Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge

Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203508X

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 390

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This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.

Impact of Global Changes on Mountains

Responses and Adaptation

Author: Velma I. Grover,Axel Borsdorf,Jürgen Breuste,Prakash Chandra Tiwari,Flavia Witkowski Frangetto

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482208911

Category: Nature

Page: 528

View: 1089

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Mountain regions encompass nearly 24 percent of the total land surface of the earth and are home to approximately 12 percent of the world’s population. Their ecosystems play a critical role in sustaining human life both in the highlands and the lowlands. During recent years, resource use in high mountain areas has changed mainly in response to the globalization of the economy and increased world population. As a result, mountain regions are undergoing rapid environmental change, exploitation, and depletion of natural resources leading to ecological imbalances and economic unsustainability. Moreover, the changing climatic conditions have stressed mountain ecosystems through higher mean annual temperatures and the melting of glaciers and snow. Altered precipitation patterns have also had an impact. This book addresses these critical issues and looks at ways to stop the downward spiral of resource degradation, rural poverty, and food and livelihood insecurity in mountain regions. The book also discusses new and comprehensive approaches to mountain development that are needed to identify sustainable resource development practices, how to strengthen local institutions and knowledge systems, and how to increase the resilience between mountain environments and their inhabitants.

Mountain Geography

Physical and Human Dimensions

Author: Martin F. Price,Alton C. Byers,Donald A. Friend,Thomas Kohler,Larry W. Price

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520956974

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 7283

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Mountains cover a quarter of the Earth’s land surface and a quarter of the global population lives in or adjacent to these areas. The global importance of mountains is recognized particularly because they provide critical resources, such as water, food and wood; contain high levels of biological and cultural diversity; and are often places for tourism and recreation and/or of sacred significance. This major revision of Larry Price’s book Mountains and Man (1981) is both timely and highly appropriate. The past three decades have been a period of remarkable progress in our understanding of mountains from an academic point of view. Of even greater importance is that society at large now realizes that mountains and the people who reside in them are not isolated from the mainstream of world affairs, but are vital if we are to achieve an environmentally sustainable future. Mountain Geography is a comprehensive resource that gives readers an in-depth understanding of the geographical processes occurring in the world’s mountains and the overall impact of these regions on culture and society as a whole. The volume begins with an introduction to how mountains are defined, followed by a comprehensive treatment of their physical geography: origins, climatology, snow and ice, landforms and geomorphic processes, soils, vegetation, and wildlife. The concluding chapters provide an introduction to the human geography of mountains: attitudes toward mountains, people living in mountain regions and their livelihoods and interactions within dynamic environments, the diverse types of mountain agriculture, and the challenges of sustainable mountain development.

Global Change in the Mountains

Author: M.F. Price

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781850700623

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 7013

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This volume contains data and analyses of the role and significance of global change for mountain regions and peoples. In nine major sections containing 78 extended abstracts, the book documents scientific findings concerning the role of mountains in the Earth system, especially in regard to the climate, functioning of ecosystems, and transport of materials and water, as well as the role of mountains in providing homes and jobs. The book's nine main sections cover the mountain regions of Europe, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. This volume is a product of a project of the European Union's (EU) European Network for Research in Global Change, known as ENRICH, and a key contribution to understanding the integration of earth system and human system perspectives that underpin the philosophy of the Fifth EU Research and Technological Development Framework Programme. Includes bibliographic references, a list of acronyms, and index. This volume is the Proceedings of the European Conference on Environmental and Societal Change in Mountain Regions held in Oxford, UK, 18-20 December 1997.

Globalization and Marginalization in Mountain Regions

Assets and Challenges in Marginal Regions

Author: Raghubir Chand,Walter Leimgruber

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331932649X

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3955

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This book looks at the global importance of mountain systems, emphasizing their ecological and socio-economic role in light of climate change and globalization. With a special focus on the Himalayas, it also examines the Czech–German–Austrian mountain borderland, the Alps, the Andes, the highland regions of Malaysia, and the Arctic. The contributors, specialists in their fields, all use an integrative approach that develops and argues the concept of mountain regions as a global common good. Readers also discover that mountain systems and mountain communities are often marginalized and left behind by the process of globalization. Case studies throughout detail the effects of climate change and global warming on both nature and local/regional societies, such as declining water supplies, a shifting vegetation line, and other important issues facing not only mountains but also the vast regions depending on them. In addition, the comprehensive coverage offers authenticated viewpoints from some of the most eminent explorers of Tibet in the nineteenth century. More than 50 percent of the global human population draws benefits directly or indirectly from mountain resources and services. This book provides practitioners, researchers, students, and other interested readers with a compelling look at the global importance of this imposing, yet sensitive ecosystem.

