Gravitation and Spacetime

Author: Hans C. Ohanian,Remo Ruffini

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107012945

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 6648

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This text provides a quantitative introduction to general relativity for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Spacetime, Geometry and Gravitation

Author: Pankaj Sharan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764399708

Category: Mathematics

Page: 355

View: 822

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This introductory textbook on the general theory of relativity presents a solid foundation for those who want to learn about relativity. The subject is presented in a physically intuitive, but mathematically rigorous style. The topic of relativity is covered in a broad and deep manner. Besides, the aim is that after reading the book a student should not feel discouraged when she opens advanced texts on general relativity for further reading. The book consists of three parts: An introduction to the general theory of relativity. Geometrical mathematical background material. Topics that include the action principle, weak gravitational fields and gravitational waves, Schwarzschild and Kerr solution, and the Friedman equation in cosmology. The book is suitable for advanced graduates and graduates, but also for established researchers wishing to be educated about the field.

Gravitational Collapse and Spacetime Singularities

Author: Pankaj S. Joshi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468146

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Physical phenomena in astrophysics and cosmology involve gravitational collapse in a fundamental way. The final fate of a massive star when it collapses under its own gravity at the end of its life cycle is one of the most important questions in gravitation theory and relativistic astrophysics, and is the foundation of black hole physics. General relativity predicts that continual gravitational collapse gives rise to a space-time singularity. Quantum gravity may take over in such regimes to resolve the classical space-time singularity. This book, first published in 2007, investigates these issues, and shows how the visible ultra-dense regions arise naturally and generically as an outcome of dynamical gravitational collapse. It will be of interest to graduate students and academic researchers in gravitation physics, fundamental physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. It includes a detailed review of research into gravitational collapse, and several examples of collapse models are investigated in detail.

Gravitation and Experiment

Poincaré Seminar 2006

Author: Thibault Damour,Vincent Rivasseau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764385243

Category: Science

Page: 138

View: 1952

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This book offers a detailed, pedagogical introduction to general relativity. It includes a review of what may lie beyond and collects up-to-date essays on the experimental tests of this theory, including the precise timing of the double pulsar J0737-3039. Coverage also details the recent results of the Gravity Probe B mission.

Space, Time and Gravitation - An Outline of the General Relativity Theory

Author: Arthur Eddington

Publisher: Read Books Ltd

ISBN: 1447489489

Category: Science

Page: 226

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Written by the English astrophysicist, Sir Arthur Eddington (1882-1944), and originally published in 1920, ‘Space, Time and Gravitation’ outlines the general theory of relativity in astrophysics. This fascinating early work navigates Einstein’s theory through a series of perspectives – that of the experimental physicist, pure mathematician, and relativist, making it a wonderful read for the student, teacher or astrophysics enthusiast today. Contents include: Arthur Eddington; Preface; Prologue; ‘What Is Geometry?’; 1 - The Fitzgerald Contraction; 2 – Relativity; 3 - The World of Four Dimensions; 4 - Fields of force; 5 - Kinds of Space; 6 - The New Law of Gravitation and the Old Law; 7 - Weighing Light; 8 - Other Tests of the Theory; 9 - Momentum and Energy; 10 - towards infinity; 11 - Electricity and Gravitation; 12 - On The Nature of Things; Appendix; Mathematical Notes; Historical Note. This classic text is being republished in a modern and affordable edition, complete with reproductions of the original illustrations and a specially written concise biography.

Foundations of Space-Time Theories

Author: John Earman,Clark N. Glymour,John J. Stachel

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816657520

Category: Science

Page: 480

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Foundations of Space-Time Theories was first published in 1977. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. The essays in this volume are based on the papers given at a conference on the philosophical aspects of the space-time theory held under the auspices of the Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science.

The Theory of Space, Time and Gravitation

Author: V. Fock

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483184900

Category: Science

Page: 460

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The Theory of Space, Time, and Gravitation, 2nd Revised Edition focuses on Relativity Theory and Einstein's Theory of Gravitation and correction of the misinterpretation of the Einsteinian Gravitation Theory. The book first offers information on the theory of relativity and the theory of relativity in tensor form. Discussions focus on comparison of distances and lengths in moving reference frames; comparison of time differences in moving reference frames; position of a body in space at a given instant in a fixed reference frame; and proof of the linearity of the transformation linking two inertial frames. The text then ponders on general tensor analysis, including permissible transformations for space and time coordinates, parallel transport of a vector, covariant differentiation, and basic properties of the curvature tensor. The publication examines the formulation of relativity theory in arbitrary coordinates and principles of the theory of gravitation. Topics include equations of mathematical physics in arbitrary coordinates; integral form of the conservation laws in arbitrary coordinates; variational principle and the energy tensor; and comparison with the statement of the problem in Newtonian theory. The manuscript is a dependable reference for readers interested in the theory of space, time, and gravitation.

