Geology and Environment In Britain and Ireland

Author: Nigel Woodcock

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203498909

Category: Science

Page: 174

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A complete introductory text on an increasingly popular subject, "Geology and Environment in Britain and Ireland" aims to provide suitably broad coverage for students requiring a treatment clearly foucused on familiar examples but retaining a global perspective. The book summarizes for Earth and environmental scientists the ways in which geology relates to the natural environmentand to the humand activites that it supports. The natural environment is more than the oceans, the atmosphere and the diversity of the land surface. It extends below the ground and stretches back in time through the Earth's history. These environmental dimensions are the concern of geology. First, the book summarizes the geological influences on society through control of landscape and human geography, and through the threats posed by hazards such as landslides, subsidence and earhquakes. Next, the many Earth resources that support human activity are described: land, water, construction materials minerals, coal, oil, and gas. How are they formed or replenished? Which resources are are sustainable for use over more than the immediate geological future? Thirdly, the impacts of human activity an the Earth are examined - the results of extracting geological resources, of intentionally engineering the environment, and of carelessly polluting land and underground water supplies. Perhaps most serious of all is atmospheric pollution caused by burning geological fuels, threatening global change on scales only familiar from the geological record. This book is published at a pivotal point in the history of geology. Scientists who, for a century and a half, have been preoccupied with finding Earth resources are increasingly being asked where on Earth to dispose of the effluents from using them. "Geology and Environment in Britain and Ireland" provides a comapct, abundantly illustrated summary of both sides of this dilemma. Its final chapter breaks new ground in opening a debate on the ethical basis of applied geology - a debate which is needed to steer the subject into the 21st century. The book should be of use to undergraduates in geology or environmental sciences, to accompany a taught course on applied geology or as supplementary reading to their first year of geology. A-level students in geology, geography or environmental science should find it a useful reference. Professional geologists and environmental scientists should value the book as a broad but concise survey of the subject, as a helpful compilation of data, and as a guide to primary date sources. Readers outside the British Isles should find it an invaluable overview of the application of geology in the region. Nigel Woodcock teaches geology in both the Department of Earth Sciences and Clare College in the University of Cambridge. He has published over 80 scientific papers, mainly in the fields of structural geology, sedimentology and environmental geology, and is a prolific reviewer of geological books. He has extensive field experience in Turkey, Cyprus, Greece, and particularly in Britain and Irelansd. This book is intended for first-year undergraduate students in departments of geology, Earth sciences, environmental sciences, environmental studies, civil engineering, taking an introductory course on environmental geology or geology and the environment.

Geological History of Britain and Ireland

Author: Nigel H. Woodcock,R. A. Strachan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118274059

Category: Science

Page: 432

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Britain and Ireland have a remarkably varied geology for so small a fragment of continental crust, with a fine rock record back through three billion years of geological time. This history would have been interesting enough if it had been played out on relatively stable continental crust. However, Britain and Ireland have developed at a tectonic crossroads, on crust once traversed by subduction zones and volcanic arcs, continental rifts and mountain belts. The resulting complexity is instructive, fascinating and perplexing. Geological History of Britain and Ireland tells the region's story at a level accessible to undergraduate geologists, as well as to postgraduates, professionals or informed amateurs. This second edition is fully revised and updated, reflecting our continually developing knowledge of the region's geology. Full coverage is again given to the rich Precambrian and Early Palaeozoic history, as well as to later events more relevant to hydrocarbon exploration. The book is an essential starting point for more detailed studies of the regional geology. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/woodcock/geologicalhistory

Essential AS Geography

Author: Simon Ross,John Morgan,Richard Heelas

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748751754

Category: Geography

Page: 408

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Essential AS Geography provides comprehensive coverage of the range of subjects and themes for AS Geography. The book has been designed to smooth the transition between GCSE and A Level standard and rapidly instil confidence in the first year student, providing the means to achieve examination success.

