Globalization and History

The Evolution of a Nineteenth-century Atlantic Economy

Author: Kevin H. O'Rourke,Jeffrey G. Williamson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262650595

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 343

View: 7608

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Winner in the category of Economics in the 1999 Professional/Scholarly Publishing Annual Awards Competition presented by the Association of American Publishers, Inc. Globalization is not a new phenomenon; nor is it irreversible. In Globalization and History, Kevin O'Rourke and Jeffrey Williamson present a coherent picture of trade, migration, and international capital flows in the Atlantic economy in the century prior to 1914—the first great globalization boom. The book's originality lies in its application of the tools of open-economy economics to this critical historical period—differentiating it from most previous work, which has been based on closed-economy or single-sector models. The authors also keep a close eye on globalization debates of the 1990s, using history to inform the present and vice versa. The book brings together research conducted by the authors over the past decade—work that has profoundly influenced how economic history is now written and that has found audiences in economics and history, as well as in the popular press. "Fans and foes of globalization usually agree on one thing: its inevitability. But that is a big mistake, as this fine piece of scholarship makes clear. . . . It is an exceptionally rigorous and insightful history of globalization. Its main message—that globalization can sow the seeds of its own destruction—is salutary. It should be required reading for anyone inclined to think that economic history is bunk." —The Economist

Globalisation In World History

Author: A G Hopkins

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1446426823

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 9788

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Globalisation was the buzzword of the 1990s; it promises to become even more important in the first decade of the new century. There is now a flood of literature on the economics, politics and sociology of globalization, and regular commentary in the serious daily and weekly press. Virtually all of this discussion makes assumptions, and frequently explicit claims, about the novelty of globalisation. According to one view, the globalisation is a new phenomenon that can be dated from the 1980s. A second view holds that globalisation has a long history that can be traced back to the nineteenth century, if not earlier. The importance of these themes scarcely needs elaborating. Yet they have still to attract significant attention from historians. This volume is the first by a team of historians to address these issues. Globalisation in World History has two distinctive features. First, it offers a categorisation of types and stages of globalisation that existed before the late twentieth century, No such taxonomy exists at present. Secondly, it emphasises a feature that the current debate greatly underestimates: the fact that globalisation has non-Western as well as Western origins. Globalisation is much more than the 'rise of the West' presented in new terminology. The contributors bring their expertise to bear on themes that give prominence to China, South Asia, Africa and the world of Islam as well as to Europe and the United States, and span the last three centuries while also showing an awareness of more distant antecedents. The result is a coherent and thought-provoking collection of essays. Globalisation will become a major theme of historical research during the next decade; this book will help to set the new agenda.

The International Trading System, Globalization, and History

Author: Kevin H. O'Rourke

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: 9781843764274

Category: International trade

Page: 456

View: 1267

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The establishment of a multilateral international trading regime is one of the great achievements of post-1945 international diplomacy. The focus of this collection is the history of the international trading system over the past two centuries. Volume I includes an overview of the subject area as well as sections considering the effects of war and peace, the late 19th-century backlash, and contemporary views of interwar disintegration. Volume II looks at the issues of hegemony, non-discrimination and reciprocity. It also covers customs unions, preferential trading agreements, trade wars and trade rivalry. This comprehensive two-volume set will be an invaluable source of reference on the origins of globalisation. It contains 36 articles, dating from 1927 to 2004.

Thinking from the Underside of History

Enrique Dussel's Philosophy of Liberation

Author: Linda Martin Alcoff,Eduardo Mendieta

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461666678

Category: Philosophy

Page: 312

View: 2820

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Enrique Dussel's writings span the theology of liberation, critiques of discourse ethics, evaluations of Marx, Levinas, Habermas, and others, but most importantly, the development of a philosophy written from the underside of Eurocentric modernist teleologies, an ethics of the impoverished, and the articulation of a unique Latin American theoretical perspective. This anthology of original articles by U.S. philosophers elucidating Dussel's thought, offers critical analyses from a variety of perspectives, including feminist ones. Also included is an essay by Dussel that responds to these essays.

