Fractured Rock Hydrogeology

Author: John M. Sharp

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1138001597

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 4296

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Fractured rocks extend over much of the world, cropping out in shields, massifs, and the cores of major mountain ranges. They also form the basement below younger sedimentary rocks; at depth; they represent a continuous environment of extended and deep regional groundwater flow. Understanding of groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rocks is vital for analysis of water resources, water quality and environmental protection, geotechnical and engineering projects, and geothermal energy production. Book chapters include theoretical and practical analyses using numerical modelling, geochemistry, isotopes, aquifer tests, laboratory tests, field mapping, geophysics, geological analyses, and some unique combinations of these types of investigation. Current water resource and geotechnical problems in many countries—and the techniques now used to address them—are also discussed. The importance of geological interpretation is re-emphasised in analysing the hydrogeology of fractured, mostly crystalline rocks and in how critical this is for understanding their hydrology and the wise utilisation of resources. This is indeed hydrogeology in its broadest sense. The importance of, but great difficulty in, extending or upscaling fractured rock hydraulic properties is also made clear. This book is aimed at practicing hydrogeologists, engineers, ecologists, resource managers, and perhaps most importantly, students and earth scientists not yet familiar with the ubiquity and importance of fractured rock systems.

Applied Hydrogeology of Fractured Rocks

Author: B.B.S. Singhal †,R.P. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940159208X

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 1741

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Hydrology is a topical and growing subject, as the earth's water resources become scarcer and more vulnerable. Although more than half the surface area of continents is covered with hard fractured rocks, there has until now been no single book available dealing specifically with fractured rock hydrogeology. This book deals comprehensively with the fundamental principles for understanding these rocks, as well as with exploration techniques and assessment. It also provides in-depth discussion of structural mapping, remote sensing, geophysical exploration, GIS, field hydraulic testing, groundwater quality and contamination, geothermal reservoirs, and resources assessment and management. Hydrogeological aspects of various lithology groups, including crystalline rocks, volcanic rocks, carbonate rocks and clastic formations, are dealt with separately, using and discussing examples from all over the world. Applied Hydrogeology of Fractured Rocks will be an invaluable reference source for postgraduate students, researchers, exploration scientists, and engineers engaged in the field of groundwater development in fractured rock areas.

Groundwater in Fractured Rocks

IAH Selected Paper Series

Author: Jirí Krásný,John M. Sharp

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203945654

Category: Science

Page: 658

View: 9651

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The hydrogeologic environment of fractured rocks represents vital natural systems, examples of which occur on every continent. This book discusses key issues, methodologies and techniques in the hydrogeology of fractured rocks, summarizing recent progress and anticipating the outcome of future investigations. Forty-four revised and updated papers were selected from extended abstracts presented at the International Conference on Groundwater in Fractured Rocks, held in Prague in 2003 and these provide a valuable benchmark reference for studies in fractured rock hydrogeology worldwide. Topics include sustainable groundwater development, groundwater protection and management, new and improved approaches to the investigating hydrogeology of fractured systems, understanding of hydrogeologic properties both on local and regional scales, and both quantitative and qualitative aspects of groundwater flow and solute/contaminant transport.

Hydrogeology of Crystalline Rocks

Author: I. Stober,Kurt Bucher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401718164

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 6595

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Hydrogeology of Crystalline Rocks deals with deep groundwater in the granite and gneiss basement of the continents. It has become evident during the past years that highly mineralized water is present in an interconnected fracture network of the basement. Thus, the upper part of the crust of the continents can be viewed as an aquifer and investigated with tools common in hydrogeology. This book presents accounts on water-conducting features of crystalline rocks and summarizes the hydraulic properties of the basement. The volume includes reviews, new data and research on the often remarkable chemical composition of deep groundwater. Microbial processes in the deep basement aquifer are probably more important than previously thought. Two contributions focus on this recent extension of research of the biosphere to greater depth in the Earth. This book represents the first multidisciplinary and integrated account of deep groundwater hydrology in crystalline basement. It is of interest to hydrologists and hydrogeologists working with water in crystalline rocks, but also to solid earth geophysicists, geochemists and petrologists with an interest in fluids in the crust. Scientists involved in nuclear waste disposal programs and geothermal energy development will find a wealth of stimulating ideas in this volume.

Advances in the Research of Aquatic Environment

Author: Nicolaos Lambrakis,George Stournaras,Konstantina Katsanou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642240763

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 1988

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The book focuses on the management of the aquatic environment. It is aimed at scientists, students, governmental officials and specialists dealing with groundwater and environment. Its main goal is to inform the reader of ideas, knowledge and experience in terms of a sustainable aquatic environment. The main topics are as follows: Water Bodies and Ecosystems; Climate Change and Water Bodies; Water quality and agriculture; Interaction of Surface and ground waters; Karst Hydrogeology; Continuous Media Hydrogeology; Fissured Rocks Hydrogeology; Hydrochemistry; Geothermics and thermal waters; The role of water in construction projects; Hydrology

Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow

Contemporary Understanding and Applications

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Fracture Characterization and Fluid Flow

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309049962

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 3835

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Scientific understanding of fluid flow in rock fractures--a process underlying contemporary earth science problems from the search for petroleum to the controversy over nuclear waste storage--has grown significantly in the past 20 years. This volume presents a comprehensive report on the state of the field, with an interdisciplinary viewpoint, case studies of fracture sites, illustrations, conclusions, and research recommendations. The book addresses these questions: How can fractures that are significant hydraulic conductors be identified, located, and characterized? How do flow and transport occur in fracture systems? How can changes in fracture systems be predicted and controlled? Among other topics, the committee provides a geomechanical understanding of fracture formation, reviews methods for detecting subsurface fractures, and looks at the use of hydraulic and tracer tests to investigate fluid flow. The volume examines the state of conceptual and mathematical modeling, and it provides a useful framework for understanding the complexity of fracture changes that occur during fluid pumping and other engineering practices. With a practical and multidisciplinary outlook, this volume will be welcomed by geologists, petroleum geologists, geoengineers, geophysicists, hydrologists, researchers, educators and students in these fields, and public officials involved in geological projects.

