Governance and Politics of China

Author: Tony Saich

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 140390099X

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 1464

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Over the last 20 years of the 20th century, change in China has been breathtaking. Reform has affected every facet of life and has left no policy and institution untouched. How did China move from being one of the most isolated nations to being a major international player? Written by a leading academic authority who has also lived and worked in China, this text provides a thorough introduction to these changes and to all aspects of politics and governance in post-Mao China.

Globalization and Changes in China's Governance

Author: Keping Yu

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004156828

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 8401

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A unique model of political development is underway in China, which differs considerably from those conceived under both traditional socialist and liberal Western models. This work tackles the important issues of the changes underway in China's political and economic systems.

Internationale Organisationen

Author: Volker Rittberger,Bernhard Zangl,Andreas Kruck

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 353119514X

Category: Social Science

Page: 279

View: 9199

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Internationale Organisationen mit globaler oder regionaler Reichweite (z.B. UN, IWF, Weltbank, WTO, EU) spielen eine zunehmend wichtige Rolle bei der Schaffung und Implementierung von internationalen Normen und Regeln, mithin bei Global Governance. Die Sicherheit, das ökonomische Wohlergehen, der Schutz der Menschenrechte und die ökologischen Lebensbedingungen von Menschen weltweit werden von der Fähigkeit bzw. Unfähigkeit internationaler Organisationen, Kooperation und Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates möglich zu machen und zu stabilisieren, beeinflusst. Das Lehrbuch will die Leserin bzw. den Leser daher theoretisch informiert und empirisch fundiert mit den Entstehungsbedingungen, der Entwicklung, Funktionsweise und den Tätigkeiten internationaler Organisationen vertraut machen. Es führt in die wichtigsten Theorien über internationale Organisationen ein und bietet einen historischen Überblick über internationale Organisationen in verschiedenen Politikfeldern. Das Lehrbuch analysiert ferner die Akteure, Strukturen und Prozesse, die die Entscheidungsfindung in internationalen Organisationen prägen. Schließlich werden die Tätigkeiten eines breiten Spektrums internationaler Organisationen und deren Beitrag zur kooperativen Bearbeitung grenzüberschreitender Probleme in den Sachbereichen „Sicherheit“, „Wirtschaft“, „Umwelt“ und „Menschenrechte“ untersucht.

Toward Better Governance in China

An Unconventional Pathway of Political Reform

Author: Baogang Guo,Dennis V. Hickey, Missouri State University

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739140299

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 1335

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This book examines contemporary Chinese political reform through an examination of a number of policy initiatives taken in recent years. These include programs designed to improve administrative efficiency, transparency, and accountability, as well as directives aimed at rebuilding the regime's political support though strengthening local legislatures, overhauling the health care system, enacting labor contract laws, opening up mass media, and improving governance in China's minority regions.

Politics in Pacific Asia

An Introduction

Author: X. Huang,Jason Young

Publisher: Palgrave

ISBN: 1137466502

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 9325

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This lively and accessible new edition provides a uniquely broad-ranging introduction to the governance and politics of Pacific Asia. Thematically structured around the key institutions and issues, it is genuinely comparative in its approach to the whole region. A range of representative countries (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam and the Philippines) are used as key case examples throughout and each of them is subject to a detailed full-page country profile. Key features include: • 'Pacific Asia in Context' – comparisons with other parts of the world • 'Country Profiles' – essential facts on Pacific Asian countries • Boxed, on-page definitions for key terms • Annotated lists of further reading for each chapter • Study questions for each chapter This diverse region is a fascinating area for study. Politics in Pacific Asia provides a framework to form a coherent understanding of the region's politics; it balances persistent patterns with the latest developments and general characteristics with the differing cultures, histories and institutions of individual countries.

Politics and Government in Hong Kong

Crisis Under Chinese Sovereignty

Author: Ming Sing

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415469406

Category: Political Science

Page: 249

View: 7036

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This book examines the government of Hong Kong since its handover to mainland China in 1997, focusing in particular on the anti-government mass protests and mobilisations in the years since 2003. It argues that Hong Kong has been poorly governed since transferring to Chinese rule, and that public frustration with governmental performance, including anti-subversion laws and slow democratisation, has resulted in the regular and massive protests, which have been rare in Hong Kong's past political development. The book then assesses different explanations for Hong Kong's government problems, including lack of social cohesion, incomplete economic restructuring, structural budgetary deficit, severe social inequality, intensifying cronyism and deficiencies within the political system itself. It goes on to discuss the implications of poor governance for legislative elections, civil society and constitutional development, and considers the prospects for the future. It argues that although in the short-term the Hong Kong government has managed to maintain its popular support ratings, in the longer run it is unlikely to be able to maintain its legitimacy in dealing with the fundamental challenges of government unless the current system is replaced by popular election of the government with appropriate institutional capacity and political powers.

