Global Citizens

Social Movements and the Challenge of Globalization

Author: Marjorie Mayo

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848136870

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9094

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The dawn of the twenty-first century has been accompanied by an upsurge of anti-capitalist campaigning, challenging the very basis of the New World Economic order. Dramatic events such as the protests from Seattle to Genoa, have captured media headlines. But media headlines leave key questions unanswered, questions about the ultimate significance of the challenges posed by global social movements and the development of civil society, both South and North. This book sets out to explore the lessons from these experiences of social mobilisation. How can non-governmental organisations, community-based organisations and the labour and trade union movement develop effective campaigning alliances – without becoming institutionalised and incorporated themselves? How can they maintain an effective balance between winning immediate gains without losing sight of longer-term strategies for transformation? How can they work with celebrities to gain media attention -- without losing control of the message? And how can social movements develop organisational forms that are genuinely representative and democratically accountable, globally? These questions are explored through case studies of particular networks, movements and campaigns, to tackle the causes of social inequality and social injustice. It concludes by exploring lessons for building global challenges to neo-liberal agendas and developing more transformatory approaches.

Alter-Globalization

Becoming Actors in a Global Age

Author: Geoffrey Pleyers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745655084

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 593

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Contrary to the common view that globalization undermines social agency, ‘alter-globalization activists', that is, those who contest globalization in its neo-liberal form, have developed new ways to become actors in the global age. They propose alternatives to Washington Consensus policies, implement horizontal and participatory organization models and promote a nascent global public space. Rather than being anti-globalization, these activists have built a truly global movement that has gathered citizens, committed intellectuals, indigenous, farmers, dalits and NGOs against neoliberal policies in street demonstrations and Social Forums all over the world, from Bangalore to Seattle and from Porto Alegre to Nairobi. This book analyses this worldwide movement on the bases of extensive field research conducted since 1999. Alter-Globalization provides a comprehensive account of these critical global forces and their attempts to answer one of the major challenges of our time: How can citizens and civil society contribute to the building of a fairer, sustainable and more democratic co-existence of human beings in a global world?

Global Citizenship and the University

Advancing Social Life and Relations in an Interdependent World

Author: Robert Rhoads,Katalin Szelényi

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804777802

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 8725

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With the increasing integration of global economies and societies, the nation-state is no longer the sole force shaping and defining citizenship. New ideas of "global citizenship" are emerging, and universities, which are increasingly involved in international engagements, provide a unique opportunity to explore how fundamental understandings of modern citizenship are changing. Drawing on case studies of universities in China, the United States, Hungary, and Argentina, Global Citizenship and the University moves beyond a narrow political definition of citizenship to address the cultural and economic complexities of contemporary social life. Rhoads and Szelényi show how universities should be mindful of the possibilities for faculty and student involvement in the production, management, and application of knowledge, and how this in turn allows for an engagement as citizens that reflects serious considerations of the global context. Ultimately, the authors challenge universities and readers alike to consider the many transnational opportunities that are redefining citizenship today.

Skills in Neighbourhood Work

Author: Paul Henderson,David N. Thomas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135131961

Category: Education

Page: 230

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Skills in Neighbourhood Work is a practice textbook. It explains the skills, knowledge and techniques needed by community workers and other practitioners to work effectively in and with communities. While the principles and methods it describes have stood the test of time, the political, economic and social changes which have taken place since the book was first published have made new editions essential. Rewritten and updated, and including new practice examples, the fourth edition retains all the practical information needed by the student or practitioner but sets it in the contemporary context. Including a European perspective and views from America and Australia, it covers: starting, supporting and ending work with community groups evaluation data collection goals and priorities making contacts group work helping groups work with other organisations. This invaluable textbook is essential reading for students and practitioners of community work.

