Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul A. Longley,Mike Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470721448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 6250

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The Third Edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field and still retains its accessible format to appeal to a broad range of students. Now divided into five clear sections the book investigates the unique, complex and difficult problems that are posed by geographic information and together they build into a holistic understanding of the key principles of GIS. This is the most current, authoritative and comprehensive treatment of the field, that goes from fundamental principles to the big picture of: GIS and the New World Order security, health and well-being digital differentiation in GIS consumption the core organizing role of GIS in Geography the greening of GIS grand challenges of GIScience science and explanation Key features: Four-colour throughout Associated website with free online resources Teacher’s manual available for lecturers A complete learning resource, with accompanying instructor links, free online lab resources and personal syllabi Includes learning objectives and review boxes throughout each chapter New in this edition: Completely revised with a new five part structure: Foundations; Principles; Techniques; Analysis; Management and Policy All new personality boxes of current GIS practitioners New chapters on Distributed GIS, Map Production, Geovisualization, Modeling, and Managing GIS

Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul Longley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470870006

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 9370

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"One of the nicest features is the book’s accessibility … this is a must-have reference guide for all newcomers to the field, be they students or professionals." (GISProfessional, 2005) Geographic Information Systems and Science has become the pre-eminent textbook in its field, for students and practitioners alike. Its unique approach communicates the richness and diversity of GIS in a lucid and accessible format. This fully revised and updated second edition reinforces the view of GIS as a gateway to science and problem solving, sets out the scientific principles that govern its use, and describes the impact of people on its development, design, and success.

Geographic Information Science and Systems

Author: Paul A. Longley,Michael F. Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118676955

Category: Science

Page: 477

View: 1591

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"Effective use of today's powerful GIS technology requires an understanding of the science of problem-solving that underpins it. Since the first edition published over a decade ago, this book has led the way, with its focus on the scientific principles that support GIS usage. It has also provided thorough, upto- date coverage of GIS procedures, techniques and public policy applications. This unique combination of science, technology and practical problem solving has made this book a best-seller across a broad spectrum of disciplines. This fully updated 4th edition continues to deliver on these strengths"--

Geographic Information Systems in Business

Author: Pick, James

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591404010

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 3445

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This book contains state-of-the-art research studies on the concepts, theory, processes, and real world applications of geographical information systems (GIS) in business. Its chapters are authored by many of the leading experts in applying GIS and geospatial science to business. The book utilizes a wide variety of approaches and methodologies including conceptual theory development, research frameworks, quantitative and qualitative methods, case studies, systems design, DSS theory, and geospatial analysis combined with point-of-sale. Since relatively little research has been published on GIS in business, this book is pioneering and should be the principal compendium of the latest research in this area. The book impacts not only the underlying definitions, concepts, and theories of GIS in business and industry, but its practice as well.

Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis

Author: Fahui Wang

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591404533

Category: Law

Page: 345

View: 9926

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Computerized crime mapping or GIS in law enforcement agencies has experienced rapid growth, particularly since the mid 1990s. There has also been increasing interests in GIS analysis of crime from various academic fields including criminology, geography, urban planning, information science and others. This book features a diverse array of GIS applications in crime analysis, from general issues such as GIS as a communication process and inter-jurisdictional data sharing to specific applications in tracking serial killers and predicting juvenile violence. Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis showcases a broad range of methods and techniques from typical GIS tasks such as geocoding and hotspot analysis to advanced technologies such as geographic profiling, agent-based modeling and web GIS. Contributors range from university professors, criminologists in research institutes to police chiefs, GIS analysts in police departments and consultants in criminal justice.

Geographical Information Systems

Principles, Techniques, Management and Applications

Author: Paul Longley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: 9780471735458

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 1735

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This book provides a crucial background on basic GIS concepts and addresses the radical shifts and changes that have taken place in GIS technology, and its uses.

Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling

Author: Keith C. Clarke,Bradley O. Parks,Michael P. Crane

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 9170

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This book provides readers with the most comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the topic available. Topics covered include modeling frameworks, paradigms and approaches; model development, calibration and validation; dynamic systems modeling and four-dimensional GIS; and more. Includes case studies in GIS/EM. This book is intended for readers interested in advanced Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Data Processing, or Environmental Modeling.

Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Agent-Based Modeling Techniques for Simulating Social and Ecological Processes

Author: H. Randy Gimblett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198032748

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 5775

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This volume presents a set of coherent, cross-referenced perspectives on incorporating the spatial representation andanalytical power of GIS with agent-based modelling of evolutionary and non-linear processes and phenomena. Many recent advances in software algorithms for incorporating geographic data in modeling social and ecological behaviors, and successes in applying such algorithms, had not been adequately reported in the literature. This book seeks to serve as the standard guide to this broad area.

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems

Author: Dawn J. Wright,Darius J. Barlett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203484738

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 4679

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Marine and coastal applications of GIS are finally gaining wide acceptance in scientific as well as GIS communities, and cover the fields of deep sea geology, chemistry and biology, and coastal geology, biology, engineering and resource management. Comprising rigorous contributions from a group of leading scholars in marine and coastal GIS, this book will inspire and stimulate continued research in this important new application domain. Launched as a project to mark the UN International Year of the Ocean (1998) and supported by the International Geographical Union's Commission on Coastal Systems, this book covers progress and research in the marine and coastal realms, in the areas of theory, applications and empirical results. It is the first book of its kind to address basic and applied scientific problems in deep sea and coastal science using GIS and remote sensing technologies. It is designed for GIS and remote sensing specialists, but also for those with an interest in oceans, lakes and shores. Coverage ranges from seafloor spreading centres to Exclusive Economic Zones to microscale coastal habitats; and techniques include submersibles, computer modelling, image display, 3-D temporal data visualization, and development and application of new algorithms and spatial data structures. It illustrates the broad usage of GIS, image processing, and computer modelling in deep sea and coastal environments, and also addresses important institutional issues arising out of the use of these technologies.

Geographic Information Systems

A Concise Handbook of Spatial Data Handling, Representation, and Computation

Author: Steven A. Roberts,Colin Robertson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199003631

Category: Geographic information systems

Page: 392

View: 3304

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Adopting a critical approach and highlighting many of the common research challenges of the field, this text helps students understand how GIS enables the digital representation of Earth's forms, patterns, and processes. Designed for users already familiar with GIS, this concise handbookinvites students to think broadly about the assumptions embedded in GIS practice today.

Geographic Information Systems for Transportation

Principles and Applications

Author: Harvey J. Miller,Shih-Lung Shaw,Associate Professor of Geography Shih-Lung Shaw

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195123944

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 692

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GIS data and tools are revolutionizing transportation research and decision making, allowing transportation analysts and professionals to understand and solve complex transportation problems that were previously impossible. Here, Miller and Shaw present a comprehensive discussion of fundamental geographic science and the applications of these principles using GIS and other software tools. By providing thorough and accessible discussions of transportation analysis within a GIS environment, this volume fills a critical niche in GIS-T and GIS literature.

Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems

Towards the Digital Ocean

Author: Vasily Popovich,Christophe Claramunt,Thomas Devogele,Manfred Schrenk,Kyrill Korolenko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642197666

Category: Science

Page: 180

View: 1791

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The Workshop Proceedings reflect problems of advanced geo-information science as far as they are specifically concerned with the maritime environment at large. The Proceedings incorporate papers presented by leading scientists researching in the considered professional area and by practitioners engaged in GIS and GIS applications development. They pay close attention to the problems of scientific and technological innovations and the ensuing opportunities to make seas safer and cleaner. Furthermore, they periodically measure the ground covered and new challenges with respect to economic and shipping trends as related to Artificial Intelligence; GIS ontologies; GIS data integration and modelling; Underwater acoustics; GIS data fusion; GIS and corporate information systems; GIS and real-time monitoring systems; GIS algorithms and computational issues; Novel and emerging marine GIS research areas; Monitoring of maritime terrorist threat; Maritime and environmental GIS; Navigation-based and maritime transportation GIS; Human factors in maritime GIS; Coastal and environmental GIS.

