Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge

Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203508X

Category: Science

Page: 652

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This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.

Global Change in the Mountains

Author: M.F. Price

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781850700623

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 8754

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This volume contains data and analyses of the role and significance of global change for mountain regions and peoples. In nine major sections containing 78 extended abstracts, the book documents scientific findings concerning the role of mountains in the Earth system, especially in regard to the climate, functioning of ecosystems, and transport of materials and water, as well as the role of mountains in providing homes and jobs. The book's nine main sections cover the mountain regions of Europe, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. This volume is a product of a project of the European Union's (EU) European Network for Research in Global Change, known as ENRICH, and a key contribution to understanding the integration of earth system and human system perspectives that underpin the philosophy of the Fifth EU Research and Technological Development Framework Programme. Includes bibliographic references, a list of acronyms, and index. This volume is the Proceedings of the European Conference on Environmental and Societal Change in Mountain Regions held in Oxford, UK, 18-20 December 1997.

Mountains: Witnesses of Global Changes

Research in the Himalaya and Karakoram: SHARE-Asia Project

Author: Renato Baudo,Gianni Tartari,Elisa Vuillermoz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080548746

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 4531

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From an environmental point of view, mountains are particularly sensitive and important for monitoring the state of health of our planet. Only through distribution of meteoclimatic and atmospheric composition monitoring points in mountain regions, coupled with modelling simulations, will we be able to thoroughly analyze complex pollutant transport mechanisms and better understand imminent global changes. The Himalayan-Karakoram range. For its elevation and geographic location, represents one of the ideal places for studying long-range pollutant transport systems on a regional scale and for monitoring changes index by mechanisms that act on global scale through monsoon circulation. The Ev-K2-CNR committee with this book reached its objective of creating a unique opportunity for dialogue between major environmental scientists and experts, highlighting the close relationship between diverse themes with a common underlying thread: in-depth comprehension of the environmental phenomena which are determining the health of our planet.

Tourism and Global Environmental Change

Ecological, Economic, Social and Political Interrelationships

Author: Stefan Gössling,Michael C. Hall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113423418X

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 406

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This fascinating book is the first comprehensive analysis of the economic, social and political interrelationships between tourism and global environmental change: one of the most significant issues facing humankind today. Its contributors argue that the impacts of these changes are potentially extremely serious both for the tourism industry, and for the communities dependent upon it. Integrating knowledge from the social and physical sciences, this significant book explores they key issues surrounding global environmental change, as well as government and industry willingness to meet the challenges posed by it. Divided into four main sections, it investigates: the tourism and global environmental change relationship in specific environments global issues related to environmental change differing perceptions of global environmental change held by tourists and the tourist industry. Comprehensive in scope, topical and integrative, this key text is essential reading for students, scholars and researchers in all aspects of tourism, geography and environmental studies.

Globalization and Marginalization in Mountain Regions

Assets and Challenges in Marginal Regions

Author: Raghubir Chand,Walter Leimgruber

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331932649X

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4218

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This book looks at the global importance of mountain systems, emphasizing their ecological and socio-economic role in light of climate change and globalization. With a special focus on the Himalayas, it also examines the Czech–German–Austrian mountain borderland, the Alps, the Andes, the highland regions of Malaysia, and the Arctic. The contributors, specialists in their fields, all use an integrative approach that develops and argues the concept of mountain regions as a global common good. Readers also discover that mountain systems and mountain communities are often marginalized and left behind by the process of globalization. Case studies throughout detail the effects of climate change and global warming on both nature and local/regional societies, such as declining water supplies, a shifting vegetation line, and other important issues facing not only mountains but also the vast regions depending on them. In addition, the comprehensive coverage offers authenticated viewpoints from some of the most eminent explorers of Tibet in the nineteenth century. More than 50 percent of the global human population draws benefits directly or indirectly from mountain resources and services. This book provides practitioners, researchers, students, and other interested readers with a compelling look at the global importance of this imposing, yet sensitive ecosystem.

