Geometry of Complex Numbers

Author: Hans Schwerdtfeger

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486135861

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

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Illuminating, widely praised book on analytic geometry of circles, the Moebius transformation, and 2-dimensional non-Euclidean geometries.

Introduction to the Geometry of Complex Numbers

Author: Roland Deaux

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486158047

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 9636

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Geared toward readers unfamiliar with complex numbers, this text explains how to solve problems that frequently arise in the applied sciences and emphasizes constructions related to algebraic operations. 1956 edition.

Complex Numbers and Geometry

Author: Liang-shin Hahn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780883855102

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 8253

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The purpose of this book is to demonstrate that complex numbers and geometry can be blended together beautifully. This results in easy proofs and natural generalizations of many theorems in plane geometry, such as the Napoleon theorem, the Ptolemy-Euler theorem, the Simson theorem, and the Morley theorem. The book is self-contained - no background in complex numbers is assumed - and can be covered at a leisurely pace in a one-semester course. Many of the chapters can be read independently. Over 100 exercises are included. The book would be suitable as a text for a geometry course, or for a problem solving seminar, or as enrichment for the student who wants to know more.

Complex Numbers in Geometry

Author: I. M. Yaglom

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 148326663X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

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Complex Numbers in Geometry focuses on the principles, interrelations, and applications of geometry and algebra. The book first offers information on the types and geometrical interpretation of complex numbers. Topics include interpretation of ordinary complex numbers in the Lobachevskii plane; double numbers as oriented lines of the Lobachevskii plane; dual numbers as oriented lines of a plane; most general complex numbers; and double, hypercomplex, and dual numbers. The text then takes a look at circular transformations and circular geometry, including ordinary circular transformations, axial circular transformations of the Lobachevskii plane, circular transformations of the Lobachevskii plane, axial circular transformations, and ordinary circular transformations. The manuscript is intended for pupils in high schools and students in the mathematics departments of universities and teachers' colleges. The publication is also useful in the work of mathematical societies and teachers of mathematics in junior high and high schools.

Complex Numbers from A to ... Z

Author: Titu Andreescu,Dorin Andrica

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817684158

Category: Mathematics

Page: 391

View: 2473

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* Learn how complex numbers may be used to solve algebraic equations, as well as their geometric interpretation * Theoretical aspects are augmented with rich exercises and problems at various levels of difficulty * A special feature is a selection of outstanding Olympiad problems solved by employing the methods presented * May serve as an engaging supplemental text for an introductory undergrad course on complex numbers or number theory

Algebraic Geometry over the Complex Numbers

Author: Donu Arapura

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461418097

Category: Mathematics

Page: 329

View: 8456

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This is a relatively fast paced graduate level introduction to complex algebraic geometry, from the basics to the frontier of the subject. It covers sheaf theory, cohomology, some Hodge theory, as well as some of the more algebraic aspects of algebraic geometry. The author frequently refers the reader if the treatment of a certain topic is readily available elsewhere but goes into considerable detail on topics for which his treatment puts a twist or a more transparent viewpoint. His cases of exploration and are chosen very carefully and deliberately. The textbook achieves its purpose of taking new students of complex algebraic geometry through this a deep yet broad introduction to a vast subject, eventually bringing them to the forefront of the topic via a non-intimidating style.

Calculus with Complex Numbers

Author: John B. Reade

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203417867

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

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This practical treatment explains the applications complex calculus without requiring the rigor of a real analysis background. The author explores algebraic and geometric aspects of complex numbers, differentiation, contour integration, finite and infinite real integrals, summation of series, and the fundamental theorem of algebra. The Residue Theorem for evaluating complex integrals is presented in a straightforward way, laying the groundwork for further study. A working knowledge of real calculus and familiarity with complex numbers is assumed. This book is useful for graduate students in calculus and undergraduate students of applied mathematics, physical science, and engineering.

Visual Complex Analysis

Author: Tristan Needham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198534464

Category: Mathematics

Page: 592

View: 7942

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Now available in paperback, this successful radical approach to complex analysis replaces the standard calculational arguments with new geometric ones. With several hundred diagrams, and far fewer prerequisites than usual, this is the first visual intuitive introduction to complex analysis. Although designed for use by undergraduates in mathematics and science, the novelty of the approach will also interest professional mathematicians.

