Gods and Men in Egypt

3000 BCE to 395 CE

Author: Françoise Dunand,Christiane Zivie-Coche,David Lorton

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801488535

Category: History

Page: 378

View: 1354

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In their wide-ranging interpretation of the religion of ancient Egypt, Francoise Dunand and Christiane Zivie-Coche explore how, over a period of roughly 3500 years, the Egyptians conceptualized their relations with the gods. Drawing on the insights of anthropology, the authors discuss such topics as the identities, images, and functions of the gods; rituals and liturgies; personal forms of piety expressing humanity's need to establish a direct relation with the divine; and the afterlife, a central feature of Egyptian religion. That religion, the authors assert, was characterized by the remarkable continuity of its ritual practices and the ideas of which they were an expression. Throughout, Dunand and Zivie-Coche take advantage of the most recent archaeological discoveries and scholarship. Gods and Men in Egypt is unique in its coverage of Egyptian religious expression in the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. Written with nonspecialist readers in mind, it is largely concerned with the continuation of Egypt's traditional religion in these periods, but it also includes fascinating accounts of Judaism in Egypt and the appearance and spread of Christianity there.

Religion in Ancient Egypt

Gods, Myths, and Personal Practice

Author: Byron Esely Shafer,John Baines,Leonard H. Lesko,David P. Silverman

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801497865

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 9804

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Meeting the need for an up-to-date English-language survey, this informative and accessible book will be welcomed by Egyptologists and their students, as well as by other readers interested in learning more about the culture and religion of ancient Egypt.

Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt

Author: John H. Taylor

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226791647

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 852

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Of all the ancient peoples, the Egyptians are perhaps best known for the fascinating ways in which they grappled with the mysteries of death and the afterlife. This beautifully illustrated book draws on the British Museum's world-famous collection of mummies and other funerary evidence to offer an accessible account of Egyptian beliefs in an afterlife and examine the ways in which Egyptian society responded materially to the challenges these beliefs imposed. The author describes in detail the numerous provisions made for the dead and the intricate rituals carried out on their behalf. He considers embalming, coffins and sarcophagi, shabti figures, magic and ritual, and amulets and papyri, as well as the mummification of sacred animals, which were buried by the millions in vast labyrinthine catacombs. The text also reflects recent developments in the interpretation of Egyptian burial practices, and incorporates the results of much new scientific research. Newly acquired information derives from a range of sophisticated applications, such as the use of noninvasive imaging techniques to look inside the wrappings of a mummy, and the chemical analysis of materials used in the embalming process. Authoritative, concise, and lucidly written, Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt illuminates aspects of this complex, vibrant culture that still perplex us more than 3,000 years later.

Exploring Religion in Ancient Egypt

Author: Stephen Quirke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118610520

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 288

View: 8339

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Exploring Religion in Ancient Egypt offers a stimulating overview of the study of ancient Egyptian religion by examining research drawn from beyond the customary boundaries of Egyptology and shedding new light on entrenched assumptions. Discusses the evolution of religion in ancient Egypt – a belief system that endured for 3,000 years Dispels several modern preconceptions about ancient Egyptian religious practices Reveals how people in ancient Egypt struggled to secure well-being in the present life and the afterlife

Akhenaten and the Religion of Light

Author: Erik Hornung,David Lorton

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801487255

Category: History

Page: 146

View: 3856

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Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV, was king of Egypt during the Eighteenth Dynasty and reigned from 1375 to 1358 B.C. E. Called the "religious revolutionary," he is the earliest known creator of a new religion. The cult he founded broke with Egypt's traditional polytheism and focused its worship on a single deity, the sun god Aten. Erik Hornung, one of the world's preeminent Egyptologists, here offers a concise and accessible account of Akhenaten and his religion of light.Hornung begins with a discussion of the nineteenth-century scholars who laid the foundation for our knowledge of Akhenaten's period and extends to the most recent archaeological finds. He emphasizes that Akhenaten's monotheistic theology represented the first attempt in history to explain the entire natural and human world on the basis of a single principle. "Akhenaten made light the absolute reference point," Hornung writes, "and it is astonishing how clearly and consistently he pursued this concept." Hornung also addresses such topics as the origins of the new religion; pro-found changes in beliefs regarding the afterlife; and the new Egyptian capital at Akhetaten which was devoted to the service of Aten, his prophet Akhenaten, and the latter's family.

The Gods of Egypt

Author: Claude Traunecker

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801438349

Category: Religion

Page: 134

View: 6073

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The Gods of Egypt, first published in France in 1992 and now in its third French edition, is a short, elegant, and highly accessible survey of ancient Egyptian religion. The clarity and brevity of Claude Traunecker's book make it especially valuable to readers seeking an authoritative introduction to this complex topic. The Cornell edition, the first English translation, is enhanced by 23 illustrations. Traunecker begins with an overview of the source materials and a discussion of the historiography of Egyptian religion, a subject relatively neglected by scholars. He then describes the actual and metaphysical worlds inhabited by the Egyptian deities and the role that humans played in the Egyptian universe. Focusing especially on the diversity and number of approaches used by Egyptians to explain their world, The Gods of Egypt offers a succinct and highly readable presentation of recent interpretations of Egyptian religion.

The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion

Author: Esther Eidinow,Julia Kindt

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191058076

Category: Religion

Page: 736

View: 8095

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This handbook offers a comprehensive overview of scholarship in ancient Greek religion, from the Archaic to the Hellenistic periods. It presents not only key information, but also explores the ways in which such information is gathered and the different approaches that have shaped the area. In doing so, the volume provides a crucial research and orientation tool for students of the ancient world, and also makes a vital contribution to the key debates surrounding the conceptualization of ancient Greek religion. The handbook's initial chapters lay out the key dimensions of ancient Greek religion, approaches to evidence, and the representations of myths. The following chapters discuss the continuities and differences between religious practices in different cultures, including Egypt, the Near East, the Black Sea, and Bactria and India. The range of contributions emphasizes the diversity of relationships between mortals and the supernatural - in all their manifestations, across, between, and beyond ancient Greek cultures - and draws attention to religious activities as dynamic, highlighting how they changed over time, place, and context.