The Politics of Rural Reform in China

State Policy and Village Predicament in the Early 2000s

Author: Christian Göbel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136957634

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 4352

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Based on a treasure trove of information collected through fieldwork interviews and painstaking documentary research through the Chinese and Western language presses, this book analyzes one of the most important reforms implemented in China over the past decade – the rural tax and fee reform, also known as the "Third Revolution in the Countryside". The aim of the tax was to improve social stability in rural China, which has become increasingly shaken by peasant protests, many of them large-scale and violent. By examining the gap between the intentions of the reform and the eventual outcomes, Göbel provides new insights into the nature of intergovernmental relations in China and highlights the ways in which the relationship between the state and the rural populace has fundamentally changed forever. The Politics of Rural Reform in China will appeal to students and scholars of Chinese politics, governance and development studies.

The People's Congresses and Governance in China

Toward a Network Mode of Governance

Author: Ming Xia

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415349508

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 5745

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This book provides a balanced assessment of China's communist rule, its viability as well as its prospect of democracy. The People's Congresses and Governance in China presents a complex but convincing analysis of the transformation of governance in China. As the first systemic and theoretical study of China's provincial legislatures, it draws our attention to one of the most promising growth points in China's changing constitutional order. Through in depth and first hand research, the author provides a comprehensive explanation about why the provincial legislatures have acquired institutional maturation and expanded power in the context of Chinese transitional political economy. The book portrays an innovative pattern of legislative development, sums up pragmatic local strategies for market creation, and identifies multiple dynamics for promoting accountability and democracy. Based upon the case study of provincial legislatures, Ming Xia reveals the formation of a new mode of governance in China's national politics: the network structure featuring institutional arrangements and the mohe (co-operation through competition) pattern of interaction abided by the major power players. This volume will be of interest to parliamentary scholars and parliamentarians who are concerned with the role of parliaments in transitional politics and economies of both post-communist and developing countries. It will also appeal to students and researchers of Chinese politics, governance and Asian studies.

Democracy and the Rule of Law in China

Author: Keping Yu

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004182128

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

View: 4924

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Democracy and the Rule of Law in China is intended to make debates among prominent Chinese intellectuals and academics over issues of political, constitutional, and legal reform; modes of governance in urban and rural China; and culture and cultural policy available to English-language readers. The writers included in this book are individuals whose views have drawn some attention in the formulation of party and government policy, including the editor, Yu Keping, a prominent party intellectual and vice-director of the Central Compilation and Translation Bureau.

New Mentalities of Government in China

Author: David Bray,Elaine Jeffreys

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131742235X

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 686

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China continues to transform apace, flowing from the forces of deregulation, privatization and globalization unleashed by economic reforms which began in late 1978. The dramatic scope of economic change in China is often counterposed to the apparent lack of political change as demonstrated by continued Chinese Communist Party (CCP) rule. However, the ongoing dominance of the CCP belies the fact that much has also changed in relation to practices of government, including how authorities and citizens interact in the management of daily life. New Mentalities of Government in China examines how the privatization and professionalization of ‘public’ service provision is transforming the nature of government and everyday life in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The book addresses key theoretical questions on the nature of government in China and documents the emergence of a range of ‘new mentalities of government’ in China. Its chapters focus on areas such as clinical trials, conceptualizing government, consumer activity, elite philanthropy, lifestyle and beauty advice, public health, social work, volunteering; and urban and rural planning. Offering a topical examination of shifting modes of governance in contemporary China, this book will appeal to scholars in the fields of anthropology, history, politics and sociology.

Handbook of Comparative and Development Public Administration

Author: Ali Farazmand

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203904756

Category: Political Science

Page: 1130

View: 2082

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With contributions from nearly 80 international experts, this comprehensive resource covers diverse issues, aspects, and features of public administration and policy around the world. It focuses on bureaucracy and bureaucratic politics in developing and industrialized countries and emphasizing administrative performance and policy implementation, as well as political system maintenance and regime enhancement. The book covers the history of public administration and bureaucracy in Persia, Greece, Rome, and Byzantium and among the Aztecs, Incas, and Mayas, public administration in small island states, Eastern Europe, and ethics and other contemporary issues in public administration.

Governance in Pacific Asia

Political Economy and Development from Japan to Burma

Author: Peter Ferdinand

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441167595

Category: Political Science

Page: 420

View: 8282

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The book examines the political economy of the states of Pacific Asia, stretching from Japan to Burma since the end of WWII.