The High-Mountain Cryosphere

Environmental Changes and Human Risks

Author: Christian Huggel,Mark Carey,John J. Clague,Andreas Kääb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316352153

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7318

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This edited volume, showcasing cutting-edge research, addresses two primary questions - what are the main drivers of change in high-mountains and what are the risks implied by these changes? From a physical perspective, it examines the complex interplay between climate and the high-mountain cryosphere, with further chapters covering tectonics, volcano-ice interactions, hydrology, slope stability, erosion, ecosystems, and glacier- and snow-related hazards. Societal dimensions, both global and local, of high-mountain cryospheric change are also explored. The book offers unique perspectives on high-mountain cultures, livelihoods, governance and natural resources management, focusing on how global change influences societies and how people respond to climate-induced cryospheric changes. An invaluable reference for researchers and professionals in cryospheric science, geomorphology, climatology, environmental studies and human geography, this volume will also be of interest to practitioners working in global change and risk, including NGOs and policy advisors.

Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity

Author: Carina Hoorn,Allison Perrigo,Alexandre Antonelli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111915989X

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 2929

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Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity: A comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis for students and researchers Mountains are topographically complex formations that play a fundamental role in regional and continental-scale climates. They are also cradles to all major river systems and home to unique, and often highly biodiverse and threatened, ecosystems. But how do all these processes tie together to form the patterns of diversity we see today? Written by leading researchers in the fields of geology, biology, climate, and geography, this book explores the relationship between mountain building and climate change, and how these processes shape biodiversity through time and space. In the first two sections, you will learn about the processes, theory, and methods connecting mountain building and biodiversity In the third section, you will read compelling examples from around the world exploring the links between mountains, climate and biodiversity Throughout the 31 peer-reviewed chapters, a non-technical style and synthetic illustrations make this book accessible to a wide audience A comprehensive glossary summarises the main concepts and terminology Readership: Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity is intended for students and researchers in geosciences, biology and geography. It is specifically compiled for those who are interested in historical biogeography, biodiversity and conservation.

Climate Change Adaptation Strategies – An Upstream-downstream Perspective

Author: Nadine Salzmann,Christian Huggel,Samuel U. Nussbaumer,Gina Ziervogel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319407732

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 2683

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Climate change and the related adverse impacts are among the greatest challenges facing humankind during the coming decades. Even with a significant reduction of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, it will be inevitable for societies to adapt to new climatic conditions and associated impacts and risks. This book offers insights to first experiences of developing and implementing adaptation measures, with a particular focus on mountain environments and the adjacent downstream areas. It provides a comprehensive ‘state-of-the-art’ of climate change adaptation in these areas through the collection and evaluation of knowledge from several local and regional case studies and by offering new expertise and insights at the global level. As such, the book is an important source for scientists, practitioners and decision makers alike, who are working in the field of climate change adaptation and towards sustainable development in the sense of the Paris Agreement and the Agenda 2030.

Mountains: Witnesses of Global Changes

Research in the Himalaya and Karakoram: SHARE-Asia Project

Author: Renato Baudo,Gianni Tartari,Elisa Vuillermoz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080548746

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 5634

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From an environmental point of view, mountains are particularly sensitive and important for monitoring the state of health of our planet. Only through distribution of meteoclimatic and atmospheric composition monitoring points in mountain regions, coupled with modelling simulations, will we be able to thoroughly analyze complex pollutant transport mechanisms and better understand imminent global changes. The Himalayan-Karakoram range. For its elevation and geographic location, represents one of the ideal places for studying long-range pollutant transport systems on a regional scale and for monitoring changes index by mechanisms that act on global scale through monsoon circulation. The Ev-K2-CNR committee with this book reached its objective of creating a unique opportunity for dialogue between major environmental scientists and experts, highlighting the close relationship between diverse themes with a common underlying thread: in-depth comprehension of the environmental phenomena which are determining the health of our planet.