The International Trading System, Globalization, and History

Author: Kevin H. O'Rourke

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: 9781843764274

Category: International trade

Page: 456

View: 1048

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The establishment of a multilateral international trading regime is one of the great achievements of post-1945 international diplomacy. The focus of this collection is the history of the international trading system over the past two centuries. Volume I includes an overview of the subject area as well as sections considering the effects of war and peace, the late 19th-century backlash, and contemporary views of interwar disintegration. Volume II looks at the issues of hegemony, non-discrimination and reciprocity. It also covers customs unions, preferential trading agreements, trade wars and trade rivalry. This comprehensive two-volume set will be an invaluable source of reference on the origins of globalisation. It contains 36 articles, dating from 1927 to 2004.

Globalization in World History

Author: Peter N. Stearns

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135259933

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 1552

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The idea of globalization is currently inescapable, though the term and the theory attached date back only to the 1990s. History helps clarify where globalization comes from, how it relates to broad processes of change, and why it rouses controversy. In Globalization in World History, Peter N. Stearns argues that although the term is a relatively new one, the process of globalization has roots much further back in time. He shows how tracing this process of change can also help to define the concept of globalization as we understand it today. The book examines major changes in global interactions from 1000 CE onward, and defines four major turning points that have accelerated the process of globalization. Issues covered include: which factors have shaped the process of globalization – including economics, migration, disease transmission, culture, the environment and politics how and why reactions to globalization differ across societies – regions examined include Japan, the Middle East, Africa and China the advantages and disadvantages brought by globalization. The book is a vital contribution to the study of world history, and is a useful companion for students of politics and sociology.

Globalisation and the Roman World

Archaeological and Theoretical Perspectives

Author: Martin Pitts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107043743

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 3079

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This book applies modern theories of globalisation to the ancient Roman world, creating new understandings of Roman archaeology and history. This is the first book to intensely scrutinize the subject through a team of international specialists studying a wide range of topics, including imperialism, economics, migration, urbanism and art.

Globalization and Global History

Author: Barry K. Gills,William Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135992479

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9884

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Globalization and Global History argues that globalization is not an exotic and new phenomenon. Instead it emphasizes that globalization is something that has been with us as long as there have been people who are both interdependent and aware of that fact. Studying globalization from the vantage point of long-term global history permits theoretical and empirical investigation, allowing the authors collected to assess the extent of ongoing transformations and to compare them to earlier iterations. With this historical advantage, the extent of ongoing changes - which previously appeared unprecedented - can be contrasted to similar episodes in the past. The book is divided into three sections. The first focuses on how globalization has been written about from a historical perspective. The second part advances three different takes on how best to view globalization from a very long-term stance. The final section continues this interpretative thread by examining more narrow aspects of globalization processes, ranging from incorporation processes to systemic disruptions.

Comparison and History

Europe in Cross-National Perspective

Author: Deborah Cohen,Maura O'Connor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135945152

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 961

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First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Nation-Building and History Education in a Global Culture

Author: Joseph Zajda

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401797293

Category: Education

Page: 197

View: 8211

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This book examines the nexus between nation-building and history education globally and the implication for cultural diversity and social justice. It studies some of the major education reforms and policy issues in history education in a global culture, and regards them in the light of recent shifts in history education and policy research. In doing so, the volume provides a comprehensive picture of the intersecting and diverse discourses of globalisation, history education and policy-driven reforms. It makes clear that the impact of globalisation on education policy and reforms is a strategically significant issue for us all. The book focuses on the importance of nation-building and patriotism in history education, and presents up-to-date research on global trends in history education reforms and policy research. It provides an easily accessible, practical yet scholarly source of information about the international concerns in the field of globalisation, history education and policy research.

Globalization and Unemployment

Author: Helmut Wagner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540667650

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 338

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Globalization and unemployment are two phenomena which are amongst the most widely discussed subjects in the economic debate today. Often, globalization is regarded as being responsible for the increase in unemployment, particularly in unskilled labor. This book deals with the correlation between globalization and unemployment under various aspects: historical aspects of globalization, empirical trends and theoretical explanations of unemployment, effects of globalization in general and of European Monetary Union in particular on umemployment, labor market policy in a global economy, the impact of fiscal policy on unemployment in a global economy, as well as the effects of globalization on inflation and national stabilization policy.

