Geology of Coal Fires

Case Studies from Around the World

Author: Glenn B. Stracher

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813741181

Category: Science

Page: 283

View: 4754

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Naturally burning coal fires and those ignited by human activities receive little attention from the media compared to other environmental hazards, but their study is gaining ground. Here, the world's leading experts present their research findings covering topics such as the gases generated in underground coal fires, the origin of gas-vent minerals and land-cover changes due to coal fires.

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 1: Coal - Geology and Combustion

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080931630

Category: Science

Page: 380

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective is a compelling collection of research conducted by scientists and engineers around the world. The first of four volumes in the collection, Coal – Geology and Combustion, features chapters that discuss the origin of coal and coal fires; mining and use of coal; combustion and coal petrology; environmental and health impacts of coal fires; combustion by-products; geochemical, geophysical, and engineering methodologies for studying coal fires; the control, extinguishment, and political implications of coal fires; and much more. Integrates pioneering coal-fires research, with topical coverage of remote sensing, policymaking, and more Serves as an essential guide to the socio-economic and geo-environmental impacts of coal fires

The Whole Story of Climate

What Science Reveals About the Nature of Endless Change

Author: E. Kirsten Peters

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1616146737

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 1693

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In the publicity surrounding global warming, climate scientists are usually the experts consulted by the media. We rarely hear from geologists, who for almost two hundred years have been studying the history of Earth's dramatic and repeated climate revolutions, as revealed in the evidence of rocks and landscapes. This book, written by a geologist, describes the important contributions that geology has made to our understanding of climate change. What emerges is a much more complex and nuanced picture than is usually presented. While the average person often gets the impression that the Earth's climate would be essentially stable if it weren't for the deleterious effects of greenhouse gases, in fact the history of the earth over many millennia reveals a constantly changing climate. As the author explains, several long cold eras have been punctuated by shorter warm periods. The most recent of these warm spells, the one in which we are now living, started ten thousand years ago; based on previous patterns, we should be about due for the return of another frigid epoch. Some scientists even think that the warming of the planet caused by man-made greenhouse gasses tied to agriculture in the past few thousand years may have held off the next ice age. Though this may be possible, much remains uncertain. But what is clearly known is that major climate shifts can be appallingly rapid--occurring over as little as twenty or thirty years. One danger of dumping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere is that they may increase the chance that this "climate switch" will be thrown, with catastrophic effects on worldwide agriculture. Besides her discussion of climate, the author includes chapters on how early naturalists pieced together the complicated geological history of Earth, and she teaches the reader how to interpret the evidence of rock formations and landscape patterns all around us. Accessible and engagingly written, this book is essential reading for anyone looking to understand one of our most important contemporary debates. From the Hardcover edition.

Why Hell Stinks of Sulfur

Mythology and Geology of the Underworld

Author: Salomon Kroonenberg

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1780230540

Category: History

Page: 352

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When people go looking for hell, they go underground. Dante, Aeneas, and Odysseus all journeyed beneath the earth to find the underworld, a place where the dead are tortured according to their sins. Buffy the Vampire Slayer had to deal with a huge underground pit infested with demons below her high school called the Hellmouth. And when Homer Simpson ate the forbidden donut for which he’d sold his soul to the devil, he was sucked through a fiery hole in the ground. Though humans actually haven’t gone more than 7.5 miles into the earth, we associate this mysterious underground realm with darkness and death, and the depths of the earth’s interior remain an inspiration for writers and artists trying to imagine hell. Why Hell Stinks of Sulfur uses subterranean mythology as a point of departure to explore the vast world that lies beneath our feet. Geologist Salomon Kroonenberg takes us on an expedition that begins in Dante’s Inferno and continues through Virgil, Da Vinci, Descartes, and Jules Verne. He investigates the nine circles of hell, searches a lake near Naples for the gates of hell used by Aeneas, and turns a scientific spotlight on the many myths of the underworld. He uncovers the layers of the earth’s interior one by one, describing the variety of gasses, ores, liquids, and metals that add to the immense variety of color that can be found below us. Kroonenberg views the inside of the earth as a living ecosystem whose riches we are only beginning to discover, and he warns against our thirst for natural resources exhausting the earth. From the underground rivers and lakes that have never seen the light of day to the story of Saint Barbara—the patron saint of mineworkers—Kroonenberg’s pursuit of the geological foundations of hell is a fascinating journey to the center of the earth.

Deposit and Geoenvironmental Models for Resource Exploitation and Environmental Security

Author: Andrea G. Fabbri,Gabor Gaál,Richard B. McCammon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401003033

Category: Science

Page: 532

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Geological processes affect the earth itself and human society. Solutions to geological problems, whether natural or man-made, demand close international collaboration. This book presents new approaches to current problems of environmental assessment, demonstrates the interactions between those involved in addressing global problems, and represents a means for the education of others. The book focuses on four major themes: geoenvironmental models, GIS methods and techniques, assessment and resource management, and resource policies and sustainable development. The major topics falling under each theme are introduced, followed by discussions of specific applications. Reports of the discussions of working groups are also presented to round out the individual contributions. The disciplines represented include geology, geophysics, geochemistry, remote sensing, economics, biology, mining engineering, resource analysis, mathematics and statistics.

Remote Sensing Geology

Author: Ravi P. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540431855

Category: Science

Page: 656

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For nearly three decades there has been a phenomenal growth in the field of Remote Sensing. The second edition of this widely acclaimed book has been fully revised and updated. The reader will find a wide range of information on various aspects of geological remote sensing, ranging from laboratory spectra of minerals and rocks, ground truth, to aerial and space-borne remote sensing. This volume describes the integration of photogeology into remote sensing as well as how remote sensing is used as a tool of geo-exploration. It also covers a wide spectrum of geoscientific applications of remote sensing ranging from meso- to global scale. The subject matter is presented at a basic level, serving students as an introductory text on remote sensing. The main part of the book will also be of great value to active researchers.

Economic Geology

Principles and Practice

Author: Walter L. Pohl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144439486X

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 2996

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Humanity’s ever-increasing hunger for mineral raw materials, caused by a growing global population and ever increasing standards of living, has resulted in economic geology becoming a subject of urgent importance. This book provides a broad panorama of mineral deposits, covering their origin and geological characteristics, the principles of the search for ores and minerals, and the investigation of newly found deposits. Practical and environmental issues that arise during the life cycle of a mine and after its closure are addressed, with an emphasis on sustainable and "green" mining. The central scientific theme of the book is to place the extraordinary variability of mineral deposits in the frame of fundamental geological processes. The book is written for earth science students and practicing geologists worldwide. Professionals in administration, resource development, mining, mine reclamation, metallurgy, and mineral economics will also find the text valuable. Economic Geology is a fully revised translation of the the fifth edition of the German language text Mineralische und Energie-Rohstoffe. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/pohl/geology. The author's website can be found at: http://www.walter-pohl.com.

Elements of Pennsylvanian Stratigraphy, Central Appalachian Basin

Author: Charles L. Rice

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813722942

Category: Science

Page: 155

View: 8828

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Papers based on geological mapping completed in the last 30 years and on associated stratigraphic and biostratigraphic studies deal with the contentious subject of correlation of Pennsylvanian units, and serve as an addendum to the work of Harold R. Wanless. Includes b&w photos and diagrams, and a g