Geometry of Complex Numbers

Author: Hans Schwerdtfeger

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486135861

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

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Illuminating, widely praised book on analytic geometry of circles, the Moebius transformation, and 2-dimensional non-Euclidean geometries.

Introduction to the Geometry of Complex Numbers

Author: Roland Deaux

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486158047

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 3913

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Geared toward readers unfamiliar with complex numbers, this text explains how to solve problems that frequently arise in the applied sciences and emphasizes constructions related to algebraic operations. 1956 edition.

Complex Numbers and Geometry

Author: Liang-shin Hahn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780883855102

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 3939

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The purpose of this book is to demonstrate that complex numbers and geometry can be blended together beautifully. This results in easy proofs and natural generalizations of many theorems in plane geometry, such as the Napoleon theorem, the Ptolemy-Euler theorem, the Simson theorem, and the Morley theorem. The book is self-contained - no background in complex numbers is assumed - and can be covered at a leisurely pace in a one-semester course. Many of the chapters can be read independently. Over 100 exercises are included. The book would be suitable as a text for a geometry course, or for a problem solving seminar, or as enrichment for the student who wants to know more.

Calculus with Complex Numbers

Author: John B. Reade

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203417867

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

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This practical treatment explains the applications complex calculus without requiring the rigor of a real analysis background. The author explores algebraic and geometric aspects of complex numbers, differentiation, contour integration, finite and infinite real integrals, summation of series, and the fundamental theorem of algebra. The Residue Theorem for evaluating complex integrals is presented in a straightforward way, laying the groundwork for further study. A working knowledge of real calculus and familiarity with complex numbers is assumed. This book is useful for graduate students in calculus and undergraduate students of applied mathematics, physical science, and engineering.

Complex Numbers from A to ... Z

Author: Titu Andreescu,Dorin Andrica

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817684158

Category: Mathematics

Page: 391

View: 8310

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* Learn how complex numbers may be used to solve algebraic equations, as well as their geometric interpretation * Theoretical aspects are augmented with rich exercises and problems at various levels of difficulty * A special feature is a selection of outstanding Olympiad problems solved by employing the methods presented * May serve as an engaging supplemental text for an introductory undergrad course on complex numbers or number theory

Complex Numbers Quadratic Equations, Plane and Solid Geometry, Trigonometry

Author: Research and Education Association

Publisher: Research & Education Assoc.

ISBN: 0878912037

Category: Mathematics

Page: 160

View: 7254

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The Math Made Nice and Easy series simplifies the learning and use of math and lets you see that math is actually interesting and fun. This series is for people who have found math scary, but nevertheless need some understanding of math without having to deal with the complexities found in most math textbooks. Topics in Book 4 include Complex Numbers, Quadratic Equations, Plane & Solid Geometry, and Trigonometry.

Complex Numbers in Geometry

Author: I. M. Yaglom

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 148326663X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

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Complex Numbers in Geometry focuses on the principles, interrelations, and applications of geometry and algebra. The book first offers information on the types and geometrical interpretation of complex numbers. Topics include interpretation of ordinary complex numbers in the Lobachevskii plane; double numbers as oriented lines of the Lobachevskii plane; dual numbers as oriented lines of a plane; most general complex numbers; and double, hypercomplex, and dual numbers. The text then takes a look at circular transformations and circular geometry, including ordinary circular transformations, axial circular transformations of the Lobachevskii plane, circular transformations of the Lobachevskii plane, axial circular transformations, and ordinary circular transformations. The manuscript is intended for pupils in high schools and students in the mathematics departments of universities and teachers' colleges. The publication is also useful in the work of mathematical societies and teachers of mathematics in junior high and high schools.