Affairs and Scandals in Ancient Egypt

Author: Pascal Vernus

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801440786

Category: History

Page: 211

View: 2117

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Drawing on ancient texts, archaeological reports, and other sources, Pascal Vernus focuses attention on the human failings of the too-often-mythologized Egyptians.

Sphinx

History of a Monument

Author: Christiane Zivie-Coche,David Lorton

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801489549

Category: Art

Page: 122

View: 7325

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The sphinx is one of the most enigmatic and famous monuments of ancient Egypt. Commissioned by Chephren in the mid-3rd millennium BC as part of a funerary complex, this book traces the history of its construction, its function and religious significance, its relationship to other later sphinxes and its enduring symbolism. The arrival of Christianity really sealed the fate of the sphinx and Zivie-Coche continues the history of this monument through the Greco-Roman period and touches on the excavations carried out in and around the monument in the 20th century.

Thebes in Egypt

A Guide to the Tombs and Temples of Ancient Luxor

Author: Nigel Strudwick,Helen Strudwick

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801436932

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 3706

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After excavating and researching the city of Thebes for many years, Nigel and Helen Strudwick here offer an in-depth introduction to it, one that will be welcomed by both armchair travellers and visitors to that popular tourist destination. After reviewing the topography of the site, the Strudwicks recount the history of Thebes from the city's rise in the late Old Kingdom to the peak of its power in the New Kingdom and to its gradual decline in the Graeco-Roman period. They discuss the central role played by the gods in the community's religious life, and take us on a tour of the great temples of Karnak and Luxor on the East Bank of the Nile and of the temples and tombs of kings, queens, princes, and ordinary individuals on the West Bank.

Hidden Religion: The Greatest Mysteries and Symbols of the World's Religious Beliefs

The Greatest Mysteries and Symbols of the World’s Religious Beliefs

Author: Micah Lee Issitt,Carlyn Main

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610694783

Category: Religion

Page: 531

View: 5254

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Covering secret societies, mysterious ancient traditions, and the often-mistaken history of the world's religious symbols, this book takes readers on a tour through the fascinating world of religious symbolism and reveals the most mysterious and misunderstood facets of religion. • Provides fascinating historical and contextual information about religious traditions and symbols • Addresses the roots of some of today's most popular superstitions and conspiratorial theories • Focuses primarily on religions that are dominant or are becoming widespread within the United States, allowing students to gain a better understanding of religion in American society and greater appreciation for cultural diversity • Develops a unique thesis about utilizing religious archetypes to facilitate understanding of religious ritual and organizations • Includes a phonetic pronunciation guide with each entry to help students become comfortable with unfamiliar terminology

Egypt and the Egyptians

Author: Douglas J. Brewer,Emily Teeter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521851505

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 8281

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A comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to over three thousand years of ancient Egyptian civilization.

The Cosmic Viewpoint

A Study of Seneca's 'Natural Questions'

Author: Gareth D. Williams

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199731586

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 4471

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The Cosmic Viewpoint examines the literary and philosophical qualities essential to Seneca's art of science in his Natural Questions. Seneca's meteorological theme raises our gaze from a terrestrial level to a higher, more intuitive plane - a conceptual climb by which Seneca promotes a change of perspective in his readership towards the cosmic viewpoint.

Revolutionizing a World

From Small States to Universalism in the Pre-Islamic Near East

Author: Mark Altaweel,Andrea Squitieri

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 1911576631

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4355

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This book investigates the long-term continuity of large-scale states and empires, and its effect on the Near East’s social fabric, including the fundamental changes that occurred to major social institutions. Its geographical coverage spans, from east to west, modern-day Libya and Egypt to Central Asia, and from north to south, Anatolia to southern Arabia, incorporating modern-day Oman and Yemen. Its temporal coverage spans from the late eighth century BCE to the seventh century CE during the rise of Islam and collapse of the Sasanian Empire. The authors argue that the persistence of large states and empires starting in the eighth/seventh centuries BCE, which continued for many centuries, led to new socio-political structures and institutions emerging in the Near East. The primary processes that enabled this emergence were large-scale and long-distance movements, or population migrations. These patterns of social developments are analysed under different aspects: settlement patterns, urban structure, material culture, trade, governance, language spread and religion, all pointing at movement as the main catalyst for social change. This book’s argument is framed within a larger theoretical framework termed as ‘universalism’, a theory that explains many of the social transformations that happened to societies in the Near East, starting from the Neo-Assyrian period and continuing for centuries. Among other influences, the effects of these transformations are today manifested in modern languages, concepts of government, universal religions and monetized and globalized economies.

Religion and Ritual in Ancient Egypt

Author: Emily Teeter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521848555

Category: Religion

Page: 226

View: 4468

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This book is a vivid reconstruction of ancient Egyptian religious rituals that were enacted in temples, tombs, and private homes.

The Mind of Egypt

History and Meaning in the Time of the Pharaohs

Author: Jan Assmann

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674012110

Category: History

Page: 513

View: 5780

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The Mind of Egypt presents an unprecedented account of the mainsprings of Egyptian civilization--the ideals, values, mentalities, belief systems, and aspirations that shaped the first territorial state in human history. Drawing on a range of literary, iconographic, and archaeological sources, the renowned historian Jan Assmann reconstructs a world of unparalleled complexity, a culture that, long before others, possessed an extraordinary degree of awareness and self-reflection.