Gravitation and Relativity

International Series in Natural Philosophy

Author: M. G. Bowler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483151115

Category: Science

Page: 182

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Gravitation and Relativity generalizes Isaac Newton’s theory of gravitation using the elementary tools of Albert Einstein’s special relativity. Topics covered include gravitational waves, martian electrodynamics, relativistic gravitational fields and gravitational forces, the distortion of reference frames, and the precession of the perihelion of Mercury. Black holes and the geometry of spacetime also receive consideration. This book is comprised of 10 chapters; the first of which briefly reviews special relativity, with the emphasis on the Lorentz covariance of the equations of physics. This topic is then followed by a short discussion on accelerations in the framework of special relativity. Two problems related to the gravitational deflection of light and how to detect a gravitational acceleration by observations within a freely falling laboratory are discussed in this book. The chapters that follow focus on the Eötvös-Dicke experiments that established the identity of inertial and gravitational mass; the equations of electrodynamics and electrostatics; force laws and equations of motion; and the precession of the perihelion of Mercury. The reader is also introduced to the nature of gravitational radiation; its generation and detection; and the relation between the metric tensor and gravitational potentials. The book concludes with a chapter on black holes and how they may manifest themselves to the astronomer. This monograph will appeal not only to professional physicists but also to undergraduates in physics who want to know a great deal about gravitation and relativity.

Gravitation

Foundations and Frontiers

Author: T. Padmanabhan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139485393

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Covering all aspects of gravitation in a contemporary style, this advanced textbook is ideal for graduate students and researchers in all areas of theoretical physics. The 'Foundation' section develops the formalism in six chapters, and uses it in the next four chapters to discuss four key applications - spherical spacetimes, black holes, gravitational waves and cosmology. The six chapters in the 'Frontier' section describe cosmological perturbation theory, quantum fields in curved spacetime, and the Hamiltonian structure of general relativity, among several other advanced topics, some of which are covered in-depth for the first time in a textbook. The modular structure of the book allows different sections to be combined to suit a variety of courses. Over 200 exercises are included to test and develop the reader's understanding. There are also over 30 projects, which help readers make the transition from the book to their own original research.

Gravitation and Gauge Symmetries

Author: M Blagojevic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142003426X

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 1070

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In the course of the development of electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions, the concept of (internal) gauge invariance grew up and established itself as an unavoidable dynamical principle in particle physics. It is less known that the principle of equivalence, and the basic dynamical properties of the gravitational interaction can also be expressed as a (spacetime) gauge symmetry. Gravitation and Gauge Symmetries sheds light on the connection between the intrinsic structure of gravity and the principle of gauge invariance, which may lead to a consistent unified field theory. The first part of the book gives a systematic account of the structure of gravity as a theory based on spacetime gauge symmetries. Some basic properties of space, time, and gravity are reviewed in the first, introductory chapter. The next chapter deals with elements of global Poincaré and conformal symmetries, which are necessary for the exposition of their localizations; the structure of the corresponding gauge theories of gravity is explored in chapters 3 and 4. Then, in chapters 5 and 6, we present the basic features of the constrained Hamiltonian of Poincaré gauge theory, discuss the relation between gauge symmetries and conservation laws, and introduce the concept of gravitational energy and other conserved quantities. The second part of the book explores the most promising attempts to build a unified field theory containing gravity, on the basis of the gauge principle. The author presents the possibility to constrict the theory of gravity as a nonlinear field theory in flat spacetime. The final chapters yield an exposition of the ideas of supersymmetry and supergravity, Kaluza-Klein theory, and string theory. Gravitation and Gauge Symmetries will be of interest to postgraduate students and researchers in gravitation, high energy physics and mathematical physics.