The Geometry of the Octonions

Author: Tevian Dray,Corinne A. Manogue

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981440182X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 228

View: 2008

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There are precisely two further generalizations of the real and complex numbers, namely, the quaternions and the octonions. The quaternions naturally describe rotations in three dimensions. In fact, all (continuous) symmetry groups are based on one of these four number systems. This book provides an elementary introduction to the properties of the octonions, with emphasis on their geometric structure. Elementary applications covered include the rotation groups and their spacetime generalization, the Lorentz group, as well as the eigenvalue problem for Hermitian matrices. In addition, more sophisticated applications include the exceptional Lie groups, octonionic projective spaces, and applications to particle physics including the remarkable fact that classical supersymmetry only exists in particular spacetime dimensions.Contents: Introduction"Number Systems: "The Geometry of the Complex NumbersThe Geometry of the QuaternionsThe Geometry of the OctonionsOther Number Systems"Symmetry Groups: "Some Orthogonal GroupsSome Unitary GroupsSome Symplectic GroupsSymmetry Groups over Other Division AlgebrasLie Groups and Lie AlgebrasThe Exceptional Groups"Applications: "Division Algebras in MathematicsOctonionic Eigenvalue ProblemsThe Physics of the OctonionsMagic Squares Readership: Advanced ubdergraduate and graduate students and faculty in mathematics and physics; non-experts with moderately sophisticated mathematics background. Key Features: This book is easily digestible by a large audience wanting to know the elementary introduction to octanionsSuitable for any reader with a grasp of the complex numbers, although familiarity with non-octonionic versions of some of the other topics would be helpfulMany open problems are very accessibleAdvanced topics covered are quite sophisticated, leading up to a clear discussion of (one representation of) the exceptional Lie algebras and their associated root diagrams, and of the octonionic projective spaces on which they act

Geometry: A Comprehensive Course

Author: Dan Pedoe

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131734

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 440

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Introduction to vector algebra in the plane; circles and coaxial systems; mappings of the Euclidean plane; similitudes, isometries, Moebius transformations, much more. Includes over 500 exercises.

An Introduction to Complex Analysis and Geometry

Author: John P. D'Angelo

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821852744

Category: Mathematics

Page: 163

View: 1687

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An Introduction to Complex Analysis and Geometry provides the reader with a deep appreciation of complex analysis and how this subject fits into mathematics. The book developed from courses given in the Campus Honors Program at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. These courses aimed to share with students the way many mathematics and physics problems magically simplify when viewed from the perspective of complex analysis. The book begins at an elementary level but also contains advanced material. The first four chapters provide an introduction to complex analysis with many elementary and unusual applications. Chapters 5 through 7 develop the Cauchy theory and include some striking applications to calculus. Chapter 8 glimpses several appealing topics, simultaneously unifying the book and opening the door to further study. The 280 exercises range from simple computations to difficult problems. Their variety makes the book especially attractive. A reader of the first four chapters will be able to apply complex numbers in many elementary contexts. A reader of the full book will know basic one complex variable theory and will have seen it integrated into mathematics as a whole. Research mathematicians will discover several novel perspectives.

An Imaginary Tale

The Story of √-1

Author: Paul J. Nahin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400833894

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

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Today complex numbers have such widespread practical use--from electrical engineering to aeronautics--that few people would expect the story behind their derivation to be filled with adventure and enigma. In An Imaginary Tale, Paul Nahin tells the 2000-year-old history of one of mathematics' most elusive numbers, the square root of minus one, also known as i. He recreates the baffling mathematical problems that conjured it up, and the colorful characters who tried to solve them. In 1878, when two brothers stole a mathematical papyrus from the ancient Egyptian burial site in the Valley of Kings, they led scholars to the earliest known occurrence of the square root of a negative number. The papyrus offered a specific numerical example of how to calculate the volume of a truncated square pyramid, which implied the need for i. In the first century, the mathematician-engineer Heron of Alexandria encountered I in a separate project, but fudged the arithmetic; medieval mathematicians stumbled upon the concept while grappling with the meaning of negative numbers, but dismissed their square roots as nonsense. By the time of Descartes, a theoretical use for these elusive square roots--now called "imaginary numbers"--was suspected, but efforts to solve them led to intense, bitter debates. The notorious i finally won acceptance and was put to use in complex analysis and theoretical physics in Napoleonic times. Addressing readers with both a general and scholarly interest in mathematics, Nahin weaves into this narrative entertaining historical facts and mathematical discussions, including the application of complex numbers and functions to important problems, such as Kepler's laws of planetary motion and ac electrical circuits. This book can be read as an engaging history, almost a biography, of one of the most evasive and pervasive "numbers" in all of mathematics. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Groups

A Path to Geometry

Author: R. P. Burn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521347938

Category: Mathematics

Page: 242

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Following the same successful approach as Dr. Burn's previous book on number theory, this text consists of a carefully constructed sequence of questions that will enable the reader, through participation, to study all the group theory covered by a conventional first university course. An introduction to vector spaces, leading to the study of linear groups, and an introduction to complex numbers, leading to the study of Möbius transformations and stereographic projection, are also included. Quaternions and their relationships to 3-dimensional isometries are covered, and the climax of the book is a study of the crystallographic groups, with a complete analysis of these groups in two dimensions.