Anschauliche Funktionentheorie

Author: Tristan Needham

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 348670902X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 685

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Needhams neuartiger Zugang zur Funktionentheorie wurde von der Fachpresse begeistert aufgenommen. Mit über 500 zum großen Teil perspektivischen Grafiken vermittelt er im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes eine Anschauung von der sonst oft als trocken empfundenen Funktionentheorie. "Anschauliche Funktionentheorie ist eine wahre Freude und ein Buch so recht nach meinem Herzen. Indem er ausschließlich seine neuartige geometrische Perspektive verwendet, enthüllt Tristan Needham viele überraschende und bisher weitgehend unbeachtete Facetten der Schönheit der Funktionentheorie." (Sir Roger Penrose)

The Geometry of the Octonions

Author: Tevian Dray,Corinne A. Manogue

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981440182X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 228

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There are precisely two further generalizations of the real and complex numbers, namely, the quaternions and the octonions. The quaternions naturally describe rotations in three dimensions. In fact, all (continuous) symmetry groups are based on one of these four number systems. This book provides an elementary introduction to the properties of the octonions, with emphasis on their geometric structure. Elementary applications covered include the rotation groups and their spacetime generalization, the Lorentz group, as well as the eigenvalue problem for Hermitian matrices. In addition, more sophisticated applications include the exceptional Lie groups, octonionic projective spaces, and applications to particle physics including the remarkable fact that classical supersymmetry only exists in particular spacetime dimensions.Contents: Introduction"Number Systems: "The Geometry of the Complex NumbersThe Geometry of the QuaternionsThe Geometry of the OctonionsOther Number Systems"Symmetry Groups: "Some Orthogonal GroupsSome Unitary GroupsSome Symplectic GroupsSymmetry Groups over Other Division AlgebrasLie Groups and Lie AlgebrasThe Exceptional Groups"Applications: "Division Algebras in MathematicsOctonionic Eigenvalue ProblemsThe Physics of the OctonionsMagic Squares Readership: Advanced ubdergraduate and graduate students and faculty in mathematics and physics; non-experts with moderately sophisticated mathematics background. Key Features: This book is easily digestible by a large audience wanting to know the elementary introduction to octanionsSuitable for any reader with a grasp of the complex numbers, although familiarity with non-octonionic versions of some of the other topics would be helpfulMany open problems are very accessibleAdvanced topics covered are quite sophisticated, leading up to a clear discussion of (one representation of) the exceptional Lie algebras and their associated root diagrams, and of the octonionic projective spaces on which they act

Algebraic Geometry over the Complex Numbers

Author: Donu Arapura

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461418097

Category: Mathematics

Page: 329

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This is a relatively fast paced graduate level introduction to complex algebraic geometry, from the basics to the frontier of the subject. It covers sheaf theory, cohomology, some Hodge theory, as well as some of the more algebraic aspects of algebraic geometry. The author frequently refers the reader if the treatment of a certain topic is readily available elsewhere but goes into considerable detail on topics for which his treatment puts a twist or a more transparent viewpoint. His cases of exploration and are chosen very carefully and deliberately. The textbook achieves its purpose of taking new students of complex algebraic geometry through this a deep yet broad introduction to a vast subject, eventually bringing them to the forefront of the topic via a non-intimidating style.

Komplexe Zahlen und ebene Geometrie

Author: Joachim Engel,Andreas Fest

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110406888

Category: Mathematics

Page: 225

View: 2030

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This book is an introduction to the arithmetic of complex numbers, and explains their role in solving equations in both plane and non-Euclidean geometry. Exercises with solutions are included in every chapter and the textbook is rounded out with an appendix on calculating with complex numbers and conformal transformations in MAPLE and Cinderella.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

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Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Geometrie und Billard

Author: Serge Tabachnikov

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642319254

Category: Mathematics

Page: 165

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Wie bewegt sich ein Massenpunkt in einem Gebiet, an dessen Rand er elastisch zurückprallt? Welchen Weg nimmt ein Lichtstrahl in einem Gebiet mit ideal reflektierenden Rändern? Anhand dieser und ähnlicher Fragen stellt das vorliegende Buch Zusammenhänge zwischen Billard und Differentialgeometrie, klassischer Mechanik sowie geometrischer Optik her. Dabei beschäftigt sich das Buch unter anderem mit dem Variationsprinzip beim mathematischen Billard, der symplektischen Geometrie von Lichtstrahlen, der Existenz oder Nichtexistenz von Kaustiken, periodischen Billardtrajektorien und dem Mechanismus für Chaos bei der Billarddynamik. Ergänzend wartet dieses Buch mit einer beachtlichen Anzahl von Exkursen auf, die sich verwandten Themen widmen, darunter der Vierfarbensatz, die mathematisch-physikalische Beschreibung von Regenbögen, der poincaresche Wiederkehrsatz, Hilberts viertes Problem oder der Schließungssatz von Poncelet.​