Mountain Geography

Physical and Human Dimensions

Author: Martin F. Price,Alton C. Byers,Donald A. Friend,Thomas Kohler,Larry W. Price

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520956974

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 8769

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Mountains cover a quarter of the Earth’s land surface and a quarter of the global population lives in or adjacent to these areas. The global importance of mountains is recognized particularly because they provide critical resources, such as water, food and wood; contain high levels of biological and cultural diversity; and are often places for tourism and recreation and/or of sacred significance. This major revision of Larry Price’s book Mountains and Man (1981) is both timely and highly appropriate. The past three decades have been a period of remarkable progress in our understanding of mountains from an academic point of view. Of even greater importance is that society at large now realizes that mountains and the people who reside in them are not isolated from the mainstream of world affairs, but are vital if we are to achieve an environmentally sustainable future. Mountain Geography is a comprehensive resource that gives readers an in-depth understanding of the geographical processes occurring in the world’s mountains and the overall impact of these regions on culture and society as a whole. The volume begins with an introduction to how mountains are defined, followed by a comprehensive treatment of their physical geography: origins, climatology, snow and ice, landforms and geomorphic processes, soils, vegetation, and wildlife. The concluding chapters provide an introduction to the human geography of mountains: attitudes toward mountains, people living in mountain regions and their livelihoods and interactions within dynamic environments, the diverse types of mountain agriculture, and the challenges of sustainable mountain development.

Global Change and Protected Areas

Author: Guido Visconti,Professor of Geography Martin Beniston,Martin Beniston,Diego Barba,Emilio D. Iannorelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792369181

Category: Nature

Page: 521

View: 8686

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The scope of this book is to show that protected areas may be the regions where early signs of the impact of global change can be observed. These signs are not limited to physical parameters like temperature, precipitation, etc. but could include changes in the biosphere and in social behavior. The book is a collection of papers presented at the meeting `Global Change and Protected Areas' held in L'Aquila, Italy, in September 1998. It is divided into four sections dealing with the physical evidence for climatic and environmental changes, the impact on the biosphere and hydrology and the socio-economic implications. The last section is a case study on the Abruzzo Region which has the peculiarity among the Italian regions of having dedicated a third of its territory to natural parks. Most of the contributions have been prepared for this book and each section is opened by a general review that may also be very useful as a teaching tool. The book will be useful for both the researcher and the student. This rather interdisciplinary subject is totally new, with very few books in print.

Global Environmental Change in Alpine Regions

Recognition, Impact, Adaptation and Mitigation

Author: Karl W. Steininger,Hannelore Weck-Hannemann

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 271

View: 7039

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'This volume innovatively bridges the gaps between disciplines to successfully present integrated and comprehensive research results covering the natural impact of and social adaptation and reaction to environmental change. In investigating mountainous regions, where the impacts of global change can be felt earlier and more significantly, it is core reading for global change researchers and policy advisors.' - Georg Grabherr, Chairman of the Network for Alpine Biodiversity Research, European Science Foundation, Chair of the Global Observation Research Initiative in Alpine Environments and Professor of Ecology and Conservation Biology, University of Vienna, Austria 'Global Environmental Change in Alpine Regions demonstrates why environmental assessments should be done by ecological regions rather than along political boundaries and provides a sobering assessment of the interconnected environmental changes and uncertainties ahead. In the face of uncertain interconnected change, these researchers humbly forego the optimization techniques they were taught in graduate school and stress monitoring, learning, and adaptive management. They establish a high standard for analyses of other regions.' - Richard B. Norgaard, Past President, International Society for Ecological Economics and Professor of Energy and Resources, University of California at Berkeley, USA Mountain regions represent about one fourth of the earth's surface area and provide a significant share of goods and services to humanity. In this book, the authors demonstrate how alpine environments throughout the world are particularly vulnerable to global environmental change. Alpine populations will often be affected earliest and most significantly, for example through extreme weather systems, and their scope for adaptation is relatively limited. Drawing on the natural and social sciences, particularly economics, this book supplies a broad picture of the diverse issues involved.