Division Algebras:

Octonions Quaternions Complex Numbers and the Algebraic Design of Physics

Author: G.M. Dixon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475723156

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

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I don't know who Gigerenzer is, but he wrote something very clever that I saw quoted in a popular glossy magazine: "Evolution has tuned the way we think to frequencies of co-occurances, as with the hunter who remembers the area where he has had the most success killing game." This sanguine thought explains my obsession with the division algebras. Every effort I have ever made to connect them to physics - to the design of reality - has succeeded, with my expectations often surpassed. Doubtless this strong statement is colored by a selective memory, but the kind of game I sought, and still seek, seems to frowst about this particular watering hole in droves. I settled down there some years ago and have never feIt like Ieaving. This book is about the beasts I selected for attention (if you will, to ren der this metaphor politically correct, let's say I was a nature photographer), and the kind of tools I had to develop to get the kind of shots Iwanted (the tools that I found there were for my taste overly abstract and theoretical). Half of thisbook is about these tools, and some applications thereof that should demonstrate their power. The rest is devoted to a demonstration of the intimate connection between the mathematics of the division algebras and the Standard Model of quarks and leptons with U(l) x SU(2) x SU(3) gauge fields, and the connection of this model to lO-dimensional spacetime implied by the mathematics.

Introductory Complex Analysis

Author: Richard A. Silverman

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318524

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

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Shorter version of Markushevich's Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable, appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in complex analysis. More than 300 problems, some with hints and answers. 1967 edition.

Perspectives on Projective Geometry

A Guided Tour Through Real and Complex Geometry

Author: Jürgen Richter-Gebert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642172861

Category: Mathematics

Page: 571

View: 411

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Projective geometry is one of the most fundamental and at the same time most beautiful branches of geometry. It can be considered the common foundation of many other geometric disciplines like Euclidean geometry, hyperbolic and elliptic geometry or even relativistic space-time geometry. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to this fascinating field and its applications. In particular, it explains how metric concepts may be best understood in projective terms. One of the major themes that appears throughout this book is the beauty of the interplay between geometry, algebra and combinatorics. This book can especially be used as a guide that explains how geometric objects and operations may be most elegantly expressed in algebraic terms, making it a valuable resource for mathematicians, as well as for computer scientists and physicists. The book is based on the author’s experience in implementing geometric software and includes hundreds of high-quality illustrations.

Methods of Solving Complex Geometry Problems

Author: Ellina Grigorieva

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 331900705X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 234

View: 1246

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This book is a unique collection of challenging geometry problems and detailed solutions that will build students’ confidence in mathematics. By proposing several methods to approach each problem and emphasizing geometry’s connections with different fields of mathematics, Methods of Solving Complex Geometry Problems serves as a bridge to more advanced problem solving. Written by an accomplished female mathematician who struggled with geometry as a child, it does not intimidate, but instead fosters the reader’s ability to solve math problems through the direct application of theorems. Containing over 160 complex problems with hints and detailed solutions, Methods of Solving Complex Geometry Problems can be used as a self-study guide for mathematics competitions and for improving problem-solving skills in courses on plane geometry or the history of mathematics. It contains important and sometimes overlooked topics on triangles, quadrilaterals, and circles such as the Menelaus-Ceva theorem, Simson’s line, Heron’s formula, and the theorems of the three altitudes and medians. It can also be used by professors as a resource to stimulate the abstract thinking required to transcend the tedious and routine, bringing forth the original thought of which their students are capable. Methods of Solving Complex Geometry Problems will interest high school and college students needing to prepare for exams and competitions, as well as anyone who enjoys an intellectual challenge and has a special love of geometry. It will also appeal to instructors of geometry, history of mathematics, and math education courses.

New Foundations in Mathematics

The Geometric Concept of Number

Author: Garret Sobczyk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817683852

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 2235

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The first book of its kind, New Foundations in Mathematics: The Geometric Concept of Number uses geometric algebra to present an innovative approach to elementary and advanced mathematics. Geometric algebra offers a simple and robust means of expressing a wide range of ideas in mathematics, physics, and engineering. In particular, geometric algebra extends the real number system to include the concept of direction, which underpins much of modern mathematics and physics. Much of the material presented has been developed from undergraduate courses taught by the author over the years in linear algebra, theory of numbers, advanced calculus and vector calculus, numerical analysis, modern abstract algebra, and differential geometry. The principal aim of this book is to present these ideas in a freshly coherent and accessible manner. New Foundations in Mathematics will be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics and physics who are looking for a unified treatment of many important geometric ideas arising in these subjects at all levels. The material can also serve as a supplemental textbook in some or all of the areas mentioned above and as a reference book for professionals who apply mathematics to engineering and computational areas of mathematics and physics.

Lectures on Hyperbolic Geometry

Author: Riccardo Benedetti,Carlo Petronio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642581587

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

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Focussing on the geometry of hyperbolic manifolds, the aim here is to provide an exposition of some fundamental results, while being as self-contained, complete, detailed and unified as possible. Following some classical material on the hyperbolic space and the Teichmüller space, the book centers on the two fundamental results: Mostow's rigidity theorem (including a complete proof, following Gromov and Thurston) and Margulis' lemma. These then form the basis for studying Chabauty and geometric topology; a unified exposition is given of Wang's theorem and the Jorgensen-Thurston theory; and much space is devoted to the 3D case: a complete and elementary proof of the hyperbolic surgery theorem, based on the representation of three manifolds as glued ideal tetrahedra.