Concepts and Techniques of Geographic Information Systems

Author: Chor Pang Lo,Albert K. W. Yeung

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131495029

Category: Computers

Page: 532

View: 2983

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Fully updated to reflect advances in GIS concepts and techniques, this guide approaches the subject from the broader context of information technology. Gives complete, up-to-date coverage to the concepts and techniques pertaining to every stage of the systems development life cycle of GIS, as well as its applications to various areas of spatial problem solving and decision making. For GIS specialists, GIS technologists, GIS sales directors, urban planners, natural resource managers, land surveyors, geomatics engineers, and foresters who want a complete understanding of GIS and how GIS applies to their fields of interest.

Geographic Information Systems

An Introduction

Author: Tor Bernhardsen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471419686

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 3492

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Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are computer systems used for capturing, managing, integrating, manipulating, analysing, and displaying spatially referenced data. Tor Bernhardsen introduces the key concepts needed to understand GIS.

Encyclopedia of Geographic Information Science

Author: Karen Kemp

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412913136

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 7726

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The Encyclopedia of Geographic Information Science covers the essence of this exciting, new, and expanding field in an easily understood but richly detailed style. In addition to contributions from some of the best recognized scholars in GIScience, this volume contains contributions from experts in GIS’ supporting disciplines who explore how their disciplinary perspectives are expanded within the context of GIScience—what changes when consideration of location is added, what complexities in analytical procedures are added when we consider objects in 2, 3 or even 4 dimensions, what can we gain by visualizing our analytical results on a map or 3D display?

The History of Geographic Information Systems

Perspectives from the Pioneers

Author: Timothy W. Foresman

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 1524

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To understand the power of Geographical Information Systems and Geographical Positioning Systems today, it is essential to understand their background and history, and the needs they were designed to answer .This is the first comprehensive history of GIS for both practitioners and students.From GPS systems that help you find your destination in a rented car, to satellite imaging for locating new petroleum reserves, GIS technology is changing the world. This book brings together for the first time the expert testimonies of the pioneers, key scientists and entrepreneurs who created the GIS field and made it what it is today. It covers both the raster and vector sides of GIS development. From remote sensing to PC-based systems; from Land Information Systems to defense applications, this is the definitive history of GIS.For all GIS and GPS professional practitioners, developers and students.

Manual of Geographic Information Systems

Author: Marguerite Madden

Publisher: Asprs Publications

ISBN: 9781570830860

Category: Science

Page: 1330

View: 9976

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This volume is designed to be a comprehensive resource on GIS for students, researchers and practitioners who are interested in asking spatial questions, assessing landscapes, building geodatabases and envisioning a world of integrated geospatial technologies.

Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems

A European Perspective

Author: Gary R Lock,G Stancic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748402083

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 6089

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Geographic information systems GIS applications are viewed with increasing interest by the archaeology community and this book, with its diversity of topics and authorship, should be a useful resource. Complementing the volume "Interpreting Space" Taylor & Francis, 1990, which focused on North American archaeology, this title further develops themes within a specifically - though not exclusively - European context.; It is apparent that there are fundamental differences between North American and European archaeological uses of GIS. Primarily these differences lie in the types of evidence for past landscapes that are available for study in the two continents, and secondly in the different approaches to archaeology and specifically the theory and practice of landscape archaeology. This title centres on the role of archaeological theory in cultural resource management CRM and in GIS applications generally. It showcases the important debate which takes the emphasis away from the technology of GIS and places it back within the central concerns of archaeology and particularly European archaeology.; "Archaeology and GIS" includes material on such concerns as CRM applications, landscape archaeology, intra-site applications and explicitly theoretical concerns, thus representing the state of GIS applications in European archaeology. Contributions come from countries such as France, Italy, Hungary, UK, USA, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia and Finland.

Spatial and Temporal Reasoning in Geographic Information Systems

Author: Departments of Surveying Engineering and Computer Science Max J Egenhofer,Max J. Egenhofer,Reginald G. Golledge

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195103427

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 6808

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In an effort to further investigation into critical development facets of geographic information systems (GIS), this book explores the reasoning processes that apply to geographic space and time. As a result of an iniative sponsored by the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA), it treats the computational, cognitive and social science applications aspects of spatial and temporal reasoning in GIS. Essays were contributed by scholars from a broad spectrum of disciplines including: geography, cartography, surveying and engineering, computer science, mathematics and environmental and cognitive psychology.