Environmental Issues in Political Discourse in Britain and Ireland

Author: Gilles Leydier,Alexia Martin

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144385283X

Category: Political Science

Page: 245

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This book examines the political response to current environmental concerns in the context of the British Isles. How have the issues been assimilated by political parties? Which ones have been given priority? Who are the main actors and what is the role of ecologists? Answers to questions such as these are provided in this collective work, not only through valuable insights into the theories and concepts found in political ecology, but also with specific examination of present political debates, such as the Liberal Democrats’ stance, the question of nuclear energy or the salient issue of climate change. A recurring theme is the link between landscape and identity, explored in the contexts of Welsh, Scottish and Irish nationalisms. While this volume reveals some cases of genuine commitment and effective action, it also highlights discrepancies between statements of intent on the one hand and implemented policies on the other. The authors’ aim is to promote dialogue among politicians, experts and academics in the field of environmental issues, political and social sciences, linguistics and discourse.

Resolving the Late Paleozoic Ice Age in Time and Space

Author: Christopher R. Fielding,Tracy D. Frank,John L. Isbell

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813724414

Category: Science

Page: 354

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"This volume summarizes new developments in understanding the longest-lived icehouse period in Phanerozoic Earth history, the late Paleozoic ice age. Resolving the Late Paleozoic Ice Age in Time and Space provides summaries of existing and new data from the various Gondwanan continental relics, and also reviews stratigraphic successions from the paleotropical and temperate regions of Laurussia that preserve an indirect record of glaciation. It addresses the extent to which records of glaciation indicate protracted, long-term climatic austerity, as opposed to fluctuating, more dynamic climate, and provides new constraints on the timing of glaciation. Additionally, it tackles questions of synchroneity of glaciation across the various Gondwanan continental relics, and timing relationships between near-field and far-field records at greater levels of resolution than has been possible previously. Results point toward a dynamic icehouse regime that is comparable to the Cenozoic icehouse, and away from traditional interpretations of the late Paleozoic ice age as a single, protracted event that involved stable, long-lived ice centers."--Publisher's website.

Environmental and Criminal Geoforensics

Author: D. Pirrie,A. Ruffell,L.A. Dawson

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 1862393664

Category: Science

Page: 273

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Geological techniques are widely used in two aspects of serious criminal investigations: (1) the search for clandestine burial sites, based on near-surface geophysics or through the detection of decomposition signals and (2) the analysis of trace evidence to identify its source location or test the possible association between the trace evidence and a known location of an offence. Although geoforensics is used in such investigations world-wide there are still considerable gaps in the published literature. In addition, there is increasing concern regarding the illegal release of wastes either into the atmosphere, water courses or on to the land surface, and a growing realization that the techniques used in criminal forensics are equally useful in the investigation of environmental crime. This book bridges the gap between environmental and criminal geoforensics with conceptual, methodological and case study contributions. This demonstrates the significant potential that geoforensics holds for investigating and regulatory officers.

Groundwater in the Celtic Regions

Studies in Hard Rock and Quaternary Hydrogeology

Author: N. S. Robins,Misstear B D R,B. D. R. Misstear

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862390775

Category: Science

Page: 273

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Periglacial Processes and Landforms in Britain and Ireland

Author: John Boardman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521169127

Category: Science

Page: 308

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This 1987 book examines the intimate link between periglacial geomorphology and the fluctuating climates of the Quaternary Period in the British Isles. In the last two million years, ice sheets have covered northern Britain several times. In the south, at the limit of the glaciation, intense frost action and the formation of permafrost have influenced past and present landscapes. The first part of the book looks at areas of the world that have climates similar to periglacial Britain: Scandinavia, the Canadian Arctic, and alpine regions. Contributors then present data on periglacial landforms in the British Isles. Topics discussed include the periglaciation of upland Britain, ground ice depressions, and pingo remnants. The regions surveyed stretch from northern Scotland to the Isles of Scilly. The contributions are based on a conference held in late 1985 under the sponsorship of the International Geographical Union and the Quaternary Research Association of the United Kingdom.

Integrating Geology in Urban Planning

Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Viet Nam

Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211200744

Category: City planning

Page: 153

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The Atlas of Urban Geology series is published by ESCAP in an effort to familiarize member countries with the outcome of a series of projects that are aimed at encouraging governments to make more efficient use of their own in-house expertise in earth sciences such as exists in national geological survey departments. Doing so should enhance the chances of attaining sustainable urban development, a professed goal of virtually all governments in the Asia-Pacific region, where soon city dwellers will outnumber rural populations.