Geometry of Minkowski Space-Time

Author: Francesco Catoni,Dino Boccaletti,Roberto Cannata,Vincenzo Catoni,Paolo Zampetti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642179778

Category: Science

Page: 116

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This book provides an original introduction to the geometry of Minkowski space-time. A hundred years after the space-time formulation of special relativity by Hermann Minkowski, it is shown that the kinematical consequences of special relativity are merely a manifestation of space-time geometry. The book is written with the intention of providing students (and teachers) of the first years of University courses with a tool which is easy to be applied and allows the solution of any problem of relativistic kinematics at the same time. The book treats in a rigorous way, but using a non-sophisticated mathematics, the Kinematics of Special Relativity. As an example, the famous "Twin Paradox" is completely solved for all kinds of motions. The novelty of the presentation in this book consists in the extensive use of hyperbolic numbers, the simplest extension of complex numbers, for a complete formalization of the kinematics in the Minkowski space-time. Moreover, from this formalization the understanding of gravity comes as a manifestation of curvature of space-time, suggesting new research fields.

Geometry

Author: Roger Fenn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852330583

Category: Mathematics

Page: 313

View: 1988

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Introduces readers to the major geometrical topics taught at undergraduate level. The author uses world measurement as a synonym for geometry - hence the importance of numbers, coordinates and their manipulation - and has included over 300 exercises, with answers to most of them.

Classical Complex Analysis

A Geometric Approach

Author: I-Hsiung Lin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981426122X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1084

View: 4187

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Classical Complex Analysis provides an introduction to one of the remarkable branches of exact science, with an emphasis on the geometric aspects of analytic functions. This volume begins with a geometric description of what a complex number is, followed by a detailed account of algebraic, analytic and geometric properties of standard complex-valued functions. Geometric properties of analytic functions are then developed and described In detail, and various applications of residues are Included; analytic continuation is also introduced. --Book Jacket.

Was ist Mathematik?

Author: Richard Courant,Herbert Robbins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662000539

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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47 brauchen nur den Nenner n so groß zu wählen, daß das Intervall [0, IJn] kleiner wird als das fragliche Intervall [A, B], dann muß mindestens einer der Brüche m/n innerhalb des Intervalls liegen. Also kann es kein noch so kleines Intervall auf der Achse geben, das von rationalen Punkten frei wäre. Es folgt weiterhin, daß es in jedem Intervall unendlich viele rationale Punkte geben muß; denn wenn es nur eine endliche Anzahl gäbe, so könnte das Intervall zwischen zwei beliebigen benachbarten Punkten keine rationalen Punkte enthalten, was, wie wir eben sahen, unmöglich ist. § 2. Inkommensurable Strecken, irrationale Zahlen und der Grenzwertbegriff 1. Einleitung Vergleicht man zwei Strecken a und b hinsichtlich ihrer Größe, so kann es vor kommen, daß a in b genau r-mal enthalten ist, wobei r eine ganze Zahl darstellt. In diesem Fall können wir das Maß der Strecke b durch das von a ausdrücken, indem wir sagen, daß die Länge von b das r-fache der Länge von a ist.

Analytic Function Theory

Author: Einar Hille

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780828402699

Category: Mathematics

Page: 804

View: 8876

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Emphasizes the conceptual and historical continuity of analytic function theory. This book covers canonical topics including elliptic functions, entire and meromorphic functions, as well as conformal mapping. It also features chapters on majorization and on functions holomorphic in a half-plane.