related Topics and Applications

Author: Rudolf Gorenflo,Anatoly A. Kilbas,Francesco Mainardi,Sergei V. Rogosin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662439301

Category: Mathematics

Page: 443

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As a result of researchers’ and scientists’ increasing interest in pure as well as applied mathematics in non-conventional models, particularly those using fractional calculus, Mittag-Leffler functions have recently caught the interest of the scientific community. Focusing on the theory of the Mittag-Leffler functions, the present volume offers a self-contained, comprehensive treatment, ranging from rather elementary matters to the latest research results. In addition to the theory the authors devote some sections of the work to the applications, treating various situations and processes in viscoelasticity, physics, hydrodynamics, diffusion and wave phenomena, as well as stochastics. In particular the Mittag-Leffler functions allow us to describe phenomena in processes that progress or decay too slowly to be represented by classical functions like the exponential function and its successors. The book is intended for a broad audience, comprising graduate students, university instructors and scientists in the field of pure and applied mathematics, as well as researchers in applied sciences like mathematical physics, theoretical chemistry, bio-mathematics, theory of control and several other related areas.

Fractional Differential Calculus for Non-differentiable Functions

Mechanics, Geometry, Stochastics, Information Theory

Author: Guy Jumarie

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9783659496431

Category: Differential equations

Page: 360

View: 5460

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General purpose.Most books which deal with fractional derivative refer to the Riemann-Liouvile definition in terms of integral: one first defines integral and then one defines derivative. On the contrary, this book provides a systematic self-contained presentation of fractional calculus, via fractional difference, and expands a fractional differential calculus which is quite parallel to the Leibniz calculus (therefore the expression of fractional differential calculus) and which is also quite physically meaningful. Whilst the standard fractional calculus applies to differentiable functions only, the present calculus holds for both differentiable functions and non-differentiable functions. Summary of content. Theory and application of this fractional differential calculus Proposals for some new approaches to analytical mechanics, differential geometry in fractal space-time, fractional white noise calculus, and information theory. Readership. Any scientist who is interested in fractals and in the applications of fractional calculus to natural science, either for the appications or for the foundations of physics

Fractional Calculus and Waves in Linear Viscoelasticity

An Introduction to Mathematical Models

Author: Francesco Mainardi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1848163304

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 3131

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This monograph provides a comprehensive overview of the author's work on the fields of fractional calculus and waves in linear viscoelastic media, which includes his pioneering contributions on the applications of special functions of the Mittag-Leffler and Wright types. It is intended to serve as a general introduction to the above-mentioned areas of mathematical modeling. The explanations in the book are detailed enough to capture the interest of the curious reader, and complete enough to provide the necessary background material needed to delve further into the subject and explore the research literature given in the huge general bibliography. This book is likely to be of interest to applied scientists and engineers.

Fractional Quantum Mechanics

Author: Laskin Nick

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813223812

Category: Science

Page: 360

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Fractional quantum mechanics is a recently emerged and rapidly developing field of quantum physics. This is the first monograph on fundamentals and physical applications of fractional quantum mechanics, written by its founder. The fractional Schrödinger equation and the fractional path integral are new fundamental physical concepts introduced and elaborated in the book. The fractional Schrödinger equation is a manifestation of fractional quantum mechanics. The fractional path integral is a new mathematical tool based on integration over Lévy flights. The fractional path integral method enhances the well-known Feynman path integral framework. Related topics covered in the text include time fractional quantum mechanics, fractional statistical mechanics, fractional classical mechanics and the α-stable Lévy random process. The book is well-suited for theorists, pure and applied mathematicians, solid-state physicists, chemists, and others working with the Schrödinger equation, the path integral technique and applications of fractional calculus in various research areas. It is useful to skilled researchers as well as to graduate students looking for new ideas and advanced approaches.

q-Fractional Calculus and Equations

Author: Mahmoud H. Annaby,Zeinab S. Mansour

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642308988

Category: Mathematics

Page: 318

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This nine-chapter monograph introduces a rigorous investigation of q-difference operators in standard and fractional settings. It starts with elementary calculus of q-differences and integration of Jackson’s type before turning to q-difference equations. The existence and uniqueness theorems are derived using successive approximations, leading to systems of equations with retarded arguments. Regular q-Sturm–Liouville theory is also introduced; Green’s function is constructed and the eigenfunction expansion theorem is given. The monograph also discusses some integral equations of Volterra and Abel type, as introductory material for the study of fractional q-calculi. Hence fractional q-calculi of the types Riemann–Liouville; Grünwald–Letnikov; Caputo; Erdélyi–Kober and Weyl are defined analytically. Fractional q-Leibniz rules with applications in q-series are also obtained with rigorous proofs of the formal results of Al-Salam-Verma, which remained unproved for decades. In working towards the investigation of q-fractional difference equations; families of q-Mittag-Leffler functions are defined and their properties are investigated, especially the q-Mellin–Barnes integral and Hankel contour integral representation of the q-Mittag-Leffler functions under consideration, the distribution, asymptotic and reality of their zeros, establishing q-counterparts of Wiman’s results. Fractional q-difference equations are studied; existence and uniqueness theorems are given and classes of Cauchy-type problems are completely solved in terms of families of q-Mittag-Leffler functions. Among many q-analogs of classical results and concepts, q-Laplace, q-Mellin and q2-Fourier transforms are studied and their applications are investigated.

Advances in Harmonic Analysis and Operator Theory

The Stefan Samko Anniversary Volume

Author: Alexandre Almeida,Luis Filipe Castro,Frank-Olme Speck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3034805160

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 2222

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This volume is dedicated to Professor Stefan Samko on the occasion of his seventieth birthday. The contributions display the range of his scientific interests in harmonic analysis and operator theory. Particular attention is paid to fractional integrals and derivatives, singular, hypersingular and potential operators in variable exponent spaces, pseudodifferential operators in various modern function and distribution spaces, as well as related applications, to mention but a few. Most contributions were firstly presented in two conferences at Lisbon and Aveiro, Portugal, in June‒July 2011.

Advanced Methods in the Fractional Calculus of Variations

Author: Agnieszka B. Malinowska,Tatiana Odzijewicz,Delfim F.M. Torres

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319147560

Category: Mathematics

Page: 135

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This brief presents a general unifying perspective on the fractional calculus. It brings together results of several recent approaches in generalizing the least action principle and the Euler–Lagrange equations to include fractional derivatives. The dependence of Lagrangians on generalized fractional operators as well as on classical derivatives is considered along with still more general problems in which integer-order integrals are replaced by fractional integrals. General theorems are obtained for several types of variational problems for which recent results developed in the literature can be obtained as special cases. In particular, the authors offer necessary optimality conditions of Euler–Lagrange type for the fundamental and isoperimetric problems, transversality conditions, and Noether symmetry theorems. The existence of solutions is demonstrated under Tonelli type conditions. The results are used to prove the existence of eigenvalues and corresponding orthogonal eigenfunctions of fractional Sturm–Liouville problems. Advanced Methods in the Fractional Calculus of Variations is a self-contained text which will be useful for graduate students wishing to learn about fractional-order systems. The detailed explanations will interest researchers with backgrounds in applied mathematics, control and optimization as well as in certain areas of physics and engineering.