Mountain Environments in Changing Climates

Author: Martin Beniston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134852363

Category: Science

Page: 496

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Home to large numbers of people, sources of water, centres of tourism, and sensitive ecological zones, mountain environments share distinctive climactic characteristics. Once regarded as economically non-viable regions, mountains now attract major investment as sites of tourism, hydro-power and communication routes. This book brings together some of the current work on the physical and human ecology of mountain environments, the impacts of climate change, the processes involved and their observation and prediction.

The High-Mountain Cryosphere

Environmental Changes and Human Risks

Author: Christian Huggel,Mark Carey,John J. Clague,Andreas Kääb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316352153

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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This edited volume, showcasing cutting-edge research, addresses two primary questions - what are the main drivers of change in high-mountains and what are the risks implied by these changes? From a physical perspective, it examines the complex interplay between climate and the high-mountain cryosphere, with further chapters covering tectonics, volcano-ice interactions, hydrology, slope stability, erosion, ecosystems, and glacier- and snow-related hazards. Societal dimensions, both global and local, of high-mountain cryospheric change are also explored. The book offers unique perspectives on high-mountain cultures, livelihoods, governance and natural resources management, focusing on how global change influences societies and how people respond to climate-induced cryospheric changes. An invaluable reference for researchers and professionals in cryospheric science, geomorphology, climatology, environmental studies and human geography, this volume will also be of interest to practitioners working in global change and risk, including NGOs and policy advisors.

Glaciers and Climate Change

Author: J. Oerlemans

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9026518137

Category: Science

Page: 160

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This text brings together meteorology and the theory of glacier flow, providing a fundamental understanding of how glaciers respond to climate change. Attention is paid to the microclimate of glaciers and the physical processes regulating the exchange of energy and mass between glacier surface and atmosphere. Simple analytical and numerical models are used to: · investigate glaciers sensitivity to climate change · estimate response times · make an interpretation of historical glacier records · assess the contribution of glacier melt to sea-level rise Modern developments in glacier research, including satellite measurements are discussed in detail, making this a valuable reference source.

Landscape Development and Climate Change in Southwest Bulgaria (Pirin Mountains)

Author: Karsten Grunewald,Jörg Scheithauer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048199594

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 9104

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Landscape Development and Climate Change in Southwest Bulgaria aims to address some of the current limitations in our understanding of past Balkan climate and environment. High mountains and their ecosystems offer an outstanding opportunity for studies on the impact of climate change. The Balkan Mountains in Southeast Europe, situated at the transition between temperate and Mediterranean climate, are considered as very sensitive to historical and current global changes. The geoarchives lake sediment, peat and soil, long living trees and glaciers have been used to reconstruct the climatically-driven change of forest and treeline during the Holocene and the younger past. These processes are interrelated with complex ecological changes, as for example the seasonality of climate parameters. The landscape research approach with the analyses through multi-palaeo-geoecological proxies is new for the Balkans.

Global Climate

Current Research and Uncertainties in the Climate System

Author: Xavier Rodo,Francisco Comin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540438205

Category: Nature

Page: 286

View: 4066

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Throughout the Earth's history, the climate and biosphere have evolved together through a complex chain of interactions, making possible the extraordinary variety of ecosystems and life. These interactions also largely determine the response of the atmosphere to increasing quantities of greenhouse gases caused by human activity. Since the climate system has great inertia, this means that we will have to long bear the consequences of our past and present actions, perhaps in the form of unprecedented climate change. In this book, opinions from experts in different areas provide a detailed snapshot of the current "hotspots" in the mechanisms affecting climate system on our planet. By addressing and clarifying key topics of current climate research, it contributes to a clearer understanding of the factors underlying the debate over global warming

Recent Climate Change Impacts on Mountain Glaciers

Author: Mauri Pelto

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119068118

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 4176

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Alpine glaciers : an introduction -- Glacier mass balance -- Juneau icefield -- Northern Patagonia icefield region -- South Georgia, Kerguelen, and Heard Islands -- Svalbard : Hornsund Fjord region -- Novaya Zemlya -- North Cascade range, Washington, USA -- Interior ranges, British Columbia/Alberta -- Himalaya -- New Zealand -- Alps : Mont Blanc-Matterhorn transect -- Alpine glacier change summary

Global Change Newsletter

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Global temperature changes

Page: N.A

View: 7946

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A study of global change (IGBP) of the International Council of Scientific Unions.

