Geology of Coal Fires

Case Studies from Around the World

Author: Glenn B. Stracher

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813741181

Category: Science

Page: 283

View: 4207

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Naturally burning coal fires and those ignited by human activities receive little attention from the media compared to other environmental hazards, but their study is gaining ground. Here, the world's leading experts present their research findings covering topics such as the gases generated in underground coal fires, the origin of gas-vent minerals and land-cover changes due to coal fires.

Coal and Peat Fires: a Global Perspective

Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Ellina V. Sokol,Anupma Prakash

Publisher: Elsevier Science

ISBN: 9780444595096

Category: Science

Page: 816

View: 4244

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volumes 1-4, presents a fascinating collection of research about prehistoric and historic coal and peat fires. Magnificent illustrations of fires and research findings from countries around the world are featured-a totally new contribution to science. This third of four volumes in the collection, Coal Fires - Case Studies, examines in detail specific coal fires chronicled in a number of locations around the world including Brazil, the Czech Republic, Germany, Malawi, Poland, Russia, Spain, Tajikistan, the United States, Venezuela, and others. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope-countries from around the world are represented Includes beautiful color illustrations, lively presentations, important research data, and informative videos

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 1: Coal - Geology and Combustion

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080931630

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 8040

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective is a compelling collection of research conducted by scientists and engineers around the world. The first of four volumes in the collection, Coal – Geology and Combustion, features chapters that discuss the origin of coal and coal fires; mining and use of coal; combustion and coal petrology; environmental and health impacts of coal fires; combustion by-products; geochemical, geophysical, and engineering methodologies for studying coal fires; the control, extinguishment, and political implications of coal fires; and much more. Integrates pioneering coal-fires research, with topical coverage of remote sensing, policymaking, and more Serves as an essential guide to the socio-economic and geo-environmental impacts of coal fires

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 4: Peat – Geology, Combustion, and Case Studies

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Guillermo Rein

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444595120

Category: Science

Page: 174

View: 5987

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volumes 1–4, presents a fascinating collection of research about prehistoric and historic coal and peat fires. Magnificent illustrations of fires and research findings from countries around the world are featured—a totally new contribution to science. This last of four volumes in the collection, Peat--Geology, Combustion, and Case Studies, examines in detail peat fires chronicled in several countries. In addition, the geology of peat, peat megafires, infrared analysis of fires, and the mathematical modelling of fire hazards are presented. This essential reference includes a companion website with an interactive world map of coal and peat fires, collections of slide presentations, research data, additional chapters, and videos: booksite.elsevier.com/9780444595102. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope—countries from around the world are represented Includes beautiful color illustrations, lively presentations, important research data, and a companion website of further resources

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 3: Case Studies – Coal Fires

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444595112

Category: Science

Page: 816

View: 1660

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volumes 1–4, presents a fascinating collection of research about prehistoric and historic coal and peat fires. Magnificent illustrations of fires and research findings from countries around the world are featured—a totally new contribution to science. This third of four volumes in the collection, Coal Fires – Case Studies, examines in detail specific coal fires chronicled in a number of locations around the world including Brazil, the Czech Republic, Germany, Malawi, Poland, Russia, Spain, Tajikistan, the United States, Venezuela, and others. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope—countries from around the world are represented Includes beautiful color illustrations, lively presentations, important research data, and informative videos

Humans as Geologic Agents

Author: Judy Ehlen,William C. Haneberg,Robert A. Larson

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813741165

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 158

View: 9858

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Coal Geology

Author: Larry Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471485315

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9286

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Coal Geology provides a complete integrated handbook on coal and all its properties, covering the physical and chemical properties of coal as well as coal petrology. It describes the age and occurence of coal; coal sampling and analysis; coal exploration; geophysics and hydrogeology of coal and coal mining techniques. It also discusses environmental concerns and computer technology, and includes an update on global coal reserves and production figures. First reference book to cover all aspects of coal geology in one volume Includes current thinking on environmental issues Presents a useful synopsis of the alternative uses of coal as a fuel Contains the distribution and reserves of coal deposits worldwide Offers a summary of the use of computing in coal studies, as well as coal sales and marketing opportunities Includes International Standards listings This up-to-date handbook successfully bridges the gap between academic aspects of coal geology and the practical role of geology in the coal industry and will be invaluable for all professionals and students in coal geology, geotechnical and mining engineering, and environmental science.