Spaces of Contention

Spatialities and Social Movements

Author: Dr Byron Miller,Dr Justin Beaumont,Dr Walter Nicholls

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472404440

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 3366

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As social movements have become more complex, geographers are increasingly studying the spatial dynamics of collective resistance and sociologists and political scientists increasingly analyzing the role of space, place and scale in contentious political activity. Occupying a position at the intersection of these disciplinary developments, this book brings together leading scholars to examine how social movements have employed spatial practices to respond to and shape changing social and political contexts. It is organised into three main sections: (1) Place, Space and Mobility: sites of mobilization and regulation, (2) Scale and Territory: structuring collective interests, identities, and resources, and (3) Networks: connecting actors and resources across space. It concludes by suggesting that different spatialities (place, scale, networks) interlink within one another in particular instances of collective action, playing distinctive yet complementary roles in shaping how these actions unfold in the political arena. By mapping state of the art conceptual and empirical terrain across Geography, Sociology, and Political Science, 'Spaces of Contention' provides readers with a much needed guide to innovative research on the spatial constitution of social movements and how social movements tactically and strategically approach and produce space.

Globalization from Below

The Power of Solidarity

Author: Jeremy Brecher,Tim Costello,Brendan Smith

Publisher: South End Press

ISBN: 9780896086227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 164

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Brecher, Costello, and Smith chart out a dynamic and innovative strategy for building the movement to challenge unchecked coporate globalization.

Beyond Colonialism, Development and Globalization

Social Movements and Critical Perspectives

Author: Dominique Caouette,Dip Kapoor

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1783605871

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 5647

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Development studies is in a state of flux. A new generation of scholars has come to reject what was once regarded as accepted wisdom, and increasingly regard development and globalization as part of a continuum with colonialism, premised on the same reductionist assumption that progress and growth are objective facts that can be fostered, measured, assessed and controlled. Drawing on a variety of theoretical perspectives and approaches, this book explores the ways in which social movements in the Global South are rejecting Western-centric notions of development and modernization, as well as creating their own alternatives. By assessing development theories from the perspective of subaltern groups and movements, the contributors posit a new notion of development ‘from below’, one in which these movements provide new ways of imagining social transformation, and a way out of the ‘developmental dead end’ that has so far characterized post-development approaches. Beyond Colonialism, Development and Globalization therefore represents a radical break with the prevailing narrative of modernization, and points to a bold new direction for development studies.

Social Movements and Globalization

How Protests, Occupations and Uprisings are Changing the World

Author: Cristina Flesher Fominaya

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137402164

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 8320

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Globalization and social movements are inextricably linked. Contemporary social movements both shape and are shaped by globalization. Social Movements and Globalization explores this link, providing a fascinating insight into the dynamics, challenges and opportunities of contemporary social movements in a globalized world, whilst simultaneously revealing the effects, critiques and limitations of globalization. Engaging and accessible, the book's comprehensive introduction to the definitions, theories and debates surrounding social movements and globalization is richly illustrated by case studies from around the world - from Anonymous, to 15-M/Indignados, to the Zapatistas, the Arab Spring and more. In drawing on cutting-edge research, up-to-date analysis, and offering coverage of key areas of study - with chapters on the 'Global Justice Movement', cultural resistance, media, cyberactivism and the recent 'Global Protest Wave' of anti-austerity and pro-democracy movements - the book makes a vital and original contribution to a range of disciplines, not least Sociology, Politics, International Relations, Media Studies and Cultural Studies.

Development and Social Change

A Global Perspective

Author: Philip McMichael

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412992079

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 383

View: 8389

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In his Fifth Edition of Development and Social Change: A Global Perspective, author Philip McMichael examines the project of globalization and its instabilities (climate, energy, food, financial crises) through the lens of development and its origins in the colonial project. The book continues to help students make sense of a complex world in transition and explains how globalization became part of public discourse. Filled with case studies, this text makes the intricacies of globalization concrete, meaningful, and clear for students and moves them away from simple social evolutionary views, encouraging them to connect social change, development policies, global inequalities and social movements. The book challenges students to see themselves as global citizens whose consumption decisions have real social and ecological implications.