MOUNTAIN GEOMORPHOLOGY

Author: Phil Owens,Olav Slaymaker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134634064

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 9303

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Mountains represent one of the most inspiring and attractive natural features on the surface of the earth. Visually, they dominate the landscape. However, the increasing realization of the fragility of mountain areas because of changes in land use, management and climate, combined with an understanding of their importance for water and other natural resources, has resulted in a growing interest in mountain environments in recent years. Hence, Mountain Geomorphology represents a timely and unique contribution to the literature. Written by a team of international experts, this book is divided into three sections, which consider historical, functional and applied mountain geomorphology from both global and local perspectives. Historical mountain geomorphology focuses on the evolution of landforms. Functional mountain geomorphology emphasises the interaction between processes and landforms, while applied mountain geomorphology concerns the interrelationships between geomorphological processes and society. Mountain Geomorphology is a valuable source of information for students studying mountain geomorphology, and also for academics and research scientists interested in mountain environments.

Climate Variability and Change in High Elevation Regions: Past, Present & Future

Author: Henry F. Diaz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401512523

Category: Science

Page: 283

View: 6679

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Glaciers in the Andes are particularly important natural archives of present and past climatic and environmental changes, in significant part because of the N-S trend of this topographic barrier and its influence on the atmospheric circulation of the southern hemisphere. Strong gradients in the seasonality and amount of precipitation exist between the equator and 30° S. Large differences in amount east and west of the Andean divide also occur, as well as a change from tropical summer precipitation (additionally modified by the seasonal shift of the circulation belts) to winter precipitation in the west wind belt (e. g. , Yuille, 1999; Garraud and Aceituno, 2001). The so-called 'dry axis' lies between the tropical and extra tropical precipitation regimes (Figure 1). The high mountain desert within this axis responds most sensitively to the smallest changes in effective moisture. An important hydro-meteorological feature on a seasonal to inter-annual time-scale is the occurrence of EN SO events, which strongly control the mass balance of glaciers in this area (e. g. , Wagnon et ai. , 2001; Francou et ai. , in press). The precipitation pattern is an important factor for the interpretation of climatic and environmental records extracted from ice cores, because much of this information is related to conditions at the actual time of precipitation, and this is especially so for stable isotope records. Several ice cores have recently been drilled to bedrock in this area. From Huascanin (Thompson et ai. , 1995), Sajama (Thompson et ai.

Impact of Global Changes on Mountains

Responses and Adaptation

Author: Velma I. Grover,Axel Borsdorf,Jürgen Breuste,Prakash Chandra Tiwari,Flavia Witkowski Frangetto

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482208911

Category: Nature

Page: 528

View: 1774

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Mountain regions encompass nearly 24 percent of the total land surface of the earth and are home to approximately 12 percent of the world’s population. Their ecosystems play a critical role in sustaining human life both in the highlands and the lowlands. During recent years, resource use in high mountain areas has changed mainly in response to the globalization of the economy and increased world population. As a result, mountain regions are undergoing rapid environmental change, exploitation, and depletion of natural resources leading to ecological imbalances and economic unsustainability. Moreover, the changing climatic conditions have stressed mountain ecosystems through higher mean annual temperatures and the melting of glaciers and snow. Altered precipitation patterns have also had an impact. This book addresses these critical issues and looks at ways to stop the downward spiral of resource degradation, rural poverty, and food and livelihood insecurity in mountain regions. The book also discusses new and comprehensive approaches to mountain development that are needed to identify sustainable resource development practices, how to strengthen local institutions and knowledge systems, and how to increase the resilience between mountain environments and their inhabitants.