RSPB Where to Discover Nature in Britain and Northern Ireland

Author: Marianne Taylor

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 140810864X

Category: Nature

Page: 352

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This is the first book to explore in detail every RSPB reserve in Britain, from the wild forests of Caledonia and teeming seabird cities of the northern coasts, to the rolling heathlands, pristine wetlands and urban oases of the south. Here you'll find everything you need to plan and enjoy days out at some of the best wildlife-watching places anywhere, with full details of access arrangements, visitor facilities, advice on when to visit and the wildlife you can expect to see throughout the year. For every reserve you'll find a map of how to get here and, where appropriate, the trails around the reserve and the habitats you'll find, so you can plan your visit according to what you'd like to see and how much time you have to visit. Illustrated throughout with colour photographs of these beautiful wild places and the animals and plants that live in them.

Historian's Guide to Early British Maps

A Guide to the Location of Pre-1900 Maps of the British Isles Preserved in the United Kingdom and Ireland

Author: Helen Wallis,Anita McConnell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521551526

Category: History

Page: 475

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The publication of this volume from the Royal Historical Society provides a comprehensive guide to the early maps of Great Britain and Ireland.

Groundwater Pollution, Aquifer Recharge and Vulnerability

Author: N. S. Robins

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781897799987

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 4139

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The primary groundwater management issue in many countries today is pollution. The key to understanding the transport of a pollutant from the ground surface or near surface into an aquifer is an understanding of recharge. This allows the vulnerability of aquifers to pollution to be classified and appropriate land zones to be defined. This text provides an up-to-date description of the relationship between pollution, recharge and vulnerability set against the current groundwater protection policies of the UK and Ireland. There are keynote overviews for each topic.

Engineering Geology for Tomorrow's Cities

Author: M. G. Culshaw

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862392908

Category: Science

Page: 315

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This book and the accompanying DVD provide a statement of our knowledge and understanding of engineering geology as applied to the urban environment at the start of the 21st century. In particular, this volume demonstrates that: working standards originally developed nationally are becoming internationalized; risk assessment, rather than just assessment of hazards, is driving decision-making; geo-environmental change, whether climatically or anthropogenically driven, is becoming better understood; greater use of underground space is being made; the relentless advance of information technology is providing new opportunities for engineering geologists to interpret and visualize the subsurface. This book shows that in developed and developing countries alike, engineering ge-ologists are increasingly exchanging ideas and learning from each other in a genuine two-way process. These ideas will contribute significantly to the sustainable development of both new and long-established urban environments worldwide.

An Introduction to Economic Geology and Its Environmental Impact

Author: Anthony M. Evans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444313525

Category: Science

Page: 376

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As it has grown in length and level through successive edtions, the same author's Introduction to Ore Geology (now Ore Geology and Industrial Minerals) has left behind its original audience: first- and second -ear students. This new textbook, designed to fill that niche , was written specifically for introductory courses. Introduction to Economic Geology and Its Environmental Impact covers oil, coal, water and nuclear fuels, as well as economically important ores and bulk minerals. In keeping with current concerns and constraints, particular attention is paid to the impact of mining and drilling on the environment

Agriculture In The United Kingdom, 2003

Author: Great Britain Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780112430797

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 166

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This is the 16th edition in the series of reports on economic conditions of the UK agriculture industry. The Government will draw on this information when considering policy issues, including proposals by the European Commission in respect of the Common Agricultural Policy and the provision for agricultural support. Chapters look at: key events in 2003; farming income and agriculture in the economy; the structure of the industry; trade; prices; commodities; organic farming; accounts; productivity; subsidies; conservation and land management; environmental issues; and public expenditure on agriculture.

New Perspectives on the Caledonides of Scandinavia and Related Areas

Author: F. Corfu,D. Gasser,D. M. Chew

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 186239377X

Category: Science

Page: 718

View: 1366

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The Caledonides are a major orogenic belt that stretches from the Arctic, through Scandinavia, East Greenland, Britain and Ireland into the Atlantic coast of North America. Following the break-up of Rodinia, the Caledonides formed in the Palaeozoic by the drifting of various continents and their eventual aggregation in the Silurian and Devonian. The orogen subsequently fragmented during the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. This volume brings together 25 papers presenting the results of modern research that investigates the orogenic processes and the provenance of specific components of the belt. The contributions reflect different lines of research, linking traditional field studies with modern analytical techniques. In addition three overview papers summarize the main features of the belts in Scandinavia, Svalbard, East Greenland, Britain and Ireland, highlighting the advances made since the last major synthesis of the Scandinavian Caledonides 30 years ago, and discussing important open questions.