Transnational Agrarian Movements Confronting Globalization

Author: Saturnino M. Borras, Jr.,Marc Edelman,Cristóbal Kay

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444307207

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 9364

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Readers of this book will encounter peasants and farmers who struggle at home and traverse national borders to challenge the World Trade Organization and other powerful global institutions. Studies the activists in Brazil who uproot plots of genetically modified soybeans, forest dwellers in Indonesia who chop down rubber plantations to cultivate rice to feed their families, ‘runaway villages’ in China that take up arms to resist corrupt officials, and Mexican migrants who, having exited in desperation, return from abroad to transform their communities Little-known transnational agrarian movements of the early twentieth century share the stage with more recent, high-profile global alliances, such as Vía Campesina Celebrates a dynamic sector of international civil society, and tackles the thorny questions of successes and failures, ethical and political dilemmas, troubled alliances with NGOs, protest repertoires, and representation claims Analyzes contemporary collective action in all its complexity, acknowledging ambiguities and contradictions, posing challenging questions, and providing concrete strategies for scholars and activists

Law and Globalization from Below

Towards a Cosmopolitan Legality

Author: Boaventura de Sousa Santos,César A. Rodríguez-Garavito

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139446143

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9855

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This book is an unprecedented attempt to analyze the role of the law in the global movement for social justice. Case studies in the book are written by leading scholars from both the global South and the global North, and combine empirical research on the ground with innovative sociolegal theory to shed new light on a wide array of topics. Among the issues examined are the role of law and politics in the World Social Forum; the struggle of the anti-sweatshop movement for the protection of international labour rights; and the challenge to neoliberal globalization and liberal human rights raised by grassroots movements in India and indigenous peoples around the world. These and other cases, the editors argue, signal the emergence of a subaltern cosmopolitan law and politics that calls for new social and legal theories capable of capturing the potential and tensions of counter-hegemonic globalization.

Globalisation and Citizenship

The Transnational Challenge

Author: Wayne Hudson,Steven Slaughter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134206119

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

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This wide-ranging volume explores the impact of globalization upon citizenship, with a special focus on the transnational challenges that globalization poses. While there is much debate over the concept, globalization implies at least two distinct phenomena. First, it suggests that political, economic and social activities are becoming increasingly inter-regional or intercontinental in scope. Secondly, it suggests that there has been an intensification of levels of interaction and interconnectedness between states and societies. Citizenship, as one of the foundational concepts of the modern liberal democratic states, provides the normative framework within which globalization debates may be understood and evaluated. It also examines how different concepts, theories and practices of citizenship are evolving in response to globalization. Central questions explored in this text are: • How does globalization challenge traditional conceptions of citizenship in specific respects? • How is globalization creating new citizenships or new civil society spaces? • How is transnational citizenship developing and what problems are associated with it in specific areas? Discussing the theoretical and practical prospects for new forms of liberal, republican and cosmopolitan citizenship, Globalisation and Citizenship will appeal to students and scholars in the fields of international relations, globalization, sociology and political science.

Citizenship and Social Movements

Perspectives from the Global South

Author: Lisa Thompson,Chris Tapscott

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848133891

Category: History

Page: 304

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This authoritative title redresses the predominantly Northern/Western bias in social movement literature with case study material from movements for change in Brazil, India, Bangladesh, Mexico, South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria.

Flashpoint

World War III

Author: Andrew Murray

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745310725

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 1231

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Offering a terrifying, but very possible scenario of a world on the edge of disaster, this work suggests that World War III has become a real threat. Germany and Japan have gathered military strength; the US has retrenched to make way for economic globalization; the UN is widely discredited and NATO has lost its way. In their place, the bodies controlling the global economic order hold a growing authority in an increasingly unstable world. In this book, the author sets out to demonstrate that World Wars I and II were both preceded by trade disputes, minor conflicts in peripheral zones and vain attempts to reconcile competing interests peacefully. He argues that history is repeating itself, and that the changing balance between the Great Powers, after the collapse of the USSR, have set the conditions for new conflict. He maintains that there is a very real risk that the next flashpoint will ignite to create World War III.