Globalization: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Manfred Steger

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191639664

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 7031

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'Globalization' has become one of the defining buzzwords of our time - a term that describes a variety of accelerating economic, political, cultural, ideological, and environmental processes that are rapidly altering our experience of the world. It is by its nature a dynamic topic - and this Very Short Introduction has been fully updated for a third edition, to include recent developments in global politics, the global economy, and environmental issues. Presenting globalization in accessible language as a multifaceted process encompassing global, regional, and local aspects of social life, Manfred B. Steger looks at its causes and effects, examines whether it is a new phenomenon, and explores the question of whether, ultimately, globalization is a good or a bad thing. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Globalization and Orthodox Christianity

The Transformations of a Religious Tradition

Author: Victor Roudometof

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135014698

Category: Religion

Page: 228

View: 9885

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With approximately 200 to 300 million adherents worldwide, Orthodox Christianity is among the largest branches of Christianity, yet it remains relatively understudied. This book examines the rich and complex entanglements between Orthodox Christianity and globalization, offering a substantive contribution to the relationship between religion and globalization, as well as the relationship between Orthodox Christianity and the sociology of religion – and more broadly, the interdisciplinary field of Religious Studies. While deeply engaged with history, this book does not simply narrate the history of Orthodox Christianity as a world religion, nor does it address theological issues or cover all the individual trajectories of each subgroup or subdivision of the faith. Orthodox Christianity is the object of the analysis, but author Victor Roudometof speaks to a broader audience interested in culture, religion, and globalization. Roudometof argues in favor of using globalization instead of modernization as the main theoretical vehicle for analyzing religion, displacing secularization in order to argue for multiple hybridizations of religion as a suitable strategy for analyzing religious phenomena. It offers Orthodox Christianity as a test case that illustrates the presence of historically specific but theoretically distinct glocalizations, applicable to all faiths.

Globalization and the Muslim World

Culture, Religion, and Modernity

Author: Birgit Schäbler,Leif Stenberg

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815630494

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 5989

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This book is a compilation of papers on Islam from scholars from various disciplinary backgrounds such as history, religious studies, anthropology, sociology and political science. It also tries to take into account the larger Muslim world with papers on Malaysia, Turkey, Sudan, Egypt, Israel-Palestine, Europe and the United States. This book is vital in beginning to understand the effects of globalization on Islam and the Muslim world.

Globalization

A Short History

Author: Jürgen Osterhammel,Niels P. Petersson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691133956

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 5577

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'Globalization' has become a popular buzzword for explaining today's world. The expression achieved terminological stardom in the 1990s and was soon embraced by the general public and integrated into numerous languages. This text makes the case that globalization is not so new after all.

Globalization and International Political Economy

The Politics of Alternative Futures

Author: Mark Rupert,M. Scott Solomon

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742529434

Category: Political Science

Page: 175

View: 3655

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The politics of globalization include nation-states pursuing power, multinational firms seeking profits for their shareholders, coalitions and networks attempting to promote particular visions of future possible worlds, resistance groups ranging from the non-violent to the murderous, and ordinary people struggling to feed their families and secure their futures in a rapidly changing world. Globalization and International Political Economy examines processes of globalizing capitalism and the complex politics which are emerging from it—processes and struggles which will determine the shape of our world in the 21st century.

Globalization and Development

A Latin American and Caribbean Perspective

Author: José Antonio Ocampo,Juan Martin,United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804749565

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 1757

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Globalization and Development draws upon the experiences of the Latin American and Caribbean region to provide a multidimensional assessment of the globalization process from the perspective of developing countries. Based on a study by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), this book gives a historical overview of economic development in the region and presents both an economic and noneconomic agenda that addresses disparity, respects diversity, and fosters complementarity among regional, national, and international institutions. For orders originating outside of North America, please visit the World Bank website for a list of distributors and geographic discounts at http://publications.worldbank.org/howtoorder or e-mail [email protected]

Empires and Autonomy

Moments in the History of Globalization

Author: Stephen Streeter,John Weaver,William D. Coleman

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774858761

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 5212

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Globalization is one of the most significant developments of our time. But which elements of contemporary globalization and forms of autonomy are novel and which are merely continuations of long-standing trends? This book brings together a distinguished group of scholars who focus on historical moments that involved the establishment or protection of autonomy, moments that inevitably involved friction. By examining the dialectic between globalization and autonomy at historical junctures ranging from the Chinese occupation of Tibet in 1720 to the meeting between Reagan and Gorbachev that led to the end of the Cold War, this volume provides novel insights into the changes overtaking our contemporary world.