Introduction to Relativity

Author: William D. McGlinn

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801870477

Category: Science

Page: 205

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"This book contains a tremendous amount of information for its size. The discussions are clear and to the point... Any teacher on this subject should seriously consider as a textbook." -- The Physicist

Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology

Author: Robert J. Lambourne

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521131384

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 7325

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The textbook introduces students to basic geometric concepts, such as metrics, connections and curvature, before examining general relativity in more detail. It shows the observational evidence supporting the theory, and the description general relativity provides of black holes and cosmological spacetimes. --

Springer Handbook of Spacetime

Author: Abhay Ashtekar,Vesselin Petkov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642419925

Category: Science

Page: 950

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The Springer Handbook of Spacetime is dedicated to the ground-breaking paradigm shifts embodied in the two relativity theories, and describes in detail the profound reshaping of physical sciences they ushered in. It includes in a single volume chapters on foundations, on the underlying mathematics, on physical and astrophysical implications, experimental evidence and cosmological predictions, as well as chapters on efforts to unify general relativity and quantum physics. The Handbook can be used as a desk reference by researchers in a wide variety of fields, not only by specialists in relativity but also by researchers in related areas that either grew out of, or are deeply influenced by, the two relativity theories: cosmology, astronomy and astrophysics, high energy physics, quantum field theory, mathematics, and philosophy of science. It should also serve as a valuable resource for graduate students and young researchers entering these areas, and for instructors who teach courses on these subjects. The Handbook is divided into six parts. Part A: Introduction to Spacetime Structure. Part B: Foundational Issues. Part C: Spacetime Structure and Mathematics. Part D: Confronting Relativity theories with observations. Part E: General relativity and the universe. Part F: Spacetime beyond Einstein.

Quantum Field Theory in Curved Spacetime

Quantized Fields and Gravity

Author: Leonard Parker,David Toms

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521877873

Category: Science

Page: 455

View: 589

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Suitable for graduate students, this book develops quantum field theory in curved spacetime in a pedagogical style.

Gravitational Dynamics

Author: England) Herstmonceux Conference (36 : 1995 : Cambridge

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521563277

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 2182

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A timely review of all aspects of gravitational dynamics - with chapters by an exceptional array of world authorities.

Gravity, Particles and Space-time

Author: Petr Ivanovich Pronin,Gennadi? Aleksandrovich Sardanashvili

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810226688

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 4903

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This volume comprises original and review articles on the frontier problems of the gravitation theory, theoretical and mathematical physics. The volume is dedicated to the memory of Professor Dmitri Ivanenko who made the great contribution to the physical science of the twentieth century.

Inertia and Gravitation

The Fundamental Nature and Structure of Space-Time

Author: Herbert Pfister,Markus King

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319150367

Category: Science

Page: 180

View: 6919

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This book focuses on the phenomena of inertia and gravitation, one objective being to shed some new light on the basic laws of gravitational interaction and the fundamental nature and structures of spacetime. Chapter 1 is devoted to an extensive, partly new analysis of the law of inertia. The underlying mathematical and geometrical structure of Newtonian spacetime is presented from a four-dimensional point of view, and some historical difficulties and controversies - in particular the concepts of free particles and straight lines - are critically analyzed, while connections to projective geometry are also explored. The relativistic extensions of the law of gravitation and its intriguing consequences are studied in Chapter 2. This is achieved, following the works of Weyl, Ehlers, Pirani and Schild, by adopting a point of view of the combined conformal and projective structure of spacetime. Specifically, Mach’s fundamental critique of Newton’s concepts of ‘absolute space’ and ‘absolute time’ was a decisive motivation for Einstein’s development of general relativity, and his equivalence principle provided a new perspective on inertia. In Chapter 3 the very special mathematical structure of Einstein’s field equations is analyzed, and some of their remarkable physical predictions are presented. By analyzing different types of dragging phenomena, Chapter 4 reviews to what extent the equivalence principle is realized in general relativity - a question intimately connected to the ‘new force’ of gravitomagnetism, which was theoretically predicted by Einstein and Thirring but which was only recently experimentally confirmed and is thus of current interest.

Space, Time, and Spacetime

Author: Lawrence Sklar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Space and time

Page: 423

View: 7721

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"In this book, Lawrence Sklar demonstrates the interdependence of science and philosophy by examining a number of crucial problems on the nature of space and time--problems that require for their resolution the resources of philosophy and of physics. The overall issues explored are our knowledge of the geometry of the world, the existence of spacetime as an entity over and above the material objects of the world, the relation between temporal order and causal order, and the problem of the direction of time. Without neglecting the most subtle philosophical points or the most advanced contributions of contemporary physics, the author has taken pains to make his explorations intelligible to the reader with no advanced training in physics, mathematics, or philosophy. The arguments are set forth step-by-step, beginning from first principles; and the philosophical discussions are supplemented in detail by nontechnical expositions of crucial features of physical theories." --from Book Description, Amazon.com.