Recent Climate Change Impacts on Mountain Glaciers

Author: Mauri Pelto

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119068118

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 6424

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Alpine glaciers : an introduction -- Glacier mass balance -- Juneau icefield -- Northern Patagonia icefield region -- South Georgia, Kerguelen, and Heard Islands -- Svalbard : Hornsund Fjord region -- Novaya Zemlya -- North Cascade range, Washington, USA -- Interior ranges, British Columbia/Alberta -- Himalaya -- New Zealand -- Alps : Mont Blanc-Matterhorn transect -- Alpine glacier change summary

Global Mountain Regions

Conversations toward the Future

Author: ANN KINGSOLVER,SASIKUMAR BALASUNDARAM

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253036887

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 1826

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No matter where they are located in the world, communities living in mountain regions have shared experiences defined in large part by contradictions. These communities often face social and economic marginalization despite providing the lumber, coal, minerals, tea, and tobacco that have fueled the growth of nations for centuries. They are perceived as remote and socially inferior backwaters on one hand while simultaneously seen as culturally rich and spiritually sacred spaces on the other. These contradictions become even more fraught as environmental changes and political strains place added pressure on these mountain communities. Shifting national borders and changes to watersheds, forests, and natural resources play an increasingly important role as nations respond to the needs of a global economy. The works in this volume consider multiple nations, languages, generations, and religions in their exploration of upland communities’ responses to the unique challenges and opportunities they share. From paintings to digital mapping, environmental studies to poetry, land reclamation efforts to song lyrics, the collection provides a truly interdisciplinary and global study. The editors and authors offer a cross-cultural exploration of the many strategies that mountain communities are employing to face the concerns of the future.

Mountain World in Danger

Climate change in the forests and mountains of Europe

Author: Sten Nilsson,David Pitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134041187

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 7279

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The changing climate, the warming of the world and acid rain are among the greatest problems facing us at the end of the twentieth century. This book describes, for the first time, the effects of these phenomena on the high mountains and the forests of Europe. Mountains and the frozen regions (the cryosphere) not only play a major part in our climatic system, but are also central to our water supplies. Yet our glaciers are shrinking, our lakes and soils are becoming acidified, our forests are damaged and the whole fragile ecosystem of ranges like the Alps and the Caucasus is threatened. Nilsson and Pitt present the evidence and assess the probable effects of these changes on mountain society, tourism, water, flora and fauna. They also examine the uncertainties. Above all they look, too, at the best possible strategies in response to What is happening and at what the next steps should be. Originally published in 1991

Global Environmental Change in Alpine Regions

Recognition, Impact, Adaptation and Mitigation

Author: Karl W. Steininger,Hannelore Weck-Hannemann

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 271

View: 430

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'This volume innovatively bridges the gaps between disciplines to successfully present integrated and comprehensive research results covering the natural impact of and social adaptation and reaction to environmental change. In investigating mountainous regions, where the impacts of global change can be felt earlier and more significantly, it is core reading for global change researchers and policy advisors.' - Georg Grabherr, Chairman of the Network for Alpine Biodiversity Research, European Science Foundation, Chair of the Global Observation Research Initiative in Alpine Environments and Professor of Ecology and Conservation Biology, University of Vienna, Austria 'Global Environmental Change in Alpine Regions demonstrates why environmental assessments should be done by ecological regions rather than along political boundaries and provides a sobering assessment of the interconnected environmental changes and uncertainties ahead. In the face of uncertain interconnected change, these researchers humbly forego the optimization techniques they were taught in graduate school and stress monitoring, learning, and adaptive management. They establish a high standard for analyses of other regions.' - Richard B. Norgaard, Past President, International Society for Ecological Economics and Professor of Energy and Resources, University of California at Berkeley, USA Mountain regions represent about one fourth of the earth's surface area and provide a significant share of goods and services to humanity. In this book, the authors demonstrate how alpine environments throughout the world are particularly vulnerable to global environmental change. Alpine populations will often be affected earliest and most significantly, for example through extreme weather systems, and their scope for adaptation is relatively limited. Drawing on the natural and social sciences, particularly economics, this book supplies a broad picture of the diverse issues involved.