Dynamic Fluids and Transport in Fractured Rock

Author: Boris Faybishenko,Paul A. Witherspoon,John Gale

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 207

View: 7136

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A comprehensive review and analysis of recent field, laboratory, and modeling investigations of flow and transport through fractured rock worldwide. Topics include recent advances in modeling, unsaturated flow and transport processes, field and laboratory experiments, microbilogicial processes coupled process and geothermal resources, NAPL transport in fracutured rock, geochemistry and chemical transport and more.

Hydrogeology

Principles and Practice

Author: Kevin M. Hiscock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405144505

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 8179

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Hydrogeology: Principles and Practice provides a comprehensiveintroduction to the study of hydrogeology and the significance ofgroundwater in the terrestrial aquatic environment. Earlier chapters explain the fundamental physical and chemicalprinciples of hydrogeology, and later chapters feature groundwaterinvestigation techniques and contaminant hydrogeology. A uniquefeature of the book is a chapter on the application ofenvironmental isotopes and noble gases in the interpretation ofaquifer evolution. The last chapter discusses groundwater resourcesand environmental management, and examines the role of groundwaterin integrated river basin management, including the possibleimpacts of climate change. Throughout the text, boxes are used to explain special topics andto illustrate international case studies. The appendices provideuseful reference material and include review questions andexercises to develop the reader's knowledge and problem-solvingskills in hydrogeology. This accessible textbook is essential reading for undergraduate andgraduate students in earth and environmental sciences taking acourse in hydrogeology or groundwater science. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Pleasecontact our Higher Education team at ahref="mailto:[email protected]"[email protected]/afor more information.

Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Zekai Sen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566700917

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 8606

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In order to properly plan, design, and operate groundwater resources projects, it is necessary to measure - over time or distance - pertinent groundwater variables such as drawdown and discharge in the field. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers shows how to assess and interpret these data by subsurface geological setup and processing. The book helps readers estimate relevant groundwater parameters such as storativity, transmissivity, and leakage coefficient. The text addresses many interrelated disciplines such as geology, hydrology, hydrogeology, engineering, petroleum geology, and water engineering. Traditional and current models for application are presented. One of the unique features of the book is the inclusion of new and previously unpublished ideas, concepts, techniques, approaches, and procedures developed by the author. Among these are hydrogeophysical concepts, slope matching techniques, volumetric approach solution for complicated groundwater flows, non-Darcian flow law applications, aquifer sample functions, dimensionless-type straight line methods, non-linear flow-type curves, discharge calculations from early time-drawdown data, storage coefficient estimation procedure for quasi-steady state flow, and much more. The pitfalls in aquifer test analysis are also detailed. Fractured medium flow adds yet another dimension to the book. Each method is supplemented by actual field data applications from worldwide case studies. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers covers the topics of groundwater reservoirs, the evaluation of aquifer parameters, aquifer and flow properties, flow properties and bore hole tests, aquifer tests in porous and fractured media, well hydraulics, groundwater flow and aquifer tests, and field measurements and their interpretations. This new reference also works well as a post-graduate textbook on the subject. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers expands the reader's knowledge by providing valuable information not found in any other publication.

Theory, Modeling, and Field Investigation in Hydrogeology

A Special Volume in Honor of Shlomo P. Neuman's 60th Birthday

Author: S. P. Neuman,Dongxiao Zhang,C. L. Winter

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 9780813723488

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 9686

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The refereed and edited proceedings of the symposium Schlomo P. Neuman: Recent Advances After 30 Years of Exceptional Contributions to Well Hydraulics, Numerical Modeling, and Field Investigations, which was held in Tucson, Arizona, in October 1998. Among the topics are four decades of inverse problems in hydrogeology, a connected-network paradigm for the alluvial aquifer system, the influence of multi-scale structure in non-ergodic solute transport in heterogeneous porous media, the Gaussian analysis of one-dimensional unsaturated flow in randomly heterogeneous soils, and the type-curve interpretation of transient single-hole pneumatic injection tests in unsaturated fractured tuffs at the Apache Leap Research Site. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

The Geology of the Snyderville Basin, Western Summit County, Utah, and Its Relation to Ground-water Conditions

Author: Francis X. Ashland,C.E. Bishop,M. Lowe,B.H. Hayes

Publisher: Utah Geological Survey

ISBN: 1557916527

Category: Geology

Page: 59

View: 1900

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The purpose of this study is to provide geologic information important in assessing ground-water resources and siting water wells in the Snyderville basin. This geologic study was one phase of a cooperative and more comprehensive water-resource investigation. Subsequent phases conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Division (USGS WRD), focused on the hydrology of the Snyderville basin. The information presented in this report is generalized and is not intended to substitute for site-specific investigations. Future detailed studies will add to the understanding of the geology and ground-water resources of the study area and supplement the information presented herein. 59 pages + 15 plates

Tracers and Modelling in Hydrogeology

TraM'2000 ; Proceedings of TraM'2000, the International Conference on Tracers and Modelling in Hydrogeology Held at Liège, Belgium, in May 2000

Author: Alain Dassargues

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502213

Category: Groundwater flow

Page: 571

View: 6034

DOWNLOAD NOW »

BMR.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geology

Page: N.A

View: 8932

DOWNLOAD NOW »