Beyond the Middle Kingdom

Comparative Perspectives on China’s Capitalist Transformation

Author: Scott Kennedy

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804769583

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1157

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This book breaks new ground by systematically examining China's capitalist transformation through several comparative lenses. The great majority of research on China to date has consisted of single-country studies. This is the result of the methodological demands of studying China and a sense of the country's distinctiveness due to its grand size and long history. The moniker Middle Kingdom, a direct translation of the Chinese-language word for China, is one of the most prominent symbols of the country's supposed uniqueness. Composed of contributions from leading specialists on China's political economy, this volume demonstrates the benefits of systematically comparing China with other countries, including France, Russia, Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, India, Brazil, and South Africa. Doing so puts the People's Republic in a light not available through other approaches, and it provides a chance to consider political theories by including an important case too often left out of studies.

Local Governance Innovation in China

Experimentation, Diffusion, and Defiance

Author: Jessica C. Teets,William Hurst

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317751663

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 3580

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Despite a centralized formal structure, Chinese politics and policy-making have long been marked by substantial degrees of regional and local variation and experimentation. These trends have, if anything, intensified as China’s reform matures. Though often remarked upon, the politicsof policy formation, diffusion, and implementation at the subnational level have not previously been comprehensively described, let alone satisfactorily explained. Based on extensive fieldwork, this book explores how policies diffuse across China today, the mechanisms through which local governments actually arrive at specific solutions, and the implications for China’s political development and stability in the years ahead. The chapters examine how local-level institutions solve governance challenges, such as rural development, enterprise reform, and social service provision. Focusing on diverse policy areas that include land use, state-owned enterprise reform, and house churches, the contributors all address the same overarching question: how do local policymakers innovate in each issue area to address a governance challenges and how, if at all, do these innovations diffuse into national politics. As a study of local governance in China today, this book will appeal to both students and scholars of Chinese politics, comparative politics, governance and development studies, and also to policy-makers interested in authoritarianism and governance.

Governance and Economic Development

A Comparative Institutional Approach

Author: Joachim Ahrens

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781959923

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 433

View: 3397

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'. . . this volume is an excellent resource for those interested in the analysis of institutions' design and economic development. . .' - Oscar Alfranca, Progress in Development Studies The main theme of this study is the political economy of policy reform in less developed countries and post-socialist countries. Given the complexity of economic development and transition, Joachim Ahrens views failures in policy reform, poor public sector management, rent-seeking, corruption, and over-centralization as systematic, though not exclusive, instances of institutional failure.

The Political Economy of State-owned Enterprises in China and India

Author: Xu Yi-chong

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230360742

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 277

View: 631

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Often holding monopolistic or oligopolistic positions, these state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are among the largest employers in both countries and have activities across vast geographical areas as they are expanding into the global market.--Back Cover.

The Nature of Asian Politics

Author: Bruce Gilley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521761719

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 4859

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The Nature of Asian Politics provides an unparalleled, comprehensive first look at the politics of Southeast and Northeast Asia.

Comparative Corporate Governance in China

Political Economy and Legal Infrastructure

Author: Guanghua Yu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136713581

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 6199

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An insightful overview of the political, legal and social perspectives which inform corporate governance in China, this book examines the challenges of corporate governance faced by Chinese corporations and international corporations operating in China. Unlike other texts that tend to focus solely on the board of directors and the takeover market, Yu has enlarged the scope of this study to cover both market forces and contractual mechanisms, providing readers with an extended and comprehensive discussion of the pertinent issues. It explores a range of issues and their role in corporate governance models, including: executive compensation takeover markets the securities market insolvency issues venture capital market Examining the current climate and making the case that comparative corporate governance studies have significant policy implications for China’s transitional economy, Yu has put together a book that is a valuable resource for students and those working in Asian business, corporate governance and commercial law.

Comparative Government and Politics

An Introduction

Author: Rod Hague,Martin Harrop

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137317868

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 9869

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The classic introduction to political science has been thoroughly updated for this new edition. Retaining its characteristic clarity of expression and breadth of coverage, it provides a lively account of the events and forces shaping politics in today's interconnected world. Fully revised throughout, this edition includes additional material on elections and voters, increased coverage of rising powers such as India and China, and a broader range of international examples. The text is supported by a variety of carefully designed features throughout: - Full-page Profiles on individual countries and the European Union give overviews of the different types of political systems around the world. Associated Spotlight articles examine important features of those systems – from voting in Venezuela to democracy in India. - End-of-chapter discussion questions and further reading help to consolidate knowledge. - New Studying boxes introduce major themes addressed by political scientists and highlight key issues involved in studying and researching each topic.