Climate Change Impacts on High-Altitude Ecosystems

Author: Münir Öztürk,Khalid Rehman Hakeem,I. Faridah-Hanum,Recep Efe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319128590

Category: Nature

Page: 696

View: 4511

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This book covers studies on the systematics of plant taxa and will include general vegetational aspects and ecological characteristics of plant life at altitudes above 1000 m. from different parts of the world. This volume also addresses how upcoming climate change scenarios will impact high altitude plant life. It presents case studies from the most important mountainous areas like the Himalayas, Caucasus and South America covering the countries like Malaysia, Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Kirghizia, Georgia, Russia,Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Americas. The book will serve as an invaluable resource source undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers.

Global Change and Protected Areas

Author: Guido Visconti,Martin Beniston,Emilio D. Iannorelli,Diego Barba

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306480514

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 6991

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High mountains can be considered as particularly appropriate environments to detect effects ofclimate change on natural biocoenoses in a global scale for the following reasons: Firstly, ecosystems at the l- temperature limits of plant life are generally thought to be especially sensitive to climate change [1][2][3]. An already ongoing upward shift of vascular plants at high summits in the Alps, determined by the Austrian IGBP-research [4][5][6][7][8], is most likely a response to the atmospheric warming since the 19th century. Secondly, high mountains still comprise the most natural ecosystems in many countries, being largely untouched by human settlements and agricultural influences, Therefore, climatic effects on ecosystems can be studied without masking effects from human land use. Thirdly, high mountain ranges are present in virtually every major zonobiome of the earth. The research initiative GLORIA aims to establish an urgently needed global monitoring network, by using high mountain ecosystems as sensitive indicators, as required in the “IGBP-Mountain Workplan” [9]. Moreover, a deeper understanding of assemblagemechanisms andassemblage processes in vegetation patterns as a contribution to ecological theory can be expected. This paper gives a short general overview about GLORIA and a first outline about the concept, method, and some few results of the “Multi Summit-Approach”, one of the basic intentions within the proposed network. It aims to encourage the involvement of high mountain researchers and research co-ordinators in a detailed discussion of the proposed research activities and in a co-operation within the planned global monitoring network.

Sustainable Development in Mountain Regions

Southeastern Europe

Author: Georgi Zhelezov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319201107

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 595

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This second edition of the book Sustainable Development of Mountain Regions: Southeastern Europe integrates the scientific results and expertise of the researchers from the countries in Southeastern Europe. The book consists of updated information for the topics observed in first edition and several new chapters with analysis of some problems in the mountain regions of four new for the edition countries in Southeastern European space. The general themes in the book are related to Global problems and mountain regions; Nature resources and landuse in mountain regions; Social, economic and regional problems of mountain regions; Nature protection, conservation and monitoring and Networks and strategies for mountain regions. The key topics for discussion are: Natural recourses and land use in mountain regions. Sustainable social and economic development of the mountain regions. Natural disasters and risk prevention. Spatial modeling and planning. Nature protection, monitoring and conservation. Politics and sustainable practices for development of mountain regions. Transborder and regional cooperation. Mountain regions in Southeastern Europe are characterized by unique landscape and biological diversity and great economic potential. They have function as a living space and provide different groups of ecosystem and landscape services. In social and economic aspects these regions are one of the poorest in Southeastern European countries with unused potential. Human, ecological and economic problems arising in various mountain regions have the same basic characteristics irrespective of the country. Some mountain regions are subject to specific for the conditions of the mountain and country policy for planning, development and mountain population promotion. The general goal is development of whole economy and the efficient management of natural resources and prevention of natural and tec hnological disasters. The mountain regions are one of the most threatened landscape systems in Southeastern Europe. Understanding the importance of the mountain regions and conservation of the natural heritage require scientific and institutional cooperation at all levels.

Tourism and Global Environmental Change

Ecological, Economic, Social and Political Interrelationships

Author: Stefan Gössling,Michael C. Hall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113423418X

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 2319

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This fascinating book is the first comprehensive analysis of the economic, social and political interrelationships between tourism and global environmental change: one of the most significant issues facing humankind today. Its contributors argue that the impacts of these changes are potentially extremely serious both for the tourism industry, and for the communities dependent upon it. Integrating knowledge from the social and physical sciences, this significant book explores they key issues surrounding global environmental change, as well as government and industry willingness to meet the challenges posed by it. Divided into four main sections, it investigates: the tourism and global environmental change relationship in specific environments global issues related to environmental change differing perceptions of global environmental change held by tourists and the tourist industry. Comprehensive in scope, topical and integrative, this key text is essential reading for students, scholars and researchers in all aspects of tourism, geography and environmental studies.