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 2: Photographs and Multimedia Tours

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444594175

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 6711

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective is a compelling collection of research conducted by scientists and engineers around the world. It presents the scientific and industrial communities as well as the interested lay reader with studies about prehistoric as well as historic coal and peat fires and magnificent illustrations of such fires and related research from countries around the world—a totally new contribution to science. The second of four volumes in the collection, Photographs and Multimedia Tours features stunning photographs from around the world, including Australia, Canada, Northern China, India, Borneo, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Russia, the United States, and more. This essential reference also includes a companion website with a collection of slide presentations and videos about coal and peat fires. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope—countries from all of the world are represented Beautiful full-color illustrations and online materials including research data banks, an interactive online world map of coal and peat fires, multi-media presentations, and videos bring the contents to life

The Whole Story of Climate

What Science Reveals About the Nature of Endless Change

Author: E. Kirsten Peters

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1616146737

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 2051

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In the publicity surrounding global warming, climate scientists are usually the experts consulted by the media. We rarely hear from geologists, who for almost two hundred years have been studying the history of Earth's dramatic and repeated climate revolutions, as revealed in the evidence of rocks and landscapes. This book, written by a geologist, describes the important contributions that geology has made to our understanding of climate change. What emerges is a much more complex and nuanced picture than is usually presented. While the average person often gets the impression that the Earth's climate would be essentially stable if it weren't for the deleterious effects of greenhouse gases, in fact the history of the earth over many millennia reveals a constantly changing climate. As the author explains, several long cold eras have been punctuated by shorter warm periods. The most recent of these warm spells, the one in which we are now living, started ten thousand years ago; based on previous patterns, we should be about due for the return of another frigid epoch. Some scientists even think that the warming of the planet caused by man-made greenhouse gasses tied to agriculture in the past few thousand years may have held off the next ice age. Though this may be possible, much remains uncertain. But what is clearly known is that major climate shifts can be appallingly rapid--occurring over as little as twenty or thirty years. One danger of dumping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere is that they may increase the chance that this "climate switch" will be thrown, with catastrophic effects on worldwide agriculture. Besides her discussion of climate, the author includes chapters on how early naturalists pieced together the complicated geological history of Earth, and she teaches the reader how to interpret the evidence of rock formations and landscape patterns all around us. Accessible and engagingly written, this book is essential reading for anyone looking to understand one of our most important contemporary debates. From the Hardcover edition.

Handbook of Practical Coal Geology

Author: Larry Thomas

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471935575

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 3793

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Contains background information on the chemical and physical properties of coal--its nature, origins, various types and classification on a global basis. Highlights currently known geographical distribution of coals, their ages, recent production figures and major exporter countries. Essential exploration techniques and procedures, together with standards of geological practice, are described. The geologist's role in data collection, sampling, the calculation of resources/reserves, geotechnical studies as well as the preparation of geological reports are examined.

Slow Burn

A Photodocument of Centralia, Pennsylvania

Author: Renée Jacobs

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271036818

Category: Photography

Page: 151

View: 4517

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"A pictorial chronicle of the Centralia, Pennsylvania, mine fire disaster in 1962, which led, decades later, to the destruction of the town. Includes interviews and historical background"--Provided by publisher.