Global Citizen – Challenges and Responsibility in an Interconnected World

Author: Aksel Sterri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9462099294

Category: Education

Page: 114

View: 9696

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A globalized world places new demands on us as citizens. Global Citizen – Challenges and Responsibility in an Interconnected World gives insight and perspectives on what it means to be a citizen in a global world from Norway's most distinguished scholars. It poses and answers important questions, such as which duties and rights do we have as citizens in a globalized world; which institutions are just and sustainable, and how can a global ethic and a global worldview be reconciled with the fact that the lives of the greater part of the Earth’s population is still local? Global Citizen – Challenges and Responsibility in an Interconnected World draws on insights from philosophy, jurisprudence, theology, and the social sciences to shed light on this manifold and important topic, with relevance for policy makers, stakeholders, academics, but most important, for us as citizens who need to take both a political and personal decision on how to live as a citizen in a global world.

Globalization and Citizenship

Author: Hans Schattle

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742568474

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

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This lively and invigorating book explores the complex relationship between globalization and citizenship. From Cairo to Beijing, campaigns for civil rights and democracy around the world are intensifying and speeding up in the digital media age, and public recognition of global interdependence continues to rise. At the same time, many national governments are tightening border controls and further limiting access to citizenship in a climate of high public anxiety and economic uncertainty. Although globalization continues to open up many new opportunities for citizens to enter the international arena and make their voices heard, as Schattle shows, the institution of national citizenship remains highly resilient.

Globalization, EU Democracy Assistance and the World Social Forum

Concepts and Practices of Democracy

Author: Micha Fiedlschuster

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319707396

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

View: 6364

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Seeking to extend the debate on the diversity of democracy, this book provides the reader with a comprehensive account of how two different global actors, the European Union and the World Social Forum respond to the challenges of globalization with various models of democracy and modes of cooperation at the transnational level. Analysing EU democracy assistance in the EU’s neighbourhood, Fiedlschuster sheds light on the complex relationship between the EU and civil society. Although the EU perceives a vital civil society as crucial for democracy, its mix of a governance approach with deliberative and participatory democracy will unlikely result in a citizen-centred democracy. The book also provides a compelling account of the World Social Forum and its participants interviewed for this work attempt to answer one of the challenges of contemporary globalization: How can civil society pursue democratically global social change? Fiedlschuster skilfully deploys various sociological approaches not only to analyse concepts and practices of democracy by transnational activists but also to throw light on the tensions between democratic idealism and anti-democratic tendencies in the Forum. This book will be of wide interest to students and academics, including those working within political sociology, European Union politics, and globalization.

Globalization

Theory and Practice Second Edition

Author: Eleonore Kofman,Gillian Youngs

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0826454739

Category: Political Science

Page: 313

View: 7683

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2nd ed.

Globalizations and Social Movements

Culture, Power, and the Transnational Public Sphere

Author: John A. Guidry,Michael D. Kennedy,Mayer N. Zald

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472067213

Category: Political Science

Page: 418

View: 5986

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Explores how globalization affects social movements in different countries

Globalisation and Governance in India

New Challenges to Society and Institutions

Author: Harihar Bhattacharyya,Lion König

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317526392

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 5737

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This book examines the impact of globalization on some vital aspects of Indian politics, its structures and processes, and identifies the challenges to globalization itself, in order to highlight India’s complex and fascinating story. In 1991, India officially embraced the policy of neo-liberal reforms by signing the GATT agreement, which exposed the country, its society, culture and institutions to the various forces of globalization. Globalization as such may not be new to India, for the country has been embracing the influence of external cultures and civilisations for millennia, but the post-1991 reforms policy marked a significant shift, from a predominantly social welfare state and a command economy to a predominantly market driven one. Through a range of disciplinary perspectives, the authors analyse how India’s version of secularism, communal harmony, nationhood, the public sphere, social justice, and the rights of aboriginal communities came under attack from the forces of the new dispensation. The book goes on to show how globalisation in India has posed fresh challenges to political economy, democracy, federalism, decentralization, parliamentary system, judiciary, and the parliamentary Left. Critically reflecting on themes in the context of India’s globalisation that are local, regional, national and global, this book will be of interest to those in the fields of South Asian Politics, Globalisation, and International Relations.