Applied Coal Petrology

The Role of Petrology in Coal Utilization

Author: Isabel Suárez-Ruiz,John C. Crelling

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080951546

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 3470

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This book is an integrated approach towards the applications of coal (organic) petrology and discusses the role of this science in the field of coal and coal-related topics. Coal petrology needs to be seen as a continuum of organic (macerals) and inorganic (minerals and trace elements) contributions to the total coal structure, with the overprint of coal rank. All this influences the behavior of coal in utilization, the coal by-products, the properties of coal as a reservoir for methane or a sequestration site for carbon dioxide, and the relationships of coal utilization with health and environmental issues. The interaction of coal properties and coal utilization begins at the mine face. The breakage of the coal in mining influences its subsequent beneficiation. Beneficiation is fundamental to the proper combustion of coal and is vital to the preparation of the feedstock for the production of metallurgical coke. An understanding of basic coal properties is important for achieving reductions in trace element emissions and improving the efficiency of combustion and combined-cycle gasification. The production of methane from coal beds is related to the properties of the in situ coal. Similarly, coal bed sequestration of carbon dioxide produced from combustion is dependent on the reservoir properties. Environmental problems accompany coal on its way from the mine to the point of utilization and beyond. Health aspects related with coal mining and coal utilization are also included because, in planning for coal use, it is impossible to separate environmental and health issues from the discussion of coal utilization. The book is aimed at a wide audience, ranging from researchers, lecturers and students to professionals in industry and discusses issues (such as the environmental, and health) that are of concern to the general public as a whole. This book focuses on the applications of coal (organic) petrology to our modern society It is an integrated approach to help the reader appreciate the importance of coal quality and coal utilization. Coal composition (macerals, mineral, trace elements) and the overprint of coal rank are treated together The book synthesises all the possibilities of the organic petrology as a tool for coal utilization in conventional applications (mining and beneficiation, coal combustion, gasification, liquefaction, carbonization), as a precursor of carbon materials and as a petroleum source and reservoir rock The role of applied petrology in the characterization of solid by-products from coal utilization is also discussed In addition, this book describes the present status of environmental and health problems linked to coal utilization and the ways in which such problems might be overcome in the future

Tripping from the Fall Line

Field Excursions for the GSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, 2015

Author: David K. Brezinski,Jeffrey P. Halka,Richard A. Ortt Jr.

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 081370040X

Category: Baltimore (Md.)

Page: 577

View: 4523

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"Emanating from the Fall Line city of Baltimore, site of the 2015 GSA Annual Meeting, these trips reflect the diversity of geological features in the mid-Atlantic region including the Piedmont, Appalachian Mountains, and Coastal Plain, and the importance of geology on the development and construction of the Baltimore-Washington, D.C., metropolitan area"--

Management of Coking Coal Resources

Author: Dilip Kumar,Deepak Kumar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128031875

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 6303

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Management of Coking Coal Resources provides a one-stop reference that focuses on sustainable mining practices using a four-point approach that includes the economical, governmental, societal, and environmental aspects of coal exploration, coking coal mining, and steelmaking applications. This type of approach galvanizes the excavation, processing methods, and end uses of coal as an energy and steelmaking source, thus ensuring that the supply of coking coal meets the future demands of the rapidly expanding economies in India and other developing countries. The book provides information on the strategic planning and revitalization of India's Jharia coalfield, addressing actionable plans for methods of extraction, master plans for mine fires, subsidence management, land use planning, and sustainable mining. Users will find a multidisciplinary reference that presents the broad range of applications, techniques, and methodologies used in maintaining coking coal quality from exploration through extraction. Provides a one-stop reference that focuses on sustainable mining practices using a four-point approach Includes the economical, governmental, societal, and environmental aspects of coal exploration, coking coal mining, and steelmaking applications Presents information on the strategic planning and revitalization of India's Jharia coalfield Includes a broad range of the applications, techniques, and methodologies used in maintaining coking coal quality from exploration through extraction

Coal:

Research and Development to Support National Energy Policy

Author: Committee on Coal Research, Technology, and Resource Assessments to Inform Energy Policy,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030911022X

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 2011

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Coal will continue to provide a major portion of energy requirements in the United States for at least the next several decades. It is imperative that accurate information describing the amount, location, and quality of the coal resources and reserves be available to fulfill energy needs. It is also important that the United States extract its coal resources efficiently, safely, and in an environmentally responsible manner. A renewed focus on federal support for coal-related research, coordinated across agencies and with the active participation of the states and industrial sector, is a critical element for each of these requirements. Coal focuses on the research and development needs and priorities in the areas of coal resource and reserve assessments, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal products, and coal utilization.

Unraveling Environmental Disasters

Author: Daniel A. Vallero,Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123970261

Category: Nature

Page: 500

View: 487

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Unraveling Environmental Disasters provides scientific explanations of the most threatening current and future environmental disasters, including an analysis of ways that the disaster could have been prevented and how the risk of similar disasters can be minimized in the future. Treats disasters as complex systems. Provides predictions based upon sound science, such as what the buildup of certain radiant gases in the troposphere will do, or what will happen if current transoceanic crude oil transport continues. Considers the impact of human systems on environmental disasters.

Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion

Author: Michael S. Blinderman,Alexander Y. Klimenko

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081003242

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 662

View: 2938

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Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is carried out in unmined coal seams, using wells drilled from the surface and converting coal into synthesis gas. The gas can be used for power generation and synthesis of automotive fuels, fertilizers and other products. UCG offers financial, social, and environmental benefits over conventional coal extraction and utilization methods and may play a critical role in ensuring energy security in the future. Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion provides an overview of underground coal gasification technology, its current status and future directions. Comprehensive in approach, the book covers history, science, technology, hydrogeology, rock mechanics, environmental performance, economics, regulatory and commercial aspects of UCG projects. The first book on the subject in forty years, it is unique in analysing more than a century of global UCG developments by experts from Australia, Canada, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, the USA and Uzbekistan. Provides researchers, engineers, industry, educators and regulators with an authoritative overview of science and practical applications of underground coal gasification technologies Offers insight into efficiency, environmental performance, costs, permitting issues and commercial aspects of UCG projects Written by scientists and practitioners of UCG technology sharing hands-on experience of step-by-step UCG implementation

Why Hell Stinks of Sulfur

Mythology and Geology of the Underworld

Author: Salomon Kroonenberg

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1780230540

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 7932

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When people go looking for hell, they go underground. Dante, Aeneas, and Odysseus all journeyed beneath the earth to find the underworld, a place where the dead are tortured according to their sins. Buffy the Vampire Slayer had to deal with a huge underground pit infested with demons below her high school called the Hellmouth. And when Homer Simpson ate the forbidden donut for which he’d sold his soul to the devil, he was sucked through a fiery hole in the ground. Though humans actually haven’t gone more than 7.5 miles into the earth, we associate this mysterious underground realm with darkness and death, and the depths of the earth’s interior remain an inspiration for writers and artists trying to imagine hell. Why Hell Stinks of Sulfur uses subterranean mythology as a point of departure to explore the vast world that lies beneath our feet. Geologist Salomon Kroonenberg takes us on an expedition that begins in Dante’s Inferno and continues through Virgil, Da Vinci, Descartes, and Jules Verne. He investigates the nine circles of hell, searches a lake near Naples for the gates of hell used by Aeneas, and turns a scientific spotlight on the many myths of the underworld. He uncovers the layers of the earth’s interior one by one, describing the variety of gasses, ores, liquids, and metals that add to the immense variety of color that can be found below us. Kroonenberg views the inside of the earth as a living ecosystem whose riches we are only beginning to discover, and he warns against our thirst for natural resources exhausting the earth. From the underground rivers and lakes that have never seen the light of day to the story of Saint Barbara—the patron saint of mineworkers—Kroonenberg’s pursuit of the geological foundations of hell is a fascinating journey to the center of the earth.

Remote Sensing Geology

Author: Ravi P. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540431855

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 4910

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For nearly three decades there has been a phenomenal growth in the field of Remote Sensing. The second edition of this widely acclaimed book has been fully revised and updated. The reader will find a wide range of information on various aspects of geological remote sensing, ranging from laboratory spectra of minerals and rocks, ground truth, to aerial and space-borne remote sensing. This volume describes the integration of photogeology into remote sensing as well as how remote sensing is used as a tool of geo-exploration. It also covers a wide spectrum of geoscientific applications of remote sensing ranging from meso- to global scale. The subject matter is presented at a basic level, serving students as an introductory text on remote sensing. The main part of the book will also be of great value to active researchers.